Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health Concentrations (IDLH)
CAS number: 7553–56–2
NIOSH REL: 0.1 ppm (1 mg/m3) CEILING
Current OSHA PEL: 0.1 ppm (1 mg/m3) CEILING
1989 OSHA PEL: Same as current PEL
1993-1994 ACGIH TLV: 0.1 ppm (1 mg/m3) CEILING
Description of substance: Violet solid with a sharp, characteristic odor.
LEL:. . Noncombustible Solid
Original (SCP) IDLH: 10 ppm
Basis for original (SCP) IDLH: The chosen IDLH is based on an analogy with bromine which has an IDLH of 10 ppm.
Short-term exposure guidelines: None developed
ACUTE TOXICITY DATA:
Lethal concentration data:
|Species||Reference||LC50(ppm)||LCLo(ppm)||Time||Adjusted 0.5-hr LC (CF)||Derived value|
|Rat||Izmerov et al. 1982||-----||76||1 hr||95 ppm (1.25)||9.5 ppm|
Lethal dose data:
|Adjusted LD||Derived value|
|Angelis 1979 |
Flury and Zernik 1935
|9,289 ppm |
|929 ppm |
Human data: It has been reported that work was difficult but possible at 0.15 to 0.2 ppm and that work was impossible at 0.3 ppm [Flury and Zernik 1931]. Exposures to 1 ppm have been reported to be highly irritating [Casarett 1975]. Eye irritation was experienced at 1.63 ppm after 2 minutes [ACGIH 1980]. It has been stated that iodine-containing materials appear to be more toxic than analogous bromine or chlorine-containing materials [ILO 1971]. The lethal oral dose has been reported to be 2 to 3 grams [Moore 1938]. [Note: An oral dose of 2 to 3 grams is equivalent to a worker being exposed to 126 to 190 ppm for 30 minutes, assuming a breathing rate of 50 liters per minute and 100% absorption.]
|Revised IDLH: 2 ppm |
Basis for revised IDLH: The revised IDLH for iodine is 2 ppm based on acute inhalation toxicity data in humans [ACGIH 1980]. This may be a conservative value due to the lack of relevant acute toxicity data for workers exposed to concentrations above 2 ppm. However, since it has been reported that iodine-containing materials are more toxic than bromine-containing materials, a revised IDLH of 2 ppm for iodine is appropriate since the revised IDLH for bromine is 3 ppm.
1. ACGIH . Iodine. In: Documentation of the threshold limit values. 4th ed. Cincinnati, OH: American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienist, p. 230.
2. Angelis L . Iopamidol. Drugs of the Future 4:876-881.
3. Casarett LJ . Toxicology of the respiratory system. In: Toxicology. The basic science of poisons. Casarett LJ, Doull J, eds. New York, NY: Macmillan, pp. 201-224.
4. Flury F, Zernik F . Schädliche gase dämpfe, nebel, rauch- und staubarten. Berlin, Germany: Verlag von Julius Springer, p. 309 (in German).
5. Flury F, Zernik F . Zusammenstellung der toxischen und letalen dosen für die gebräuchlichsten gifte und versuchstiere. Abder Hand Biol Arbeitsmethod 4:1289-1422 (in German).
6. ILO . Iodine. In: Encyclopaedia of occupational health and safety. 2nd ed. Vol. I (A-K). Geneva, Switzerland: International Labour Office, pp. 739-740.
7. Izmerov NF, Sanotsky IV, Sidorov KK . Toxicometric parameters of industrial toxic chemicals under single exposure. Moscow, Russia: Centre of International Projects, GKNT, p. 76.
- Moore M . The ingestion of iodine as a method of attempted suicide. N Eng J Med 219:383-388.
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