Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health Concentrations (IDLH)
CAS number: 75–09–2
NIOSH REL: None established; NIOSH considers methylene chloride to be a potential occupational carcinogen as defined by the OSHA carcinogen policy [29 CFR 1990].
Current OSHA PEL: 500 ppm TWA, 1,000 ppm CEILING,
2,000 ppm 5-minute MAXIMUM PEAK IN ANY 2 HOURS
1989 OSHA PEL: Same as current PEL
1993-1994 ACGIH TLV: 50 ppm (174 mg/m3) TWA, A2
Description of substance: Colorless liquid with a chloroform-like odor.
LEL: . . . 13% (10% LEL, 13,000 ppm)
Original (SCP) IDLH: 5,000 ppm
Basis for original (SCP) IDLH: Negherbon  reported that a 10-minute exposure to 2,330 ppm produces vertigo in man [Lehmann et al. 1936]. However, Sax  stated that at 2,300 ppm there was no feeling of dizziness during 1-hour exposures. Thienes and Haley stated that no dizziness, but slight nausea, is caused by exposure to 2,300 ppm for 1 hour and that methylene chloride is not lethal at 25,000 ppm. Considering the data cited above, an IDLH of 5,000 ppm is chosen.
Short-term exposure guidelines: None developed
ACUTE TOXICITY DATA:
Lethal concentration data:
|Species||Reference||LC50 (ppm)||LCLo (ppm)||Time||Adjusted 0.5-hr LC (CF)||Derived value|
Fiz Akt Vesh 1975
Heppel et al. 1944
Lehmann et al. 1936
von Oettingen 1949
von Oettingen 1949
|2 hr |
|8,000 ppm (1.6) |
24,929 ppm (1.0)
24,000 ppm (2.4)
25,820 ppm (2.1)
34,560 ppm (2.4)
33,859 ppm (2.4)
|800 ppm |
Human data: Volunteers exposed at 1,000 ppm for 2 hours
had carboxyhemoglobin levels in excess of those permitted in industry
from exposure to carbon monoxide alone [Stewart et al. 1972].
A 10-minute exposure at 2,330 ppm has produced vertigo
[Lehmann et al. 1936]. However, it has also been reported that
no feeling of dizziness was noted after 1 hour of exposure
to 2,300 ppm [Sax 1975]. It has been stated that no dizziness,
but slight nausea, is caused by exposure to 2,300 ppm for
1 hour and that methylene chloride is not lethal at 25,000 ppm
[Thienes and Haley].
|Revised IDLH: 2,300 ppm
Basis for revised IDLH: The revised IDLH for methylene chloride is 2,300 ppm based on acute inhalation toxicity data in humans [Sax 1975]. [Note: NIOSH recommends as part of its carcinogen policy that the "most protective" respirators be worn for methylene chloride at any detectable concentration.]
1. Clayton JW . Fluorocarbon toxicity and biological action. Fluor Chem Rev 1:197-252.
2. Fiz Akt Vesh ; 7:35-36 (in Russian).
3. Heppel LA, Neal PA, Perrin TL, Orr ML, Porterfield VT . The toxicology of dichloromethane (methylene chloride). I. Studies on effects of daily inhalation. J Ind Hyg Toxicol 26(1):8-16.
4. Lehmann KB, Schmidt-Kehl L, Ruf H, Crescitelli, Dahl, Eppinghausen, Eshe, Falker, Grotefendt, Junkenita, Maier, Mergner, Pantehtsch, Schlitzer, Shoenes, Spettmann, Wirges, Bamsreiter, Benninger, Lazarus, Manasse, Kummeth, Reuss, Schwarzweller . Die 13 wichtisgsten chlorkohlenwasserstoffe der fettreihe vom standpunkt der gewerbehygiene (The 13 most important chlorinated hydrocarbons of the aliphatic series from the standpoint of occupational medicine). Arch Hyg Bakteriol 116:131-200 (translated).
5. Negherbon WO . Handbook of toxicology. Vol. III. Insecticides, A compendium. Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH: U.S. Air Force, Air Research and Development Command, Wright Air Development Center, Aero Medical Laboratory, WADC Technical Report 55-16, p. 485.
6. Sax NI . Methylene chloride. In: Dangerous properties of industrial materials. 4th ed. New York, NY: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, p. 921.
7. Stewart RD, Fisher TN, Hosko JJ, Peterson JE, Baretta ED, Dodd HC . Carboxyhemoglobin elevation after exposure to dichloromethane. Science 176:295-296.
8. Thienes CH, Haley TJ [?].
9. von Oettingen WF . Studies on the relation between the
toxic action of chlorinated methanes and their physicohemical
properties. NIH Bulletin 191:1-85.
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