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Structural/Vehicle Fires

Turnout Gear

This page lists the projects we are currently working on to improve the turnout gear worn by fire fighters. Also provided is a list of publications from our completed studies related to turnout gear for fire fighters.

Conference Presentations

Effect of boot weight and material on gait characteristics of men and women fire fighters (Research Symposium 2008)

Glove fit for firefighters - an accommodation comparison between U.S. NFPA 1971 and European EN 659 glove size schemes with a contemporary (CAESAR) anthropometric hand size database (Conference Proceedings 2004)

Current Projects

Comparison of ensemble Total Inward Leakage (TIL) tests

Development and validation of physiological performance models to correlate the effect of ensemble Total Heat Loss (THL)

Creation of cumulative permeation test end points for Toxic Industrial Chemicals (TICs)

Fire Fighter Fatality and Investigation Program (FFFIPP) protective clothing evaluation

Next generation structural firefighting PPE ensemble

NFPA Protective clothing and equipment standards development

Sizing Fire Fighters and Fire Apparatus: Safe by Design

Stored thermal energy in fire fighter protective garments


Protective Clothing

Interlaboratory study of ASTM F2731, Standard test method for measuring the transmitted and stored energy of firefighter protective clothing systems (2012)

Effects of liquid cooling garments on recovery and performance time in individuals performing strenuous work wearing a firefighter ensemble (2011) View video

Physiological responses to wearing a prototype firefighter ensemble compared with a standard ensemble (2011)

A health hazard evaluation of antimony exposure in fire fighters (2010)

Effects of fire fighter protective ensembles on mobility and performance (2010)

The rate of body heat storage in subjects wearing a prototype firefighter ensemble (2010)

Cardiovascular responses to five cooling strategies wearing a prototype firefighter ensemble (2010)

Effects of cooling on performance time and recovery in individuals wearing a prototype firefighter ensemble (2010)

Physiological monitoring in firefighter ensembles: wearable plethysmographic sensor vest versus standard equipment (2010) View video

Ergonomic comparison of a chem/bio prototype firefighter ensemble and standard ensemble (2008)

Project HEROES (Homeland Emergency Response Operational and Equipment Systems) Task 1: A review of modern fire service hazard and protection needs (2003) [PDF 1017 KB, 128 pages]

Impact of a design modification in modern firefighting uniforms on burn prevention outcomes in New York City firefighters (2000)

Federal certification of personal protective equipment and clothing for firefighters and emergency response personnel (1997)

Work tolerance and subjective responses to wearing protective clothing and respirators during physical work (1989)

Physiological responses to the wearing of fire fighter's turnout gear with neoprene and GORE-TEX barrier liners (1988)

Reduced work tolerance associated with wearing protective clothing and respirators (1987)

Head Protection

A Report On The Performance Of Firefighters' Helmets (1976)

Industrial and Firefighter's Safety Helmet Test Procedures (1976)

Development of criteria for industrial and firefighters' head protective devices (1975)


Effect of boot weight and material on gait characteristics of men and women fire fighters (2012)

Firefighters' physiological responses to boot weight and sole flexibility during ladder climbing and obstacle crossing (2010)

Physiological effects of boot weight and design on men and women firefighters (2010)

Physiological consequences of leather and rubber boots in men and women firefighters (2007)

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