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Thionyl chloride

RTECS #: XM5150000

CAS #: 7719-09-7


UPDATE: May 2009 MW: 118.96 MF: Cl2OS


NOTE:

TABLE OF CONTENTS:
  1. SYNONYMS:
  2. ACUTE TOXICITY DATA:
  3. REVIEWS:
  4. STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS:
  5. NIOSH DOCUMENTATION AND SURVEILLANCE:
  6. STATUS IN FEDERAL AGENCIES:
  7. REFERENCES:

SYNONYMS:

  1. Sulfinyl chloride
  2. Sulfur chloride oxide
  3. Sulfurous dichloride
  1. Sulfurous oxychloride
  2. Thionyl chloride (ACGIH)
  3. Thionyl dichloride


SKIN AND EYE IRRITATION DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
N/R
N/R N/R N/R


MUTATION DATA AND REFERENCES:

SYSTEM TEST ROUTE/
ORGANISM/
TISSUE
DOSE REFERENCE
N/R N/R N/R N/R


REPRODUCTIVE EFFECTS DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
N/R
N/R N/R N/R


TUMORIGENIC DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
N/R
N/R N/R N/R


ACUTE TOXICITY DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
inhalation
rat
lethal concentration (50 percent kill): 500 ppm/1 hour N/R NTIS** AD-A148-952


OTHER MULTIPLE DOSE DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
N/R
N/R N/R N/R


REVIEWS:

ORGANIZATION STANDARD
REFERENCE

American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value ceiling concentration 1 ppm DTLVS* TLV/BEI,2007


STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS:

ORGANIZATION STANDARD
REFERENCE

Occupational Exposure Limit - AUSTRALIA ceiling concentration 1 ppm (4.9 mg/m3), JUL2008
Occupational Exposure Limit - BELGIUM time-weighted average 1 ppm (5 mg/m3), MAR2002
Occupational Exposure Limit - DENMARK ceiling concentration 1 ppm (5 mg/m3), OCT 2002
Occupational Exposure Limit - KOREA ceiling concentration 1 ppm (5 mg/m3), 2006
Occupational Exposure Limit - THE NETHERLANDS MAC- continuous 5 mg/m3, 2003
Occupational Exposure Limit - NEW ZEALAND ceiling concentration 1 ppm (4.9 mg/m3), JAN2002
Occupational Exposure Limit - RUSSIA short term exposure limit 0.3 mg/m3, Skin, JUN2003
Occupational Exposure Limit - SWITZERLAND MAK- week 1 ppm (5 mg/m3), DEC2006
Occupational Exposure Limit - UNITED KINGDOM short term exposure limit 1 ppm (4.9 mg/m3), 2005
Occupational Exposure Limit IN ARGENTINA, BULGARIA, COLOMBIA, JORDAN American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value;

ceiling concentration 1 ppm
Occupational Exposure Limit IN SINGAPORE, VIETNAM American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value
ceiling concentration 1 ppm


NIOSH DOCUMENTATION AND SURVEILLANCE:

ORGANIZATION STANDARD or SURVEY
REFERENCE

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Recommended Exposure Level TO THIONYL CHLORIDE-air ceiling concentration 1 ppm NIOSH* DHHS #92-100,1992
National Occupational Hazard Survey 1974 National Occupational Hazard Survey 1974: Hazard Code: 82024;
Number of Industries 3;
Total Number of Facilities 73;
Number of Occupations 7;
Total Number of Employees Exposed 2,440
National Occupational Exposure Survey 1983 National Occupational Exposure Survey 1983: Hazard Code: 82024;
Number of Industries 2;
Total Number of Facilities 43;
Number of Occupations 6;
Total Number of Employees Exposed 7,082;
Total Number of Female Employees Exposed 1,223


STATUS IN FEDERAL AGENCIES:

ORGANIZATION
REFERENCE

EPA TSCA Section 8(b) CHEMICAL INVENTORY
Used as specialty chlorinating agent, particularly in preparation of organic acid chlorides
EPA TSCA TEST SUBMISSION (TSCATS) DATA BASE, JANUARY 2001


REFERENCES:

CODEN
REFERENCE

DTLVS* The Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) booklet issues by American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), Cincinnati, OH, 1996
NIOSH* National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, U.S. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare, Reports and Memoranda.
NTIS** National Technical Information Service. (Springfield, VA 22161) Formerly U.S. Clearinghouse for Scientific & Technical Information.

Used as specialty chlorinating agent, particularly in preparation of organic acid chlorides

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