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Methane, diazo -

RTECS #: PA7000000

CAS #: 334-88-3


UPDATE: May 2009 MW: 42.05 MF: CH2N2


NOTE:

TABLE OF CONTENTS:
  1. SYNONYMS:
  2. MUTATION DATA:
  3. TUMORIGENIC DATA:
  4. ACUTE TOXICITY DATA:
  5. REVIEWS:
  6. STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS:
  7. NIOSH DOCUMENTATION AND SURVEILLANCE:
  8. STATUS IN FEDERAL AGENCIES:
  9. REFERENCES:

SYNONYMS:

  1. Azimethylene
  2. Diazirine
  3. Diazomethane
  1. Diazomethane (ACGIH:OSHA)
  2. Diazonium methylide


SKIN AND EYE IRRITATION DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
N/R
N/R N/R N/R


MUTATION DATA AND REFERENCES:

SYSTEM TEST ROUTE/
ORGANISM/
TISSUE
DOSE REFERENCE
mutation in microorganisms Neurospora crassa 250 mmol/L (-enzymatic activation step) HEREAY 35,521,1949


REPRODUCTIVE EFFECTS DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
N/R
N/R N/R N/R


TUMORIGENIC DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
inhalation
mouse
lowest published toxic concentration: 272 mg/m3/26 week- intermittent Tumorigenic: Equivocal tumorigenic agent by RTECS criteria

Lung, Thorax, or Respiration: Tumors
BJCAAI 16,92,1962
inhalation
rat
lowest published toxic concentration: 272 mg/m3/26 week- intermittent Tumorigenic: Equivocal tumorigenic agent by RTECS criteria

Lung, Thorax, or Respiration: Tumors
BJCAAI 16,92,1962
subcutaneous
mouse
lowest published toxic dose: 48 gm/kg/52 week- intermittent Tumorigenic: Equivocal tumorigenic agent by RTECS criteria

Lung, Thorax, or Respiration: Tumors
BJCAAI 16,92,1962


ACUTE TOXICITY DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
inhalation
cat
lethal concentration (50 percent kill): 175 ppm/10 minute N/R 85JCAE -,496,1986


OTHER MULTIPLE DOSE DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
N/R
N/R N/R N/R


REVIEWS:

ORGANIZATION STANDARD
REFERENCE

American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value time-weighted average 0.2 ppm DTLVS* TLV/BEI,2007
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value Suspected human carcinogen DTLVS* TLV/BEI,2007
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Cancer Review Animal Limited Evidence IMEMDT 7,223,1974
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Cancer Review Human No Adequate Data IMEMDT 7,223,1974
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Cancer Review Group 3 IMSUDL 7,56,1987
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
CHHSA* 9,6,2002


STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS:

ORGANIZATION STANDARD
REFERENCE

Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) STANDARD - air time-weighted average 0.2 ppm (0.4 mg/m3) DTLWS* 3,15,1973
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Permissible Exposure Limit (General Industry) 8 hour time-weighted average 0.2 ppm (0.4 mg/m3) CFRGBR 29,1910.1000,1994
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Permissible Exposure Limit (Construction) 8 hour time-weighted average 0.2 ppm (0.4 mg/m3) CFRGBR 29,1926.55,1994
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Permissible Exposure Limit (Shipyards) 8 hour time-weighted average 0.2 ppm (0.4 mg/m3) CFRGBR 29,1915.1000,1993
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Permissible Exposure Limit (Federal Contractors) 8 hour time-weighted average 0.2 ppm (0.4 mg/m3) CFRGBR 41,50-204.50,1994
Occupational Exposure Limit - AUSTRALIA time-weighted average 0.2 ppm (0.34 mg/m3), Carcinogen, JUL2008
Occupational Exposure Limit - BELGIUM time-weighted average 0.2 ppm (0.34 mg/m3), Carcinogen, MAR2002
Occupational Exposure Limit - DENMARK time-weighted average 0.2 ppm (0.4 mg/m3), OCT 2002
Occupational Exposure Limit - FINLAND time-weighted average 0.2 ppm (0.4 mg/m3), JAN1999
Occupational Exposure Limit - HUNGARY ceiling concentration 0.01 mg/m3, Carcinogen, SEP2000
Occupational Exposure Limit - INDIA short term exposure limit 0.4 mg/m3, Skin, JAN1993
Occupational Exposure Limit - KOREA time-weighted average 0.2 ppm (0.4 mg/m3), 2006
Occupational Exposure Limit - MEXICO time-weighted average 0.2 ppm (0.4 mg/m3), 2004
Occupational Exposure Limit - NEW ZEALAND time-weighted average 0.2 ppm (0.34 mg/m3), JAN2002
Occupational Exposure Limit - NORWAY time-weighted average 0.2 ppm (0.4 mg/m3), JAN1999
Occupational Exposure Limit - RUSSIA time-weighted average 0.2 ppm (0.4 mg/m3), JUN2003
Occupational Exposure Limit - SWEDEN Group B Carcinogen, JUN2005
Occupational Exposure Limit - SWITZERLAND MAK- week 0.2 ppm (0.35 mg/m3), Carcinogen, DEC2006
Occupational Exposure Limit IN ARGENTINA, BULGARIA, COLOMBIA, JORDAN American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value;

Suspected human carcinogen
Occupational Exposure Limit IN SINGAPORE, VIETNAM American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value
Suspected human carcinogen


NIOSH DOCUMENTATION AND SURVEILLANCE:

ORGANIZATION STANDARD or SURVEY
REFERENCE

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Recommended Exposure Level TO DIAZOMETHANE-air 10 hour time-weighted average 0.2 ppm NIOSH* DHHS #92-100,1992
National Occupational Hazard Survey 1974 National Occupational Hazard Survey 1974: Hazard Code: 23370;
Number of Industries 1;
Total Number of Facilities 18;
Number of Occupations 2;
Total Number of Employees Exposed 234


STATUS IN FEDERAL AGENCIES:

ORGANIZATION
REFERENCE

EPA GENETOX PROGRAM 1988, Positive: N crassa-reversion; S cerevisiae-reversion
EPA GENETOX PROGRAM 1988, Positive/limited: Carcinogenicity-mouse/rat
Used as a laboratory methylating agent
On EPA IRIS database
NIOSH Analytical Method, 1994: Diazomethane, 2515


REFERENCES:

CODEN
REFERENCE

85JCAE "Prehled Prumyslove Toxikologie; Organicke Latky," Marhold, J., Prague, Czechoslovakia, Avicenum, 1986
BJCAAI British Journal of Cancer. (Macmillan Press Ltd., Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hants. RG21 2XS, UK) V.1- 1947-
CFRGBR Code of Federal Regulations. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402)
CHHSA* Chemical Health & Safety (Orlando, FL : Published by Elsevier Inc. for the ACS Division of Chemical Health and Safety) V.1- 1994-
DTLVS* The Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) booklet issues by American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), Cincinnati, OH, 1996
DTLWS* "Documentation of the Threshold Limit Values for Substances in Workroom Air," Supplements. For publisher information, see 85INA8.
HEREAY Hereditas (Lund, Sweden). (Gjoerloffsgatan 121, S-261 34 Landskrona, Sweden) V.1- 1947-
IMEMDT IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risk of Chemicals to Man. (WHO Publications Centre USA, 49 Sheridan Ave., Albany, NY 12210) V.1- 1972-
IMSUDL IARC Monographs, Supplement. (WHO Publications Centre USA, 49 Sheridan Ave., Albany, NY 12210) No.1- 1979-
NIOSH* National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, U.S. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare, Reports and Memoranda.

Used as a laboratory methylating agent

RTECS Compound Description:
   Tumorigen
   Mutagen

Click Here for Additional Information about RTECS

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