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Copper

RTECS #: GL5325000

CAS #: 7440-50-8


UPDATE: May 2009 MW: 63.54 MF: Cu


NOTE:

TABLE OF CONTENTS:
  1. SYNONYMS:
  2. REPRODUCTIVE EFFECTS DATA:
  3. TUMORIGENIC DATA:
  4. ACUTE TOXICITY DATA:
  5. OTHER MULTIPLE DOSE DATA:
  6. REVIEWS:
  7. STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS:
  8. NIOSH DOCUMENTATION AND SURVEILLANCE:
  9. STATUS IN FEDERAL AGENCIES:
  10. REFERENCES:

SYNONYMS:

  1. 1721 Gold
  2. ANAC 110
  3. Allbri natural copper
  4. Arwood copper
  5. Bronze powder
  6. C.I. 77400
  7. C.I. Pigment Metal 2
  8. CDA 101
  9. CDA 102
  10. CDA 110
  11. CDA 122
  12. Copper (ACGIH:OSHA)
  13. Copper (metallic)
  14. Copper bronze
  15. Copper slag - airborne
  16. Copper slag - milled
  1. Copper - airborne
  2. Copper - milled
  3. Gold bronze
  4. Kafar copper
  5. M 1
  6. M 3
  7. M 4
  8. M1 (Copper)
  9. M2 (Copper)
  10. M3 (Copper)
  11. M3R
  12. M3S
  13. M4 (Copper)
  14. OFHC Cu
  15. Raney copper


SKIN AND EYE IRRITATION DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
N/R
N/R N/R N/R


MUTATION DATA AND REFERENCES:

SYSTEM TEST ROUTE/
ORGANISM/
TISSUE
DOSE REFERENCE
N/R N/R N/R N/R


REPRODUCTIVE EFFECTS DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
intrauterine
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 250 g/kg (1 day prior to copulation) Reproductive: Maternal effects: Uterus, cervix, vagina

Reproductive: Effects on fertility: Female fertility index (e.g., # females pregnant per # sperm positive females; # females pregnant per # females mated)
IJEBA6 19,1124,1981
oral
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 152 mg/kg (22 week prior to copulation) Reproductive: Effects on embryo or fetus: Fetotoxicity (except death, e.g., stunted fetus)

Reproductive: Specific developmental abnormalities: Central nervous system
GISAAA 45(3),8,1980
oral
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 1,520 g/kg (22 week prior to copulation) Reproductive: Specific developmental abnormalities: Musculoskeletal system GISAAA 45(3),8,1980
oral
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 1,210 g/kg (35 week prior to copulation) Reproductive: Effects on fertility: Pre- implantation mortality (e.g., reduction in number of implants per female; total number of implants per corpora lutea)

Reproductive: Effects on fertility: Post- implantation mortality (e.g., dead and/or resorbed implants per total number of implants)
GISAAA 42(8),30,1977


TUMORIGENIC DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
intrapleural
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 100 mg/kg Tumorigenic: Equivocal tumorigenic agent by RTECS criteria

Lung, Thorax, or Respiration: Fibrosis, focal (pneumoconiosis)

Lung, Thorax, or Respiration: Tumors
AIHAAP 41,836,1980
oral
mouse
lowest published toxic dose: 10.080 mg/kg/12 week- continuous Tumorigenic: Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria

Lung, Thorax, or Respiration: Other changes
CALEDQ 159,57,2000


ACUTE TOXICITY DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
intraperitoneal
mouse
lethal dose (50 percent kill): 0.7 mg/kg N/R VCVN1* -,67,1998
multiple
non-mammalian species
lethal concentration (50 percent kill): 238 mg/m3/24 hour N/R TXAPA9 197,177,2004
oral
human
lowest published toxic dose: 120 g/kg Gastrointestinal: Nausea or vomiting PHRPA6 73,910,1958
oral
human
lowest published toxic dose: 0.1 mg/kg Gastrointestinal: Hypermotility, diarrhea

Gastrointestinal: Nausea or vomiting
TOXID9 72,29,2003
oral
mouse
lethal dose (50 percent kill): 413 mg/kg N/R TOLED5 163,109,2006
oral
mouse
lethal dose (50 percent kill): >5,000 mg/kg Behavioral: Food intake (animal)

Gastrointestinal: Hypermotility, diarrhea

Gastrointestinal: Nausea or vomiting
TOLED5 163,109,2006
oral
mouse
lowest published toxic dose: 108 mg/kg Behavioral: Tremor

Gastrointestinal: Hypermotility, diarrhea

Gastrointestinal: Nausea or vomiting
TOLED5 163,109,2006
oral
mouse
lowest published toxic dose: 1,080 mg/kg Kidney, Ureter, and Bladder: Other changes TOLED5 163,109,2006
oral
mouse
lowest published toxic dose: 158 mg/kg Kidney, Ureter, and Bladder: Changes in tubules (including acute renal failure, acute tubular necrosis) TOLED5 163,109,2006
oral
mouse
lowest published toxic dose: 232 mg/kg Kidney, Ureter, and Bladder: Changes primarily in glomeruli

Blood: Changes in spleen

Blood: Changes in serum composition (e.g. TP, bilirubin, cholesterol)
TOLED5 163,109,2006
oral
mouse
lowest published toxic dose: 341 mg/kg Liver: Other changes TOLED5 163,109,2006
oral
mouse
lowest published toxic dose: 501 mg/kg Endocrine: Changes in spleen weight TOLED5 163,109,2006
oral
mouse
lowest published toxic dose: 736 mg/kg Biochemical: Enzyme inhibition, induction, or change in blood or tissue levels: Phosphatases TOLED5 163,109,2006
oral
mouse
lowest published toxic dose: 3,406 mg/kg Blood: Changes in serum composition (e.g. TP, bilirubin, cholesterol) TOLED5 163,109,2006
subcutaneous
rabbit
lowest published lethal dose: 375 mg/kg Liver: Hepatitis (hepatocellular necrosis), zonal

Liver: Other changes

Kidney, Ureter, and Bladder: Other changes
AJPAA4 1,117,1925


OTHER MULTIPLE DOSE DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
intravenous
rabbit
lowest published toxic dose: 75 mg/kg/2 day- intermittent Liver: Other changes

Related to Chronic Data: Death in the "MULTIPLE DOSE" data type field
AJPAA4 1,117,1925
oral
rabbit
lowest published toxic dose: 3 gm/kg/60 day- continuous Cardiac: Other changes

Liver: Hepatitis (hepatocellular necrosis), zonal

Related to Chronic Data: Death in the "MULTIPLE DOSE" data type field
AJPAA4 1,117,1925


REVIEWS:

ORGANIZATION STANDARD
REFERENCE

American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value time-weighted average 0.2 mg (Cu)/m3 (fume) DTLVS* TLV/BEI,2007
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value time-weighted average 1 mg (Cu)/m3 (dust and mist) DTLVS* TLV/BEI,2007
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
TRBMAV 33,85,1975
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
QURBAW 7,75,1974
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
JAVMA4 164,277,1974
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
IJMDAI 10,416,1974
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
KOTTAM 11,1300,1975
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
FOREAE 7,313,1942
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
MIBUBI 9,321,1975
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
PEXTAR 12,102,1969
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
85DHAX Cu,41,1977
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
AMTODM 3,209,1977
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
TOLED5 127,55,2002
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
CREOH* 42,93,2002
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
MAERE* 51,247,2001
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
MUREAV 567,109,2004
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
TPHSDY 23,426,2002
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
CRTXB2 33,215,2003
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
CBCPAI 132,269,2002
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
MUREAV 613,103,2006
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
MUTAEX 19,251,2004
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
MUREAV 613,76,2006
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
ENTOX* -,665,2005
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
JJATDK 26,191,2006
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
TOPADD 32(Suppl. 2),71,2004
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
MUREAV 533,183,2003
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
REPTED 23,260,2007
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
HBTME* ,529,2007
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
MUREAV 658,68,2008
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
MUREAV 566,249,2004
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
HTOPA* 1,595,2002


STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS:

ORGANIZATION STANDARD
REFERENCE

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) 1988 PESTICIDE SUBJECT TO REGISTRATION OR RE-REGISTRATION FEREAC 54,7740,1989
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) 1998 STATUS OF PESTICIDES: Supported RBREV* -,305,1998
Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) STANDARD - air time-weighted average 0.1 mg/m3 (fume,dusts & mists) DTLVS* 3,59,1971
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Permissible Exposure Limit (General Industry) 8 hour time-weighted average 0.1 mg(Cu)/m3, fume CFRGBR 29,1910.1000,1994
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Permissible Exposure Limit (General Industry) 8 hour time-weighted average 1 mg(Cu)/m3, dusts and mists CFRGBR 29,1910.1000,1994
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Permissible Exposure Limit (Construction) 8 hour time-weighted average 0.1 mg(Cu)/m3, fume CFRGBR 29,1926.55,1994
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Permissible Exposure Limit (Construction) 8 hour time-weighted average 1 mg(Cu)/m3, dusts and mists CFRGBR 29,1926.55,1994
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Permissible Exposure Limit (Shipyards) 8 hour time-weighted average 0.1 mg(Cu)/m3, fume CFRGBR 29,1915.1000,1993
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Permissible Exposure Limit (Shipyards) 8 hour time-weighted average 1 mg(Cu)/m3, dusts and mists CFRGBR 29,1915.1000,1993
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Permissible Exposure Limit (Federal Contractors) 8 hour time-weighted average 0.1 mg/m3, fume CFRGBR 41,50-204.50,1994
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Permissible Exposure Limit (Federal Contractors) 8 hour time-weighted average 1 mg/m3, dusts and mists CFRGBR 41,50-204.50,1994
Occupational Exposure Limit - ARAB Republic of Egypt time-weighted average 0.1 mg/m3 (fume), JAN1993
Occupational Exposure Limit - AUSTRALIA time-weighted average 0.2 mg/m3 (fume), JUL2008
Occupational Exposure Limit - AUSTRALIA time-weighted average 1 mg/m3 (dust and mist), JUL2008
Occupational Exposure Limit - BELGIUM time-weighted average 0.2 mg/m3 (fume), MAR2002
Occupational Exposure Limit - BELGIUM time-weighted average 1 mg/m3 (dust, aerosol), MAR2002
Occupational Exposure Limit - FINLAND time-weighted average 1 mg/m3 (dust), JAN1999
Occupational Exposure Limit - FRANCE VME 1 mg/m3 (dust), 0.2 mg/m3 (fume), FEB2006
Occupational Exposure Limit - HUNGARY time-weighted average 0.1 mg/m3 (fume), short term exposure limit 0.4 mg/m3 (fume), SEP2000
Occupational Exposure Limit - HUNGARY time-weighted average 1 mg(Cu)/m3, short term exposure limit 4 mg(Cu)/m3, SEP2000
Occupational Exposure Limit - HUNGARY time-weighted average 1 mg/m3, short term exposure limit 4 mg/m3, SEP2000
Occupational Exposure Limit - INDIA time-weighted average 0.2 mg/m3 (fume), JAN1993
Occupational Exposure Limit - KOREA time-weighted average 0.1 mg/m3 (fume), 2006
Occupational Exposure Limit - KOREA time-weighted average 1 mg/m3 (dust and mist), 2006
Occupational Exposure Limit - THE NETHERLANDS MAC-TGG 0.2 mg/m3 (fume), 2003
Occupational Exposure Limit - THE NETHERLANDS MAC-TGG 1 mg/m3 (dust), 2003
Occupational Exposure Limit - NEW ZEALAND time-weighted average 0.2 mg/m3 (fume), JAN2002
Occupational Exposure Limit - NEW ZEALAND time-weighted average 1 mg/m3 (dust and mist), JAN2002
Occupational Exposure Limit - NORWAY time-weighted average 0.05 mg(Co)/m3, JAN1999
Occupational Exposure Limit - NORWAY time-weighted average 0.1 mg/m3, fume, JAN1999
Occupational Exposure Limit - THE PHILIPPINES time-weighted average 1.0 mg/m3 (fume), JAN1993
Occupational Exposure Limit - POLAND MAC(time-weighted average) fume 0.1 mg/m3, MAC(short term exposure limit) fume 0.3 mg/m3, JAN1999
Occupational Exposure Limit - POLAND MAC(time-weighted average) dust 1 mg/m3, MAC(short term exposure limit) dust 2 mg/m3, JAN1999
Occupational Exposure Limit - RUSSIA time-weighted average 0.5 mg/m3, short term exposure limit 1 mg/m3, JUN2003
Occupational Exposure Limit - SWEDEN time-weighted average 1 mg/m3;
time-weighted average 0.2 mg/m3 (resp. dust), JUN2005
Occupational Exposure Limit - SWITZERLAND MAK- week 0.1 mg/m3,KZG- week 0.2 mg/m3, DEC2006
Occupational Exposure Limit - THAILAND time-weighted average 0.1 mg/m3 (fume), JAN1993
Occupational Exposure Limit - THAILAND time-weighted average 1 mg/m3, JAN1993
Occupational Exposure Limit IN ARGENTINA, BULGARIA, COLOMBIA, JORDAN American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value;

time-weighted average 1 mg (Cu)/m3 (dust and mist)
Occupational Exposure Limit IN SINGAPORE, VIETNAM American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value
time-weighted average 1 mg (Cu)/m3 (dust and mist)


NIOSH DOCUMENTATION AND SURVEILLANCE:

ORGANIZATION STANDARD or SURVEY
REFERENCE

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Recommended Exposure Level TO COPPER, dusts and mists-air 10 hour time-weighted average 1 mg/m3 NIOSH* DHHS #92-100,1992
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Recommended Exposure Level TO COPPER, fume-air 10 hour time-weighted average 0.1 mg/m3 NIOSH* DHHS #92-100,1992
National Occupational Hazard Survey 1974 National Occupational Hazard Survey 1974: Hazard Code: M2276;
Number of Industries 27;
Total Number of Facilities 1,213;
Number of Occupations 35;
Total Number of Employees Exposed 24,737
National Occupational Hazard Survey 1974 National Occupational Hazard Survey 1974: Hazard Code: 20115;
Number of Industries 176;
Total Number of Facilities 12,177;
Number of Occupations 105;
Total Number of Employees Exposed 224,406
National Occupational Exposure Survey 1983 National Occupational Exposure Survey 1983: Hazard Code: X5915;
Number of Industries 5;
Total Number of Facilities 162;
Number of Occupations 5;
Total Number of Employees Exposed 11,889;
Total Number of Female Employees Exposed 421
National Occupational Exposure Survey 1983 National Occupational Exposure Survey 1983: Hazard Code: X5983;
Number of Industries 51;
Total Number of Facilities 4,558;
Number of Occupations 45;
Total Number of Employees Exposed 53,282;
Total Number of Female Employees Exposed 8,758
National Occupational Exposure Survey 1983 National Occupational Exposure Survey 1983: Hazard Code: X6807;
Number of Industries 2;
Total Number of Facilities 16;
Number of Occupations 2;
Total Number of Employees Exposed 625
National Occupational Exposure Survey 1983 National Occupational Exposure Survey 1983: Hazard Code: X8588;
Number of Industries 3;
Total Number of Facilities 204;
Number of Occupations 7;
Total Number of Employees Exposed 9,443
National Occupational Exposure Survey 1983 National Occupational Exposure Survey 1983: Hazard Code: 20115;
Number of Industries 296;
Total Number of Facilities 59,839;
Number of Occupations 158;
Total Number of Employees Exposed 920,449;
Total Number of Female Employees Exposed 72,821


STATUS IN FEDERAL AGENCIES:

ORGANIZATION
REFERENCE

ATSDR TOXICOLOGY PROFILE (NTIS** PB/91/180513/AS)
EPA TSCA Section 8(b) CHEMICAL INVENTORY
EPA TSCA Section 8(d) unpublished health/safety studies
On EPA IRIS database
EPA TSCA TEST SUBMISSION (TSCATS) DATA BASE, JANUARY 2001
NIOSH Analytical Method, 1994: Elements by ICP, 7300
NIOSH Analytical Method, 1994: Copper (dust and fume), 7029
NIOSH Analytical Method, 1994: Elements in blood or tissue, 8005
NIOSH Analytical Method, 1994: Metals in urine, 8310
OSHA ANALYTICAL METHOD #ID121
OSHA ANALYTICAL METHOD #ID206


REFERENCES:

CODEN
REFERENCE

85DHAX "Medical and Biologic Effects of Environmental Pollutants Series," Washington, DC, National Academy of Sciences, 1972-77
AIHAAP American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal. (AIHA, 475 Wolf Ledges Pkwy., Akron, OH 44311) V.19- 1958-
AJPAA4 American Journal of Pathology. (Lippincott/Harper, Journal Fulfillment Dept., 2350 Virginia Ave., Hagerstown, MD 21740) V.1- 1925-
AMTODM Advances in Modern Toxicology. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 605 Third Ave., New York, NY 10016) V.1, 1976-79. Discontinued.
CALEDQ Cancer Letters (Shannon, Ireland). (Elsevier Scientific Pub. Ireland Ltd., POB 85, Limerick, Ireland) V.1- 1975-
CBCPAI Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. (Elmsford, NY) V.1-37, 1960-70. For publisher information, see CBPBB8.
CFRGBR Code of Federal Regulations. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402)
CREOH* Critical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology (Elsevier Science, P.O.Box 7247-7682,Philadelphia,PA 19170 -7682,USA OR Elsevier Science B.V.,P.O.Box 1270,1000 BG Amsterdam,The Netherlands) V. 1- 1983-
CRTXB2 CRC Critical Reviews in Toxicology. (CRC Press, Inc., 2000 Corporate Blvd., NW, Boca Raton, FL 33431) V.1- 1971-
DTLVS* The Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) booklet issues by American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), Cincinnati, OH, 1996
ENTOX* Encyclopedia of Toxicology: Reference Book, Elsevier, 2005
FEREAC Federal Register. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) V.1- 1936-
FOREAE Food Research. (Champaign, IL) V.1-25, 1936-60. For publisher information, see JFDSAZ.
GISAAA Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. (V/O Mezhdunarodnaya Kniga, 113095 Moscow, USSR) V.1- 1936-
HBTME*
HTOPA*
IJEBA6 Indian Journal of Experimental Biology. (Publications & Information Directorate, CSIR, Hillside Rd., New Delhi 110 012, India) V.1- 1963-
IJMDAI Israel Journal of Medical Sciences. (POB 1435, Jerusalem 91013, Israel) V.1- 1965-
JAVMA4 Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. (American Veterinary Medical Assoc., 930 N. Meacham Rd., Schaumburg, IL 60196) V.48- 1915-
JJATDK JAT, Journal of Applied Toxicology. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Baffins Lane, Chichester, W. Sussex PO19 1UD, UK) V.1- 1981-
KOTTAM Kogai to Taisaku. Journal of Environmental Pollution Control. (Kogai Taisaku Gijutsu Dokokai, Shuwa-Akasaka Bldg., 9-1-244, Akasaka, Minato-ku, Tokyo 107, Japan) V.1- 1965-
MAERE* Marine Environmental Research. (Kidlington, Oxford : Elsevier) V. 1- 1978-
MIBUBI Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni. Bulletin of Microbiology. (c/o Dr. A. Tevfik Cenqiz, Ankara Universitesi Tip Fakultesi Mikrobiyoloji Ana Bilim Dah, Ankara, Turkey) V.1- 1967-
MUREAV Mutation Research. (Elsevier Science Pub. B.V., POB 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands) V.1- 1964-
MUTAEX Mutagenesis. (Oxford Univ. Press, Pinkhill House, Southfield Road, Eynsham, Oxford OX8 1JJ, UK) V.1- 1986-
NIOSH* National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, U.S. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare, Reports and Memoranda.
PEXTAR Progress in Experimental Tumor Research. (S. Karger AG, Postfach CH-4009 Basel, Switzerland) V.1- 1960-
PHRPA6 Public Health Reports. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) V.1- 1878-
QURBAW Quarterly Reviews of Biophysics. (Cambridge Univ. Press, The Edinburgh Bldg., Shaftesbury Rd., Cambridge CB2 2RU, UK) V.1- 1968-
RBREV* Status of Pesticides in Registration, Reregistration, and Special Review (Rainbow Report), Special Review and Reregistration Division Office of Pesticide Programs U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 401 M. Street, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20460, Spring 1998
REPTED Reproductive Toxicology. (Pergamon Press Inc., Maxwell House, Fairview Park, Elmsford, NY 10523) V.1- 1987-
TOLED5 Toxicology Letters. (Elsevier Science Pub. B.V., POB 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands) V.1- 1977-
TOPADD Toxicologic Pathology. (c/o Dr. F.A. de la Iglesia, Warner-Lambert Co., Pharmaceutical Research Div., POB 1047, Ann Arbor, MI 48106) V.6(3/4)- 1978-
TOXID9 Toxicologist. (Soc. of Toxicology, Inc., 475 Wolf Ledge Parkway, Akron, OH 44311) V.1- 1981-
TPHSDY Trends in Pharmacological Sciences. (Elsevier Science Pub. Co., Inc., 52 Vanderbilt Ave., New York, NY 10017) V.1- 1979-
TRBMAV Texas Reports on Biology and Medicine. (Galveston, TX) V.1-41(2), 1943-81/82. Discontinued.
TXAPA9 Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. (Academic Press, Inc., 1 E. First St., Duluth, MN 55802) V.1- 1959-
VCVN1* "Vrednie chemichescie veshestva. Neorganicheskie soedinenia elementov I-IV groopp" (Hazardous substances. Inornanic substances containing I-IV group elements), Filov V.A., Chimia, 1988.

NIOSH PROFILE (COPPER and COMPOUNDS), SRC, 3/82

NIOSH PROFILE (HEAVY METAL GREASES AND SOAPS), SRI, 2/77

NIOSH PROFILE (PETROLEUM REFINING), FIRL, 4/78

NIOSH PROFILE (PRINTING INDUSTRY), SRC, 10/77

NIOSH PROFILE (SMELTERS, SECONDARY NON-FERROUS), SRI, 2/77

FDA-proprietary drug

RTECS Compound Description:
   Tumorigen
   Reproductive Effector
   Human Data

ALT CAS #: 72514-83-1
Click Here for Additional Information about RTECS

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