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Zinc chloride

RTECS #: ZH1400000

CAS #: 7646-85-7


UPDATE: May 2009 MW: 136.27 MF: Cl2Zn


NOTE:

TABLE OF CONTENTS:
  1. SYNONYMS:
  2. SKIN AND EYE IRRITATION DATA:
  3. MUTATION DATA:
  4. REPRODUCTIVE EFFECTS DATA:
  5. TUMORIGENIC DATA:
  6. ACUTE TOXICITY DATA:
  7. OTHER MULTIPLE DOSE DATA:
  8. REVIEWS:
  9. STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS:
  10. NIOSH DOCUMENTATION AND SURVEILLANCE:
  11. STATUS IN FEDERAL AGENCIES:
  12. REFERENCES:

SYNONYMS:

  1. Butter of zinc
  2. Chlorure de zinc (French)
  3. Zinc (chlorure de) (French)
  4. Zinc butter
  5. Zinc chloride fume
  1. Zinc chloride fume (ACGIH:OSHA)
  2. Zinc dichloride
  3. Zinco (cloruro di) (Italian)
  4. Zinkchlorid (German)
  5. Zinkchloride (Dutch)


SKIN AND EYE IRRITATION DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
skin
rabbit
1%/5 day open irritation test severe HBTME* ,925,2007


MUTATION DATA AND REFERENCES:

SYSTEM TEST ROUTE/
ORGANISM/
TISSUE
DOSE REFERENCE
cytogenetic analysis human lymphocyte 300 mol/L TXCYAC 10,67,1978
cytogenetic analysis oral
mouse
18 gm/kg/30 day- continuous CRSBAW 176,563,1982
cytogenetic analysis intraperitoneal
mouse
7.5 mg/kg HBTME* -,925,2007
cytogenetic analysis rat Ascites tumor 700 mg/kg GANNA2 54,155,1963
DNA damage human fibroblast 2 mmol/L MUREAV 193,237,1988
DNA inhibition human lymphocyte 360 mol/L IAAAAM 77,461,1985
DNA inhibition parenteral
mouse
16 mg/kg CCCCAK 48,3020,1983
unscheduled DNA synthesis human lymphocyte 180 mol/L IAAAAM 77,461,1985
host-mediated assay mouse
Salmonella typhimurium
6 mg/kg SOGEBZ 13,1010,1977
mutation in microorganisms Salmonella typhimurium 90 mmol/L (-enzymatic activation step) SOGEBZ 13,1010,1977
mutation in microorganisms Salmonella typhimurium 25 mg/L TXAPA9 197,259,2004
micronucleus test human lymphocyte 100 mg/L TXAPA9 197,259,2004
micronucleus test non-mammalian species other cell types 170 g/L/48 hour MUREAV 209,131,1988
morphological transform hamster embryo 180 mol/L CNREA8 39,193,1979
morphological transform hamster embryo 100 nmol/L/7 day ARTODN 79,90,2005
other mutation test systems human lymphocyte 2 mg CRSBAW 176,563,1982
phage inhibition capacity Escherichia coli 3,200 mol/L ENMUDM 6,59,1984
specific locus test oral
Drosophila melanogaster
6 mmol/L MUREAV 320,133,1994


REPRODUCTIVE EFFECTS DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
intraperitoneal
mouse
lowest published toxic dose: 20,500 g/kg (8 day pregnant) Reproductive: Effects on fertility: Post- implantation mortality (e.g., dead and/or resorbed implants per total number of implants)

Reproductive: Specific developmental abnormalities: Musculoskeletal system
JPMSAE 66,1755,1977
intraperitoneal
mouse
lowest published toxic dose: 12,500 g/kg (11 day pregnant) Reproductive: Specific developmental abnormalities: Musculoskeletal system DABBBA 36,6103,1975
intraperitoneal
mouse
lowest published toxic dose: 50 mg(Zn)/kg (8-11 day pregnant) Reproductive: Effects on embryo or fetus: Fetotoxicity (except death, e.g., stunted fetus)

Reproductive: Specific developmental abnormalities: Musculoskeletal system
HBTME* -,925,2007
intraperitoneal
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 30 gm/kg (7-8 day pregnant) Reproductive: Effects on fertility: Post- implantation mortality (e.g., dead and/or resorbed implants per total number of implants)

Reproductive: Effects on embryo or fetus: Fetotoxicity (except death, e.g., stunted fetus)

Reproductive: Effects on embryo or fetus: Fetal death
TJADAB 29(3),23A,1984
intravaginal
rabbit
lowest published toxic dose: 29,184 g/kg (1 day prior to copulation) Reproductive: Effects on fertility: Female fertility index (e.g., # females pregnant per # sperm positive females; # females pregnant per # females mated) CCPTAY 22,659,1980
oral
mouse
lowest published toxic dose: 186 mg/kg (98 day male/98 day prior to copulation-3 week after birth) Reproductive: Effects on fertility: Female fertility index (e.g., # females pregnant per # sperm positive females; # females pregnant per # females mated)

Reproductive: Specific developmental abnormalities: Blood and lymphatic systems (including spleen and marrow)

Reproductive: Specific developmental abnormalities: Urogenital system
TOXID9 72,75,2003
oral
mouse
lowest published toxic dose: 186 mg/kg (multigenerations) Reproductive: Effects on fertility: Female fertility index (e.g., # females pregnant per # sperm positive females; # females pregnant per # females mated) TOXID9 72,75,2003
oral
mouse
lowest published toxic dose: 456 mg/kg (70 day male/70 day prior to copulation-21 day after birth) Reproductive: Effects on fertility: Female fertility index (e.g., # females pregnant per # sperm positive females; # females pregnant per # females mated)

Reproductive: Effects on fertility: Male fertility index (e.g., # males impregnating females per # males exposed to fertile nonpregnant females)

Reproductive: Effects on fertility: Litter size (e.g., # fetuses per litter; measured before birth)
TOXID9 1,110,2001
oral
mouse
lowest published toxic dose: 456 mg/kg (70 day male/70 day prior to copulation-21 day after birth) Reproductive: Effects on newborn: Live birth index (Litter size (e.g., # fetuses per litter; measured after birth)

Reproductive: Effects on newborn: Growth statistics (e.g., reduced weight gain)
TOXID9 1,110,2001
oral
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 155 mg/kg (33 day male) Reproductive: Other effects on male

Endocrine: Change in LH

Endocrine: Change in gonadotropins
JOENAK 79,151,1978
oral
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 6 gm/kg (77 day male/77 day prior to copulation-21 day after birth) Reproductive: Effects on newborn: Behavioral

Reproductive: Effects on newborn: Growth statistics (e.g., reduced weight gain)
TOXID9 54,369,2000
oral
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 1.8 gm/kg (98 day male/98 day prior to copulation-3 week after birth) Reproductive: Effects on newborn: Growth statistics (e.g., reduced weight gain)

Reproductive: Specific developmental abnormalities: Eye, ear
TOXID9 72,75,2003
oral
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 7.1 gm/kg (98 day male/98 day prior to copulation-3 week after birth) Reproductive: Specific developmental abnormalities: Craniofacial (including nose and tongue) TOXID9 72,75,2003
oral
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 1.8 gm/kg (98 day male/98 day prior to copulation-3 week after birth) Reproductive: Effects on fertility: Pre- implantation mortality (e.g., reduction in number of implants per female; total number of implants per corpora lutea)

Reproductive: Effects on newborn: Viability index (e.g., # alive at day 4 per # born alive)
TOXID9 72,76,2003
parenteral
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 37,500 g/kg (10 day pregnant) Reproductive: Effects on newborn: Viability index (e.g., # alive at day 4 per # born alive) 56ZJAL 5,722,1998


TUMORIGENIC DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
parenteral
chicken
lowest published toxic dose: 15 mg/kg Tumorigenic: Equivocal tumorigenic agent by RTECS criteria

Reproductive: Tumorigenic effects: Testicular tumors
CANCAR 6,464,1953
parenteral
hamster
lowest published toxic dose: 17 mg/kg Tumorigenic: Equivocal tumorigenic agent by RTECS criteria

Gastrointestinal: Colon tumors
CNREA8 34,2612,1974


ACUTE TOXICITY DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
inhalation
man
lowest published toxic concentration: 4,800 mg/m3/30 minute Lung, Thorax, or Respiration: Other changes FerJJ# 10JAN1974
inhalation
rat
lowest published lethal concentration: 1,960 mg/m3/10 minute Eye: Other eye effects

Behavioral: Excitement
ARTODN 59,160,1986
inhalation
rat
lethal concentration (50 percent kill): 2,000 mg/m3 N/R HBTME* -,925,2007
intraperitoneal
guinea pig
lowest published lethal dose: 173 mg/kg N/R AEHLAU 11,201,1965
intraperitoneal
mouse
lethal dose (50 percent kill): 24 mg/kg N/R TXAPA9 63,461,1982
intraperitoneal
rat
lethal dose (50 percent kill): 58 mg/kg Eye: Miosis (pupilliary constriction)

Vascular: BP elevation not characterized in autonomic section

Nutritional and Gross Metabolic: Weight loss or decreased weight gain
VHTODE 30,224,1988
intraperitoneal
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 9.3 mg/kg Endocrine: Hyperglycemia

Blood: Other changes
TXAPA9 32,316,1975
intraperitoneal
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 5 mg/kg Eye: Retinal changes pigmentary deposition, retinitis, other)

Liver: Other changes

Biochemical: Metabolism (intermediary): Other proteins
TXAPA9 201,149,2004
intratracheal
rat
lethal dose : >1,500 L/kg Lung, Thorax, or Respiration: Acute pulmonary edema

Lung, Thorax, or Respiration: Other changes

Biochemical: Enzyme inhibition, induction, or change in blood or tissue levels: Dehydrogenases
ARDSBL 141(Suppl),A3-A937,1990
intravenous
mouse
lethal dose (50 percent kill): 9,090 g/kg N/R INJPD2 23,153,1991
intravenous
rat
lethal dose (50 percent kill): 3,690 g/kg N/R INJPD2 23,153,1991
intravenous
rabbit
lowest published lethal dose: 11 mg/kg N/R TXAPA9 9,269,1966
oral
child
lowest published toxic dose: 169 mg/kg Lung, Thorax, or Respiration: Dyspnea

Blood: Changes in serum composition (e.g. TP, bilirubin, cholesterol)

Skin: After systemic exposure: Dermatitis, other
AEMED3 23,1383,1994
oral
guinea pig
lethal dose (50 percent kill): 200 mg/kg N/R FOREAE 7,313,1942
oral
mouse
lethal dose (50 percent kill): 329 mg/kg N/R INJPD2 23,153,1991
oral
mouse
lowest published toxic dose: 2.04 mg/kg Nutritional and Gross Metabolic: Changes in: Other metals FCTOD7 39,571,2001
oral
mouse
lowest published toxic dose: 1.56 mg/kg Blood: Changes in serum composition (e.g. TP, bilirubin, cholesterol) TOXID9 66,34,2002
oral
rat
lethal dose (50 percent kill): 350 mg/kg N/R FOREAE 7,313,1942
subcutaneous
mouse
lethal dose (50 percent kill): 330 mg/kg N/R OYYAA2 8,1067,1974


OTHER MULTIPLE DOSE DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
intraperitoneal
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 15 mg/kg/3 day- intermittent Behavioral: Alteration of classical conditioning

Biochemical: Enzyme inhibition, induction, or change in blood or tissue levels: Other oxidoreductases
TOSCF2 97,140,2007
oral
mammal (species unspecified)
lowest published toxic dose: 6,875 mg/kg/39 week- intermittent Cardiac: EKG changes not diagnostic of above

Vascular: BP elevation not characterized in autonomic section

Blood: Changes in erythrocyte (RBC) count
GISAAA 51(4),89,1986
oral
mouse
lowest published toxic dose: 21,504 mg/kg/12 week- continuous Reproductive: Paternal effects: Testes, epididymis, sperm duct

Related to Chronic Data: Changes in testicular weight
EOGRAL 95,92,2001
oral
mouse
lowest published toxic dose: 13,440 mg/kg/12 week- intermittent Behavioral: Fluid intake

Liver: Changes in liver weight

Nutritional and Gross Metabolic: Weight loss or decreased weight gain
BPBLEO 23,305,2000
oral
mouse
lowest published toxic dose: 76.44 mg/kg/14 week- intermittent Blood: Normocytic anemia

Related to Chronic Data: Death in the "MULTIPLE DOSE" data type field
TOXID9 72,75,2003
oral
mouse
lowest published toxic dose: 109.2 mg/kg/20 week- intermittent Behavioral: Euphoria

Blood: Normocytic anemia

Related to Chronic Data: Death in the "MULTIPLE DOSE" data type field
TOXID9 72,75,2003
oral
mouse
lowest published toxic dose: 218.4 mg/kg/20 week- intermittent Behavioral: Change in psychophysiological tests

Reproductive: Maternal effects: Breasts, lactation (prior to or during pregnancy)
TOXID9 72,75,2003
oral
mouse
lowest published toxic dose: 49.42 gm/kg/3 week- intermittent Cardiac: Other changes

Nutritional and Gross Metabolic: Changes in: Na

Nutritional and Gross Metabolic: Changes in: Ca
CBCPAI 132,53,2002
oral
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 5,690 mg/kg/13 week- intermittent Brain and Coverings: Changes in brain weight

Related to Chronic Data: Changes in testicular weight
TOXID9 54,37,2000
oral
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 910 mg/kg/26 week- intermittent Biochemical: Enzyme inhibition, induction, or change in blood or tissue levels: Other enzymes GISAAA 44(10),17,1979
oral
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 1,680 mg/kg/14 day- intermittent Related to Chronic Data: Death in the "MULTIPLE DOSE" data type field TOXID9 48,334,1999
oral
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 595 mg/kg/2 week- continuous Behavioral: Fluid intake FCTOD7 39,729,2001
oral
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 3,360 mg/kg/12 week- continuous Behavioral: Fluid intake FCTOD7 39,729,2001
oral
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 284.4 mg/kg/13 week- intermittent Liver: Changes in liver weight

Kidney, Ureter, and Bladder: Changes in kidney weight

Endocrine: Changes in spleen weight
TOXID9 1,109,2001
oral
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 284.4 mg/kg/13 week- intermittent Endocrine: Changes in thymus weight TOXID9 1,109,2001
oral
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 345.8 mg/kg/26 week- continuous Musculoskeletal: Other changes

Biochemical: Enzyme inhibition, induction, or change in blood or tissue levels: Phosphatases
TXCYAC 237,89,2007
subcutaneous
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 40 mg/kg/2 day- intermittent Cardiac: Other changes

Biochemical: Enzyme inhibition, induction, or change in blood or tissue levels: Multiple enzyme effects

Biochemical: Metabolism (intermediary): Other proteins
TXCYAC 179,85,2002
unreported route
mouse
lowest published toxic dose: 437.5 mg/kg/70 day- intermittent Liver: Other changes

Reproductive: Paternal effects: Testes, epididymis, sperm duct

Biochemical: Enzyme inhibition, induction, or change in blood or tissue levels: Multiple enzyme effects
TOXID9 1,110,2001
unreported route
mouse
lowest published toxic dose: 109.2 mg/kg/70 day- intermittent Reproductive: Paternal effects: Spermatogenesis (including genetic material, sperm morphology, motility, and count)

Reproductive: Paternal effects: Testes, epididymis, sperm duct
TOXID9 1,110,2001


REVIEWS:

ORGANIZATION STANDARD
REFERENCE

American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value time-weighted average 1 mg/m3;short term exposure limit 2 mg/m3 (fume) DTLVS* TLV/BEI,2007
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
ANAEA3 35,165,1975
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
FOREAE 7,313,1942
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
FCTXAV 9,105,1971
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
PEXTAR 12,102,1969
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
ENTOX* -,479,2005
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
HBTME* ,925,2007
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
HUTOX* -,515,1996


STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS:

ORGANIZATION STANDARD
REFERENCE

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) 1988 PESTICIDE SUBJECT TO REGISTRATION OR RE-REGISTRATION FEREAC 54,7740,1989
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) 1998 STATUS OF PESTICIDES: RED Completed RBREV* -,346,1998
Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) STANDARD - air time-weighted average 1 mg/m3 (fume) DTLVS* 3,283,1971
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Permissible Exposure Limit (General Industry) 8 hour time-weighted average 1 mg/m3, fume CFRGBR 29,1910.1000,1994
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Permissible Exposure Limit (Construction) 8 hour time-weighted average 1 mg/m3, fume CFRGBR 29,1926.55,1994
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Permissible Exposure Limit (Shipyards) 8 hour time-weighted average 1 mg/m3, fume CFRGBR 29,1915.1000,1993
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Permissible Exposure Limit (Federal Contractors) 8 hour time-weighted average 1 mg/m3, fume CFRGBR 41,50-204.50,1994
Occupational Exposure Limit - ARAB Republic of Egypt time-weighted average 1 mg/m3 (fume), JAN1993
Occupational Exposure Limit - AUSTRALIA time-weighted average 1 mg/m3, short term exposure limit 2 mg/m3 (fume), JUL2008
Occupational Exposure Limit - BELGIUM time-weighted average 1 mg/m3, short term exposure limit 2 mg/m3 (fume), MAR2002
Occupational Exposure Limit - DENMARK time-weighted average 0.5 mg/m3 (fume), OCT 2002
Occupational Exposure Limit - FINLAND time-weighted average 1 mg/m3 (fume), JAN1999
Occupational Exposure Limit - FRANCE VME 1 mg/m3 (fume), FEB2006
Occupational Exposure Limit - KOREA time-weighted average 1 mg/m3, short term exposure limit 2 mg/m3, 2006
Occupational Exposure Limit - MEXICO time-weighted average 1 mg/m3;
short term exposure limit 2 mg/m3 (fume), 2004
Occupational Exposure Limit - THE NETHERLANDS MAC-TGG 1 mg/m3, 2003
Occupational Exposure Limit - NEW ZEALAND time-weighted average 1 mg/m3, short term exposure limit 2 mg/m3, JAN2002
Occupational Exposure Limit - NORWAY time-weighted average 1 mg/m3, JAN1999
Occupational Exposure Limit - POLAND time-weighted average 1 mg/m3, short term exposure limit 2 mg/m3, JAN1999
Occupational Exposure Limit - SWEDEN time-weighted average 1 mg/m3 (resp. dust), JUN2005
Occupational Exposure Limit - SWITZERLAND MAK- week 1 mg/m3 (fume), DEC2006
Occupational Exposure Limit - THAILAND time-weighted average 1 mg/m3 (fume), JAN1993
Occupational Exposure Limit - TURKEY time-weighted average 1 mg/m3 (fume), JAN1993
Occupational Exposure Limit - UNITED KINGDOM time-weighted average 1 mg/m3;
short term exposure limit 2 mg/m3 (fume), 2005
Occupational Exposure Limit IN ARGENTINA, BULGARIA, COLOMBIA, JORDAN American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value;

time-weighted average 1 mg/m3;
short term exposure limit 2 mg/m3 (fume)
Occupational Exposure Limit IN SINGAPORE, VIETNAM American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value
time-weighted average 1 mg/m3;
short term exposure limit 2 mg/m3 (fume)


NIOSH DOCUMENTATION AND SURVEILLANCE:

ORGANIZATION STANDARD or SURVEY
REFERENCE

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Recommended Exposure Level TO ZINC CHLORIDE FUME-air 10 hour time-weighted average 1 mg/m3;
short term exposure limit 2 mg/m3
NIOSH* DHHS #92-100,1992
National Occupational Hazard Survey 1974 National Occupational Hazard Survey 1974: Hazard Code: 77150;
Number of Industries 192;
Total Number of Facilities 20,416;
Number of Occupations 84;
Total Number of Employees Exposed 185,570
National Occupational Exposure Survey 1983 National Occupational Exposure Survey 1983: Hazard Code: 77150;
Number of Industries 172;
Total Number of Facilities 22,612;
Number of Occupations 115;
Total Number of Employees Exposed 353,004;
Total Number of Female Employees Exposed 87,750


STATUS IN FEDERAL AGENCIES:

ORGANIZATION
REFERENCE

EPA GENETOX PROGRAM 1988, Positive: Cell transform.-SA7/SHE; Host-mediated assay
EPA GENETOX PROGRAM 1988, Positive: Histidine reversion-Ames test
EPA GENETOX PROGRAM 1988, Negative: In vitro cytogenetics-human lymphocyte
EPA GENETOX PROGRAM 1988, Negative: B subtilis rec assay; Sperm morphology-mouse
EPA TSCA Section 8(b) CHEMICAL INVENTORY
Used in soldering flux, iron galvanizing, textiles, adhesives, and dentrifices
EPA TSCA Section 8(d) unpublished health/safety studies
EPA TSCA TEST SUBMISSION (TSCATS) DATA BASE, JANUARY 2001
OSHA ANALYTICAL METHOD #ID-125G


REFERENCES:

CODEN
REFERENCE

56ZJAL "Metal Ions in Biology and Medicine, Proceedings of the International Symposium, 1st, 1990," Collery, P., and Manfait, M., et al., eds., Paris, France, 1990.
AEHLAU Archives of Environmental Health. (Heldref Pub., 4000 Albemarle St., NW, Washington, DC 20016) V.1- 1960-
AEMED3 Annals of Emergency Medicine. (American College of Emergency Physicians, 1125 Executive Circle, Irving, TX 75038)
ANAEA3 Annals of Allergy. (American College of Allergists, POB 20671, Bloomington, MN 55420) V.1- 1943-
ARDSBL American Review of Respiratory Disease. (American Lung Assoc., 1740 Broadway, New York, NY 10019) V.80- 1959-
ARTODN Archives of Toxicology. (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberger Pl. 3, D-1000 Berlin 33, Fed. Rep. Ger.) V.32- 1974-
BPBLEO Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin. (Pharmaceutical Society of Japan, 2-12-15-201 Shibuya Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 150, Japan) V.16- 1993-
CANCAR Cancer (Philadelphia). (Lippincott/Harper, Journal Fulfillment Dept., 2350 Virginia Ave., Hagerstown, MD 21740) V.1- 1948-
CBCPAI Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. (Elmsford, NY) V.1-37, 1960-70. For publisher information, see CBPBB8.
CCCCAK Collection of Czechoslovak Chemical Communications. (Academic Press Inc. Ltd., 24-28 Oval Rd., London NW1 7DX, UK) V.1- 1929-
CCPTAY Contraception. (Geron-X, Inc., POB 1108, Los Altos, CA 94022) V.1- 1970-
CFRGBR Code of Federal Regulations. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402)
CNREA8 Cancer Research. (Public Ledger Building, Suit 816, 6th & Chestnut Sts., Philadelphia, PA 19106) V.1- 1941-
CRSBAW Comptes Rendus des Seances de la Societe de Biologie et de Ses Filiales. (SPPIF, B.P.22, F-41353 Vineuil, France) V.1- 1849-
DABBBA Dissertation Abstracts International, B: The Sciences and Engineering. (University Microfilms International, 300 N. Zeeb Rd., Ann Arbor, MI 48106) V.30- 1969-
DTLVS* The Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) booklet issues by American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), Cincinnati, OH, 1996
ENMUDM Environmental Mutagenesis. (New York, NY) V.1-9, 1979-87. For publisher information, see EMMUEG.
ENTOX* Encyclopedia of Toxicology: Reference Book, Elsevier, 2005
EOGRAL European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology. (Elsevier Science Pub. BV, POB 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands) V.3- 1973-
FCTOD7 Food and Chemical Toxicology. (Pergamon Press Inc., Maxwell House, Fairview Park, Elmsford, NY 10523) V.20- 1982-
FCTXAV Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. (London, UK) V.1-19, 1963-81. For publisher information, see FCTOD7.
FEREAC Federal Register. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) V.1- 1936-
FOREAE Food Research. (Champaign, IL) V.1-25, 1936-60. For publisher information, see JFDSAZ.
FerJJ# Personal Communication from J.J. Ferry, Area Manager, Industrial & Environmental Hygiene, General Electric Co., 1 River Rd., Schenectady, NY 12345, Jan. 10, 1974
GANNA2 Gann. Japanese Journal of Cancer Research. (Tokyo, Japan) V.1-75, 1907-84. For publisher information, see JJCREP.
GISAAA Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. (V/O Mezhdunarodnaya Kniga, 113095 Moscow, USSR) V.1- 1936-
HBTME*
HUTOX*
IAAAAM International Archives of Allergy and Applied Immunology. (S. Karger Pub., Inc., 79 Fifth Ave., New York, NY 10003) V.1- 1950-
INJPD2 Indian Journal of Pharmacology. (Dept. of Pharmacology, Baranas Hindu Univ., Varanasi 221 005, India) V.1- 1968(?)-
JOENAK Journal of Endocrinology. (Biochemical Soc. Book Depot, POB 32, Commerce Way, Colchester, Essex CO2 8HP, UK) V.1- 1939-
JPMSAE Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. (American Pharmaceutical Assoc., 2215 Constitution Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20037) V.50- 1961-
MUREAV Mutation Research. (Elsevier Science Pub. B.V., POB 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands) V.1- 1964-
NIOSH* National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, U.S. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare, Reports and Memoranda.
OYYAA2 Oyo Yakuri. Pharmacometrics. (Oyo Yakuri Kenkyukai, CPO Box 180, Sendai 980-91, Japan) V.1- 1967-
PEXTAR Progress in Experimental Tumor Research. (S. Karger AG, Postfach CH-4009 Basel, Switzerland) V.1- 1960-
RBREV* Status of Pesticides in Registration, Reregistration, and Special Review (Rainbow Report), Special Review and Reregistration Division Office of Pesticide Programs U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 401 M. Street, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20460, Spring 1998
SOGEBZ Soviet Genetics. English translation of GNKAA5. (Plenum Pub. Corp., 233 Spring St., New York, NY 10013) V.2- 1966-
TJADAB Teratology, The International Journal of Abnormal Development. (Alan R. Liss, Inc., 41 E. 11th St., New York, NY 10003) V.1- 1968-
TOSCF2 Toxicological Sciences (Oxford University Press, 6277 Sea Harbor Drive, Orlando, FL 32887 ) V. 41, Jan. 1998-
TOXID9 Toxicologist. (Soc. of Toxicology, Inc., 475 Wolf Ledge Parkway, Akron, OH 44311) V.1- 1981-
TXAPA9 Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. (Academic Press, Inc., 1 E. First St., Duluth, MN 55802) V.1- 1959-
TXCYAC Toxicology. (Elsevier Scientific Pub. Ireland, Ltd., POB 85, Limerick, Ireland) V.1- 1973-
VHTODE Veterinary and Human Toxicology. (American College of Veterinary and Comparative Toxicology, Publication Office, Comparative Toxicology, Manhattan, KS 66506) V.19- 1977-

Used in soldering flux, iron galvanizing, textiles, adhesives, and dentrifices

NIOSH PROFILE (ELECTROPLATING), FIRL, 4/78

NIOSH PROFILE (ZINC AND ITS COMPOUNDS), SRI, 2/77

FDA-over the counter drug

RTECS Compound Description:
   Agricultural Chemical
   Tumorigen
   Mutagen
   Reproductive Effector
   Human Data
   Primary Irritant

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