Table of Contents

Locator Record

Title: Smoking and Tobacco Use (SMQ )
Contact Number: 1-866-441-NCHS
Years of Content: 1999 - 2000
First Published: June, 2002
Revised: February, 2003
Access Constraints: None
Use Constraints: None
Geographic Coverage: National
Subject:Smoking and Tobacco Use
Record Source: NHANES 1999 - 2000
Survey Methodology: NHANES 1999 - 2000 is a stratified multistage probability sample of the civilian non-institutionalized population of the U.S.
Medium: NHANES Web site; SAS transport files

Component Description

The Smoking and Tobacco use (SMQ) section includes an extensive array of questions on cigarette and tobacco use. The sources of the questions found in this sections included previous NHANES questionnaires and other federal surveys.

Topics in the SMQ Section:

Eligible Sample

All survey participants ages 20 years of age and older are asked a subset of these questions.

Data Processing and Editing

The data were edited for completeness, consistency, and illogical values.

Analytic Notes

 Please note that the brand name of cigarettes usually smoked was collected, but will not be released at this time.

A subset of the SMQ questions were administered to youths 12–19 years of age during the MEC Interview (ACASI portion). Additional questions about tobacco use during the past five days were administered during the MEC Interview to all adults 20+ years.

References

Codebook and Frequencies

SEQN - Respondent sequence number

Variable Name:
SEQN
SAS Label:
Respondent sequence number
English Text:
Respondent sequence number.
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS

SMQ020 - Smoked at least 100 cigarettes in life

Variable Name:
SMQ020
SAS Label:
Smoked at least 100 cigarettes in life
English Text:
These next questions are about cigarette smoking and other tobacco use. {Have you/Has SP} smoked at least 100 cigarettes in {your/his/her} entire life?
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Yes 2299 2299
2 No 2566 4865 SMQ120
7 Refused 4 4869 SMQ120
9 Don't know 8 4877 SMQ120
. Missing 3 4880

SMD030 - Age started smoking cigarets regularly

Variable Name:
SMD030
SAS Label:
Age started smoking cigarets regularly
English Text:
How old {were you/was SP} when {you/s/he} first started to smoke cigarettes fairly regularly?
English Instructions:
ENTER AGE IN YEARS
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
7 to 77 Range of Values 2135 2135
0 Never smoked cigarettes regularly 149 2284 SMQ120
777 Refused 0 2284 SMQ120
999 Don't know 8 2292 SMQ120
. Missing 2588 4880

SMQ040 - Do you now smoke cigarettes

Variable Name:
SMQ040
SAS Label:
Do you now smoke cigarettes
English Text:
{Do you/Does SP} now smoke cigarettes . .
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Every day, 823 823 SMD070
2 Some days, or 176 999 SMD080
3 Not at all? 1300 2299 SMQ050Q
7 Refused 0 2299 SMQ120
9 Don't know 0 2299 SMQ120
. Missing 2581 4880

SMQ050Q - How long since quit smoking cigarettes

Variable Name:
SMQ050Q
SAS Label:
How long since quit smoking cigarettes
English Text:
How long has it been since {you/SP} quit smoking cigarettes?
English Instructions:
ENTER NUMBER (OF DAYS, WEEKS, MONTHS OR YEARS)
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Hard Edits:
1 to 366
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 to 66 Range of Values 1290 1290
77777 Refused 0 1290
99999 Don't know 10 1300
. Missing 3580 4880

SMQ050U - Unit of measure (day/week/month/year)

Variable Name:
SMQ050U
SAS Label:
Unit of measure (day/week/month/year)
English Text:
UNIT OF MEASURE
English Instructions:
ENTER UNIT
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Days 10 10
2 Weeks 9 19
3 Months 111 130
4 Years 1160 1290
7 Refused 0 1290
9 Don't know 0 1290
. Missing 3590 4880

SMQ053 - CHECK ITEM

Variable Name:
SMQ053
English Instructions:
BOX 1. CHECK ITEM SMQ.053: IF SMQ.050 >= 1 YEAR (365 DAYS, 52 WEEKS, 12 MONTHS, OR 1 YEAR), CONTINUE. OTHERWISE, GO TO SMQ.120.
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS

SMD055 - Age last smoked cigarettes regularly

Variable Name:
SMD055
SAS Label:
Age last smoked cigarettes regularly
English Text:
How old {were you/was SP} when {you/s/he} last smoked cigarettes {fairly regularly}?
English Instructions:
CAPI INSTRUCTION: DISPLAY "FAIRLY REGULARLY" EXCEPT WHEN SMD.030 = 0 (NEVER SMOKED CIGARETTES REGULARLY). ENTER AGE IN YEARS.
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Hard Edits:
0 to 150
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
12 to 86 Range of Values 1169 1169
777 Refused 2 1171
999 Don't know 6 1177
. Missing 3703 4880

SMD057 - # cigarettes smoked per day when quit

Variable Name:
SMD057
SAS Label:
# cigarettes smoked per day when quit
English Text:
At that time, about how many cigarettes did {you/SP} usually smoke per day?
English Instructions:
1 PACK EQUALS 20 CIGARETTES. IF LESS THAN 1 PER DAY, ENTER 1. IF 95 OR MORE PER DAY, ENTER 95. ENTER NUMBER (OF CIGARETTES).
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Hard Edits:
1 to 95
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 to 95 Range of Values 1162 1162
777 Refused 1 1163
999 Don't know 14 1177
. Missing 3703 4880

SMD070 - # cigarettes smoked per day now

Variable Name:
SMD070
SAS Label:
# cigarettes smoked per day now
English Text:
On average, how many cigarettes {do you/does SP} now smoke per day?
English Instructions:
1 PACK EQUALS 20 CIGARETTES. IF LESS THAN 1 PER DAY, ENTER 1. IF 95 OR MORE PER DAY, ENTER 95. ENTER NUMBER (OF CIGARETTES) (PER DAY).
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Hard Edits:
1 to 95
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 to 90 Range of Values 821 821
777 Refused 0 821
999 Don't know 2 823
. Missing 4057 4880

SMD075 - How many years smoked this amount

Variable Name:
SMD075
SAS Label:
How many years smoked this amount
English Text:
For about how many years {have you/has SP} smoked this amount?
English Instructions:
IF LESS THAN 1 YEAR, ENTER 1. ENTER NUMBER (OF YEARS).
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Hard Edits:
1 to 150
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 to 71 Range of Values 809 809
777 Refused 0 809
999 Don't know 14 823
. Missing 4057 4880

SMD080 - # days smoked cigs during past 30 days

Variable Name:
SMD080
SAS Label:
# days smoked cigs during past 30 days
English Text:
On how many of the past 30 days did {you/SP} smoke a cigarette?
English Instructions:
ENTER NUMBER (OF DAYS)
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Hard Edits:
0 to 30
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
0 to 30 Range of Values 998 998
77 Refused 1 999
99 Don't know 0 999
. Missing 3881 4880

SMD090 - Avg # cigarettes/day during past 30 days

Variable Name:
SMD090
SAS Label:
Avg # cigarettes/day during past 30 days
English Text:
During the past 30 days, on the days that {you/SP} smoked, about how many cigarettes did {you/s/he} smoke per day?
English Instructions:
1 PACK EQUALS 20 CIGARETTES. IF LESS THAN 1 PER DAY, ENTER 1. IF 95 OR MORE PER DAY, ENTER 95. ENTER NUMBER (OF CIGARETTES) (PER DAY).
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Hard Edits:
1 to 95
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 to 95 Range of Values 998 998
777 Refused 0 998
999 Don't know 1 999
. Missing 3881 4880

SMD100BR - Cigarette Brand/sub-brand

Variable Name:
SMD100BR
SAS Label:
Cigarette Brand/sub-brand
English Text:
Cigarette Brand/sub-brand
English Instructions:
BRAND OF CIGARETTES SMOKED BY SP (SUB-BRAND INCLUDED IF APPLICABLE AND AVAILABLE)
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
Cigarette Brand/sub-brand Value was recorded 994 994
< blank > Missing 3886 4880

SMD100FL - Filter type

Variable Name:
SMD100FL
SAS Label:
Filter type
English Text:
Filter type
English Instructions:
CIGARETTE PRODUCT FILTERED OR NON-FILTERED
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
0 Non-filter 13 13
1 Filter 907 920
. Missing 3960 4880

SMD100MN - Menthol indicator

Variable Name:
SMD100MN
SAS Label:
Menthol indicator
English Text:
CIGARETTE PRODUCT MENTHOLATED OR NON-MENTHOLATED
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
0 Non-menthol 667 667
1 Menthol 253 920
. Missing 3960 4880

SMD100LN - Length in Millimeters

Variable Name:
SMD100LN
SAS Label:
Length in Millimeters
English Text:
Length in Millimeters
English Instructions:
CIGARETTE PRODUCT LENGTH IN MILLIMETERS
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
70 to 120 Range of Values 920 920
. Missing 3960 4880

SMD100TR - FTC Tar Content

Variable Name:
SMD100TR
SAS Label:
FTC Tar Content
English Text:
FTC Tar Content
English Instructions:
CIGARETTE TAR CONTENT
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 to 24 Range of Values 895 895
. Missing 3985 4880

SMD100NI - FTC Nicotine Content

Variable Name:
SMD100NI
SAS Label:
FTC Nicotine Content
English Text:
FTC Nicotine Content
English Instructions:
CIGARETTE NICOTINE CONTENT
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
0.2 to 1.7 Range of Values 894 894
. Missing 3986 4880

SMD100CO - FTC Carbon Monoxide Content

Variable Name:
SMD100CO
SAS Label:
FTC Carbon Monoxide Content
English Text:
FTC Carbon Monoxide Content
English Instructions:
CIGARETTE CARBON MONOXIDE CONTENT
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
3 to 20 Range of Values 887 887
. Missing 3993 4880

SMQ120 - Smoked a pipe at least 20 times in life

Variable Name:
SMQ120
SAS Label:
Smoked a pipe at least 20 times in life
English Text:
{Have you/Has SP} smoked a pipe at least 20 times in {your/his/her} entire life?
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Yes 397 397
2 No 4471 4868 SMQ150
7 Refused 4 4872 SMQ150
9 Don't know 5 4877 SMQ150
. Missing 3 4880

SMD130 - Age started pipe smoking regularly

Variable Name:
SMD130
SAS Label:
Age started pipe smoking regularly
English Text:
How old {were you/was SP} when {you/s/he} first started to smoke a pipe fairly regularly?
English Instructions:
ENTER AGE IN YEARS
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
10 to 68 Range of Values 246 246
0 Never smoked a pipe regularly 145 391 SMQ150
777 Refused 0 391 SMQ150
999 Don't know 4 395 SMQ150
. Missing 4485 4880

SMQ140 - Do you now smoke a pipe...

Variable Name:
SMQ140
SAS Label:
Do you now smoke a pipe...
English Text:
{Do you/Does SP} now smoke a pipe . . .
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Every day, 5 5
2 Some days, or 9 14 SMQ150
3 Not at all? 232 246 SMQ150
7 Refused 0 246 SMQ150
9 Don't know 0 246 SMQ150
. Missing 4634 4880

SMQ143 - # pipefuls of tobacco smoked per day

Variable Name:
SMQ143
SAS Label:
# pipefuls of tobacco smoked per day
English Text:
How many pipefuls of tobacco {do you/does SP} smoke per day?
English Instructions:
IF LESS THAN 1 PER DAY, ENTER 1. ENTER NUMBER OF PIPEFULS.
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Hard Edits:
1 to 99
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
2 to 12 Range of Values 5 5
7777 Refused 0 5
9999 Don't know 0 5
. Missing 4875 4880

SMQ145 - # years smoked this amount of pipes

Variable Name:
SMQ145
SAS Label:
# years smoked this amount of pipes
English Text:
For about how many years {have you/has SP} smoked this amount?
English Instructions:
IF LESS THAN 1 YEAR, ENTER 1. ENTER NUMBER OF YEARS.
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Hard Edits:
1 to 150
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 to 32 Range of Values 5 5
77777 Refused 0 5
99999 Don't know 0 5
. Missing 4875 4880

SMQ150 - Smoked cigars at least 20 times in life

Variable Name:
SMQ150
SAS Label:
Smoked cigars at least 20 times in life
English Text:
{Have you/Has SP} smoked a cigar at least 20 times in {your/his/her} entire life?
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Yes 582 582
2 No 4287 4869 SMQ180
7 Refused 4 4873 SMQ180
9 Don't know 4 4877 SMQ180
. Missing 3 4880

SMD160 - Age started cigar smoking regularly

Variable Name:
SMD160
SAS Label:
Age started cigar smoking regularly
English Text:
How old {were you/was SP} when {you/s/he} first started to smoke a cigar fairly regularly?
English Instructions:
ENTER AGE IN YEARS
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
10 to 73 Range of Values 272 272
0 Never smoked cigars regularly 305 577 SMQ180
777 Refused 0 577 SMQ180
999 Don't know 3 580 SMQ180
. Missing 4300 4880

SMQ170 - Do you now smoke cigars

Variable Name:
SMQ170
SAS Label:
Do you now smoke cigars
English Text:
{Do you/Does SP} now smoke a cigar . . .
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Every day, 33 33
2 Some days, or 63 96 SMQ180
3 Not at all? 175 271 SMQ180
7 Refused 0 271 SMQ180
9 Don't know 1 272 SMQ180
. Missing 4608 4880

SMQ173 - # cigars smokes per day

Variable Name:
SMQ173
SAS Label:
# cigars smokes per day
English Text:
How many cigars {do you/does SP} smoke per day?
English Instructions:
IF LESS THAN 1 PER DAY, ENTER 1. ENTER NUMBER (OF CIGARS).
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Hard Edits:
1 to 99
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 to 30 Range of Values 33 33
7777 Refused 0 33
9999 Don't know 0 33
. Missing 4847 4880

SMQ175 - # years smoked this amount of cigars

Variable Name:
SMQ175
SAS Label:
# years smoked this amount of cigars
English Text:
For about how many years {have you/has SP} smoked this amount?
English Instructions:
IF LESS THAN 1 YEAR, ENTER 1. ENTER NUMBER OF YEARS.
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Hard Edits:
1 to 150
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 to 40 Range of Values 33 33
77777 Refused 0 33
99999 Don't know 0 33
. Missing 4847 4880

SMQ180 - Used snuff at least 20 times in life

Variable Name:
SMQ180
SAS Label:
Used snuff at least 20 times in life
English Text:
{Have you/Has SP} used snuff, such as Skoal, Skoal Bandit, or Copenhagen at least 20 times in {your/his/her} entire life?
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Yes 171 171
2 No 4697 4868 SMQ210
7 Refused 4 4872 SMQ210
9 Don't know 5 4877 SMQ210
. Missing 3 4880

SMD190 - Age started using snuff regularly

Variable Name:
SMD190
SAS Label:
Age started using snuff regularly
English Text:
How old {were you/was SP} when {you/s/he} first started to use snuff fairly regularly?
English Instructions:
ENTER AGE IN YEARS
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
7 to 70 Range of Values 144 144
0 Never used snuff regularly 26 170 SMQ210
777 Refused 0 170 SMQ210
999 Don't know 1 171 SMQ210
. Missing 4709 4880

SMQ200 - Do you now use snuff ...

Variable Name:
SMQ200
SAS Label:
Do you now use snuff ...
English Text:
{Do you/Does SP} now use snuff . . .
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Every day, 39 39
2 Some days, or 24 63 SMQ210
3 Not at all? 81 144 SMQ210
7 Refused 0 144 SMQ210
9 Don't know 0 144 SMQ210
. Missing 4736 4880

SMD203 - # snuff pinches/dips/rubs per day

Variable Name:
SMD203
SAS Label:
# snuff pinches/dips/rubs per day
English Text:
How many "pinches", "dips" or "rubs" of snuff {do you/does SP} use per day?
English Instructions:
IF LESS THAN 1 PER DAY, ENTER 1. ENTER NUMBER OF PINCHES, DIPS OR RUBS.
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Hard Edits:
1 to 99
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
2 to 30 Range of Values 38 38
777 Refused 0 38
999 Don't know 1 39
. Missing 4841 4880

SMQ205 - # years used this amount of snuff

Variable Name:
SMQ205
SAS Label:
# years used this amount of snuff
English Text:
For about how many years {have you/has SP} used this amount?
English Instructions:
IF LESS THAN 1 YEAR, ENTER 1. ENTER NUMBER OF YEARS.
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Hard Edits:
1 to 150
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 to 68 Range of Values 39 39
77777 Refused 0 39
99999 Don't know 0 39
. Missing 4841 4880

SMQ210 - Used chewing tobacco 20 times in life

Variable Name:
SMQ210
SAS Label:
Used chewing tobacco 20 times in life
English Text:
{Have you/Has SP} used chewing tobacco, such as Redman, Levi Garrett or Beechnut at least 20 times in {your/his/her} entire life?
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Yes 223 223
2 No 4646 4869 End of Section
7 Refused 4 4873 End of Section
9 Don't know 4 4877 End of Section
. Missing 3 4880

SMD220 - Age started chewing tobacco regularly

Variable Name:
SMD220
SAS Label:
Age started chewing tobacco regularly
English Text:
How old {were you/was SP} when {you/s/he} first started to use chewing tobacco fairly regularly?
English Instructions:
ENTER AGE IN YEARS
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
8 to 70 Range of Values 142 142
0 Never used chewing tobacco regularly 79 221 End of Section
777 Refused 0 221 End of Section
999 Don't know 1 222 End of Section
. Missing 4658 4880

SMQ230 - Do you now use chewing tobacco...

Variable Name:
SMQ230
SAS Label:
Do you now use chewing tobacco...
English Text:
{Do you/Does SP} now use chewing tobacco . . .
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Every day, 21 21
2 Some days, or 13 34 End of Section
3 Not at all? 108 142 End of Section
7 Refused 0 142 End of Section
9 Don't know 0 142 End of Section
. Missing 4738 4880

SMD233 - # chewing plugs/wads/chaws per day

Variable Name:
SMD233
SAS Label:
# chewing plugs/wads/chaws per day
English Text:
How many "plugs", "wads" or "chaws" of chewing tobacco {do you/does SP} use per day?
English Instructions:
IF LESS THAN 1 PER DAY, ENTER 1. ENTER NUMBER OF PLUGS, WADS OR CHAWS.
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Hard Edits:
1 to 99
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 to 999 Range of Values 20 20
7777 Refused 0 20
9999 Don't know 0 20
. Missing 4860 4880

SMD235 - # years used this chewing tobacco amount

Variable Name:
SMD235
SAS Label:
# years used this chewing tobacco amount
English Text:
For about how many years {have you/has SP} used this amount?
English Instructions:
IF LESS THAN 1 YEAR, ENTER 1. ENTER NUMBER OF YEARS.
Target:
Both males and females 20 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Hard Edits:
1 to 120
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 to 60 Range of Values 17 17
777 Refused 0 17
999 Don't know 3 20
. Missing 4860 4880