Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Reports
The Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Reports (MMWR) is CDC's premiere journal. Public health reports, recommendations, and announcements on a variety of disease topics are published weekly.
Recent HIV-Related Reports
- Evaluation of the Impact of National HIV Testing Day — United States, 2011–2014For approximately 2 decades, June 27th has been designated as National human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) Testing Day (NHTD) to promote HIV testing and increase awareness of the importance of getting tested for HIV.
- Healthcare Utilization and HIV Testing of Males Aged 15-39 in Physician Offices: 2009-2012In 2006, CDC recommended routine HIV testing of adults and adolescents; however, testing coverage in the United States has been suboptimal. Among new HIV diagnoses in 2014, 81% were in males, with the highest number reported in those aged 20–29 years.
- Cluster of HIV Infections Attributed to Unsafe Injection Practices — Cambodia, December 1, 2014–February 28, 2015The largest cluster of new HIV infections ever attributed to unsafe injections among a general population was reported in a rural area of Cambodia; 2.7% of residents were infected. The outbreak was detected after increased demand for HIV testing by residents who perceived themselves to be at risk after exposure to an unlicensed provider of injections and intravenous infusions.
- HIV-Related Risk Behaviors Among Male High School Students Who Had Sexual Contact with Males — 17 Large Urban School Districts, United States, 2009–2013The findings in this report do not provide evidence that HIV-related risk behaviors alone drive the higher numbers of HIV diagnoses among young black MSM compared with young Hispanic and white MSM. In fact, young black male students who had sexual contact with males in this report often had a lower prevalence of HIV-related risk behaviors.
- Occupational HIV Transmission Among Male Adult Film Performers — Multiple States, 2014This is the first well-documented work-related HIV transmission among male adult film performers. A performer was infected by a non–work-related partner who was not aware of his HIV infection. The performer, having tested negative by nucleic acid amplification test within the preceding 14 days, and unaware of his very recent HIV infection, infected another performer and a non–work-related partner. Viruses in all four HIV infections were highly genetically related, indicating a transmission cluster.
- The HoMBReS and HoMBReS Por un Cambio Interventions to Reduce HIV Disparities Among Immigrant Hispanic/Latino MenHispanics/Latinos in the United States are affected disproportionately by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs); however, few effective evidence-based prevention interventions for this population exist. This report describes the Hombres Manteniendo Bienestar y Relaciones Saludables (Men Maintaining Wellbeing and Healthy Relationships) (HoMBReS) intervention, which was developed by a community-based, participatory research partnership in North Carolina and initially implemented during 2005–2009.
- Adaptation and National Dissemination of a Brief, Evidence-Based, HIV Prevention Intervention for High-Risk Men Who Have Sex with MenGay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) are affected disproportionately by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the United States. Although approximately 3% of the adolescent and adult U.S. male population is estimated to have engaged in same-sex behavior in the past year (1), in 2011, MSM accounted for 65% of the estimated 49,273 new HIV infections and 82% of the estimated 38,825 HIV diagnoses among all males aged ≥13 years (2). Sexual risk behavior accounts for most HIV infections among MSM, and anal intercourse without a condom is the primary route for transmitting HIV infection to an uninfected person.
- Disparities in Consistent Retention in HIV Care — 11 States and the District of Columbia, 2011–2013Fewer blacks were consistently retained in HIV care compared with other racial/ethnic groups, regardless of sex or transmission category; in addition, black males were less likely to be consistently retained than were black females. Lower levels of consistent retention in care among blacks were attributed to higher proportions of blacks not being retained in care for any of the 3 years during 2011–2013.
- HIV Testing and Service Delivery Among Black Females — 61 Health Department Jurisdictions, United States, 2012–2014Analysis of National HIV Prevention Program Monitoring and Evaluation data on CDC-funded HIV testing events and HIV prevention services from 61 state and local health departments and 151 community-based organizations indicated that the number of HIV testing events among black females declined slightly from 2012 to 2014, and the HIV positivity rate remained relatively stable. Linkage to HIV medical care within 90 days of diagnosis for black females with newly diagnosed HIV infection increased from 33.8% to 50.1% from 2012 to 2014; however, this is below the goal set by the National HIV/AIDS Strategy to link 85% of HIV-positive persons to HIV medical care.
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