Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Reports
The Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Reports (MMWR) is CDC's premiere journal. Public health reports, recommendations, and announcements on a variety of disease topics are published weekly.
Recent HIV-Related Reports
- MMWR Community Outbreak of HIV Infection Linked to Injection Drug Use of Oxymorphone — Indiana, 2015
On January 23, 2015, the Indiana State Department of Health (ISDH) began an ongoing investigation of an outbreak of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, after Indiana disease intervention specialists reported 11 confirmed HIV cases traced to a rural county in southeastern Indiana. Historically, fewer than five cases of HIV infection have been reported annually in this county. The majority of cases were in residents of the same community and were linked to syringe-sharing partners injecting the prescription opioid oxymorphone (a powerful oral semi-synthetic opioid analgesic). As of April 21, ISDH had diagnosed HIV infection in 135 persons (129 with confirmed HIV infection and six with preliminarily positive results from rapid HIV testing that were pending confirmatory testing) in a community of 4,200 persons.
- HIV Infection and HIV-Associated Behaviors Among Persons Who Inject Drugs - 20 Cities, United States, 2012
In the United States, an estimated 7% of new diagnoses of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in 2012 were attributed to injection drug use, and an additional 3% to male-to-male sexual contact and injection drug use. This report summarizes HIV prevalence and risk behavior among persons who inject drugs in the United States.
HIV Infection and Risk, Prevention, and Testing Behaviors Among Injecting Drug Users — National HIV Behavioral Surveillance System, 20 U.S. Cities, 2009
The National HIV Behavioral Surveillance System (NHBS) collects human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence and risk behavior data from three populations at high risk for HIV infection: men who have sex with men, injecting drug users, and heterosexual adults at increased risk for HIV infection. This report summarizes data from the second collection cycle of NHBS in 2009.
MMWR: Routine HIV Screening in Two Health-Care Settings — New York City and New Orleans, 2011–2013
Approximately 16% of the estimated 1.1 million persons living with HIV in the United States are unaware of their infection and thus unable to benefit from effective treatment. Since 2006, CDC has recommended health-care providers screen all patients aged 13–64 years for HIV, unless prevalence of undiagnosed HIV infection has been documented to be <0.1%. This report describes novel HIV screening programs at the Urban Health Plan, Inc. in New York City and the Interim Louisiana Hospital in New Orleans.
Behavioral and Clinical Characteristics of Persons Receiving Medical Care for HIV Infection — Medical Monitoring Project, United States, 2009
June 20, 2014 / 63(ss05);1-22
The Medical Monitoring Project (MMP) is an ongoing surveillance system that assesses behaviors and clinical characteristics of HIV-infected persons aged ≥18 years who have received outpatient medical care. The findings in this report indicate that most adults living with HIV who received medical care in 2009 were taking antiretroviral therapy, had CD4+ T-lymphocyte and HIV viral load testing at regular intervals, and had health insurance or other coverage. However, some patients did not receive clinical services and treatment in accordance with guidelines. Some patients engaged in behaviors, such as unprotected sex, that increase the risk for transmitting HIV to sex partners, and some used noninjection or injection drugs or both. Local and state health departments and federal agencies can use MMP data for program planning to determine allocation of services and resources, guide prevention planning, assess unmet medical and supportive service needs, inform health-care providers, and help focus intervention programs and health policies at the local, state, and national levels.
New MMWR: Evidence-Based HIV/STD Prevention Intervention for Black Men Who Have Sex with Men
This report summarizes published findings of a community-based organization in New York City that evaluated and demonstrated the efficacy of the Many Men, Many Voices human immunodeficiency virus /sexually
transmitted disease prevention intervention in reducing sexual risk behaviors and increasing protective behaviors among black men who have sex with men.
April 18, 2014 / 63(01);21-27
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