What CDC Is Doing About Skin Cancer
CDC provides leadership for nationwide efforts to reduce illness and death caused by skin cancer, which is likely the most common form of cancer in the United States.
Journal Supplement About Melanoma
CDC published a journal supplement about melanoma in the United States. Several articles describe patterns of melanoma, and others focus on how melanoma can be prevented. Participants include partners from the state cancer registries, the American Cancer Society, the National Cancer Institute, and academic centers.
Skin Cancer Risk Behavior Research
CDC is using data from nationwide surveys to learn more about skin cancer risk behaviors among the U.S. population. Two recent studies used data from the National Health Interview Survey: one looked at indoor tanning among U.S. adults, and the other examined sun-protective behaviors and sunburn among adults under age 30. Data from the National Youth Risk Behavior Survey were used to examine sunscreen use and indoor tanning among high school students, as well as factors related to indoor tanning among male high school students.
See citations to CDC's research on skin cancer.
Sun Safety for Americas Youth Toolkit
Each local comprehensive cancer control (CCC) program must develop a plan that addresses a wide variety of cancer prevention and control priorities. This often includes skin cancer prevention. The Sun Safety for America's Youth Toolkit is a resource for CCC programs interested in engaging schools and other education partners in sun safety efforts.
Measures for Sunless Tanning Use
In December 2005, CDC and a group of skin cancer experts met to discuss common measures of sun protection and tanning behaviors, with an aim of developing a consensus-based set of core items to measure indoor and sunless tanning use. After reaching a consensus, the core measures were cognitively tested and revised. The recommendations were published in the February 2008 edition of the Archives of Dermatology.1 2
Strategies for Preventing Skin Cancer
CDC worked with other federal agencies and the independent Task Force on Community Preventive Services to review studies of community-based interventions targeting skin cancer prevention. Recommended interventions are published on the Guide to Community Preventive Services Web site.3 4 5 6 7
The Guidelines for School Programs to Prevent Skin Cancer were designed to provide schools with a comprehensive approach to preventing skin cancer among adolescents and young people.
Shade Planning Manual
The Shade Planning for America's Schools [PDF-1.2MB] manual helps schools ensure school grounds have adequate shade, which is part of the Guidelines for School Programs to Prevent Skin Cancer.
1Lazovich D, Stryker JE, Mayer JA, Hillhouse J, Dennis LK, Pichon L, Patago S, Heckman C, Olson A, Cokkinides V, Thompson K. Measuring nonsolar tanning behavior. Archives of Dermatology 2008;144(2):225–230.
2Glanz K, Yaroch AL, Dancel M, Saraiya M, Crane LA, Buller DB, Manne S, O’Riordan DL, Heckman CJ, Hay J, Robinson JK. Measures of sun exposure and sun protection practices for behavioral and epidemiologic research. Archives of Dermatology 2008;144(2):217–222.
3Saraiya M, Glanz K, Briss PA, Nichols P, White C, Das D, Smith SJ, Tannor B, Hutchinson AB, Wilson KM, Gandhi N, Lee NC, Rimer B, Coates RC, Kerner JF, Hiatt RA, Buffler P, Rochester P. Interventions to prevent skin cancer by reducing exposure to ultraviolet radiation: a systematic review. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2004;27(5):482–483.
4Glanz K, Buller, DB, Saraiya, M. Reducing ultraviolet radiation exposure among outdoor workers: state of the evidence and recommendations. Environmental Health 2007;6(1):22.
5Glanz K, Halpern, AC, Saraiya, M. Behavioral and community interventions to prevent skin cancer: What works? Archives of Dermatology 2006;142(3):356–360.
6Glanz K, Saraiya M. Using evidence-based community and behavioral interventions to prevent skin cancer: opportunities and challenges for public health practice. Preventing Chronic Disease 2005;2(2):A03.
7Saraiya M, Glanz K, Briss P, Nichols P, White C, Das D; Task Force on Community Preventive Services on Reducing Exposure to Ultraviolet Light. Preventing skin cancer: findings of the Task Force on Community Preventive Services on Reducing Exposure to Ultraviolet Light. MMWR Recommendations and Reports 2003;52(RR-15):1–12.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Division of Cancer Prevention and Control
4770 Buford Hwy NE
Atlanta, GA 30341
TTY: (888) 232-6348
- Contact CDC-INFO