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Treatment

Generally, the antibiotics doxycycline and rifampin are recommended in combination for a minimum of 6-8 weeks. Let your doctor know if you are:

  • pregnant
  • allergic to doxycycline or rifampin
  • suffer from a reduced or absent immune response (immunosuppressed)

Before treatment begins, a diagnosis of brucellosis infection must be made by a doctor.

Tests will be performed to look for bacteria in samples of blood, bone marrow, or other body fluids. In addition, a blood test can be performed to detect antibodies against the bacteria.

Once a diagnosis is made, a doctor can prescribe antibiotics.

Depending on the timing of treatment and severity of illness, recovery may take a few weeks to several months. Death from brucellosis is rare, occurring in no more than 2% of all cases.

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