Strategies that support guideline 2 (establish school environments that support healthy eating and physical activity) include:
Provide access to healthy foods and physical activity opportunities and access to safe spaces, facilities, and equipment for healthy eating and physical activity.
Establish a climate that encourages and does not stigmatize healthy eating and physical activity.
Create a school environment that encourages a healthy body image, shape, and size among all students and staff members; is accepting of diverse abilities; and does not tolerate weight‐based teasing.
Should healthy foods and beverages only be available in the cafeteria?
No, healthy dietary choices should be available in the cafeteria for meal choices as well as other places where food and beverages are available (e.g., vending machines, schools stores, classroom parties, fundraisers).
Eating areas should be clean, pleasant and have suitable seating for students. In the cafeteria, students should be able to enjoy the social aspects of dining without eating‐under‐silence orders or blowing whistles.
Should physical activity only be incorporated during physical education classes?
No, opportunities for physical activity should be incorporated before, during, and after the school day.
In addition to physical education classes, schools can offer physical activity in a variety of settings during the school day, including:
Physical activity integrated into classroom lessons
Physical activity breaks in and outside the classroom
Lunchtime physical activity clubs or intramural programs
Physical activity opportunities before and after school might include:
Walk and bike to school programs, such as Safe Routes to School
Physical activity clubs and intramural programs that offer a variety of activities
Informal recreation or play on school grounds
Physical activity in school‐based, after‐school child care programs
Coordinated programs through community‐based organizations, such as YMCAs and community parks and recreation departments
Should physical activity be used as a form of punishment?
No, teachers should not use physical activity as punishment, nor should they deny physical activity opportunities to students.
How can teachers reward student achievement or positive behavior?
Teachers can reward student achievements and positive classroom behavior by using nonfood items or activities, such as stickers, books, or extra time for recess to support student health.