Weight gain may occur when individuals consume more energy or calories through their diet than they exert. As this imbalance continues over time, an individual increases his or her risk of becoming overweight or obese.
What is the percent of children and adolescents with obesity?
According to current data (2013‐2014), the percent of obesity in children and adolescents is:
Percent of adolescents aged 12‐19 years with obesity: 20.6%
Percent of children aged 6‐11 years with obesity: 17.4%
Percent of children aged 2‐5 years with obesity: 9.4%
What are some social problems linked to obesity in youth?
Social problems include increased bullying and stigmatization because of weight and are often associated with poor self‐esteem.
What are intermediate and long‐term outcomes of poor diet and inactivity in childhood?
Intermediate outcomes that begin in childhood include obesity, metabolic syndrome, inadequate bone health, under‐nutrition, iron deficiency, eating disorders, and dental caries.
Long‐term outcomes include cardiovascular disease, cancer, and diabetes.
What are examples of sedentary behaviors?
Television viewing, non‐active computer and video game use, sitting, and eating meals in front of the television are considered sedentary behaviors.
What environmental factors and other sectors of society influence children’s diet, activity level, and overall health?
Environmental factors include the home environment and parental influence; the school environment; access to healthy food options and physical activity in the community; food and beverage advertising and marketing.
Other sectors of society that can affect children’s diet, activity levels, and overall health include families, community organizations, health care providers, religious and/or faith‐based institutions, government agencies, the food and beverage industry, schools, and the media.