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Conditions in the places where people live, learn, work, and play affect a wide range of health risks and outcomes.1 These conditions are known as social determinants of health (SDOH).

We know that poverty limits access to healthy foods and safe neighborhoods and that more education is a predictor of better health.2,3,4 We also know that differences in health are striking in communities with poor SDOH such as unstable housing, low income, unsafe neighborhoods, or substandard education.5,6 By applying what we know about SDOH, we can not only improve individual and population health but also advance health equity.7,8 Healthy People 2020 highlights the importance of addressing SDOH by including “create social and physical environments that promote good health for all” as one of the four overarching goals for the decade. (See FAQs for reference materials .)

This website provides CDC resources for SDOH data, tools for action, programs, and policy. They may be used by people in public health, community organizations, and health care systems to assess SDOH and improve community well-being.

Spotlight: Strategies for Reducing Health Disparities — Selected CDC-Sponsored Interventions, United States, 2016

	Reaching for Health Equity Cover

The 2016 supplement, Strategies for Reducing Health Disparities — Selected CDC-Sponsored Interventions, United States, 2016 , includes interventions to address disparities by race and ethnicity, socioeconomic status, geographic location, disability, and/or sexual orientation across a range of conditions, some of which address social and structural determinants of health. For example, three interventions are highlighted in an article describing evidenced-based approaches that address policies and structural factors in high risk communities and have the potential to reduce violence . This supplement builds on earlier works including the 2011 CDC Health Disparities and Inequalities Report (CHDIR) 2011 , the first CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) to assess disparities across a wide range of diseases, behavioral risk factors, environmental exposures, social determinants, and health-care access and a subsequent release in 2013, providing updated data and 10 new topics.

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