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Powassan (POW) virus is transmitted to humans by infected ticks. Approximately 50 cases of POW virus disease were reported in the United States over the past 10 years. Most cases have occurred in the Northeast and Great Lakes region. Signs and symptoms of infection can include fever, headache, vomiting, weakness, confusion, seizures, and memory loss. Long-term neurologic problems may occur. There is no specific treatment, but people with severe POW virus illnesses often need to be hospitalized to receive respiratory support, intravenous fluids, or medications to reduce swelling in the brain.

You can reduce your risk of being infected with POW virus by using tick repellents, wearing long sleeves and pants, avoiding bushy and wooded areas, and doing thorough tick checks after spending time outdoors. If you think you or a family member may have POW virus disease, it is important to consult your healthcare provider.

Topics

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Frequently Asked Questions

Answers to common questions

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Prevention

How to avoid infection

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Symptoms & Treatment

Signs and symptoms

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Transmission

How Powassan virus is transmitted

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Statistics & Maps

Surveillance data and maps

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For Health Care Providers

Information about clinical presentation and diagnostic testing

General Tick Information

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Avoiding Ticks

Avoid getting infected…
On CDC's Ticks website

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Tick Lifecycle and Hosts

How ticks spread disease…
On CDC's Ticks website

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Removing a Tick

How to remove a tick…
On CDC's Ticks website

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Other Diseases Caused by Ticks

Learn more about other tickborne diseases that can affect your health…
On CDC's Ticks website

 
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