HAZARDS TO OUTDOOR WORKERS
Outdoor workers are exposed to many types of hazards that depend on their type of work, geographic region, season, and duration of time they are outside. Employers should train outdoor workers about their workplace hazards, including hazard identification and recommendations for preventing and controlling their exposures.
Physical hazards to outdoor workers may include extreme heat, extreme cold, noise, and sun exposure. Extreme heat can cause heat stroke, heat cramps, heat exhaustion, heat rash, and other problems. Extreme cold can cause hypothermia, frostbite, and other problems. Repeated exposures to loud noise can lead to permanent, incurable hearing loss or tinnitus.
Information on cold-related illnesses and injuries, first aid, and prevention.
Information on heat-related illnesses, first aid, and prevention.
Facts about sunburn and skin cancer, first aid, and prevention.
Hearing loss is one of the most common work-related illnesses in the U.S.
Biological hazards include vector-borne diseases, venomous wildlife and insects, and poisonous plants. Venomous snakes, spiders, scorpions, and stinging insects can be found throughout various geographic regions, and are especially dangerous to workers who have allergies to the animal. Poisonous plants can cause allergic reactions if their oils come in contact with skin. These plants can also be dangerous if burned and their toxins are inhaled.
Learn about plant identification, first aid, and prevention.
Information on the types of spiders, spider bites, first aid, and prevention.
Information on the types of snakes, snake bites, prevention, and first aid.
Insects and Scorpions
Preventing stings and bites from flying insects, fire ants, and scorpions.
Vector-borne diseases may be spread to workers by insects, such as mosquitoes or ticks. When a mosquito or tick bites a worker, it may transfer a disease-causing agent, such as a parasite, bacterium, or virus.
West Nile Virus
Brochures for outdoor workers and laboratory, field, and clinical workers.
Answers to frequently asked questions and recommendations for workers and employers.
Information on symptoms, diagnosis, and recommendations for workers and employers.
Outdoor workers may encounter other hazards in addition to the physical and biological hazards described here. They may be exposed to pesticides or other chemical hazards, traumatic injury hazards, or other safety and health hazards depending on their specific job and tasks.
- Page last reviewed: July 30, 2015
- Page last updated: July 30, 2015
- Content source:
- National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division