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Cesium hydroxide

RTECS #: FK9800000

CAS #: 21351-79-1


UPDATE: May 2009 MW: 149.92 MF: CsHO


NOTE:

TABLE OF CONTENTS:
  1. SYNONYMS:
  2. SKIN AND EYE IRRITATION DATA:
  3. ACUTE TOXICITY DATA:
  4. OTHER MULTIPLE DOSE DATA:
  5. REVIEWS:
  6. STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS:
  7. NIOSH DOCUMENTATION AND SURVEILLANCE:
  8. STATUS IN FEDERAL AGENCIES:
  9. REFERENCES:

SYNONYMS:

  1. Cesium hydrate
  2. Cesium hydroxide (ACGIH)
  1. Cesium hydroxide dimer


SKIN AND EYE IRRITATION DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
eye
rabbit
5 mg/5 minute rinse severe TXAPA9 32,239,1975
skin
rabbit
5 mg/24 hour mild TXAPA9 32,239,1975


MUTATION DATA AND REFERENCES:

SYSTEM TEST ROUTE/
ORGANISM/
TISSUE
DOSE REFERENCE
N/R N/R N/R N/R


REPRODUCTIVE EFFECTS DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
N/R
N/R N/R N/R


TUMORIGENIC DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
N/R
N/R N/R N/R


ACUTE TOXICITY DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
eye
rabbit
lowest published toxic concentration: 0.4 pph N/R VCVN1* -,59,1998
eye
rabbit
lowest published toxic concentration: 0.4 pph Eye: Conjunctiva irritation

Eye: Corneal damage

Eye: Other eye effects
VCVN1* -,59,1998
inhalation
human
lethal concentration (50 percent kill): 5.02 mg/m3 Skin: After topical application: Primary irritation VCVN1* -,58,1998
inhalation
mammal (species unspecified)
lethal concentration (50 percent kill): 20.5 mg/m3 Eye: Conjunctiva irritation

Lung, Thorax, or Respiration: Cough
VCVN1* -,58,1998
intraperitoneal
rat
lethal dose (50 percent kill): 100 mg/kg N/R AIHOAX 1,637,1950
oral
mouse
lethal dose (50 percent kill): 800 mg/kg Behavioral: Tetany 20PKA3 -,-,1967
oral
mouse
lethal dose (50 percent kill): 759 mg/kg N/R VCVN1* -,58,1998
oral
rat
lethal dose (50 percent kill): 570 mg/kg Behavioral: Somnolence (general depressed activity)

Behavioral: Muscle contraction or spasticity

Lung, Thorax, or Respiration: Other changes
GTPZAB 21(1),29,1977
oral
rat
lethal dose (50 percent kill): 570 mg/kg N/R VCVN1* -,58,1998
skin
rabbit
lowest published toxic concentration: 4 pph Eye: Conjunctiva irritation

Eye: Corneal damage

Eye: Other eye effects
VCVN1* -,59,1998


OTHER MULTIPLE DOSE DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
inhalation
rat
lowest published toxic concentration: 10,110 g/m3/17 week- intermittent Brain and Coverings: Recordings from specific areas of CNS

Cardiac: Other changes

Lung, Thorax, or Respiration: Other changes
GTPZAB 21(1),29,1977
inhalation
rat
lowest published toxic concentration: 10 mg/m3/16 week- continuous Blood: Pigmented or nucleated red blood cells

Blood: Changes in serum composition (e.g. TP, bilirubin, cholesterol)

Blood: Changes in leukocyte (WBC) count
VCVN1* -,59,1998


REVIEWS:

ORGANIZATION STANDARD
REFERENCE

American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value time-weighted average 2 mg/m3 DTLVS* TLV/BEI,2007


STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS:

ORGANIZATION STANDARD
REFERENCE

Occupational Exposure Limit - AUSTRALIA time-weighted average 2 mg/m3, JUL2008
Occupational Exposure Limit - BELGIUM time-weighted average 2 mg/m3, MAR2002
Occupational Exposure Limit - DENMARK time-weighted average 2 mg/m3, OCT 2002
Occupational Exposure Limit - FINLAND time-weighted average 2 mg/m3, JAN1999
Occupational Exposure Limit - FRANCE VME 2 mg/m3, FEB2006
Occupational Exposure Limit - KOREA time-weighted average 2 mg/m3, 2006
Occupational Exposure Limit - MEXICO time-weighted average 2 mg/m3, 2004
Occupational Exposure Limit - THE NETHERLANDS MAC-TGG 2 mg/m3, 2003
Occupational Exposure Limit - NEW ZEALAND time-weighted average 2 mg/m3, JAN2002
Occupational Exposure Limit - RUSSIA short term exposure limit 0.3 mg/m3, JUN2003
Occupational Exposure Limit - SWITZERLAND MAK- week 2 mg/m3, DEC2006
Occupational Exposure Limit - UNITED KINGDOM time-weighted average 2 mg/m3, 2005
Occupational Exposure Limit IN ARGENTINA, BULGARIA, COLOMBIA, JORDAN American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value;

time-weighted average 2 mg/m3
Occupational Exposure Limit IN SINGAPORE, VIETNAM American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value
time-weighted average 2 mg/m3


NIOSH DOCUMENTATION AND SURVEILLANCE:

ORGANIZATION STANDARD or SURVEY
REFERENCE

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Recommended Exposure Level TO CESIUM HYDROXIDE-air 10 hour time-weighted average 2.0 mg/m3 NIOSH* DHHS #95-121,1995


STATUS IN FEDERAL AGENCIES:

ORGANIZATION
REFERENCE

EPA TSCA Section 8(b) CHEMICAL INVENTORY


REFERENCES:

CODEN
REFERENCE

20PKA3 "Novye Dannye Po Toksikologii Redkikh Metalov Ikh Soedinenii," New Data on the Toxicology of Rare Metals and Their Compounds, Izrael'son, Z.I., ed., Moscow, Izdatel'stvo "Meditsina," 1967
AIHOAX Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Medicine. (Chicago, IL) V.1-2(3), 1950. For publisher information, see AEHLAU.
DTLVS* The Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) booklet issues by American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), Cincinnati, OH, 1996
GTPZAB Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. (V/O Mezhdunarodnaya Kniga, 113095 Moscow, USSR) V.1-36, 1957-1992. For publisher information, see MTPEEI
NIOSH* National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, U.S. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare, Reports and Memoranda.
TXAPA9 Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. (Academic Press, Inc., 1 E. First St., Duluth, MN 55802) V.1- 1959-
VCVN1* "Vrednie chemichescie veshestva. Neorganicheskie soedinenia elementov I-IV groopp" (Hazardous substances. Inornanic substances containing I-IV group elements), Filov V.A., Chimia, 1988.

RTECS Compound Description:
   Human Data
   Primary Irritant

Click Here for Additional Information about RTECS

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