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Acetylene

RTECS #: AO9600000

CAS #: 74-86-2


UPDATE: May 2009 MW: 26.04 MF: C2H2


NOTE:

TABLE OF CONTENTS:
  1. SYNONYMS:
  2. ACUTE TOXICITY DATA:
  3. REVIEWS:
  4. STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS:
  5. NIOSH DOCUMENTATION AND SURVEILLANCE:
  6. STATUS IN FEDERAL AGENCIES:
  7. REFERENCES:

SYNONYMS:

  1. Acetylen
  2. Acetylene (ACGIH)
  3. Ethine
  1. Ethyne
  2. Narcylen


SKIN AND EYE IRRITATION DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
N/R
N/R N/R N/R


MUTATION DATA AND REFERENCES:

SYSTEM TEST ROUTE/
ORGANISM/
TISSUE
DOSE REFERENCE
N/R N/R N/R N/R


REPRODUCTIVE EFFECTS DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
N/R
N/R N/R N/R


TUMORIGENIC DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
N/R
N/R N/R N/R


ACUTE TOXICITY DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
inhalation
human
lowest published toxic concentration: 20 pph Behavioral: Headache

Lung, Thorax, or Respiration: Dyspnea
34ZIAG -,67,1969
inhalation
human
lowest published lethal concentration: 50 pph/5 minute N/R TABIA2 3,231,1933
inhalation
mammal (species unspecified)
lowest published lethal concentration: 50 pph/5 minute N/R AEPPAE 138,65,1928


OTHER MULTIPLE DOSE DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
N/R
N/R N/R N/R


REVIEWS:

ORGANIZATION STANDARD
REFERENCE

American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value Simple asphyxiant DTLVS* TLV/BEI,2007
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
ENTOX* -,34,2005
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
HUTOX* -,577,1996


STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS:

ORGANIZATION STANDARD
REFERENCE

Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) STANDARD ASPHYXIANTS/GASES DTLWS* 3,8,1973
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Permissible Exposure Limit (Construction) simple asphyxiant - inert gas and vapor CFRGBR 29,1926.55,1994
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Permissible Exposure Limit (Shipyards) Simple asphyxiant - inert gas and vapor CFRGBR 29,1915.1000,1993
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Permissible Exposure Limit (Federal Contractors) Simple asphyxiant - inert gas and vapor CFRGBR 41,50-204.50,1994
Occupational Exposure Limit - ARAB Republic of Egypt time-weighted average 1 ppm (14 mg/m3), JAN1993
Occupational Exposure Limit - AUSTRALIA Asphyxiant, JUL2008
Occupational Exposure Limit - BELGIUM Asphyxiant, MAR2002
Occupational Exposure Limit - MEXICO Simple asphyxiant, 2004
Occupational Exposure Limit - NEW ZEALAND Simple asphyxiant, JAN2002
Occupational Exposure Limit - SWITZERLAND MAK- week 1000 ppm (1080 mg/m3), DEC2006
Occupational Exposure Limit IN ARGENTINA, BULGARIA, COLOMBIA, JORDAN American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value;

Simple asphyxiant
Occupational Exposure Limit IN SINGAPORE, VIETNAM American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value
Simple asphyxiant


NIOSH DOCUMENTATION AND SURVEILLANCE:

ORGANIZATION STANDARD or SURVEY
REFERENCE

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Recommended Exposure Level TO ACETYLENE-air ceiling concentration 2500 ppm/15 minute NIOSH* DHHS #92-100,1992
National Occupational Hazard Survey 1974 National Occupational Hazard Survey 1974: Hazard Code: 03298;
Number of Industries 341;
Total Number of Facilities 85,909;
Number of Occupations 111;
Total Number of Employees Exposed 704,679
National Occupational Exposure Survey 1983 National Occupational Exposure Survey 1983: Hazard Code: 03298;
Number of Industries 41;
Total Number of Facilities 2,514;
Number of Occupations 52;
Total Number of Employees Exposed 48,962;
Total Number of Female Employees Exposed 3,072


STATUS IN FEDERAL AGENCIES:

ORGANIZATION
REFERENCE

EPA TSCA Section 8(b) CHEMICAL INVENTORY
EPA TSCA TEST SUBMISSION (TSCATS) DATA BASE, JANUARY 2001


REFERENCES:

CODEN
REFERENCE

34ZIAG "Toxicology of Drugs and Chemicals," Deichmann, W.B., New York, Academic Press, Inc., 1969
AEPPAE Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archiv fuer Experimentelle Pathologie und Pharmakologie. (Berlin, Ger.) V.110-253, 1925-66. For publisher information, see NSAPCC.
CFRGBR Code of Federal Regulations. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402)
DTLVS* The Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) booklet issues by American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), Cincinnati, OH, 1996
DTLWS* "Documentation of the Threshold Limit Values for Substances in Workroom Air," Supplements. For publisher information, see 85INA8.
ENTOX* Encyclopedia of Toxicology: Reference Book, Elsevier, 2005
HUTOX*
NIOSH* National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, U.S. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare, Reports and Memoranda.
TABIA2 Tabulae Biologicae. (The Hague, Netherlands) V.1-22, 1925-63. Discontinued.

NIOSH PROFILE (GLASS and CERAMICS MANUFACTURE), SRC, 6/80

RTECS Compound Description:
   Human Data

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