Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

A Framework for Program Evaluation

	The Evaluation Framework’s steps include: Engaging stakeholders; Describing the program; Focusing the evaluation design; Gathering credible evidence; Justifying conclusions; Ensuring use and sharing lessons learned. The Evaluation Standards are organized into the following four groups: Utility; Feasibility; Propriety; and Accuracy.Effective program evaluation is a systematic way to improve and account for public health actions by involving procedures that are useful, feasible, ethical, and accurate. The framework guides public health professionals in their use of program evaluation. It is a practical, nonprescriptive tool, designed to summarize and organize essential elements of program evaluation.

Adhering to the steps and standards of this framework will allow an understanding of each program’s context and will improve how program evaluations are conceived and conducted. Furthermore, the framework encourages an approach to evaluation that is integrated with routine program operations.

The emphasis is on practical, ongoing evaluation strategies that involve all program stakeholders, not just evaluation experts.

Understanding and applying the elements of this framework can be a driving force for planning effective public health strategies, improving existing programs, and demonstrating the results of resource investments.

The purposes of the framework are to

  • summarize the essential elements of program evaluation,
  • provide a framework for conducting effective program evaluations,
  • clarify steps in program evaluation,
  • review standards for effective program evaluation, and
  • address misconceptions regarding the purposes and methods of program evaluation.

Evaluation framework materials and resources

  1. Framework for Program Evaluation in Public Health - MMWR 1999;48(No. RR-11)
  2. Overview of the Framework - Provides 3-page key points from framework
  3. Framework Summary - Provides summary of the framework with details
  4. CDC Evaluation Framework - YouTube video

Contact Evaluation Program

Tom Chapel, Chief Evaluation Officer
E-mail: TChapel@cdc.gov

Top