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Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal


第5卷第 2 期,2008年4月



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Bernadette Ford Lattimore, MPH, So O’Neil, MS, Melanie Besculides, DrPH

建議在引用本文時注明下列出處:由Ford Lattimore B, O’Neil S, Besculides M所著的《制定、實施和評估州政策的工具》[摘要]。刊載於《慢性疾病預防》2008;5(2) [網上期刊]。


政策可以通過促進在身體、經濟和社會環境方面的變化來改善健康。與側重于單個人士的干預措施相反,政策有可能影響整個人群的健康。因此,疾病控制與預防中心(CDC)的心臟病和中風預防分部(Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention)建議心臟病和中風預防計劃(Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention Program)內各州的資助用於開展活動,支持制定和維持有助於減少心血管疾病負擔的政策。

目前,心臟病和中風預防分部資助了33個州以及哥倫比亞特區的計劃,宣傳心血管健康。這些計劃的一個目標是,建立州的能力,制定、實施、追蹤和維持基於人群的心臟病及中風干預措施。鑒於政策在這些活動中至關重要的作用,CDC就制定、實施和評估政策提供了指南。2004年,心臟病和中風預防分部與Mathematica Policy Research, Inc簽約,由後者承包進行心臟病和中風預防政策專案(Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention Policy Project),包括開發一個州心臟病和中風預防政策的線上資料庫和一個繪圖應用程式,來顯示哪些州有這些政策。




The opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors’ affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.


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