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Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal


第5卷第 2 期,2008年4月



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Bernadette Ford Lattimore, MPH, So O’Neil, MS, Melanie Besculides, DrPH

建议在引用本文时注明下列出处:由Ford Lattimore B, O’Neil S, Besculides M所著的《制定、实施和评估州政策的工具》[摘要]。刊载于《慢性疾病预防》2008;5(2) [网上期刊]。


政策可以通过促进在身体、经济和社会环境方面的变化来改善健康。与侧重于单个人士的干预措施相反,政策有可能影响整个人群的健康。因此,疾病控制与预防中心(CDC)的心脏病和中风预防分部(Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention)建议心脏病和中风预防计划(Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention Program)内各州的资助用于开展活动,支持制定和维持有助于减少心血管疾病负担的政策。

目前,心脏病和中风预防分部资助了33个州以及哥伦比亚特区的计划,宣传心血管健康。这些计划的一个目标是,建立州的能力,制定、实施、追踪和维持基于人群的心脏病及中风干预措施。鉴于政策在这些活动中至关重要的作用,CDC就制定、实施和评估政策提供了指南。2004年,心脏病和中风预防分部与Mathematica Policy Research, Inc签约,由后者承包进行心脏病和中风预防政策项目(Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention Policy Project),包括开发一个州心脏病和中风预防政策的在线数据库和一个绘图应用程序,来显示哪些州有这些政策。




The opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors’ affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.


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