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Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal


第 2 卷第 3 期,2005 年 7 月

2004 年美國慢性病監察指標的修訂


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Andrew R. Pelletier, MD, MPH, Paul Z. Siegel, MD, MPH, Mark S. Baptiste, PhD, Christopher Maylahn, MPH

建議在引用本文時注明下列出處:由Pelletier AR, Siegel PZ, Baptiste MS, Maylahn C. 所著的《2004 年美國慢性病監察指標的修訂》 [摘要]。2005 年 7 月 [引用日期] 刊載於《慢性疾病預防》[網上期刊]。可從下面網址獲取:


為使公共健康官員能一致地定義、收集和報告慢性病資料,州及地區流行病學委員會於 1999 年頒佈了慢性病監察指標。此出版物提供由流行病學家和州及聯邦級慢性病計劃負責人制訂的對 73 項指標的標準定義。選擇這些指標是因為它們對公共健康的重要性以及州級數據的可用性。本報告描述了對 2004 年出版的慢性病指標的最新修訂。所修訂的 92 項指標中包括 24 項癌症指標;15 項針對心血管疾病的指標;11 項針對糖尿病的指標;7 項針對酒精的指標;各有 5 項分別針對營養和吸菸的指標;各有 3 項分別針對口腔健康、身體活動及腎病的指標;各有 2 項分別針對哮喘、骨質疏鬆症和免疫系統疾病的指標。其餘 10 項指標覆蓋了一些其他狀況,例如貧困、教育和預期壽命。雖然已在多個州使用了這些指標,但更廣泛的應用仍取決於州級流行病學研究能力的增強以及對獲取監察資料的改善。



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