Skip Navigation LinksSkip Navigation Links
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Safer Healthier People
Blue White
Blue White
bottom curve
CDC Home Search Health Topics A-Z spacer spacer
Blue curve MMWR spacer

Persons using assistive technology might not be able to fully access information in this file. For assistance, please send e-mail to: Type 508 Accommodation and the title of the report in the subject line of e-mail.

National Stroke Awareness Month --- May 2008

May is National Stroke Awareness Month. In 2008, an estimated 780,000 persons in the United States will have a stroke; of these, 150,000 will die from stroke, and 15%--30% of stroke survivors will be permanently disabled (1). Stroke ranks third among all causes of death, behind heart disease and cancer. In 2008, the direct and indirect cost of stroke in the United States is expected to amount to approximately $65.5 billion (1).

Preventing and controlling stroke risk factors (e.g., high blood pressure, heart disease, atrial fibrillation, high blood cholesterol levels, diabetes, tobacco use, alcohol use, physical inactivity, and obesity) are the most important measures in reducing the incidence of stroke (2). Recognizing stroke warning symptoms and immediately telephoning for emergency medical care are critical to preventing death and disability.

CDC supports six state-based registries in the Paul Coverdell National Acute Stroke Registry, which has a long-term goal of ensuring that all persons in the United States receive the highest quality acute stroke care to reduce deaths, prevent disability, and avoid recurrent strokes. Additional information about stroke programs, warning symptoms, prevention, and care is available at,,, and


  1. American Heart Association. Heart disease and stroke statistics: 2008 update. Dallas, TX: American Heart Association; 2008. Available at
  2. Goldstein LB, Adams R, Alberts MJ, et al. Primary prevention of ischemic stroke: a guideline from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association Stroke Council. Stroke 2006;37: 1583--633.

Use of trade names and commercial sources is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

References to non-CDC sites on the Internet are provided as a service to MMWR readers and do not constitute or imply endorsement of these organizations or their programs by CDC or the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. CDC is not responsible for the content of pages found at these sites. URL addresses listed in MMWR were current as of the date of publication.

Disclaimer   All MMWR HTML versions of articles are electronic conversions from ASCII text into HTML. This conversion may have resulted in character translation or format errors in the HTML version. Users should not rely on this HTML document, but are referred to the electronic PDF version and/or the original MMWR paper copy for the official text, figures, and tables. An original paper copy of this issue can be obtained from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO), Washington, DC 20402-9371; telephone: (202) 512-1800. Contact GPO for current prices.

**Questions or messages regarding errors in formatting should be addressed to

Date last reviewed: 5/8/2008


Safer, Healthier People

Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
1600 Clifton Rd, MailStop E-90, Atlanta, GA 30333, U.S.A


Department of Health
and Human Services