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QuickStats: Leading Causes of Neonatal and Postneonatal Deaths United States, 2002


Infant deaths include neonatal deaths, which occur <28 days after birth, and postneonatal deaths, which occur from 28 days to 11 months after birth. Substantial differences were observed in the leading causes of death during the neonatal versus postneonatal periods. Congenital malformations, although ranked first for infant mortality overall, ranks second for both neonates and postneonates. Disorders related to short gestation and low birthweight not elsewhere classified were the leading cause of neonatal death. In contrast, SIDS was the leading cause of death during the postneonatal period.

SOURCES: National Vital Statistics System. Available at; Anderson RN, Smith B. Deaths: leading causes for 2002. National Vital Statistics Reports 53(17).

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Date last reviewed: 9/22/2005


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