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Notice to Readers: Availability of Influenza Pandemic Preparedness Software for Hospital Planning

Influenza pandemics have occurred three times during the 20th century: in 1918, 1957, and 1968. Another influenza pandemic is likely, if not inevitable (1,2). To help public health officials and hospital administrators prepare for the next influenza pandemic, CDC has developed FluSurge 1.0, a specialized spreadsheet-based software that estimates the potential surge in demand for hospital-based health care during a pandemic. For each week of a pandemic, FluSurge calculates the potential demand for hospital beds, intensive care unit beds, and mechanical ventilators. Demand for resources is compared with actual capacity. FluSurge is a companion to the previously released FluAid 2.0, which provides estimates of the total deaths, hospitalizations, and outpatient visits that might occur during an influenza pandemic.

Both FluSurge 1.0 and FluAid 2.0, including accompanying manuals, are now available from the National Vaccine Program Office's website at The software programs and manuals are available free of charge.


  1. Patriarca PA, Cox NJ. Influenza pandemic preparedness plan for the United States. J Infect Dis 1997;176(suppl 1):S4--S7.
  2. Meltzer MI, Cox NJ, Fukuda K. The economic impact of pandemic influenza in the United States: priorities for intervention. Emerg Infect Dis 1999;5:659--71.

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This page last reviewed 7/1/2004