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National Diabetes Awareness Month --- November 2007

November is National Diabetes Awareness Month. In 2005, approximately 21 million persons in the United States had diabetes, a disease associated with severe morbidity and premature death, and, in 2002, at least 54 million U.S. adults had prediabetes (i.e., risk for diabetes) (1). Lifestyle changes, such as moderate weight loss and increased physical activity, can prevent or delay onset of type 2 diabetes among adults at high risk (2), and effective interventions are available to reduce the incidence of diabetes complications (1).

World Diabetes Day (WDD) is November 14, and this year marks the first observance of WDD by the United Nations. The 2007 WDD campaign aims to raise awareness of the impact of diabetes on children and adolescents. In the United States, in 2005, approximately 176,500 persons aged <20 years had diabetes (1); approximately 25% of persons aged 10--19 years with diabetes had multiple risk factors for cardiovascular disease (3). Information on diabetes prevention and control is available from CDC at http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes and from the National Diabetes Education Program at http://www.ndep.nih.gov. Information on WDD activities is available at http://www.worlddiabetesday.org.

References

  1. CDC. National diabetes fact sheet. General information and national estimates on diabetes in the United States, 2005. Atlanta, GA: US Department of Health and Human Services, CDC; 2005. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/factsheet05.htm.
  2. Knowler WC, Barrett-Connor E, Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin. N Engl J Med 2002;346: 393--403.
  3. Rodríguez BL, Fujimoto WY, Mayer-Davis EJ, et al. Prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors in U.S. children and adolescents with diabetes: the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study. Diabetes Care 2006;29:1891--6.



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