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National Diabetes Awareness Month --- November 2005

In 2005, an estimated 20.8 million persons in the United States, approximately 7% of the population, have diabetes; however, only 14.6 million of these persons have had the disease diagnosed (1). Persons with diabetes have a risk for premature death approximately twice that of persons of similar ages without diabetes. In 2002, diabetes was the sixth leading cause of death in the United States, with associated direct and indirect costs totaling an estimated $132 billion (1).

November is National Diabetes Awareness Month; throughout the month, MMWR will publish reports on diabetes. CDC is working in conjunction with the 50 states, eight territories, and the District of Columbia to reach populations at greatest risk for diabetes, including American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) and Hispanics. AI/ANs are 2.2 times more likely to have diabetes than non-Hispanic whites of similar ages (1). The CDC Native Diabetes Wellness Program is developing books to teach children and parents about healthy eating and physical activity, two important factors in diabetes prevention. In addition, the CDC National Diabetes Education Program is working with a Spanish-language television network to introduce a diabetes prevention and care theme into a telenovela (serial drama). Additional information about diabetes is available from CDC at


  1. CDC. National diabetes fact sheet: general information and national estimates on diabetes in the United States, 2005. Atlanta, GA: US Department of Health and Human Services, CDC; 2005. Available at

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