Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to site content
CDC Home

Notice to Readers: National Drunk and Drugged Driving Prevention Month --- December 2001

December has been designated by Presidential proclamation as National Drunk and Drugged Driving Prevention Month (3D Month). 3D Month is supported by many public and private sector organizations devoted to preventing impaired driving crashes. During 2000, alcohol-related motor-vehicle crashes resulted in 16,653 deaths in the United States (1). On the basis of data provided by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) (1) and the U.S. Bureau of the Census (2), the rate of alcohol-related traffic fatalities in 2000 was 5.9 per 100,000 persons. One of the national health objectives for 2010 is a target for alcohol-related traffic fatalities of no more than 4.0 per 100,000 persons (objective 26-1A) (3). To meet this objective, the annual rate of alcohol-related traffic fatalities must decline by 32%.

CDC recently concluded a systematic review of the effectiveness of five community-based interventions to reduce alcohol-impaired driving: sobriety checkpoints; 0.08% blood alcohol concentration laws; minimum legal drinking age laws; "zero tolerance" laws for young or inexperienced drivers; and server intervention training programs*. All five interventions showed evidence of effectiveness (4) and each was recommended for implementation by the Task Force on Community Preventive Services (5,6), an independent, nonfederal panel of community-health consultants. Broader use of such strategies will be necessary to achieve the 2010 objective of reducing alcohol-related traffic fatalities.

The theme for this year's 3D Month is "This holiday season…the greatest gift you can give may be a ride home." The 3D Month program planner, which contains sample public service announcements, media tool kits, and program guidance for conducting 3D Month activities, is available from NHTSA at <> or on CD-ROM, by faxing a request to 301-386-2194.


  1. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Traffic safety facts 2000: alcohol. Washington, DC: US Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, 2001; publication no. DOT-HS-809-323.
  2. US Census Bureau, US Department of Commerce. Available at <>. Accessed October 2001.
  3. US Department of Health and Human Services. Healthy people 2010 (conference ed., 2 vols). Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services, 2000.
  4. Shults RA, Elder RW, Sleet DA, et al. Reviews of evidence regarding interventions to reduce alcohol-impaired driving. Am J Prev Med 2001;21(4S):66--88.
  5. CDC. Motor vehicle occupant injury: interventions for increasing use of child safety seats, increasing use of safety belts, and reducing alcohol-impaired driving: a report on recommendations of the Task Force on Community Preventive Services. MMWR 2001;50(no. RR-7):1--13.
  6. Task Force on Community Preventive Services. Recommendations to reduce injuries to motor vehicle occupants: increasing child safety seat use, increasing safety belt use, and reducing alcohol-impaired driving. Am J Prev Med 2001;21(4S):16--22.

* Available at <>.

Use of trade names and commercial sources is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

References to non-CDC sites on the Internet are provided as a service to MMWR readers and do not constitute or imply endorsement of these organizations or their programs by CDC or the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. CDC is not responsible for the content of pages found at these sites. URL addresses listed in MMWR were current as of the date of publication.

All MMWR HTML versions of articles are electronic conversions from typeset documents. This conversion might result in character translation or format errors in the HTML version. Users are referred to the electronic PDF version ( and/or the original MMWR paper copy for printable versions of official text, figures, and tables. An original paper copy of this issue can be obtained from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO), Washington, DC 20402-9371; telephone: (202) 512-1800. Contact GPO for current prices.

**Questions or messages regarding errors in formatting should be addressed to The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Road Atlanta, GA 30329-4027, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC–INFO
A-Z Index
  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D
  5. E
  6. F
  7. G
  8. H
  9. I
  10. J
  11. K
  12. L
  13. M
  14. N
  15. O
  16. P
  17. Q
  18. R
  19. S
  20. T
  21. U
  22. V
  23. W
  24. X
  25. Y
  26. Z
  27. #