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Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal


Volume 8: No. 1, January 2011

Arthritis in the Canadian Aboriginal Population: North-South Differences in Prevalence and Correlates*

  South North
Arthritis No Arthritis Arthritis No Arthritis
% 95% CI % 95% CI % 95% CI % 95% CI
Consulted MD 86.0 85.7-86.4 67.6 67.4-67.8 79.0 78.0-79.9 52.3 51.8-52.7
Consulted nurse 31.4 30.9-31.9 26.9 26.6-27.1 71.0 69.9-72.2 62.3 61.9-62.8
Traditional healer 6.7 6.4-6.9 4.4 4.3-4.5 9.6 8.7-10.4 5.8 5.5-6.1

Figure 1 Utilization of health services by Aboriginal people aged 15 years and over in the Northa and Southb of Canada by type of provider and by arthritis status.
a The three Canadian northern territories: Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut.
b The 10 Canadian provinces: British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and Labrador.
In the APS 2006, a traditional healer refers to someone who is recognized by the community as a traditional counsellor, or someone who provides traditional medicines such as herbs, or is a traditional or spiritual leader.

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The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


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