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QuickStats: Percentage of Infant Deaths from Preterm-Related Causes,* by Race/Ethnicity --- United States, 2000 and 2004

* Deaths among infants born at <37 weeks of gestation with cause of death that was a direct cause or consequence of preterm birth (e.g., respiratory distress, bacterial sepsis, and necrotizing enterocolitis). Based on International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision codes K550, P000, P010, P011, P015, P020, P021, P027, P070--P073, P102, P220--P229, P250--279, P280, P281, P360--P369, P520--P523, and P77.

Source document presents information on other racial/ethnic groups.

The percentage of infant deaths from preterm-related causes increased from 34.6% in 2000 to 36.5% in 2004. Nearly half (46.3%) of the deaths of infants of non-Hispanic black mothers were preterm related in 2004, compared with 32.1% of the deaths of infants of non-Hispanic white mothers and 33.4% of the deaths of infants of Hispanic mothers. During 2000--2004, the percentage of infants born preterm increased in the United States, from 11.6% of all births in 2000 to 12.5% in 2004.

SOURCE: MacDorman MF, Callaghan WM, Mathews TJ, Hoyert DL, Kochanek KD. Trends in preterm-related infant mortality by race and ethnicity: United States, 1999--2004. Hyattsville, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services, CDC, National Center for Health Statistics; 2007. Available at

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Date last reviewed: 11/28/2007




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