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Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal
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第 3 卷 第4 期,2006年10月

工具和技術
計算估測的能量需求水平的簡易方法


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Shirley Gerrior, PhD, RD, WenYen Juan, PhD, Peter Basiotis, PhD

建議在引用本文時注明下列出處:由Gerrior S, Juan W, Basiotis P. 所著的 計算估測的能量需求水平的簡易方法 [摘要]。2006年10月[引用日期]刊載於 慢性疾病預防 [網上期刊]。可從下面網址獲取: http://www.cdc.gov/pcd/
issues/2006/
oct/06_0034_zht.htm

摘要

「膳食營養素參考攝取量」(Dietary Reference Intake,DRI)將每日需要的能量定義爲估測的「能量需求水平」(Estimated Energy Requirement,EER)。EER的依據是對個人能量攝取、能量消耗、年齡、性別、體重、身高和身體活動水平的計算。包括身體活動水平在內的計算使確定能量消耗成爲可能,並使實現能量平衡成爲更現實的目標。然而,身體活動水平往往難以衡量,而且並非總能準確估測能量消耗。我們提供了一種基於身體活動水平的計算成人每日EER的簡易方法。我們使用DRI委員會的EER公式,並提供了計算身體活動水平的試算表程式模版。該技術考慮了所有因素和測量值,以測定身體活動水平和每日身體活動消耗能量。它應該是一種在研究、臨床和公共衛生環境下有用的方法。

 



 



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