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Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal
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第 3 卷 第4 期,2006年10月

工具和技术
计算估测的能量需求水平的简易方法


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Shirley Gerrior, PhD, RD, WenYen Juan, PhD, Peter Basiotis, PhD

建议在引用本文时注明下列出处:由Gerrior S, Juan W, Basiotis P. 所著的计算估测的能量需求水平的简易方法[摘要]。2006年10月[引用日期]刊载于慢性疾病预防 [网上期刊]。可从下面网址获取: http://www.cdc.gov/pcd/
issues/2006/
oct/06_0034_zhs.htm

摘要

¡°膳食营养素参考摄取量¡±(Dietary Reference Intake,DRI)将每日需要的能量定义为估测的¡°能量需求水平¡±(Estimated Energy Requirement,EER)。EER的依据是对个人能量摄取、能量消耗、年龄、性别、体重、身高和身体活动水平的计算。包括身体活动水平在内的计算使确定能量消耗成为可能,并使实现能量平衡成为更现实的目标。然而,身体活动水平往往难以衡量,而且并非总能准确估测能量消耗。我们提供了一种基于身体活动水平的计算成人每日EER的简易方法。我们使用DRI委员会的EER公式,并提供了计算身体活动水平的电子表格程序模版。该技术考虑了所有因素和测量值,以测定身体活动水平和每日身体活动消耗能量。它应该是一种在研究、临床和公共卫生环境下有用的方法。

 



 



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