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Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal
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第 2 卷第 3 期,2005 年 7 月

工具与技术
2004 年美国慢性病监察指标的修订


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Andrew R. Pelletier, MD, MPH, Paul Z. Siegel, MD, MPH, Mark S. Baptiste, PhD, Christopher Maylahn, MPH

建议在引用本文时注明下列出处:由Pelletier AR, Siegel PZ, Baptiste MS, Maylahn C. 所著的《2004 年美国慢性病监察指标的修订》 [摘要]。2005 年 7 月 [引用日期] 刊载于《慢性疾病预防》[网上期刊]。可从下面网址获取: http://www.cdc.gov/pcd/
issues/2005/
jul/05_0003_zhs.htm

摘要

为使公共健康官员能一致地定义、收集和报告慢性病数据,州及地区流行病学委员会于 1999 年颁布了慢性病监察指标。此出版物提供由流行病学家和州及联邦级慢性病计划负责人制订的对 73 项指标的标准定义。选择这些指标是因为它们对公共健康的重要性以及州级数据的可用性。本报告描述了对 2004 年出版的慢性病指标的最新修订。所修订的 92 项指标中包括 24 项癌症指标;15 项针对心血管疾病的指标;11 项针对糖尿病的指标;7 项针对酒精的指标;各有 5 项分别针对营养和吸烟的指标;各有 3 项分别针对口腔健康、身体活动及肾病的指标;各有 2 项分别针对哮喘、骨质疏松症和免疫系统疾病的指标。其余 10 项指标覆盖了一些其它状况,例如贫困、教育和预期寿命。虽然已在多个州使用了这些指标,但更广泛的应用仍取决于州级流行病学研究能力的增强以及对获取监察数据的改善。

 



 



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