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Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal
MMWR


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Volume 2: No. 2, April 2005

ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Adherence to Heart-Healthy Behaviors in a Sample of the U.S. Population

Smoking abstinence (76%)
Smoking abstinence alone 47%
Smoking abstinence and fruit and vegetable intake 10%
Smoking abstinence and physical activity 14%
Smoking abstinence, fruit and vegetable intake, and physical activity 5%
Physical activity (24%)
Physical activity alone 4%
Physical activity and smoking abstinence 14%
Physical activity and fruit and vegetable intake 1%
Physical activity, smoking abstinence, and fruit and vegetable intake 5%
Fruit and vegetable intake (18%)
Fruit and vegetable intake alone 2%
Fruit and vegetable intake and smoking abstinence 10%
Fruit and vegetable intake and physical activity 1%
Fruit and vegetable intake, smoking abstinence, and physical activity 5%
None (18%)

Figure 1a.
Proportion of respondents without heart disease adherent to individual and combinations of fruit and vegetable intake, smoking, and exercise recommendations (n, sample = 36,772; N, weighted population = 40,725,302).

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Smoking abstinence (80%)
Smoking abstinence alone 48%
Smoking abstinence and physical activity 12%
Smoking abstinence and fruit vegetable intake 12%
Smoking abstinence, physical activity, and fruit and vegetable intake 7%
Physical activity (21%)
Physical activity alone 2%
Physical activity and smoking abstinence 12%
Physical activity and fruit and vegetable intake <1%
Physical activity, smoking abstinence, and fruit and vegetable intake 7%
Fruit and vegetable intake (22%)
Fruit and vegetable intake alone 2%
Fruit and vegetable intake and smoking abstinence 12%
Fruit and vegetable intake and physical activity <1%
Fruit and vegetable intake, smoking abstinence, and physical activity 7%
None (16%)

Figure 1b. Proportion of respondents with heart disease adherent to individual and combinations fruit and vegetable intake, smoking, and exercise recommendations (n, sample = 2,129; N, weighted population = 2,361,137).

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