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ACRONYMS

AFB
acid-fast bacilli
AFP
acute flaccid paralysis
AID
Sacquired immunodeficiency syndrome
APOC
African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control
AUSAID
Australian Agency for International Development
BASICS
Basic Support for Institutionalizing Child Survival
BCG
bacille Calmette-Guerin
CD
Chagas disease
CDC
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CIDA
Canadian International Development Agency
CLD
chronic liver disease
CRS
congenital rubella syndrome
CTD
Control of Tropical Diseases programme
DALDs
disability-adjusted life days
DALYs
disability-adjusted life years
DANIDA
Danish International Development Agency
DEC
diethylcarbamazine
DEP
Drancunculiasis Eradication Programme
DFID
Department for International Development, United Kingdom
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
DOTS
directly observed treatment, short course
DPT
diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus vaccine
DPT3
three doses of DPT vaccine
EDT
Aethylenediaminetetraacetic acid
EP
elimination/eradication programmes
EPI
Expanded Programme on Immunization
ERR
estimated rate of return
FADNTDs
folic-acid-dependent neural tube defects
GDP
gross domestic product
GIS
Geographical Information Systems
HALY
shandicap-adjusted life years
HAV
hepatitis A virus
HBV
hepatitis B virus
Hib
Haemophilus influenzae type B
HIS
health information systems
HIV
human immunodeficiency virus
ICCs
interagency coordination committees
ID
iron deficiency
IDA
iron-deficiency anaemia
IDD
iodine-deficiency disease
IEC
Information, education, communication
ILO
International Labour Organization
ILSI
International Life Sciences Institute
IPV
inactivated poliovirus
IUMS
International Union of Microbiological Societies
JICA
Japan International Cooperation Agency
KAP
knowledge, attitude, practices
KEMRI
Kenya Medical Research Institute
LGA
local government area
MCH
maternal and child health
MDT
multiple drug therapy
MECACAR
international polio effort by 18 countries in the Middle East, Caucasus, and Central Asian Republics
MOH
Ministry of Health
MSG
monosodium glutamate
NCIH
National Council for International Health
NGO
nongovernmental organization
NGDO
nongovernmental development organization
NIAID
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
NIDs
national immunization days
NIH
National Institutes of Health
NIS
Newly Independent States of the former USSR
NT
neonatal tetanus
OCP
Onchocerciasis Control Programme
OEPA
Onchocerciasis Elimination Program for the Americas
OPV
oral poliovirus vaccine
PAHO
Pan American Health Organization
PCR
polymerase chain reaction
PEM
protein-energy malnutrition
PHC
primary health care
PHC
primary hepatocellular carcinoma
PHS
Public Health Service
PPD
purified protein derivative
RNA
ribonucleic acid
SSPE
subacute sclerosing panencephalitis
STD
sexually transmitted disease
TB
tuberculosis
TFCSD
Task Force for Child Survival and Development
TSH
thyroid-stimulating hormone
TT
tetanus toxoid
UC
University of California
UNAIDS
United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS
UNDP
United Nations Development Programme
UNICEF
United Nations Children's Fund
USAID
United States Agency for International Development
USD
United States dollar
USI
universal salt iodization
VAD
vitamin A deficiency
VVM
vaccine vial monitor
WFPHA
World Federation of Public Health Associations
WHO
World Health Organization
YF
yellow fever

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Safer, Healthier People

Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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This page last reviewed 5/2/01