Skip Navigation LinksSkip Navigation Links
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Safer Healthier People
Blue White
Blue White
bottom curve
CDC Home Search Health Topics A-Z spacer spacer
spacer
Blue curve MMWR spacer
spacer
spacer


The content, links, and pdfs are no longer maintained and might be outdated.

  • The content on this page is being archived for historic and reference purposes only.
  • For current, updated information see the MMWR website.

Announcement: World Pneumonia Day --- November 2, 2009

Pneumonia kills more children than any other illness; of the approximately 10 million children aged <5 years who die each year worldwide, 2 million die from pneumonia (1). Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) account for approximately half of pneumonia deaths globally in children aged 1 month--5 years (2,3). Much of this disease burden is vaccine-preventable. In the United States, seven-valent pneumococcal conjugate and Hib vaccines are recommended for infants and children aged <2 years as part of the routine infant immunization schedule and have reduced morbidity and mortality from pneumococcal and Hib disease (4,5). Collaborative international efforts are expanding use of these vaccines in developing countries (6,7).

Viruses such as respiratory syncytial virus, parainfluenza virus, measles, and influenza also are a major cause of pneumonia. Access to vaccines, antivirals and supportive health-care measures reduces the burden of infections from these viruses.

To raise awareness of the effects of pneumonia globally, the first World Pneumonia Day, November 2, 2009, is being promoted by a coalition of 40 major health, humanitarian relief, advocacy, faith-based, government, and other organizations; CDC and UNICEF are providing technical assistance. Events are scheduled at CDC and elsewhere in the United States, and in other countries. Additional information is available at http://worldpneumoniaday.org.

References

  1. World Health Organization. Pneumonia: the forgotten killer of children. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2006. Available at http://www.unicef.org/publications/35626.html. Accessed October 22, 2009.
  2. O'Brien KL, Wolfson LJ, Watt JP, et al; Hib and Pneumococcal Global Burden of Disease Study Team. Burden of disease caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae in children younger than 5 years: global estimates. Lancet 2009;374:893--902.
  3. Watt JP, Wolfson LJ, O'Brien KL, et al; Hib and Pneumococcal Global Burden of Disease Study Team. Burden of disease caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b in children younger than 5 years: global estimates. Lancet 2009;374:903--11.
  4. Whitney CG, Farley MM, Hadler J, et al; Active Bacterial Core Surveillance of the Emerging Infections Program Network. Decline in invasive pneumococcal disease after the introduction of protein-polysaccharide conjugate vaccine. N Eng J Med 2003;348:1737--46.
  5. Adams WG, Deaver KA, Cochi SL, et al. Decline of childhood Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) disease in the Hib vaccine era. JAMA 1993;269:221--6.
  6. CDC. Progress toward introduction of Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine in low-income countries---worldwide, 2004--2007. MMWR 2008;57:148--51.
  7. CDC. Progress in introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine---worldwide, 2000--2008. MMWR 2008;57:1148--51.

Use of trade names and commercial sources is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.


References to non-CDC sites on the Internet are provided as a service to MMWR readers and do not constitute or imply endorsement of these organizations or their programs by CDC or the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. CDC is not responsible for the content of pages found at these sites. URL addresses listed in MMWR were current as of the date of publication.

All MMWR HTML versions of articles are electronic conversions from typeset documents. This conversion might result in character translation or format errors in the HTML version. Users are referred to the electronic PDF version (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr) and/or the original MMWR paper copy for printable versions of official text, figures, and tables. An original paper copy of this issue can be obtained from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO), Washington, DC 20402-9371; telephone: (202) 512-1800. Contact GPO for current prices.

**Questions or messages regarding errors in formatting should be addressed to mmwrq@cdc.gov.

Date last reviewed: 10/29/2009

HOME  |  ABOUT MMWR  |  MMWR SEARCH  |  DOWNLOADS  |  RSSCONTACT
POLICY  |  DISCLAIMER  |  ACCESSIBILITY

Safer, Healthier People

Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
1600 Clifton Rd, MailStop E-90, Atlanta, GA 30333, U.S.A

USA.GovDHHS

Department of Health
and Human Services