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World AIDS Day --- December 1, 2008

December 1 is World AIDS Day. Begun in 1998, World AIDS Day draws attention to the current status of the human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) pandemic. According to the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, in 2007, approximately 33 million persons worldwide were living with HIV, 2.7 million were newly infected, and 2 million died from AIDS-related causes (1).

In 2006, an estimated 1.1 million persons in the United States were living with HIV (2), and 56,300 were newly infected (3). HIV infection in the United States disproportionately affects blacks, Hispanics, and men (of all races/ethnicities) who have sex with men (2--4). During 2006, the rates of new infections in the United States were estimated to be 83.8 per 100,000 population among blacks, 29.4 per 100,000 among Hispanics, and 11.5 per 100,000 among whites (3).

Information about World AIDS Day is available at http://www.cdc.gov/features/worldaidsday. Information about CDC's international HIV/AIDS program is available at http://www.cdc.gov/globalaids. Information about CDC's domestic HIV/AIDS program is available at http://www.cdc.gov/hiv.

References

  1. Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS. Report on the global AIDS epidemic, 2008. Available at http://www.unaids.org/en/knowledgecentre/hivdata/globalreport/2008/2008_global_report.asp.
  2. CDC. HIV prevalence estimates---United States, 2006. MMWR 2008;57:1073--6.
  3. Hall HI, Song R, Rhodes P, et al; HIV Incidence Surveillance Group. Estimation of HIV incidence in the United States. JAMA 2008;300:520--9.
  4. Hall HI, An Q, Hutchinson AB, Sansom S. Estimating the lifetime risk of a diagnosis of the HIV infection in 33 states, 2004--2005. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2008;49:294--7.



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