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World Kidney Day --- March 8, 2007

March 8 marks the second observance of World Kidney Day, which was established by the International Federation of Kidney Foundations to increase awareness of kidney disease and educate persons at risk regarding the importance of prevention and early detection. During 1988--1994, an estimated 20 million persons in the United States had chronic kidney disease (CKD) (1). CKD is caused primarily by diabetes and high blood pressure (2), and persons with a family history of kidney disease also are at risk (3). In addition, persons with CKD are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease and are more likely to die from cardiovascular disease than progress to kidney failure (4).

Throughout March (National Kidney Month), MMWR will publish reports related to CKD and its complications. Additional information regarding kidney disease is available from the National Institutes of Health at http://www.nkdep.nih.gov. Information regarding World Kidney Day activities is available from the National Kidney Foundation at http://www.kidney.org.

References

  1. Coresh J, Astor BC, Greene T, Eknoyan G, Levey AS. Prevalence of chronic kidney disease and decreased kidney function in the adult US population: Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Am J Kidney Dis 2003;41:1--12.
  2. Nelson RG, Knowler WC, Pettitt DJ, Bennett PH. Kidney diseases in diabetes. In: Diabetes in America. 2nd ed. Harris MI, Cowie CC, Stern MP, Boyko EJ, Reiber GE, Bennett PH, eds. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health; 1995:361--6. DHHS publication no. (NIH) 95-1468.
  3. Obrador GT, Pereira BJ, Kausz AT. Chronic kidney disease in the United States: an underrecognized problem. Semin Nephrol 2002;22:441--8.
  4. Collins AJ, Li S, Gilbertson DT, Liu J, Chen SC, Herzog CA. Chronic kidney disease and cardiovascular disease in the Medicare population. Kidney Int Suppl 2003;87:S24--31.



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