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QuickStats: Percentage of U.S.-Born and Foreign-Born Adults Aged >18 Years Reporting Selected Health Risk Factors and Conditions* --- United States, 1998--2003


* Obesity, current smoking, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease are defined in the source report. Data on health risk factors and conditions were collected in National Health Interview Surveys from household interviews with samples of the civilian, noninstitutionalized population.

Age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. standard population, using four age groups: 18--34 years, 35--44 years, 45--64 years, and >65 years.

§ Born in one of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, or any of the U.S. territories. Persons born in a foreign country to parents who were U.S. citizens were also defined as U.S. born.

Persons living in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth, including naturalized citizens, legal permanent residents, undocumented residents, and persons with long-term temporary visas.

During 1998--2003, the prevalence of obesity, smoking, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease was greater among U.S.-born adults than foreign-born adults. The foreign-born population was younger, less likely to have a high school diploma, more likely to be poor, and had less access to health care. During 1970--2002, the number of foreign-born persons in the United States increased more than threefold to 32.5 million, or 11.5% of the total U.S. population.

SOURCE: Dey AN, Lucas JW. Physical and mental health characteristics of U.S. and foreign-born adults, 1998--2003. Advance data from vital and health statistics; no. 369. Hyattsville, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services, CDC, National Center for Health Statistics; 2006. Available at

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