Skip Navigation LinksSkip Navigation Links
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Safer Healthier People
Blue White
Blue White
bottom curve
CDC Home Search Health Topics A-Z spacer spacer
spacer
Blue curve MMWR spacer
spacer
spacer

The content, links, and pdfs are no longer maintained and might be outdated.

  • The content on this page is being archived for historic and reference purposes only.
  • For current, updated information see the MMWR website.

QuickStats: Percentage of U.S. and Canadian Women Aged 50--69 Years Who Were Screened in Accordance with National Screening Guidelines for Papanicolaou (Pap) Tests and Mammograms,* by Country and Health Insurance Status, 2002--2003

Quickstats

* Pap tests: Both the American Cancer Society and U.S. National Cancer Institute recommend that all women begin cervical cancer screening approximately 3 years after they begin having vaginal intercourse, or when they are aged 21 years. Screening should be conducted every 1--3 years depending on age and previous Pap test results. The Canadian Cancer Society and National Cancer Institute of Canada recommend that sexually active women be screened every 1--3 years until age 69 years. Mammograms: The American Cancer Society recommends that women aged >40 years have a mammogram every year; the U.S. National Cancer Institute recommends that women aged >40 years have one every 1--2 years. Both the Canadian Cancer Society and the National Cancer Institute of Canada recommend that women aged 50--69 years have a mammogram every 2 years. The analyses presented here are based on women aged >50 years and used recommendations from the U.S. National Cancer Institute (for U.S. respondents).

During 2002--2003, the United States and Canada had similar national guidelines for Pap test and mammogram screening for women aged >50 years. Approximately 85% of U.S. women aged 50--69 years met the guidelines for Pap tests, compared with 70% of Canadian women in this age group. The rate among Canadian women was comparable to that of uninsured U.S. women. Nearly 82% of U.S. women aged 50--69 years met the U.S. recommendations for mammogram screening, whereas 74% of Canadian women in this age group met the Canadian guidelines. More than half (55%) of uninsured U.S. women aged 50--69 years received mammograms on the recommended schedule.

Source: Powell-Griner E, Blackwell DL, Martinez M. Health profiles of noninstitutionalized senior citizens in the U.S. and Canada: findings from the Joint Canada/United States Survey of Health (JCUSH). Presented at the Population Association of America meetings, Philadelphia, PA; April 2005.

Use of trade names and commercial sources is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.


References to non-CDC sites on the Internet are provided as a service to MMWR readers and do not constitute or imply endorsement of these organizations or their programs by CDC or the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. CDC is not responsible for the content of pages found at these sites. URL addresses listed in MMWR were current as of the date of publication.

Disclaimer   All MMWR HTML versions of articles are electronic conversions from ASCII text into HTML. This conversion may have resulted in character translation or format errors in the HTML version. Users should not rely on this HTML document, but are referred to the electronic PDF version and/or the original MMWR paper copy for the official text, figures, and tables. An original paper copy of this issue can be obtained from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO), Washington, DC 20402-9371; telephone: (202) 512-1800. Contact GPO for current prices.

**Questions or messages regarding errors in formatting should be addressed to mmwrq@cdc.gov.

Date last reviewed: 9/7/2005

HOME  |  ABOUT MMWR  |  MMWR SEARCH  |  DOWNLOADS  |  RSSCONTACT
POLICY  |  DISCLAIMER  |  ACCESSIBILITY

Safer, Healthier People

Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
1600 Clifton Rd, MailStop E-90, Atlanta, GA 30333, U.S.A

USA.GovDHHS

Department of Health
and Human Services