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National Diabetes Awareness Month --- November 2002

November is National Diabetes Awareness Month. An estimated 17 million persons in the United States have diabetes (1). During 1990--2000, the prevalence of diagnosed diabetes and gestational diabetes increased 49% among U.S. adults (2). During November, 59 state and territorial diabetes-control programs, other partners, and CDC will highlight activities that increase awareness about diabetes in the following three areas:

Diabetes prevention: The National Diabetes Education Program, a joint initiative of CDC and the National Institutes of Health, is developing a mass-media campaign geared to health-care providers and persons at risk (

Pneumonia and influenza vaccinations: Persons with diabetes should receive pneumococcal vaccinations and annual influenza vaccinations because they are more likely than other persons to die from complications of pneumonia and influenza (3).

Diabetes and women: In 2003, CDC will publish the National Public Health Action Plan for Diabetes and Women and sponsor a national partners' conference.

Additional information about diabetes is available from CDC, telephone 877-232-3422, e-mail, and at


  1. CDC. National diabetes fact sheet: national estimates and general information on diabetes in the United States, 2000. Atlanta, Georgia: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, CDC, 2002. Available at
  2. Mokdad AH, Bowman BA, Ford ES, et al. The continuing epidemics of obesity and diabetes in the United States. JAMA 2001;286:1195--200.
  3. Valdez R, Narayan KM, Geiss LS, Engelgau MM. Impact of diabetes mellitus on mortality associated with pneumonia and influenza among non-Hispanic black and white U.S. adults. Am J Public Health 1999;89:1715--21.

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