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Abortion Surveillance -- United States, 1995

Lisa M. Koonin, M.N., M.P.H. Jack C. Smith, M.S. Merrell Ramick Lilo T. Strauss, M.A.

Division of Reproductive Health National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion

Abstract

Condition: Since 1990 (i.e., the year in which the number of abortions was highest), the annual number of abortions in the United States has decreased by 15%.

Reporting Period Covered: This report summarizes and reviews information reported to CDC regarding legal induced abortions obtained in the United States during 1995.

Description of System: For each year since 1969, CDC has compiled abortion data received from 52 reporting areas: 50 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City.

Results: In 1995, a total of 1,210,883 legal abortions were reported to CDC, representing a 4.5% decrease from the number reported for 1994. The abortion ratio was 311 legal induced abortions per 1,000 live births, and the abortion rate was 20 per 1,000 women aged 15-44 years, the lowest ratio and rate recorded since 1975. Women who were undergoing an abortion were more likely to be young, white, and unmarried; most were obtaining an abortion for the first time. Approximately half of all abortions (54%) were performed at less than or equal to 8 weeks of gestation, and approximately 88% were performed before 13 weeks. Approximately 16% of abortions were performed at the earliest weeks of gestation (less than or equal to 6 weeks), approximately 17% at 7 weeks of gestation, and approximately 21% at 8 weeks of gestation. Few abortions were provided after 15 weeks of gestation -- approximately 4% of abortions were obtained at 16-20 weeks, and 1.4% were obtained at greater than or equal to 21 weeks. Younger women (i.e., women aged less than or equal to 24 years) were more likely to obtain abortions later in pregnancy than were older women.

Interpretation: Since 1990, the number of abortions has declined each year. Since 1987, the abortion-to-live-birth ratio has declined; in 1995, it was the lowest recorded since 1975. This decrease in the abortion ratio reflects a trend that a lower proportion of pregnant women obtain induced abortion.

Actions Taken: The number and characteristics of women who obtain abortions in the United States should continue to be monitored so that trends in induced abortion can be assessed, efforts to prevent unintended pregnancy can be evaluated, and the preventable causes of morbidity and mortality associated with abortions can be identified and reduced.

INTRODUCTION

In 1969, CDC began abortion surveillance to document the number and characteristics of women obtaining legal induced abortions, to monitor unintended pregnancy, and to assist efforts to identify and reduce preventable causes of morbidity and mortality associated with abortions. This report is based on abortion data for 1995 provided to CDC's National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Reproductive Health.

METHODS

For 1995, CDC compiled data from 52 reporting areas: 50 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City. The total number of legal induced abortions was available from all reporting areas; however, not all of these areas collected information regarding the characteristics of women who obtained abortions.

The availability of information about characteristics of women who obtained an abortion in 1995 varied by state. Most states (42 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City) collected and reported abortion data by age of the woman, whereas only 21 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City collected and reported adequate abortion data by Hispanic ethnicity. In the "Results" section of this report, all of the percentage data for each characteristic represent known characteristics without redistribution of the unknowns. States were excluded from the analysis if data regarding a given characteristic were unknown for greater than 15% of women (Table_3, Table_4, Table_5, Table_6, Table_7, Table_8, Table_9, Table_10, Table_11, Table_12, Table_13).

For 48 reporting areas, data concerning the number and characteristics of women obtaining legal induced abortions were provided by the central health agency *; for the other four areas, data were provided from hospitals and other medical facilities. Because information concerning the residence of women who obtained abortions was not available from some states, the procedures were reported by the state in which they were performed. However, for two reporting areas (i.e., District of Columbia and Wisconsin) occurrence data were unavailable.

For analysis by age, women who obtained legal induced abortions were grouped by 5-year age groups. Both ratios (i.e., the number of abortions per 1,000 live births per year) and rates (the number of abortions per 1,000 women per year) are presented by age group in this report. Ratios were calculated by using the number of live births provided by each state's central health agency (except where noted), and rates were calculated by using the number of women reported in special unpublished tabulations provided by the U.S. Bureau of the Census. Because almost all (94%) abortions among women aged less than 15 years in 1988 (the most recent year for which exact age data were available) occurred among those aged 13-14 years (1), the population of women aged 13-14 years was used as the denominator for calculating abortion rates for women aged less than 15 years. Rates for women aged greater than or equal to 40 years were based on the number of women aged 40-44 years, whereas rates for all women who obtained abortions were based on the population of women aged 15-44 years.

Race was categorized by three groups (i.e., a} white, b} black, and c} all other races) or two groups (i.e., a} white and b} black and all other races). "Other" races included Asian/Pacific Islander, American Indian, Alaska Native, and women classified as "other" race.

In 1990, data regarding Hispanic ethnicity were first available on abortion reports submitted to CDC by central health agencies. As in previous reports, Hispanic ethnicity and race were evaluated separately, and rates and ratios are presented by Hispanic ethnicity and race.

Marital status was reported as either married (which included women who were married or separated) or unmarried (which usually included those who were never married, divorced, or widowed). Reporting of marital status differed somewhat by state, particularly for the data used as denominators to calculate abortion ratios by marital status; therefore, abortion ratios by marital status should be interpreted cautiously.

Most areas (38 of 40) that reported adequate data on week of gestation at the time of abortion also reported procedures obtained at less than or equal to 6, 7, and 8 weeks of gestation. Gestational age (in weeks) at the time of abortion was reported by most areas from estimates derived from the time elapsed since the woman's last menstrual period. In 18 states in 1995, gestational age was reported on the basis of the physician's estimate for each reported abortion or when information regarding the last menstrual period was missing or illogical. Physician's estimates for gestational age also could have included information from the clinical examination, as well as the time elapsed since the last menstrual period.

RESULTS

In 1995, a total of 1,210,883 legal induced abortions were reported to CDC, representing a 4.5% decrease from the number reported for 1994 (2) (Table_1). In contrast, from 1970 through 1982, the reported number of legal abortions in the United States had increased every year (Table_2; Figure_1); the largest percentage increase occurred from 1970 to 1971. From 1976 through 1982, the annual increase declined and reached a low of 0.2% during 1980-1981 and during 1981-1982. From 1983 through 1990, the number of abortions increased again, although moderately (less than or equal to 5% from year to year). However, since 1990, the annual number of abortions has decreased each year.

The national legal induced abortion ratio increased from 1970 to 1980, peaked at 364 per 1,000 live births in 1984, and began to decline steadily in 1987, from 356 per 1,000 to 311 per 1,000 in 1995 (Figure_1; Table_2). The national legal induced abortion rate increased from five abortions per 1,000 women aged 15-44 years in 1970 to 25 per 1,000 in 1980. From 1981 through 1992, the rate remained stable at 23-24 abortions per 1,000 women, then declined to 22 in 1993, to 21 in 1994, and to 20 in 1995.

In 1995, as in previous years, most legal induced abortions were performed in California, New York City, Texas, and Florida; the fewest were performed in Wyoming, Idaho, South Dakota, and North Dakota (Table_3) (2). For women whose state of residence was known, approximately 92% had obtained the abortion within the state in which they resided. The percentage of abortions obtained by out-of-state residents ranged from approximately 53% in the District of Columbia to less than 1% in Hawaii. For 1995, nine reporting areas could not provide data concerning abortions obtained by out-of-state residents.

Women aged 20-24 years obtained approximately one third (32%) of all abortions; women aged less than 15 years obtained less than 1% of all abortions (Table_4). Abortion ratios were highest for the youngest women (i.e., 667 abortions per 1,000 live births for women aged less than 15 years and 399 per 1,000 for women aged 15-19 years) and for the oldest women (387 per 1,000 live births for women aged greater than or equal to 40 years). The ratio was lowest for women aged 30-34 years (165 per 1,000 live births) (Figure_2; Table_4). Among adolescents, the abortion ratio was highest for those aged less than 15 years and lowest for those aged 19 years (Table_5).

In contrast to abortion ratios, abortion rates were highest for women aged 20-24 years (37 abortions per 1,000 women) and lowest for women at the reproductive-age extremes (i.e., two per 1,000 women aged less than 15 years and two per 1,000 women aged greater than or equal to 40 years) (Table_4).

For women in most age groups, the abortion ratio increased from 1974 through the early 1980s and declined thereafter, particularly for the youngest and oldest reproductive-aged women (Figure_3). Abortion ratios for women aged less than 15 years have been and remain higher than those for the other age groups. From 1994 to 1995, the abortion ratio decreased for women aged less than 15 and 15-19 years and was the lowest ever recorded for these age groups. The abortion ratio for women aged 20-34 years (i.e., the group with the highest fertility rate) (3) has remained stable since the mid-1980s.

During 1995, approximately 53% of reported legal induced abortions were obtained at less than or equal to 8 weeks of gestation, and approximately 86% were obtained at less than 13 weeks (Table_6). Approximately 15% of abortions were performed at the earliest weeks of gestation (less than or equal to 6 weeks), approximately 17% at 7 weeks, and approximately 21% at 8 weeks (Table_7). Few abortions were provided after 15 weeks of gestation -- approximately 4% of abortions were obtained at 16-20 weeks, and 1.4% were obtained at greater than or equal to 21 weeks (Figure_4; Table_6).

Almost all (98%) abortions were performed by curettage and less than 1% by intrauterine saline or prostaglandin instillation (Table_8). Hysterectomy and hysterotomy were used in only a few cases: less than 0.01% of abortions were performed by using these methods.

Approximately 58% of women who obtained legal induced abortions were white (Table_9). The abortion ratio for black women was 534 per 1,000 live births; this was approximately 2.5 times the ratio for white women (204 per 1,000 live births). The abortion ratio (335 per 1,000 live births) for women of other races was approximately 1.6 times the ratio for white women. In addition, the abortion rate for black women (31 per 1,000) was approximately 2.5 times the rate for white women (12 per 1,000 women).

Twenty-one states, the District of Columbia, and New York City ** reported data concerning the Hispanic ethnicity of women who obtained legal induced abortions (Table_10). The percentage of abortions obtained by Hispanic women in these reporting areas ranged from less than 1% in several states to approximately 44% in New Mexico. For Hispanic women in these reporting areas, the abortion ratio was 265 per 1,000 live births -- slightly lower than the ratio for non-Hispanics in the same areas (280 per 1,000). However, the abortion rate per 1,000 Hispanic women (20 per 1,000 women) was greater than the rate per 1,000 non-Hispanic women (15 per 1,000).

Seventy-nine percent of women who obtained abortions were unmarried (Table_11). The abortion ratio for unmarried women was approximately nine times the ratio for married women (650 versus 76 abortions per 1,000 live births).

Approximately 45% of women who obtained legal induced abortions had had no previous live births, and approximately 89% had had two or fewer previous live births (Table_12). The abortion ratio was highest for women who had had three previous live births and lowest for women who had had one previous live birth.

In 1995, of women who obtained an abortion, 54% of women obtained an abortion for the first time. Approximately 17% of women had had at least two previous abortions (Table_13).

The age distribution of women who obtained a legal abortion differed slightly by race (Table_14). However, for women of black or other races, the percentage who were aged less than 15 years, although small (1.1%), was nearly twice the percentage for white women (0.6%). The percentage of women of black or other races who were unmarried (83%) also was slightly higher than the percentage of white women (78%). Few differences were found by age and Hispanic ethnicity (Table_15). Of those women who had obtained an abortion, a slightly higher percentage of non-Hispanic women were unmarried in comparison with Hispanic women.

Most (approximately 86%) women who obtained an abortion had their procedure during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy; however, adolescents (i.e., women aged less than or equal to 19 years) were more likely than older women to obtain abortions later in pregnancy (Table_16 and Table_17). The percentage of women who obtained an abortion early in pregnancy (i.e., at less than or equal to 8 weeks of gestation) increased with age, and the percentage who obtained an abortion late in pregnancy (at greater than or equal to 16 weeks of gestation) decreased with age for women up to 25-29 years of age and remained stable for women in older age groups (Figure_5; Table_16). Black women were more likely to obtain an abortion later in pregnancy than were white women or women of other races (Table_16 and Table_17). Of all women who obtained an abortion, Hispanic women were slightly more likely than non-Hispanic women to have had an abortion at less than or equal to 8 weeks of gestation and less likely to have had an abortion late in pregnancy (greater than or equal to 21 weeks), the overall differences between Hispanic and non-Hispanic women in the timing of abortions were minimal (Table_16).

More than 99% of abortions at less than or equal to 12 weeks of gestation were performed by using curettage (primarily suction procedures) (Table_18). After 12 weeks of gestation, the most frequently used procedure also was curettage, although it usually was reported as dilatation and evacuation (D&E). Intrauterine instillations involved the use of saline or prostaglandin; these procedures were used primarily at greater than or equal to 16 weeks of gestation.

DISCUSSION

Since 1990 (i.e., the year in which the number of abortions was highest), the annual number of abortions in the United States has decreased by 15% (Table_2) (2,4). In 1995, the national abortion-to-live-birth ratio was the lowest recorded since 1975 (5). The abortion ratio had increased steadily from 1970 through 1980, decreased slightly during 1981-1983, increased to its highest level in 1984, then remained fairly stable until 1987, before beginning to decline each subsequent year (Table_2; Figure_1). The decreasing abortion ratio resulted from a lower proportion of pregnant women who had obtained an abortion in recent years. Factors that may contribute to this effect include attitudinal changes concerning abortion and/or carrying unplanned pregnancies to term and the decreased number of unintended pregnancies in recent years (6).

In addition, in 1995, the national abortion rate was the lowest recorded since 1975 (5). This decline in the abortion rate probably reflects the decreasing rate of unintended pregnancies; reduced access to abortion services; and changes in contraceptive practices, including an increased use of contraception, particularly an increased use of condoms among young women (6-9). In this report, the induced abortion rate in the United States was higher than rates reported for Australia and Western European countries and lower than rates reported for China, Cuba, Eastern European countries, and the Newly Independent States of the former Soviet Union (10). Also, a recent study from Canada for 1995 reported a legal induced abortion rate that was approximately 26% lower than the rate in the United States (15.5 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15-44 years versus 21 per 1,000, respectively) and an abortion-to-live-birth ratio approximately 12% lower than the ratio in the United States (282 per 1,000 live births versus 321 per 1,000, respectively) (11). Abortion and birth rates for teenagers are higher in the United States than in most Western European countries and some Eastern European countries (12).

As in previous years, the abortion ratio in 1995 varied substantially by age (2). Although the ratio was highest for adolescents, the percentage of legal induced abortions obtained by women aged less than or equal to 19 years has decreased since the mid-1980s (i.e., from 26% in 1984 to 22% in 1990 and to 20% in 1992) and has remained at that level (4,13). Since 1980, the abortion ratio has declined for most age groups -- particularly for those at the age extremes -- women aged less than or equal to 19 years and greater than or equal to 35 years. In 1995, the abortion ratio for adolescents (i.e., aged less than 15 and 15-19 years) was the lowest ratio CDC had ever recorded for these age groups. Other studies have indicated a decrease in teenage pregnancies from 1992 to 1995 and a decrease in teenage birth rates from 1994 to 1995 (3,14).

Several factors may have influenced this decline in the abortion ratios among adolescents. First, teenage pregnancies decreased; therefore, abortions decreased. Second, the age distribution of reproductive-aged women obtaining abortions shifted from younger women to older, less fertile women (15). Third, access to abortion services changed (7-8), and abortion laws that affect adolescents (e.g., parental consent or notification laws and mandatory waiting periods) have undergone continual change (16-18).

In 1995, as in previous years, the abortion ratio for black women was approximately twice the ratio for white women; this differential has increased since 1986. In addition, the abortion rate for black women was approximately 2.5 times the rate for white women. Race-specific differences in legal induced abortion ratios and rates may reflect differences in factors such as socioeconomic status, contraceptive use, incidence of unintended pregnancies, and access to family-planning and contraceptive services.

The abortion-to-live-birth ratio for Hispanic women during 1995 was slightly lower than that for non-Hispanic women. Other published reports indicate that pregnant Hispanic women are less likely than pregnant non-Hispanic women to obtain an abortion (19). However, the abortion rate per 1,000 Hispanic women was higher than the rate for non-Hispanic women, which is consistent with several other studies (19-20). For women in all age groups, fertility was higher for Hispanic than for non-Hispanic women (3).

In 1995, a total of 36 states, including the District of Columbia and New York City, reported Hispanic ethnicity of women who obtained abortions. Because of concerns regarding the completeness of such information (greater than 15% unknown data) regarding Hispanic ethnicity in some states, data from only 21 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City were evaluated to determine the number and percentage of abortions obtained by women of Hispanic ethnicity in 1995. These geographical areas represent approximately 38% of all reproductive-aged Hispanic women in the United States in 1995 (CDC, unpublished data). One published report of a study that used abortion data obtained from CDC also suggests that the number of Hispanics obtaining abortions may be underestimated (20). Thus, the number, ratio, and rate of abortions for Hispanic women in this report might not be representative of the overall Hispanic population in the United States (i.e., these data might reflect utilization of abortion services only in the areas included in this analysis).

Since 1980, the percentage distribution of abortions by gestational age has been stable, with slight percentage increases toward the earliest and latest gestational ages and slight percentage decreases for abortions performed at 8, 9-10, and 11-12 weeks. Since 1990, there has been an increase in the percentage of abortions performed at the early weeks of gestation (i.e., less than or equal to 6 and 7 weeks). Recently, there has been an increased interest in surveillance for abortions performed late in pregnancy (i.e., greater than or equal to 21 weeks) (21).

Since 1992, most reporting areas have reported abortions by gestational age, in weeks of gestation, for abortions performed at less than or equal to 6, 7, and 8 weeks (2). These data will assist in monitoring trends in legal abortions as new medical (nonsurgical) methods of terminating pregnancy are implemented because these new methods are used primarily to terminate pregnancies at less than or equal to 8 weeks of gestation (22-25). During 1994-1995, approximately 2,000 women in the United States aged greater than 18 years participated in clinical trials testing mifepristone, a medication used for medical (nonsurgical) abortion (26). This medication has not yet been fully approved by the Food and Drug Administration for use and distribution in the United States (Population Council, personal communication, 1998). However, other medications (e.g., methotrexate and misoprostol) are currently being used to perform early medical (nonsurgical) abortions (24-25).

In this and previous reports, age was inversely associated with timing of abortion (2,27,28). As in previous years, younger women were more likely to obtain an abortion later in gestation than were older women.

From 1972 to 1995, the percentage of abortions performed by curettage (which includes D&E) increased from 89% to 99% (Table_1), and the percentage of abortions performed by intrauterine instillation and by hysterectomy and hysterotomy declined sharply (from 10% to 0.5% and from 0.6% to less than 0.01%, respectively). From 1974 through 1995, the percentage of second-trimester abortions performed by D&E increased from 31% to 94%; the percentage of second-trimester abortions performed by intrauterine instillation decreased from 57% to 4% (29). The continued reliance on D&E probably has resulted from the lower risk for complications associated with the procedure (30,31).

The numbers, ratios, and rates of abortion from this analysis are conservative estimates because the numbers of legal abortions reported to CDC for 1995 were probably lower than the numbers actually performed. Totals provided by central health agencies may be lower than those obtained by direct surveys of abortion providers (32). For example, the total number of abortions reported to CDC for 1992 was approximately 11% lower than that reported for 1992 *** by The Alan Guttmacher Institute, a private organization that directly contacts abortion providers to obtain information concerning the total number of abortions performed (8). In addition, not all states collected and/or reported information (e.g., age, race, and gestational age) concerning women obtaining a legal induced abortion during 1995; therefore, the numbers, percentages, rates, and ratios derived from this analysis may not be representative of all women who obtained abortions in that year.

Despite these limitations, findings from ongoing national surveillance for legal induced abortion are used for several purposes. First, data from abortion surveillance are used to identify characteristics of women at high risk for unintended pregnancy. Second, ongoing annual surveillance is essential to monitor trends in the number, ratio, and rate of abortions in the United States. Third, statistics on the number of pregnancies ending in abortion are used in conjunction with birth and fetal death statistics to estimate pregnancy rates (e.g., pregnancy rates among teenagers) (1) and other outcome rates (e.g., the rate of ectopic pregnancies per 1,000 pregnancies). Fourth, abortion and pregnancy rates can be used to evaluate the effectiveness of family-planning programs and programs for preventing unintended pregnancy. Fifth, ongoing surveillance provides data for assessing changes in clinical practice patterns related to abortion (e.g., longitudinal changes in the types of procedures and trends in gestational age at the time of abortion). Finally, abortion data are used as the denominator in calculating abortion morbidity and mortality rates (2).

Induced abortions usually are linked to unintended pregnancies, which often occur despite use of contraception (20,33,34). In 1995, data from the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) indicated that approximately 31% of live births were associated with unintended pregnancy (i.e., either mistimed or unwanted at conception) (6). Unintended pregnancy is not a problem just for adolescents, unmarried women, or for poor women; it is a pervasive public health problem that spans all groups of women (6).

In a study of abortion patients conducted during 1994 and 1995, researchers found that 58% of patients reported that they "currently used" contraception during the month of their last menstrual period; however, their use of contraception may have been inconsistent or incorrect (20). Researchers conducting the most recent NSFG have estimated that in 1995, approximately 29% of U.S. women who used oral contraceptives as their only contraception and who had intercourse during the 3 months before their NSFG interview reported that they missed a birth control pill one or more times during the 3 months. In addition, approximately 33% of U.S. women who were using only coitus-dependent contraceptive methods **** during the 3 months before the interview used these methods inconsistently (6). Therefore, education regarding improved contraceptive use and practices, as well as access to and education regarding safe, effective, and low-cost contraception and family-planning services, may help reduce the incidence of unintended pregnancy and, therefore, may reduce the use of legal induced abortion in the United States (35,36).

Recently passed welfare-reform legislation -- the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 ***** -- has increased the interest in accurate state-based surveillance for induced abortion. In addition, some states have recently instituted programs that emphasize the prevention of unintended pregnancy, particularly among adolescents. To help guide these efforts, an ongoing, accurate assessment of induced abortion is needed in all states to determine the number and characteristics of women who obtain these procedures.

Additional statistical and epidemiologic information about legal induced abortions is available from CDC's automated Reproductive Health Information System. This system provides information by fax, voice recordings, or mail; telephone (888) 232-2306. Copies of MMWR reports containing statistical and epidemiologic information about abortions also can be obtained through the CDC World-Wide Web site at (http://www.cdc.gov).

References

  1. Spitz AM, Velebil P, Koonin LM, et al. Pregnancy, abortion, and birth rates among US adolescents -- 1980, 1985, and 1990. JAMA 1996;275: 989-94.

  2. Koonin LM, Smith JC, Ramick M, Strauss LT, Hopkins FW. Abortion surveillance -- United States, 1993 and 1994. In CDC surveillance summaries (August 1997). MMWR 1997;46 (No. SS-4):37-98.

  3. Ventura SJ, Martin JA, Curtin SC, Mathews TJ. Report of final natality statistics, 1995. Hyattsville, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services, CDC, National Center for Health Statistics, 1997; DHHS publication no. (PHS)97-1120. (Monthly vital statistics report; vol 45, no. 11, suppl).

  4. Koonin LM, Smith JC, Ramick M. Abortion surveillance -- United States, 1990. In CDC surveillance summaries (December 1993.) MMWR 1993;42(No. SS-6):29-57.

  5. CDC. Abortion surveillance, 1975. Atlanta: US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, CDC, 1977:5-12.

  6. Abma JC, Chandra A, Mosher WD, Peterson LS, Piccinino LJ. Fertility, family planning, and women's health: new data from the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth. Hyattsville, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, CDC, 1997; DHHS publication no. (PHS)97-1995. (Vital and health statistics; series 23, no. 19).

  7. Henshaw SK. Factors hindering access to abortion services. Fam Plann Perspect 1995;27:54-9.

  8. Henshaw SK, Van Vort J. Abortion services in the United States, 1991 and 1992. Fam Plann Perspect 1994;26:100-6.

  9. Piccinino LJ, Mosher WD. Trends in contraceptive use in the United States: 1982-1995. Fam Plann Perspect 1998;30:4-10, 46.

  10. Henshaw SK. Induced abortions: a world review, 1990. Fam Plann Perspect 1990;22:76-89.

  11. Statistics Canada. Therapeutic abortions, 1995. Ottawa: Minister of Industry, 1997; cat. no. 82-219-XPB.

  12. McElroy SW, Moore KA. Trends over time in teenage pregnancy and childbearing: the critical changes. In Maynard RA, ed. Kids having kids. Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press, 1997:23-53.

  13. Lawson HW, Atrash HK, Saftlas AF, Koonin LM, Ramick M, Smith JC. Abortion surveillance, United States, 1984-1985. In CDC surveillance summaries (September 1989). MMWR 1989;38(No. SS-2):11-45.

  14. CDC. State-specific pregnancy rates among adolescents -- United States, 1992-1995. MMWR 1998;47 (in press).

  15. CDC. Abortion surveillance: preliminary analysis -- United States, 1995. MMWR 1997;46: 1133-7.

  16. Benshoof J. Beyond Roe, after Casey: the present and future of a "fundamental" right. Women's Health Issues 1993;3:162-70.

  17. Donovan P. Our daughters' decisions. New York: The Alan Guttmacher Institute, 1992.

  18. Ellertson C. Mandatory parental involvement in minors' abortions: effects of the laws in Minnesota, Missouri, and Indiana. Am J Public Health 1997;87:1367-74.

  19. Henshaw SK, Silverman J. The characteristics and prior contraceptive use of U.S. abortion patients. Fam Plann Perspect 1988;20:158-68.

  20. Henshaw SK, Kost K. Abortion patients in 1994-1995: characteristics and contraceptive use. Fam Plann Perspect 1996;28:140-158.

  21. Alan Guttmacher Institute. Late-term abortions: legal considerations. New York and Washington, DC: Alan Guttmacher Institute, 1997:1-4.

  22. Peyron R, Aubeny E, Targosz V, et al. Termination of pregnancy with mifepristone (RU 486) and the orally active prostaglandin misoprostol. N Engl J Med 1993;328:1509-13.

  23. Winikoff B. Acceptability of medical abortion in early pregnancy. Fam Plann Perspect 1995;27:142-8, 185.

  24. Hausknecht RU. Methotrexate and misoprostol to terminate early pregnancy. N Engl J Med 1995;333:537-40.

  25. Creinin MD, Vittinghoff E, Keder L, Darney PD, Tiller G. Methotrexate and misoprostol for early abortion: a multicenter trial. I. Safety and efficacy. Contraception 1996;53:321-7.

  26. Population Council. U.S. mifepristone clinical trials: summary of findings. New York: Population Council, 1997.

  27. Fielding WL, Sachtleben MR, Friedman LM, Friedman EA. Comparison of women seeking early and late abortion. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1978;131:304-10.

  28. Tietze C, Henshaw SK. Induced abortion: a world review. 6th ed. New York: The Alan Guttmacher Institute, 1986:29-52.

  29. CDC. Abortion surveillance, 1974. Atlanta: US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, CDC, 1976:1-49.

  30. Cates W Jr, Schulz KF, Grimes DA, et al. Dilatation and evacuation procedures and second-trimester abortion: the role of physician skill and hospital setting. JAMA 1982;248:559-63.

  31. Grimes DA. Second-trimester abortions in the United States. Fam Plann Perspect 1984;16: 260-6.

  32. Atrash HK, Lawson HW, Smith JC. Legal abortion in the US: trends and mortality. Contemp Ob Gyn 1990;35:58-69.

  33. Jones EF, Forrest JD. Contraceptive failure rates based on the 1988 NSFG. Fam Plann Perspect 1992;24:12-9.

  34. Torres A, Forrest JD. Why do women have abortions? Fam Plann Perspect 1988;20:169-76.

  35. Westoff CF. Contraceptive paths toward the reduction of unintended pregnancy and abortion. Fam Plann Perspect 1988;20:4-13.

  36. Forrest JD. Epidemiology of unintended pregnancy and contraceptive use. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1994;170(suppl):1485-8.

* Includes state health departments and the health departments of New York City and the District of Columbia.

** After excluding states for which data was unknown for less than 15% of women who obtained an abortion.

*** The most recent year for which The Alan Guttmacher Institute reported data.

**** Coitus-dependent contraceptive methods include male or female condoms, diaphragm, sponge, cream, jelly, or other methods that must be used at the time intercourse occurs.

***** Section 103 of P.L. 104-193 provides for additional welfare funding for as many as five states if a) the birth rate of infants to unwed mothers is decreased and b) the rate of induced pregnancy terminations is less than the rate for 1995 (the baseline year).



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Table_1
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TABLE 1. Characteristics of women who obtained legal abortions -- United States, selected years, 1972-1995
========================================================================================================================================================================
Characteristic                     1972       1973      1976       1980         1985        1990        1991        1992         1993         1994            1995
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Reported no. of legal abortions  586,760    615,831   988,267   1,297,606    1,328,570   1,429,577   1,388,937   1,359,145    1,330,414     1,267,415      1,210,883
                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Residence
 In-state                          56.2       74.8      90.0       92.6         92.4        91.8        91.6        92.0         91.4         91.5            91.7
 Out-of-state                      43.8       25.2      10.0        7.4          7.6         8.2         8.4         8.0          8.6          8.5             8.3
Age (yrs)
  <=19                             32.6       32.7      32.1       29.2         26.3        22.4        21.0        20.1         20.0         20.2            20.1
 20-24                             32.5       32.0      33.3       35.5         34.7        33.2        34.4        34.5         34.4         33.5            32.5
  >=25                             34.9       35.3      34.6       35.3         39.0        44.4        44.6        45.4         45.6         46.3            47.4
Race
 White                             77.0       72.5      66.6       69.9         66.7        64.8        63.8        61.5         60.9         60.5            59.5
 Black                             23.0+      27.5+     33.4+      30.1+        29.8        31.8        32.5        33.9         34.9         34.7            35.0
 Other&                             --         --        --         --           3.5         3.4         3.7         4.6          4.2          4.8             5.5
Hispanic origin
 Hispanic                           --         --        --         --           --          9.8        13.5        15.2         14.7         14.5            15.4
 Non-Hispanic                       --         --        --         --           --         90.2        86.5        84.8         85.3         85.5            84.6
Marital status
 Married                           29.7       27.4      24.6       23.1         19.3        21.7        21.4        20.8         20.4         19.9            20.3
 Unmarried                         70.3       72.6      75.4       76.9         80.7        78.3        78.6        79.2         79.6         80.1            79.7
No. of live births @
   0                               49.4       48.6      47.7       58.4         56.3        49.2        47.8        45.9         46.3         46.2            45.2
   1                               18.2       18.8      20.7       19.4         21.6        24.4        25.3        25.9         26.0         25.9            26.5
   2                               13.3       14.2      15.4       13.7         14.5        16.9        17.5        18.0         17.8         17.8            18.0
   3                                8.7        8.7       8.3        5.3          5.1         6.1         6.4         6.7          6.6          6.7             6.8
 >=4                               10.4        9.7       7.9        3.2          2.5         3.4         3.0         3.5          3.3          3.4             3.5
Type of procedure
 Curettage                         88.6       88.4      92.8       95.5         97.5        98.8        98.9        98.9         99.0         99.1            98.9
   Suction curettage               65.2       74.9      82.6       89.8         94.6        96.0        97.3        97.0         96.4         96.5            96.6
   Sharp curettage                 23.4       13.5      10.2        5.7          2.9         2.8         1.6         1.9          2.6          2.6             2.3
 Intrauterine instillation         10.4       10.4       6.0        3.1          1.7         0.8         0.7         0.7          0.6          0.5             0.5
 Other**                            1.0        1.2       1.2        1.4          0.8         0.4         0.4         0.4          0.4          0.4             0.6
Weeks of gestation
    <=8                            34.0       36.1      47.0       51.7         50.3        51.6        52.3        52.1         52.3         53.7            54.0
    <=6                             --         --        --         --           --          --          --         14.3++       14.7&&       15.7@@          15.7***
      7                             --         --        --         --           --          --          --         15.6++       16.2&&       16.5@@          17.1***
      8                             --         --        --         --           --          --          --         22.2++       21.6&&       21.6@@          21.2***
   9-10                            30.7       29.4      28.1       26.2         26.6        25.3        25.1        24.2         24.4         23.5            23.1
  11-12                            17.5       17.9      14.4       12.2         12.5        11.7        11.5        12.0         11.6         10.9            10.9
  13-15                             8.4        6.9       4.5        5.1          5.9         6.4         6.1         6.0          6.3          6.3             6.3
  16-20                             8.2        8.0       5.1        3.9          3.9         4.0         3.9         4.2          4.1          4.3             4.3
   >=21                             1.2        1.7       0.9        0.9          0.8         1.0         1.1         1.5          1.3          1.3             1.4
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*   Based on known values in data from all areas reporting a given characteristic with no more than 15% unknowns. The number of areas reporting a
    given characteristic varied. For 1995, the number of areas included for residence was 43; age, 44; race, 36; ethnicity, 23; marital status, 33; number
    of live births, 37; type of procedure, 40; and weeks of gestation, 40.
+   Reported as black and other races.
&   Includes all other races.
@   For 1972- 1976, data indicate number of living children.
**  Includes hysterotomy and hysterectomy.
++  Data are for 36 of 39 areas reporting weeks of gestation.
&&  Data are for 38 of 41 areas reporting weeks of gestation.
@@  Data are for 38 of 40 areas reporting weeks of gestation.
*** Data are for 38 of 40 areas reporting weeks of gestation.
--Not available.
========================================================================================================================================================================

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Table_2
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TABLE 2. Number, ratio,* and rate+ of legal abortions and source of reporting, by year
-- United States, 1970-1995
=======================================================================================
                                             No. of areas
                                               reporting
       Total no. of legal                   Central health       Hospitals/
Year        abortions       Ratio   Rate        agency&          Facilities@
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1970          193,491         52      5           18                  7
1971          485,816        137     11           19                  7
1972          586,760        180     13           21                  8
1973          615,831        196     14           26                 26
1974          763,476        242     17           37                 15
1975          854,853        272     18           39                 13
1976          988,267        312     21           41                 11
1977        1,079,430        325     22           46                  6
1978        1,157,776        347     23           48                  4
1979        1,251,921        358     24           47                  5
1980        1,297,606        359     25           47                  5
1981        1,300,760        358     24           46                  6
1982        1,303,980        354     24           46                  6
1983        1,268,987        349     23           46                  6
1984        1,333,521        364     24           44                  8
1985        1,328,570        354     24           44                  8
1986        1,328,112        354     23           43                  9
1987        1,353,671        356     24           45                  7
1988        1,371,285        352     24           45                  7
1989        1,396,658        346     24           45                  7
1990        1,429,577        345     24           46                  6
1991        1,388,937        339     24           47                  5
1992        1,359,145        335     23           47                  5
1993        1,330,414        334     22           47                  5
1994        1,267,415        321     21           47                  5
1995        1,210,883        311     20           48                  4
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Number of abortions per 1,000 live births.
+ Number of abortions per 1,000 women aged 15-44 years.
& Abortion data reported by central health agencies, which include state health
  departments and the health departments of New York City and the District of Columbia.
@ Abortion data reported by hospitals and/or other medical facilities in state.
=======================================================================================

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Table_3
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TABLE 3. Reported number,* ratio,+ and rate& of legal abortions and
percentage of abortions obtained by out-of-state residents, @ by
state of occurrence -- United States, 1995
==============================================================================
State                                                      Percentage of
                                                          legal abortions
                                                          obtained by out-
                         Total no. of                         of-state
State                 legal abortions   Ratio     Rate       residents
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama                        14,221    236       15           12.3
Alaska                          1,897    187       14            --
Arizona                        11,933    165       13            1.8
Arkansas                        5,757    164        9            8.6
California                  289,987**    526       40            --
Colorado                        9,384    173       14            8.9
Connecticut                    11,325    255++     16            3.7
Delaware                        4,295    419       26            --
Dist. of Columbia              14,131    --&&      --@@         53.3
Florida                        74,749    396       26            --
Georgia                        35,178    313       20            9.5
Hawaii                          5,533    298       21            0.4
Idaho                             970     54        4            6.8
Illinois                       54,092    291++     20            --
Indiana                        12,382    149        9            3.8
Iowa                         5,899***    160       10            --
Kansas                         10,767    290       19           42.5
Kentucky                        7,438    143        8           22.3
Louisiana                      11,491    175       11            --
Maine                           2,819    203       10            3.0
Maryland                       16,204    224++     14            8.8
Massachusetts                  29,097    357       21            5.6
Michigan                       31,091    232       14            4.3
Minnesota                      14,017    222       13            9.1
Mississippi                     3,563    86         6            3.5
Missouri                       11,203    154        9           11.3
Montana                         2,674    242       14           16.8
Nebraska                        4,838    208       13           20.5
Nevada                          6,942    279       21           11.0
New Hampshire                2,771***    189++     10            --
New Jersey                     32,947    287       19            2.0
New Mexico                      4,811    179       13            4.9
New York                      139,686    525       34            --
  City                      95,205+++    785       --            4.8&&&
  State                        44,481    307       --            5.1&&&
North Carolina                 33,420    329       20           11.6
North Dakota                    1,334    157       10           30.4
Ohio                           36,950    240       15            7.8
Oklahoma                     7,985***    175++     11            --
Oregon                         14,079    330       20           11.4
Pennsylvania                   39,050    259       15            4.8
Rhode Island                    5,707    447++     26           20.1
South Carolina                  9,984    196       12            6.9
South Dakota                    1,070    102        7           19.2
Tennessee                      18,023    246       15           17.9
Texas                          87,308    271       20            4.6
Utah                            3,705     94        8           11.4
Vermont                         2,169    320       16           22.9
Virginia                       25,302    277       15            5.7
Washington                     25,075    325       20            5.0
West Virginia                   2,666    126        7           13.1
Wisconsin                      12,782    189       11            5.1
Wyoming                           182     29        2            7.7
Total                       1,210,883    311       20            8.3
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*   Abortion data reported by central health agencies unless otherwise
    specified.
+   Abortions per 1,000 live births (live-birth data reported by central health
    agencies unless otherwise specified).
&   Abortions per 1,000 women aged 15-44 years. The number of women in this age
    group was obtained from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the
    Census (special unpublished tabulations).
@   Based on number of abortions for which residence of women was known.
**  CDC estimate.
++  Number of live births obtained from CDC's National Center for Health
    Statistics ( 3 ).
&&  1,000 abortions per 1,000 live births. @@ 100 abortions per 1,000 women
    aged 15-44 years.
*** Reported by hospitals and/or other medical facilities in state.
+++ Reported by the New York City Department of Health.
&&& Percentage based on number reported as "out-of-reporting area."

--Not available.
==============================================================================

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Table_4
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TABLE 4. Reported legal abortions, by age of women who obtained an abortion and state of occurrence -- selected states,* United States, 1995
=======================================================================================================================================================================================================
                                                                                       Age group
                                                                                          (yrs)
                                   --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      <15             15-19             20-24             25-29              30-34              35-39                >=40               Unknown          Total +
                                   ------------    -------------    ---------------   ----------------     -------------       -----------      --------------     ----------------   -----------------
State                               No.    %          No.    %          No.    %          No.     %          No.    %           No.    %            No.   %           No.      %        No.       %
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama                             190   1.3       3,046  21.4       5,158   36.3      2,803   19.7       1,726   12.1         986   6.9           287  2.0           25    0.2     14,221   100.0
Arizona                              83   0.7       2,245  18.8       3,736   31.3      2,602   21.8       1,629   13.7         912   7.6           262  2.2          464    3.9     11,933   100.0
Arkansas                             72   1.3       1,339  23.3       2,018   35.1      1,069   18.6         727   12.6         389   6.8           104  1.8           39    0.7      5,757   100.0
Colorado                             57   0.6       2,107  22.5       2,930   31.2      1,899   20.2       1,299   13.8         806   8.6           243  2.6           43    0.5      9,384   100.0
Connecticut                          83   0.7       2,443  21.6       3,538   31.2      2,526   22.3       1,540   13.6         825   7.3           257  2.3          113    1.0     11,325   100.0
Dist. of Columbia &                  46   0.7       1,170  18.2       2,245   35.0      1,512   23.5         881   13.7         376   5.9           106  1.7           86    1.3      6,422   100.0
Georgia                             439   1.2       6,717  19.1      11,553   32.8      7,981   22.7       4,945   14.1       2,597   7.4           725  2.1          221    0.6     35,178   100.0
Hawaii                               56   1.0       1,154  20.9       1,691   30.6      1,175   21.2         817   14.8         469   8.5           168  3.0            3    0.1      5,533   100.0
Idaho                                 8   0.8         244  25.2         278   28.7        173   17.8         142   14.6         105  10.8            20  2.1            0    0.0        970   100.0
Indiana                             113   0.9       2,558  20.7       4,412   35.6      2,561   20.7       1,557   12.6         898   7.3           249  2.0           34    0.3     12,382   100.0
Kansas                              161   1.5       2,581  24.0       3,411   31.7      2,102   19.5       1,381   12.8         839   7.8           268  2.5           24    0.2     10,767   100.0
Kentucky                             84   1.1       1,765  23.7       2,599   34.9      1,426   19.2         859   11.5         494   6.6           165  2.2           46    0.6      7,438   100.0
Louisiana                           141   1.2       2,333  20.3       3,895   33.9      2,428   21.1       1,468   12.8         936   8.1           237  2.1           53    0.5     11,491   100.0
Maine                                19   0.7         661  23.4         888   31.5        564   20.0         352   12.5         240   8.5            66  2.3           29    1.0      2,819   100.0
Maryland                            164   1.0       3,236  20.0       5,093   31.4      3,779   23.3       2,454   15.1       1,158   7.1           320  2.0            0    0.0     16,204   100.0
Massachusetts                       142   0.5       4,382  15.1       8,571   29.5      6,445   22.2       4,440   15.3       2,584   8.9           854  2.9        1,679    5.8     29,097   100.0
Michigan                            241   0.8       6,397  20.6      10,383   33.4      6,734   21.7       4,134   13.3       2,459   7.9           679  2.2           64    0.2     31,091   100.0
Minnesota                            76   0.5       2,478  17.7       4,474   31.9      3,229   23.0       2,041   14.6       1,229   8.8           366  2.6          124    0.9     14,017   100.0
Mississippi                          62   1.7         756  21.2       1,285   36.1        757   21.2         409   11.5         225   6.3            66  1.9            3    0.1      3,563   100.0
Missouri                            128   1.1       2,168  19.4       3,657   32.6      2,350   21.0       1,625   14.5         963   8.6           299  2.7           13    0.1     11,203   100.0
Montana                              20   0.7         663  24.8         817   30.6        478   17.9         348   13.0         270  10.1            77  2.9            1    0.0      2,674   100.0
Nebraska                             30   0.6       1,040  21.5       1,652   34.1      1,001   20.7         622   12.9         367   7.6           115  2.4           11    0.2      4,838   100.0
Nevada                               42   0.6       1,168  16.8       1,932   27.8      1,671   24.1       1,187   17.1         663   9.6           191  2.8           88    1.3      6,942   100.0
New Jersey                          191   0.6       5,534  16.8      10,661   32.4      8,008   24.3       4,833   14.7       2,739   8.3           854  2.6          127    0.4     32,947   100.0
New Mexico                           46   1.0       1,046  21.7       1,510   31.4        977   20.3         666   13.8         404   8.4           140  2.9           22    0.5      4,811   100.0
New York                            983   0.7      25,810  18.5      41,892   30.0     33,163   23.7      21,940   15.7      11,862   8.5         3,486  2.5          550    0.4    139,686   100.0
  City                              669   0.7      16,481  17.3      27,678   29.1     23,571   24.8      15,699   16.5       8,351   8.8         2,432  2.6          324    0.3     95,205   100.0
  State                             314   0.7       9,329  21.0      14,214   32.0      9,592   21.6       6,241   14.0       3,511   7.9         1,054  2.4          226    0.5     44,481   100.0
North Carolina                      348   1.0       7,241  21.7      11,511   34.4      6,916   20.7       3,910   11.7       2,227   6.7           648  1.9          619    1.9     33,420   100.0
North Dakota                          5   0.4         339  25.4         469   35.2        230   17.2         147   11.0         110   8.2            32  2.4            2    0.1      1,334   100.0
Ohio                                195   0.5       6,604  17.9      12,742   34.5      8,514   23.0       4,880   13.2       2,906   7.9           945  2.6          164    0.4     36,950   100.0
Oregon                              100   0.7       3,000  21.3       4,332   30.8      3,134   22.3       1,964   13.9       1,139   8.1           383  2.7           27    0.2     14,079   100.0
Pennsylvania                        375   1.0       7,297  18.7      12,797   32.8      8,778   22.5       5,500   14.1       3,355   8.6           948  2.4            0    0.0     39,050   100.0
Rhode Island                         33   0.6       1,075  18.8       1,880   32.9      1,250   21.9         829   14.5         503   8.8           136  2.4            1    0.0      5,707   100.0
South Carolina                      101   1.0       2,119  21.2       3,406   34.1      2,182   21.9       1,278   12.8         698   7.0           199  2.0            1    0.0      9,984   100.0
South Dakota                          7   0.7         291  27.2         308   28.8        201   18.8         129   12.1          91   8.5            43  4.0            0    0.0      1,070   100.0
Tennessee                           193   1.1       3,662  20.3       6,337   35.2      3,827   21.2       2,321   12.9       1,303   7.2           372  2.1            8    0.0     18,023   100.0
Texas                               406   0.5      15,622  17.9      29,085   33.3     20,361   23.3      12,301   14.1       7,031   8.1         2,267  2.6          235    0.3     87,308   100.0
Utah                                 15   0.4         691  18.7       1,176   31.7        872   23.5         530   14.3         312   8.4            97  2.6           12    0.3      3,705   100.0
Vermont                              20   0.9         509  23.5         675   31.1        426   19.6         281   13.0         193   8.9            64  3.0            1    0.0      2,169   100.0
Virginia                            185   0.7       4,835  19.1       7,947   31.4      5,685   22.5       3,818   15.1       2,094   8.3           640  2.5           98    0.4     25,302   100.0
Washington                          174   0.7       5,001  19.9       7,656   30.5      5,574   22.2       3,798   15.1       2,108   8.4           742  3.0           22    0.1     25,075   100.0
West Virginia                        26   1.0         649  24.3         935   35.1        512   19.2         334   12.5         155   5.8            55  2.1            0    0.0      2,666   100.0
Wisconsin&                           89   0.7       2,271  18.7       4,060   33.5      2,733   22.5       1,652   13.6       1,015   8.4           312  2.6            0    0.0     12,132   100.0
Wyoming                               0   0.0          37  20.3          58   31.9         36   19.8          21   11.5          17   9.3            11  6.0            2    1.1        182   100.0
Total                             5,949   0.8     146,284  19.2     245,653   32.3    170,644   22.4     107,715   14.2      61,052   8.0        18,498  2.4        5,054    0.7    760,849   100.0
Ratio@                              667               399               349               221                165                224                 387                                 267
Rate**                                2                22                37                24                 13                  7                   2                                  16
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*  Data from 42 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City.
+  Percentages may not add to 100. 0 because of rounding.
&  Includes residents only.
@  Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women in a given age group per 1,000 live births to women in the same age group for these
   states. For each state, data for women of unknown age were distributed according to the known age distribution for that state.
** Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women in a given age group per 1, 000 women of the same age group for these states. For
   each state, data for women of unknown age were distributed according to the known age distribution for that state.
=======================================================================================================================================================================================================

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Table_5
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TABLE 5. Reported legal abortions obtained by adolescents, by known age and state of occurrence -- selected states,* United States, 1995
==================================================================================================================================================
                                                                    Age (yrs)
                         -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            <=15              15                16              17               18               19             Total +
                         ---------       ----------        -----------    --------------    -------------    -----------      ----------------
State                     No.    %        No.    %          No.    %        No.     %        No.    %         No.    %          No.        %
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama                   190   5.9       284   8.8         422  13.0       489   15.1       883   27.3       968  29.9       3,236    100.0
Arizona                    83   3.6       154   6.6         301  12.9       435   18.7       651   28.0       704  30.2       2,328    100.0
Arkansas                   72   5.1       111   7.9         196  13.9       231   16.4       424   30.0       377  26.7       1,411    100.0
Colorado                   57   2.6       154   7.1         363  16.8       485   22.4       552   25.5       553  25.6       2,164    100.0
Connecticut                83   3.3       196   7.8         351  13.9       538   21.3       635   25.1       723  28.6       2,526    100.0
Georgia                   439   6.1       678   9.5         960  13.4     1,216   17.0     1,870   26.1     1,993  27.9       7,156    100.0
Hawaii                     56   4.6        83   6.9         151  12.5       253   20.9       296   24.5       371  30.7       1,210    100.0
Idaho                       8   3.2        19   7.5          30  11.9        39   15.5        81   32.1        75  29.8         252    100.0
Indiana                   113   4.2       222   8.3         333  12.5       393   14.7       780   29.2       830  31.1       2,671    100.0
Kansas                    161   5.9       245   8.9         355  12.9       544   19.8       735   26.8       702  25.6       2,742    100.0
Kentucky                   84   4.5       164   8.9         243  13.1       303   16.4       514   27.8       541  29.3       1,849    100.0
Louisiana                 141   5.7       216   8.7         321  13.0       366   14.8       690   27.9       740  29.9       2,474    100.0
Maine                      19   2.8        51   7.5          99  14.6       142   20.9       163   24.0       206  30.3         680    100.0
Maryland                  164   4.8       283   8.3         428  12.6       646   19.0       910   26.8       969  28.5       3,400    100.0
Massachusetts             142   3.1       299   6.6         489  10.8       780   17.2     1,301   28.8     1,513  33.4       4,524    100.0
Michigan                  241   3.6       501   7.5         877  13.2     1,179   17.8     1,884   28.4     1,956  29.5       6,638    100.0
Minnesota                  76   3.0       178   7.0         299  11.7       458   17.9       718   28.1       825  32.3       2,554    100.0
Mississippi                62   7.6        66   8.1         110  13.4       121   14.8       199   24.3       260  31.8         818    100.0
Missouri                  128   5.6       210   9.1         263  11.5       329   14.3       693   30.2       673  29.3       2,296    100.0
Montana                    20   2.9        47   6.9          98  14.3       146   21.4       162   23.7       210  30.7         683    100.0
Nebraska                   30   2.8        70   6.5         140  13.1       187   17.5       301   28.1       342  32.0       1,070    100.0
Nevada                     42   3.5        90   7.4         177  14.6       267   22.1       316   26.1       318  26.3       1,210    100.0
New Jersey                191   3.3       393   6.9         711  12.4     1,079   18.8     1,592   27.8     1,759  30.7       5,725    100.0
New Mexico                 46   4.2        72   6.6         133  12.2       210   19.2       316   28.9       315  28.8       1,092    100.0
New York                  983   3.7     1,881   7.0       3,600  13.4     5,310   19.8     7,107   26.5     7,912  29.5      26,793    100.0
  City                    669   3.9     1,264   7.4       2,332  13.6     3,403   19.8     4,459   26.0     5,023  29.3      17,150    100.0
  State                   314   3.3       617   6.4       1,268  13.1     1,907   19.8     2,648   27.5     2,889  30.0       9,643    100.0
North Carolina            348   4.6       581   7.7       1,034  13.6     1,501   19.8     1,918   25.3     2,207  29.1       7,589    100.0
North Dakota                5   1.5        18   5.2          41  11.9        61   17.7       106   30.8       113  32.8         344    100.0
Ohio                      195   2.9       481   7.1         866  12.7     1,235   18.2     1,777   26.1     2,245  33.0       6,799    100.0
Oregon                    100   3.2       234   7.5         422  13.6       619   20.0       857   27.6       868  28.0       3,100    100.0
Pennsylvania              375   4.9       609   7.9         909  11.8     1,136   14.8     2,256   29.4     2,387  31.1       7,672    100.0
Rhode Island               33   3.0        72   6.5         107   9.7       170   15.3       343   31.0       383  34.6       1,108    100.0
South Carolina            101   4.5       169   7.6         261  11.8       457   20.6       628   28.3       604  27.2       2,220    100.0
South Dakota                7   2.3        21   7.0          41  13.8        68   22.8        90   30.2        71  23.8         298    100.0
Tennessee                 193   5.0       326   8.5         465  12.1       541   14.0     1,129   29.3     1,201  31.2       3,855    100.0
Texas                     406   2.5       958   6.0       1,891  11.8     3,071   19.2     4,331   27.0     5,371  33.5      16,028    100.0
Utah                       15   2.1        47   6.7          83  11.8       102   14.4       202   28.6       257  36.4         706    100.0
Vermont                    20   3.8        31   5.9          91  17.2       120   22.7       119   22.5       148  28.0         529    100.0
Virginia                  185   3.7       351   7.0         647  12.9       955   19.0     1,441   28.7     1,441  28.7       5,020    100.0
Washington                174   3.4       401   7.7         765  14.8     1,075   20.8     1,333   25.8     1,427  27.6       5,175    100.0
West Virginia              26   3.9        47   7.0          95  14.1       132   19.6       177   26.2       198  29.3         675    100.0
Wisconsin&                 89   3.8       169   7.2         334  14.2       399   16.9       629   26.7       740  31.4       2,360    100.0
Wyoming                     0   0.0         4   10.8          6  16.2         6   16.2        12   32.4         9  24.3          37    100.0
Total                   5,903   3.9    11,186   7.4      19,508  12.9    27,794   18.4    41,121   27.2    45,505  30.1     151,017    100.0
Ratio@                    667             500               433             382              405              369               404
Rate**                      2               8                15              21               31               34                16
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*  Data from 42 states and New York City.
+  Percentages may not add to 100. 0 because of rounding.
&  Includes residents only.
@  Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women of a given age per 1, 000 live births to women of the same age for these states.
   For each state, data for women of unknown age were distributed according to the known age distribution for that state.
** Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women of a given age per 1, 000 women of the same age for these states. For each state,
   data for women of unknown age were distributed according to the known age distribution for that state.
==================================================================================================================================================

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Table_6
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TABLE 6. Reported legal abortions, by weeks of gestation* and state of occurrence -- selected states,+ United States, 1995
================================================================================================================================================================================
                                                                                           Weeks of
                                                                                           gestation
                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                <=8              9-10             11-12             13-15             16-20                >=21               Unknown              Total &
                         --------------    -------------     --------------     ---------------    ------------        -------------       ----------------- -------------------
State                       No.       %       No.      %        No.      %        No.       %       No.      %          No.      %            No.       %        No.       %
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama                   7,249    51.0     3,345   23.5      1,507   10.6      1,346     9.5       563    4.0           86    0.6            125     0.9     14,221   100.0
Arizona@                  6,255    52.4     2,799   23.5      1,202   10.1        917     7.7       475    4.0           78    0.7            207     1.7     11,933   100.0
Arkansas                  2,969    51.6     1,283   22.3        549    9.5        422     7.3       268    4.7           15    0.3            251     4.4      5,757   100.0
Colorado                  2,732    29.1     3,595   38.3      1,639   17.5        845     9.0       421    4.5          118    1.3             34     0.4      9,384   100.0
Connecticut@            6,034**    53.3   2,577**   22.8    1,215**   10.7        780     6.9       252    2.2            5    0.0            462     4.1     11,325   100.0
Georgia@                 16,141    45.9     8,856   25.2      4,424   12.6      2,350     6.7     2,043    5.8        1,230    3.5            134     0.4     35,178   100.0
Hawaii@                   2,736    49.4     1,384   25.0        609   11.0        286     5.2       303    5.5           82    1.5            133     2.4      5,533   100.0
Idaho                       487    50.2       322   33.2        111   11.4         33     3.4        12    1.2            5    0.5              0     0.0        970   100.0
Indiana                   8,128    65.6     2,545   20.6      1,085    8.8        260     2.1       137    1.1            2    0.0            225     1.8     12,382   100.0
Kansas@                   5,814    54.0     1,630   15.1      1,022    9.5        636     5.9       600    5.6        1,010    9.4             55     0.5     10,767   100.0
Kentucky                  3,539    47.6     1,575   21.2        896   12.0        516     6.9       463    6.2          167    2.2            282     3.8      7,438   100.0
Louisiana                 4,633    40.3     3,342   29.1      1,418   12.3      1,055     9.2       662    5.8          297    2.6             84     0.7     11,491   100.0
Maine@                    1,284    45.5       916   32.5        373   13.2         76     2.7        21    0.7            6    0.2            143     5.1      2,819   100.0
Maryland@                 8,958    55.3     4,110   25.4      1,913   11.8        865     5.3       354    2.2            4    0.0              0     0.0     16,204   100.0
Michigan                 18,992    61.1     5,470   17.6      2,718    8.7      2,107     6.8     1,448    4.7          346    1.1             10     0.0     31,091   100.0
Minnesota@                8,381    59.8     2,371   16.9      1,406   10.0        785     5.6       644    4.6           86    0.6            344     2.5     14,017   100.0
Mississippi               1,344    37.7     1,180   33.1        623   17.5        329     9.2        23    0.6           16    0.4             48     1.3      3,563   100.0
Missouri++                4,960    44.3     3,360   30.0      1,709   15.3        737     6.6       374    3.3           63    0.6              0     0.0     11,203   100.0
Montana@                  1,688    63.1       463   17.3        251    9.4        108     4.0       100    3.7           50    1.9             14     0.5      2,674   100.0
Nevada                    4,122    59.4     1,276   18.4        823   11.9        341     4.9       285    4.1            1    0.0             94     1.4      6,942   100.0
New Jersey               17,129    52.0     6,269   19.0      2,140    6.5      3,334    10.1     3,100    9.4          672    2.0            303     0.9     32,947   100.0
New Mexico                2,546    52.9       707   14.7        367    7.6        300     6.2       266    5.5           25    0.5            600    12.5      4,811   100.0
New York                 73,277    52.5    29,367   21.0     13,323    9.5      7,272     5.2     6,672    4.8        2,550    1.8          7,225     5.2    139,686   100.0
  City                   52,215    54.8    19,415   20.4      9,006    9.5      5,254     5.5     5,694    6.0        2,290    2.4          1,331     1.4     95,205   100.0
  State                  21,062    47.4     9,952   22.4      4,317    9.7      2,018     4.5       978    2.2          260    0.6          5,894    13.3     44,481   100.0
North Carolina           16,022    47.9     6,548   19.6      3,564   10.7      2,256     6.8       975    2.9           77    0.2          3,978    11.9     33,420   100.0
North Dakota@               737    55.2       298   22.3        155   11.6        125     9.4        15    1.1            2    0.1              2     0.1      1,334   100.0
Oregon@                   8,204    58.3     2,941   20.9      1,255    8.9        757     5.4       605    4.3          258    1.8             59     0.4     14,079   100.0
Pennsylvania             19,289    49.4    10,191   26.1      4,862   12.5      2,615     6.7     1,759    4.5          332    0.9              2     0.0     39,050   100.0
Rhode Island              3,200    56.1     1,428   25.0        545    9.5        352     6.2       162    2.8           12    0.2              8     0.1      5,707   100.0
South Carolina            5,952    59.6     2,675   26.8      1,174   11.8         81     0.8        47    0.5           26    0.3             29     0.3      9,984   100.0
South Dakota                612    57.2       278   26.0        176   16.4          1     0.1         3    0.3            0    0.0              0     0.0      1,070   100.0
Tennessee@                9,502    52.7     4,758   26.4      2,810   15.6        803     4.5        60    0.3           28    0.2             62     0.3     18,023   100.0
Texas@                   49,135    56.3    18,135   20.8      8,941   10.2      5,737     6.6     3,648    4.2        1,299    1.5            413     0.5     87,308   100.0
Utah                      2,381    64.3       767   20.7        241    6.5        153     4.1       150    4.0            0    0.0             13     0.4      3,705   100.0
Vermont                   1,272    58.6       593   27.3        217   10.0         81     3.7         3    0.1            3    0.1              0     0.0      2,169   100.0
Virginia@                15,237    60.2     6,513   25.7      2,521   10.0        364     1.4       356    1.4           97    0.4            214     0.8     25,302   100.0
Washington@              12,724    50.7     6,038   24.1      2,769   11.0      1,765     7.0     1,186    4.7          494    2.0             99     0.4     25,075   100.0
West Virginia&&             621    23.3     1,067   40.0        599   22.5        276    10.4        88    3.3           15    0.6              0     0.0      2,666   100.0
Wisconsin@@               6,241    51.4     2,998   24.7      1,463   12.1        829     6.8       473    3.9          128    1.1              0     0.0     12,132   100.0
Wyoming&&                    88    48.4        80   44.0         14    7.7          0     0.0         0    0.0            0    0.0              0     0.0        182   100.0
Total                   360,615    52.8   154,050   22.5     72,629   10.6     41,895     6.1    29,016    4.2        9,685    1.4         15,652     2.3    683,542   100.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*  Data for legal abortions obtained at <= 8 weeks of gestation are presented in Table 7 by single weeks of gestation.
+  Data from 39 states and New York City; excludes two areas where unknown gestational age is 15%.
&  Percentages may not add to 100. 0 because of rounding.
@  Weeks of gestation were based on physicians' estimate.
** Number obtained at <= 12 weeks of gestation was redistributed based on the national average.
++ Weeks of gestation were based on physicians' estimates only if date of last menstrual period was unknown or unreliable.
&& Weeks of gestation were based on physicians' estimates only if date of last menstrual period was unknown.
@@ Includes residents only.
================================================================================================================================================================================

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Table_7
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TABLE 7. Reported legal abortions obtained at <=8 weeks of gestation, by known weeks of gestation and state
of occurrence --  selected states,* United States, 1995
============================================================================================================
                                              Weeks of                                   Total obtained at
                                              gestation                                    <=8 weeks of
                           -------------------------------------------------               gestation+
                               <=6                 7                 8
                           ------------     --------------    --------------              -----------------
State                        No.      %        No.      %        No.      %                  No.      %
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama                    2,638   18.6      2,486   17.5      2,125   14.9                7,249   51.0
Arizona&                     880    7.4      2,549   21.4      2,826   23.7                6,255   52.4
Arkansas                     903   15.7      1,134   19.7        932   16.2                2,969   51.6
Colorado                     479    5.1        530    5.6      1,723   18.4                2,732   29.1
Georgia&                   2,588    7.4      5,850   16.6      7,703   21.9               16,141   45.9
Hawaii&                      386    7.0        939   17.0      1,411   25.5                2,736   49.4
Idaho                         92    9.5        131   13.5        264   27.2                  487   50.2
Indiana                    3,547   28.6      2,347   19.0      2,234   18.0                8,128   65.6
Kansas&                    2,149   20.0      2,115   19.6      1,550   14.4                5,814   54.0
Kentucky                   1,232   16.6      1,139   15.3      1,168   15.7                3,539   47.6
Louisiana                    764    6.6      1,217   10.6      2,652   23.1                4,633   40.3
Maine&                       156    5.5        464   16.5        664   23.6                1,284   45.5
Maryland&                  3,499   21.6      1,787   11.0      3,672   22.7                8,958   55.3
Michigan                   7,862   25.3      5,711   18.4      5,419   17.4               18,992   61.1
Minnesota&                 1,812   12.9      3,506   25.0      3,063   21.9                8,381   59.8
Mississippi                   61    1.7        553   15.5        730   20.5                1,344   37.7
Missouri@                    826    7.4      1,771   15.8      2,363   21.1                4,960   44.3
Montana&                     925   34.6        357   13.4        406   15.2                1,688   63.1
Nevada                       576    8.3      1,872   27.0      1,674   24.1                4,122   59.4
New Jersey                 6,176   18.7      4,093   12.4      6,860   20.8               17,129   52.0
New Mexico                 1,019   21.2        977   20.3        550   11.4                2,546   52.9
New York                  23,278   16.7     24,471   17.5     25,528   18.3               73,277   52.5
  City                    17,658   18.5     16,347   17.2     18,210   19.1               52,215   54.8
  State                    5,620   12.6      8,124   18.3      7,318   16.5               21,062   47.4
North Carolina             5,586   16.7      5,315   15.9      5,121   15.3               16,022   47.9
North Dakota&                 84    6.3        394   29.5        259   19.4                  737   55.2
Oregon&                    1,609   11.4      3,046   21.6      3,549   25.2                8,204   58.3
Pennsylvania               4,345   11.1      5,157   13.2      9,787   25.1               19,289   49.4
Rhode Island                 636   11.1      1,261   22.1      1,303   22.8                3,200   56.1
South Carolina             2,146   21.5      1,819   18.2      1,987   19.9                5,952   59.6
South Dakota                  17    1.6        228   21.3        367   34.3                  612   57.2
Tennessee&                 2,166   12.0      3,058   17.0      4,278   23.7                9,502   52.7
Texas&                    15,800   18.1     14,807   17.0     18,528   21.2               49,135   56.3
Utah                       1,235   33.3        602   16.2        544   14.7                2,381   64.3
Vermont                      300   13.8        553   25.5        419   19.3                1,272   58.6
Virginia&                  2,795   11.0      3,496   13.8      8,946   35.4               15,237   60.2
Washington&                2,507   10.0      4,795   19.1      5,422   21.6               12,724   50.7
West Virginia**               19    0.7         42    1.6        560   21.0                  621   23.3
Wyoming**                     11    6.0         25   13.7         52   28.6                   88   48.4
Total                    101,104   15.3    110,597   16.8    136,639   20.7              348,340   52.8
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*  Data from 37 states and New York City; excludes two areas where unknown gestational age was 15% and two
   states that were included in Table 6 but did not provide single weeks of gestation for abortions obtained
   at <= 8 weeks.
+  Percentages may not add to total percentage obtained at <= 8 weeks because of rounding.
&  Weeks of gestation were based on physicians' estimate.
@  Weeks of gestation were based on physicians' estimates only if date of last menstrual period was unknown
   or unreliable.
** Weeks of gestation were based on physicians' estimates only if date of last menstrual period was unknown.
============================================================================================================

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Table_8
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TABLE 8. Reported legal abortions, by type of procedure and state of occurrence -- selected states,* United States, 1995
===================================================================================================================================================================================================================
                                                                                                 Procedure
                         ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                 Intrauterine
                                 Suction              Sharp                     All                 saline             Prostaglandin       Hysterotomy/
                                 Cuttrage             Cutterage              Cutterage           instillation           instillation       Hysterectomy         Other +          Unknown           Total &
                         --------------------     -----------------       ---------------        -------------         -------------     -----------------    -------------     -----------     ----------------
State                          No.        %          No.        %             No.       %           No.     %            No.      %       No.            %      No.      %       No.      %        No.       %
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama                    13,245@     93.1            4      0.0          13,249    93.2             1   0.0             31    0.2        0           0.0       23    0.2       917    6.4     14,221   100.0
Arizona                     10,972     91.9            0      0.0          10,972    91.9             0   0.0              0    0.0        0           0.0        0    0.0       961    8.1     11,933   100.0
Arkansas                    5,161@     89.6          583     10.1           5,744    99.8             0   0.0              9    0.2        1           0.0        3    0.1         0    0.0      5,757   100.0
Colorado                    9,044@     96.4            4      0.0           9,048    96.4             1   0.0             10    0.1        3           0.0      240    2.6        82    0.9      9,384   100.0
Connecticut                 11,265     99.5           34      0.3          11,299    99.8             0   0.0              5    0.0        0           0.0        1    0.0        20    0.2     11,325   100.0
Dist. of                     6,417     99.9            0      0.0           6,417    99.9             2   0.0              0    0.0        0           0.0        3    0.0         0    0.0      6,422   100.0
  Columbia**
Georgia                    34,838@     99.0           28      0.1          34,866    99.1            16   0.0            237    0.7        1           0.0       58    0.2         0    0.0     35,178   100.0
Hawaii                       5,524     99.8            4      0.1           5,528    99.9             0   0.0              2    0.0        0           0.0        0    0.0         3    0.1      5,533   100.0
Idaho                         962@     99.2            0      0.0             962    99.2             0   0.0              8    0.8        0           0.0        0    0.0         0    0.0        970   100.0
Indiana                     11,854     95.7           13      0.1          11,867    95.8           196   1.6              1    0.0        1           0.0      128    1.0       189    1.5     12,382   100.0
Kansas                      9,768@     90.7          184      1.7           9,952    92.4             0   0.0              1    0.0        1           0.0      389    3.6       424    3.9     10,767   100.0
Kentucky                    7,153@     96.2           55      0.7           7,208    96.9             1   0.0              0    0.0        0           0.0        1    0.0       228    3.1      7,438   100.0
Maine                       2,755@     97.7           10      0.4           2,765    98.1             0   0.0              0    0.0        0           0.0        6    0.2        48    1.7      2,819   100.0
Maryland                    15,995     98.7           50      0.3          16,045    99.0             9   0.1             28    0.2        4           0.0      118    0.7         0    0.0     16,204   100.0
Massachusetts               27,908     95.9          221      0.8          28,129    96.7           154   0.5            582    2.0        0           0.0      232    0.8         0    0.0     29,097   100.0
Michigan                    30,507     98.1          521      1.7          31,028    99.8             0   0.0             61    0.2        0           0.0        2    0.0         0    0.0     31,091   100.0
Minnesota                  13,951@     99.5           12      0.1          13,963    99.6             0   0.0              1    0.0        0           0.0        3    0.0        50    0.4     14,017   100.0
Mississippi                 3,508@     98.5            1      0.0           3,509    98.5             0   0.0             30    0.8        4           0.1       20    0.6         0    0.0      3,563   100.0
Missouri                   11,175@     99.8            3      0.0          11,178    99.8             0   0.0              9    0.1        0           0.0       11    0.1         5    0.0     11,203   100.0
Montana                     2,670@     99.9            2      0.1           2,672    99.9             2   0.1              0    0.0        0           0.0        0    0.0         0    0.0      2,674   100.0
Nebraska                     4,831     92.6          380      7.3           5,211    99.9             0   0.0              0    0.0        0           0.0        5    0.1         2    0.0    5,218++   100.0
Nevada                       6,801     98.0            0      0.0           6,801    98.0             1   0.0              0    0.0        0           0.0        0    0.0       140    2.0      6,942   100.0
New Jersey                 20,466@     62.1       12,040     36.5          32,506    98.7           275   0.8             76    0.2        16          0.0       10    0.0        64    0.2     32,947   100.0
New Mexico                   4,766     99.1           45      0.9           4,811   100.0             0   0.0              0    0.0        0           0.0        0    0.0         0    0.0      4,811   100.0
New York                  135,087@     96.7        1,877      1.3         136,964    98.1           565   0.4            296    0.2        1           0.0      892    0.6       968    0.7    139,686   100.0
  City                     92,207@     96.9        1,478      1.6          93,685    98.4           550   0.6            150    0.2        1           0.0      403    0.4       416    0.4     95,205   100.0
  State                    42,880@     96.4          399      0.9          43,279    97.3            15   0.0            146    0.3        --           --    489&&    1.1       552    1.2     44,481   100.0
North Carolina             31,229@     93.4           17      0.1          31,246    93.5           137   0.4             54    0.2        5           0.0      299    0.9     1,679    5.0     33,420   100.0
North Dakota                 1,327     99.5            0      0.0           1,327    99.5             0   0.0              4    0.3        0           0.0        0    0.0         3    0.2      1,334   100.0
Oregon                     13,928@     98.9            4      0.0          13,932    99.0             0   0.0              2    0.0        1           0.0      143    1.0         1    0.0     14,079   100.0
Pennsylvania               38,584@     98.8           22      0.1          38,606    98.9             8   0.0             13    0.0        4           0.0      419    1.1         0    0.0     39,050   100.0
Rhode Island                5,665@     99.3           14      0.2           5,679    99.5             7   0.1              6    0.1        1           0.0       10    0.2         4    0.1      5,707   100.0
South Carolina              9,924@     99.4            2      0.0           9,926    99.4             0   0.0             31    0.3        1           0.0       25    0.3         1    0.0      9,984   100.0
South Dakota                 1,065     99.5            0      0.0           1,065    99.5             0   0.0              0    0.0        0           0.0        5    0.5         0    0.0      1,070   100.0
Tennessee                  17,953@     99.6           13      0.1          17,966    99.7             1   0.0             45    0.2        0           0.0        9    0.0         2    0.0     18,023   100.0
Texas                     85,993@@     98.5           --       --          85,993    98.5            --    --         241***    0.3        14          0.0   919+++    1.1       141    0.2     87,308   100.0
Utah                        3,691@     99.6            9      0.2           3,700    99.9             0   0.0              0    0.0        0           0.0        1    0.0         4    0.1      3,705   100.0
Vermont                     2,164@     99.8            0      0.0           2,164    99.8             0   0.0              2    0.1        0           0.0        3    0.1         0    0.0      2,169   100.0
Virginia                   24,946@     98.6           42      0.2          24,988    98.8            13   0.1             80    0.3        2           0.0       86    0.3       133    0.5     25,302   100.0
Washington                 24,943@     99.5           15      0.1          24,958    99.5             3   0.0             61    0.2        2           0.0       36    0.1        15    0.1     25,075   100.0
Wyoming                        182    100.0            0      0.0             182   100.0             0   0.0              0    0.0        0           0.0        0    0.0         0    0.0        182   100.0
Total                      668,217     95.7       16,209      2.3         684,426    98.1         1,392   0.2          1,926    0.3        62          0.0    4,100    0.6     6,084    0.9    697,990   100.0
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*   Data from 38 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City; excludes two states where unknown type of procedure used was 15%.
+   Includes instillation procedures not reported as a specific category and procedures reported as "other."
&   Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
@   Includes dilatation and evacuation procedures.
**  Includes residents only.
++  Does not add to total abortions reported because of some reported combination procedures.
&&  Hysterotomy/ hysterectomy included with "other."
@@  Includes all curettage.
*** Includes all chemical inductions.
+++ Hysterectomy included with "other."
--Not reported.
===================================================================================================================================================================================================================

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Table_9
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TABLE 9. Reported legal abortions, by race of women who obtained an abortion and state of occurrence -- selected states,* United States, 1995
===============================================================================================================================================
                                                     Race
                        -----------------------------------------------------------------------
                           White             Black              Other              Unknown               Total +
                        -------------    --------------     -------------     -----------------       ----------------
State                    No.       %       No.       %        No.       %        No.        %            No.       %
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama                7,425    52.2     6,425    45.2        201     1.4        170      1.2         14,221   100.0
Arizona                9,165    76.8       555     4.7        857     7.2      1,356     11.4         11,933   100.0
Arkansas               3,686    64.0     1,883    32.7         99     1.7         89      1.5          5,757   100.0
Dist. of Columbia&     1,171    18.2     4,813    74.9        416     6.5         22      0.3          6,422   100.0
Georgia               15,948    45.3    17,674    50.2        918     2.6        638      1.8         35,178   100.0
Hawaii                 1,623    29.3       149     2.7      3,447    62.3        314      5.7          5,533   100.0
Idaho                    920    94.8         5     0.5         45     4.6          0      0.0            970   100.0
Indiana                8,881    71.7     2,936    23.7        196     1.6        369      3.0         12,382   100.0
Kansas                 8,328    77.3     1,852    17.2        479     4.4        108      1.0         10,767   100.0
Kentucky               5,702    76.7     1,440    19.4        253     3.4         43      0.6          7,438   100.0
Louisiana              5,439    47.3    4,639@    40.4         --      --      1,413     12.3         11,491   100.0
Maine                  2,646    93.9        29     1.0         82     2.9         62      2.2          2,819   100.0
Maryland               7,013    43.3     7,916    48.9      1,085     6.7        190      1.2         16,204   100.0
Minnesota             10,808    77.1     1,658    11.8      1,229     8.8        322      2.3         14,017   100.0
Mississippi            1,288    36.1     2,239    62.8         35     1.0          1      0.0          3,563   100.0
Missouri               7,082    63.2     3,712    33.1        380     3.4         29      0.3         11,203   100.0
Montana                2,342    87.6        11     0.4        161     6.0        160      6.0          2,674   100.0
Nevada                 5,711    82.3       525     7.6        372     5.4        334      4.8          6,942   100.0
New Jersey            11,751    35.7    15,165    46.0      4,872    14.8      1,159      3.5         32,947   100.0
New Mexico             4,218    87.7       121     2.5        472     9.8          0      0.0          4,811   100.0
New York City         36,641    38.5    50,312    52.8      4,358     4.6      3,894      4.1         95,205   100.0
North Carolina        17,915    53.6    13,339    39.9      1,537     4.6        629      1.9         33,420   100.0
North Dakota           1,187    89.0        25     1.9        121     9.1          1      0.1          1,334   100.0
Ohio                  22,970    62.2    11,606    31.4      1,389     3.8        985      2.7         36,950   100.0
Oregon                12,267    87.1       719     5.1        881     6.3        212      1.5         14,079   100.0
Pennsylvania          23,074    59.1    14,676    37.6      1,264     3.2         36      0.1         39,050   100.0
Rhode Island           4,529    79.4       826    14.5        294     5.2         58      1.0          5,707   100.0
South Carolina         5,266    52.7     4,501    45.1        215     2.2          2      0.0          9,984   100.0
South Dakota             928    86.7        24     2.2         68     6.4         50      4.7          1,070   100.0
Tennessee             10,687    59.3     6,871    38.1        382     2.1         83      0.5         18,023   100.0
Texas                 62,134    71.2    16,693    19.1      3,936     4.5      4,545      5.2         87,308   100.0
Utah                   3,103    83.8        74     2.0        339     9.1        189      5.1          3,705   100.0
Vermont                2,120    97.7        19     0.9         29     1.3          1      0.0          2,169   100.0
Virginia              14,489    57.3     9,238    36.5      1,333     5.3        242      1.0         25,302   100.0
West Virginia          2,309    86.6       330    12.4         27     1.0          0      0.0          2,666   100.0
Wisconsin&             9,091    74.9     2,442    20.1      585**     4.8       14**      0.1         12,132   100.0
Total                349,857    57.8   205,442    33.9     32,357     5.3     17,720      2.9        605,376   100.0
Ratio++                  204             534&&              335&&                                        266
Rate@@                    12             31***              25***                                         15
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*   Data from 34 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City; excludes four states
    where unknown race was 15%.
+   Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
&   Includes residents only.
@   Reported as black and "other" races.
**  Women of some "other" races are included with "unknown."
++  Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women of a given race per 1,000
    live births to women of the same race for these states. For each state, data for women of
    unknown race were distributed according to the known racial distribution for that state.
&&  Ratios for black and "other" races exclude Louisiana because abortions for blacks and
    others were grouped together.
@@  Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women of a given race per 1,000
    women aged 15-44 years of the same race for these states. For each state, data for women
    of unknown race were distributed according to the known racial distribution for that state.
    Rates exclude New York City because the number of women aged 15-44 years was
    unknown for this reporting area.
*** Rates for black and "other" races exclude Louisiana because abortions for blacks and
    others were grouped together.
--  Not reported.
===============================================================================================================================================

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Table_10
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TABLE 10. Reported legal abortions, by Hispanic ethnicity of women who obtained an abortion and state of
occurrence -- selected states,* United States, 1995
==========================================================================================================
                           Ethnicity
                           Hispanic             Non-Hispanic            Unknown               Total +
                         --------------       ------------------    -----------------    -----------------
State                      No.       %              No.      %         No.        %         No.       %
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama                    240     1.7           12,693   89.3       1,288      9.1      14,221   100.0
Arizona                  2,472    20.7            8,105   67.9       1,356     11.4      11,933   100.0
Arkansas                    74     1.3            5,418   94.1         265      4.6       5,757   100.0
Dist. of Columbia&         543     8.5            5,857   91.2          22      0.3       6,422   100.0
Georgia                    574     1.6           33,556   95.4       1,048      3.0      35,178   100.0
Idaho                       50     5.2              920   94.8           0      0.0         970   100.0
Kansas                     394     3.7            9,768   90.7         605      5.6      10,767   100.0
Minnesota                  319     2.3           13,376   95.4         322      2.3      14,017   100.0
Mississippi                 17     0.5            3,491   98.0          55      1.5       3,563   100.0
Missouri                   202     1.8           10,118   90.3         883      7.9      11,203   100.0
New Jersey               5,448    16.5           25,867   78.5       1,632      5.0      32,947   100.0
New Mexico               2,122    44.1            2,689   55.9           0      0.0       4,811   100.0
New York City           26,698    28.0           60,358   63.4       8,149      8.6      95,205   100.0
North Dakota                12     0.9            1,200   90.0         122      9.1       1,334   100.0
Ohio                       497     1.3           35,468   96.0         985      2.7      36,950   100.0
Oregon                     903     6.4           13,053   92.7         123      0.9      14,079   100.0
Pennsylvania             1,214     3.1           37,819   96.8          17      0.0      39,050   100.0
South Carolina             162     1.6            9,818   98.3           4      0.0       9,984   100.0
Tennessee                  139     0.8           17,866   99.1          18      0.1      18,023   100.0
Texas                   26,330    30.2           56,433   64.6       4,545      5.2      87,308   100.0
Utah                       359     9.7            3,303   89.1          43      1.2       3,705   100.0
Vermont                      8     0.4            2,157   99.4           4      0.2       2,169   100.0
Wisconsin&                 481     4.0           11,651   96.0           0      0.0      12,132   100.0
Total                   69,258    14.7          380,984   80.8      21,486      4.6     471,728   100.0
Ratio@                     265                      280                                     277
Rate**                      20                       15                                      15
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*  Data from 21 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City; excludes 13 states where
   unknown ethnicity was 15%.
+  Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
&  Includes residents only.
@  Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women of a given ethnicity per
   1,000 live births to women of the same ethnicity for these states. For each state, data for
   women of unknown ethnicity were distributed according to the known ethnicity distribution
   for that state.
** Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women of a given ethnicity per
   1,000 women aged 15-44 years of the same ethnicity for these states. For each state, data
   for women of unknown ethnicity were distributed according to the known ethnicity
   distribution for that state. Rates exclude New York City because the number of women aged
   15-44 years was unknown for this reporting area.
==========================================================================================================

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Table_11
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TABLE 11. Reported legal abortions, by marital status of women who obtained an abortion and state of
occurrence -- selected states,* United States, 1995
=====================================================================================================
                                                Marital status
                         ---------------------------------------------------------
                             Married+            Unmarried&             Unknown         Total @
                         ---------------      -----------------    ---------------  -----------------
State                       No.       %           No.       %         No.     %        No.       %
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama                   2,281    16.0        11,871    83.5          69   0.5     14,221   100.0
Arkansas                  1,165    20.2         4,526    78.6          66   1.1      5,757   100.0
Colorado                  1,968    21.0         7,287    77.7         129   1.4      9,384   100.0
Georgia                   6,352    18.1        28,642    81.4         184   0.5     35,178   100.0
Hawaii                    1,057    19.1         4,465    80.7          11   0.2      5,533   100.0
Idaho                       215    22.2           755    77.8           0   0.0        970   100.0
Indiana                   2,011    16.2         9,630    77.8         741   6.0     12,382   100.0
Kansas                    2,180    20.2         8,563    79.5          24   0.2     10,767   100.0
Kentucky                  1,273    17.1         6,051    81.4         114   1.5      7,438   100.0
Maryland                  3,017    18.6        12,768    78.8         419   2.6     16,204   100.0
Michigan                  4,875    15.7        26,004    83.6         212   0.7     31,091   100.0
Minnesota                 2,643    18.9        11,018    78.6         356   2.5     14,017   100.0
Mississippi                 592    16.6         2,967    83.3           4   0.1      3,563   100.0
Missouri                  2,279    20.3         8,732    77.9         192   1.7     11,203   100.0
Montana                     481    18.0         2,073    77.5         120   4.5      2,674   100.0
Nevada                    1,560    22.5         5,237    75.4         145   2.1      6,942   100.0
New Jersey                5,630    17.1        27,149    82.4         168   0.5     32,947   100.0
New Mexico                  808    16.8         3,970    82.5          33   0.7      4,811   100.0
New York City            19,022    20.0        73,885    77.6       2,298   2.4     95,205   100.0
North Dakota                233    17.5         1,100    82.5           1   0.1      1,334   100.0
Ohio                      6,391    17.3        29,640    80.2         919   2.5     36,950   100.0
Oregon                    3,241    23.0        10,614    75.4         224   1.6     14,079   100.0
Pennsylvania              6,745    17.3        32,279    82.7          26   0.1     39,050   100.0
Rhode Island              1,176    20.6         4,463    78.2          68   1.2      5,707   100.0
South Carolina            1,867    18.7         8,114    81.3           3   0.0      9,984   100.0
South Dakota                217    20.3           848    79.3           5   0.5      1,070   100.0
Tennessee                 3,442    19.1        14,506    80.5          75   0.4     18,023   100.0
Texas                    19,758    22.6        63,162    72.3       4,388   5.0     87,308   100.0
Utah                      1,444    39.0         2,261    61.0           0   0.0      3,705   100.0
Vermont                     444    20.5         1,591    73.4         134   6.2      2,169   100.0
West Virginia               492    18.5         2,173    81.5           1   0.0      2,666   100.0
Wisconsin**             1,946++    16.0      10,143++    83.6          43   0.4     12,132   100.0
Wyoming                      33    18.1           146    80.2           3   1.6        182   100.0
Total                   106,838    19.3       436,633    78.7      11,175   2.0    554,646   100.0
Ratio&&                      76                   650                                  262
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*  Data from 32 states and New York City; excludes seven states where unknown marital status
   was 15%.
+  Includes married and separated.
&  Includes never married, divorced, and widowed women.
@  Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
** Includes residents only.
++ Women who were separated were reported as being unmarried.
&& Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women of a given marital status
   per 1,000 live births to women of the same marital status for these states. For each state,
   data regarding women of unknown marital status were distributed according to the known
   marital status distribution for that state.
=====================================================================================================

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Figure_3

Figure_3
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Figure_4

Figure_4">
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Table_12
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TABLE 12. Reported legal abortions, by number of previous live births and state of occurrence -- selected states,* United States, 1995
======================================================================================================================================================
                                                                        No. of
                                                                       previous
                                                                      live births

                               0                 1                 2                3                >=4           Unknown               Total +
                       --------------     -------------    --------------    ------------       -------------     --------------   -------------------
State                     No.       %       No.       %       No.      %       No.     %          No.      %        No.      %        No.        %
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama                 6,916    48.6     3,975    28.0     2,314   16.3       704   5.0          242    1.7         70    0.5     14,221    100.0
Arizona                 5,545    46.5     2,882    24.2     2,145   18.0       884   7.4          319    2.7        158    1.3     11,933    100.0
Arkansas                2,590    45.0     1,667    29.0       974   16.9       336   5.8          164    2.8         26    0.5      5,757    100.0
Colorado                5,447    58.0     1,821    19.4     1,370   14.6       515   5.5          230    2.5          1    0.0      9,384    100.0
Georgia                16,861    47.9     9,574    27.2     5,802   16.5     1,978   5.6          855    2.4        108    0.3     35,178    100.0
Hawaii                  2,872    51.9     1,230    22.2       874   15.8       348   6.3          191    3.5         18    0.3      5,533    100.0
Idaho                     516    53.2       206    21.2       147   15.2        70   7.2           31    3.2          0    0.0        970    100.0
Indiana                 5,498    44.4     3,359    27.1     2,303   18.6       805   6.5          337    2.7         80    0.6     12,382    100.0
Kansas                  5,368    49.9     2,531    23.5     1,729   16.1       682   6.3          359    3.3         98    0.9     10,767    100.0
Maine                   1,565    55.5       598    21.2       411   14.6       144   5.1           76    2.7         25    0.9      2,819    100.0
Maryland                7,201    44.4     4,615    28.5     2,847   17.6     1,048   6.5          493    3.0          0    0.0     16,204    100.0
Michigan               13,682    44.0     8,134    26.2     5,840   18.8     2,220   7.1        1,040    3.3        175    0.6     31,091    100.0
Minnesota               6,809    48.6     3,035    21.7     2,388   17.0       911   6.5          671    4.8        203    1.4     14,017    100.0
Mississippi             1,576    44.2     1,049    29.4       618   17.3       225   6.3           94    2.6          1    0.0      3,563    100.0
Missouri                4,906    43.8     2,970    26.5     2,127   19.0       796   7.1          404    3.6          0    0.0     11,203    100.0
Montana                 1,501    56.1       528    19.7       408   15.3       167   6.2           70    2.6          0    0.0      2,674    100.0
Nebraska                2,430    50.2     1,040    21.5       807   16.7       383   7.9          178    3.7          0    0.0      4,838    100.0
Nevada                  3,003    43.3     1,820    26.2     1,341   19.3       491   7.1          244    3.5         43    0.6      6,942    100.0
New Jersey             11,075    33.6     9,693    29.4     6,834   20.7     2,621   8.0        1,439    4.4      1,285    3.9     32,947    100.0
New Mexico              2,272    47.2     1,270    26.4       751   15.6       352   7.3          160    3.3          6    0.1      4,811    100.0
New York City          31,052    32.6    26,718    28.1    19,944   20.9     8,724   9.2        5,585    5.9      3,182    3.3     95,205    100.0
North Carolina         16,345    48.9     8,347    25.0     4,732   14.2     1,526   4.6          624    1.9      1,846    5.5     33,420    100.0
North Dakota              785    58.8       255    19.1       175   13.1        89   6.7           30    2.2          0    0.0      1,334    100.0
Ohio                   16,788    45.4     9,905    26.8     6,749   18.3     2,434   6.6        1,066    2.9          8    0.0     36,950    100.0
Oregon                  6,831    48.5     3,276    23.3     2,486   17.7       940   6.7          434    3.1        112    0.8     14,079    100.0
Pennsylvania           17,722    45.4    10,365    26.5     6,945   17.8     2,688   6.9        1,310    3.4         20    0.1     39,050    100.0
Rhode Island&           2,795    49.0     1,379    24.2       997   17.5       350   6.1          166    2.9         20    0.4      5,707    100.0
South Carolina          4,820    48.3     2,752    27.6     1,661   16.6       536   5.4          206    2.1          9    0.1      9,984    100.0
South Dakota&             571    53.4       227    21.2       154   14.4        79   7.4           38    3.6          1    0.1      1,070    100.0
Tennessee               8,036    44.6     5,347    29.7     3,169   17.6     1,031   5.7          429    2.4         11    0.1     18,023    100.0
Texas                  42,024    48.1    22,209    25.4    14,766   16.9     5,467   6.3        2,771    3.2         71    0.1     87,308    100.0
Utah                    1,619    43.7       910    24.6       708   19.1       280   7.6          171    4.6         17    0.5      3,705    100.0
Vermont                 1,272    58.6       411    18.9       316   14.6       121   5.6           47    2.2          2    0.1      2,169    100.0
Virginia               12,655    50.0     6,240    24.7     3,875   15.3     1,348   5.3          531    2.1        653    2.6     25,302    100.0
Washington             12,201    48.7     5,890    23.5     4,433   17.7     1,644   6.6          832    3.3         75    0.3     25,075    100.0
West Virginia           1,306    49.0       763    28.6       418   15.7       133   5.0           46    1.7          0    0.0      2,666    100.0
Wyoming                    71    39.0        50    27.5        42   23.1        12   6.6            7    3.8          0    0.0        182    100.0
Total                 284,526    44.6   167,041    26.2   113,600   17.8    43,082   6.7       21,890    3.4      8,324    1.3    638,463    100.0
Ratio@                    286               221               309              310                239                                 269
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Data from 36 states and New York City; excludes three states where number of unknown previous live births was 15%.
+ Percentages may not add to 100. 0 because of rounding.
& Indicates number of living children.
@ Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women with a given number of previous live births per 1,000 live births to women with the
  same number of previous live births for these states. For each state, women whose number of previous live births was unknown were distributed
  according to the known number of previous live births for that state. Ratios exclude Maryland and Rhode Island because the number of previous live
  births was unknown for these reporting areas.
======================================================================================================================================================

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Table_13
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TABLE 13. Reported legal abortions, by number of previous legal induced abortions and state of occurrence -- selected states,* United States, 1995
======================================================================================================================================================
                                              No. of previous induced abortions
                       ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                               0                 1                2                   >=3              Unknown              Total +
                       --------------    ---------------   --------------        ----------------      -------------   ----------------
State                     No.       %       No.       %      No.       %           No.        %         No.      %        No.       %
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama                 9,475    66.6     3,296    23.2      952     6.7           395      2.8         103    0.7     14,221   100.0
Arizona                 7,185    60.2     3,179    26.6    1,067     8.9           322      2.7         180    1.5     11,933   100.0
Arkansas                3,759    65.3     1,443    25.1      351     6.1           156      2.7          48    0.8      5,757   100.0
Colorado                6,141    65.4     2,291    24.4      659     7.0           291      3.1           2    0.0      9,384   100.0
Georgia                20,151    57.3     9,662    27.5    3,390     9.6         1,776      5.0         199    0.6     35,178   100.0
Hawaii                  1,813    32.8     2,052    37.1      991    17.9           658     11.9          19    0.3      5,533   100.0
Idaho                     718    74.0       195    20.1       35     3.6            20      2.1           2    0.2        970   100.0
Indiana                 7,864    63.5     3,051    24.6      941     7.6           418      3.4         108    0.9     12,382   100.0
Kansas                  7,967    74.0     1,875    17.4      517     4.8           260      2.4         148    1.4     10,767   100.0
Maine                   2,027    71.9       555    19.7      145     5.1            67      2.4          25    0.9      2,819   100.0
Maryland                5,903    36.4     5,550    34.3    2,998    18.5         1,753     10.8           0    0.0     16,204   100.0
Michigan               16,173    52.0     8,432    27.1    3,768    12.1         2,479      8.0         239    0.8     31,091   100.0
Minnesota               8,304    59.2     3,615    25.8    1,221     8.7           674      4.8         203    1.4     14,017   100.0
Mississippi             2,229    62.6       949    26.6      256     7.2           128      3.6           1    0.0      3,563   100.0
Missouri                6,710    59.9     3,054    27.3      955     8.5           484      4.3           0    0.0     11,203   100.0
Montana                 1,767    66.1       637    23.8      187     7.0            82      3.1           1    0.0      2,674   100.0
Nebraska                2,266    46.8     1,607    33.2      567    11.7           363      7.5          35    0.7      4,838   100.0
Nevada                  3,272    47.1     2,058    29.6      896    12.9           654      9.4          62    0.9      6,942   100.0
New Jersey             14,699    44.6     9,017    27.4    4,278    13.0         3,299     10.0       1,654    5.0     32,947   100.0
New Mexico              3,122    64.9     1,078    22.4      377     7.8           216      4.5          18    0.4      4,811   100.0
New York               57,555    41.2    36,517    26.1   20,351    14.6        17,340     12.4       7,923    5.7    139,686   100.0
  City                 35,282    37.1    27,201    28.6   16,450    17.3        15,012     15.8       1,260    1.3     95,205   100.0
  State                22,273    50.1     9,316    20.9    3,901     8.8         2,328      5.2       6,663   15.0     44,481   100.0
North Carolina         19,831    59.3     8,671    25.9    2,702     8.1         1,079      3.2       1,137    3.4     33,420   100.0
North Dakota              960    72.0       266    19.9       78     5.8            29      2.2           1    0.1      1,334   100.0
Oregon                  7,747    55.0     3,813    27.1    1,483    10.5           922      6.5         114    0.8     14,079   100.0
Pennsylvania           22,437    57.5    10,466    26.8    3,950    10.1         1,322      3.4         875    2.2     39,050   100.0
Rhode Island            3,256    57.1     1,540    27.0      531     9.3           333      5.8          47    0.8      5,707   100.0
South Carolina          6,320    63.3     2,575    25.8      780     7.8           309      3.1           0    0.0      9,984   100.0
South Dakota              769    71.9       234    21.9       41     3.8            21      2.0           5    0.5      1,070   100.0
Tennessee              10,347    57.4     4,893    27.1    1,790     9.9           978      5.4          15    0.1     18,023   100.0
Texas                  54,626    62.6    22,165    25.4    6,997     8.0         3,395      3.9         125    0.1     87,308   100.0
Utah                    2,327    62.8       880    23.8      310     8.4           173      4.7          15    0.4      3,705   100.0
Vermont                 1,331    61.4       546    25.2      178     8.2           113      5.2           1    0.0      2,169   100.0
Virginia               14,564    57.6     6,964    27.5    2,273     9.0           715      2.8         786    3.1     25,302   100.0
Washington             13,051    52.0     6,812    27.2    2,959    11.8         2,167      8.6          86    0.3     25,075   100.0
West Virginia           1,832    68.7       597    22.4      168     6.3            69      2.6           0    0.0      2,666   100.0
Wyoming                   127    69.8        39    21.4        8     4.4             8      4.4           0    0.0        182   100.0
Total                 348,625    54.0   170,574    26.4   69,150    10.7        43,468      6.7      14,177    2.2    645,994   100.0
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Data from 36 states and New York City; excludes four states where unknown number of previous induced abortions was 15%.
+ Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
======================================================================================================================================================

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Table_14
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TABLE 14. Reported legal abortions, by known race, age group, and marital status of women who
obtained abortions -- United States, 1995
==================================================================================================
                                                                Race
                                  ----------------------------------------------------------------
                                         White              Black/Other               Total
                                  ---------------------    ----------------  ---------------------
Age group (yrs)/ Marital status       No.         %            No.        %       No.         %
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Age group
   <15                              2,180       0.6          2,555      1.1     4,735       0.8
 15-19                             69,180      19.9         42,203     18.2   111,383      19.2
 20-24                            111,646      32.2         77,220     33.3   188,866      32.6
 25-29                             75,816      21.8         55,333     23.9   131,149      22.7
 30-34                             49,181      14.2         32,911     14.2    82,092      14.2
 35-39                             29,793       8.6         16,771      7.2    46,564       8.0
  >=40                              9,383       2.7          4,631      2.0    14,014       2.4
  Total*                          347,179     100.0        231,624    100.0   578,803     100.0
Marital status
 Married                           65,120      22.1         32,724     16.6    97,844      19.9
 Unmarried                        229,673      77.9        164,732     83.4   394,405      80.1
Total+                            294,793     100.0        197,456    100.0   492,249     100.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Data from 34 states and New York City; excludes three states where unknown race was 15%.
  Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
+ Data from 29 states and New York City; excludes six states where unknown race or marital
  status was 15%.
==================================================================================================

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Table_15
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TABLE 15. Reported legal abortions, by known Hispanic ethnicity, age group, and marital status of women who
obtained abortions -- United States, 1995
===============================================================================================================
                                                                      Hispanic ethnicity
                                                  Hispanic               Non-Hispanic            Total
                                              ---------------        -------------------   --------------------
Age group (yrs)/ Marital status                  No.        %             No.         %       No.        %
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Age group
   <15                                           457      0.7           3,007       0.8     3,464      0.8
 15-19                                        12,770     18.7          70,265      18.8    83,035     18.8
 20-24                                        23,248     34.0         120,840      32.3   144,088     32.6
 25-29                                        16,194     23.7          85,562      22.9   101,756     23.0
 30-34                                         9,563     14.0          53,674      14.4    63,237     14.3
 35-39                                         4,787      7.0          31,080       8.3    35,867      8.1
 >=40                                          1,375      2.0           9,462       2.5    10,837      2.5
 Total*                                       68,394    100.0         373,890     100.0   442,284    100.0
Marital status
 Married                                      15,393     23.7          70,092      19.3    85,485     20.0
 Unmarried                                    49,597     76.3         292,142      80.7   341,739     80.0
 Total+                                       64,990    100.0         362,234     100.0   427,224    100.0
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Data from 21 states and New York City; excludes 12 states where unknown ethnicity was 15%.
  Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
+ Data from 20 states and New York City; excludes 11 states where unknown ethnicity or marital
  status was 15%.
===============================================================================================================

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Table_16
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TABLE 16. Reported legal abortions, by known weeks of gestation, age group, race, and Hispanic ethnicity of women who obtained abortions -- United
States, 1995
=====================================================================================================================================================================
                                                                                        Weeks of
                                                                                       gestation
                                          -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             <=8              9-10              11-12             13-15              16-20             >=21            Total *
Ace group (yrs)/                        -------------    -------------      ---------------    ----------------   -------------    -------------- ------------------
Race/Hispanic ethnicity                   No.       %       No.      %         No.      %        No.        %       No.      %       No.      %       No.       %
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Age group
   <15                                  1,901    35.8     1,250   23.5         808   15.2        610     11.5       494    9.3       252    4.7     5,315   100.0
 15-19                                 56,790    44.5    31,691   24.8      17,342   13.6     10,971      8.6     7,905    6.2     3,015    2.4   127,714   100.0
 20-24                                111,453    52.5    50,256   23.7      24,295   11.5     14,012      6.6     9,242    4.4     2,888    1.4   212,146   100.0
 25-29                                 85,256    57.9    32,691   22.2      14,495    9.8      7,916      5.4     5,308    3.6     1,628    1.1   147,294   100.0
 30-34                                 55,508    59.5    20,438   21.9       8,465    9.1      4,491      4.8     3,222    3.5     1,109    1.2    93,233   100.0
 35-39                                 32,220    61.1    11,344   21.5       4,471    8.5      2,292      4.3     1,866    3.5       578    1.1    52,771   100.0
  >=40                                  9,977    62.8     3,218   20.3       1,260    7.9        645      4.1       594    3.7       181    1.1    15,875   100.0
  Total+                              353,105    54.0   150,888   23.1      71,136   10.9     40,937      6.3    28,631    4.4     9,651    1.5   654,348   100.0
Race
 White                                182,303    56.9    71,482   22.3      32,316   10.1     17,736      5.5    12,270    3.8     4,350    1.4   320,457   100.0
 Black                                 89,872    48.3    45,712   24.6      23,541   12.7     13,771      7.4     9,999    5.4     3,177    1.7   186,072   100.0
 Other                                 18,059    60.4     6,014   20.1       2,398    8.0      1,662      5.6     1,390    4.6       391    1.3    29,914   100.0
  Total&                              290,234    54.1   123,208   23.0      58,255   10.9     33,169      6.2    23,659    4.4     7,918    1.5   536,443   100.0
Hispanic ethnicity
 Hispanic                              37,493    55.6    14,838   22.0       6,759   10.0      4,536      6.7     3,086    4.6       753    1.1    67,465   100.0
 Non-Hispanic                         180,582    53.6    76,001   22.6      36,344   10.8     21,660      6.4    16,002    4.8     6,157    1.8   336,746   100.0
  Total@                              218,075    54.0    90,839   22.5      43,103   10.7     26,196      6.5    19,088    4.7     6,910    1.7   404,211   100.0
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding.
+ Data from 38 states and New York City; excludes one state where unknown gestational age was 15%.
& Data from 33 states and New York City; excludes four states where unknown gestational age or race was 15%.
@ Data from 20 states and New York City; excludes 13 states where unknown ethnicity was 15%.
=====================================================================================================================================================================

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Table_17
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TABLE 17. Reported legal abortions obtained at <=8 weeks of gestation,* by known weeks of gestation, age group,
race, and Hispanic ethnicity of women who obtained abortions -- United States, 1995
=================================================================================================================
                                                                                              Total obtained at
                                                                                                   <=8 wks of
                                                                                                    gestation*
                                     <=6                 7                 8
Age group (yrs)/                -------------    ---------------   --------------             -------------------
Race/Hispanic ethnicity           No.      %+       No.      %+       No.     %+                    No.      %
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Age group
   <15                            467     8.9       557    10.7       842   16.1                  1,866   35.7
 15-19                         14,421    11.5    17,328    13.8    24,045   19.2                 55,794   44.5
 20-24                         30,892    14.8    34,651    16.7    43,883   21.1                109,426   52.6
 25-29                         25,076    17.3    26,875    18.6    31,848   22.0                 83,799   58.0
 30-34                         16,729    18.3    17,455    19.1    20,395   22.3                 54,579   59.6
 35-39                          9,791    18.9    10,086    19.5    11,747   22.7                 31,624   61.1
  >=40                          3,293    21.2     3,122    20.1     3,361   21.6                  9,776   62.8
  Total+                      100,669    15.7   110,074    17.1   136,121   21.2                346,864   54.0
Race
 White                         51,659    16.6    56,902    18.3    68,856   22.1                177,417   57.0
 Black                         24,199    13.2    26,417    14.4    38,212   20.8                 88,828   48.4
 Other                          5,743    19.6     5,639    19.2     6,373   21.7                 17,755   60.5
  Total&                       81,601    15.6    88,958    17.0   113,441   21.6                284,000   54.2
Hispanic ethnicity
 Hispanic                      10,924    16.3    11,884    17.7    14,448   21.6                 37,256   55.6
 Non-Hispanic                  50,253    15.5    55,953    17.2    68,372   21.0                174,578   53.7
 Total@                        61,177    15.6    67,837    17.3    82,820   21.1                211,834   54.0
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Percentages were calculated using total number of abortions obtained at all known weeks of gestation.
  Percentages may not add to the total percentage obtained at <= 8 weeks because of rounding.
+ Data from 37 states and New York City; excludes one state where unknown gestational age was 15%.
& Data from 32 states and New York City; excludes three states where unknown gestational age or race was 15%.
@ Data from 19 states and New York City; excludes 12 states where unknown gestational age or ethnicity was 15%.
=================================================================================================================

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Table_18
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TABLE 18. Reported legal abortions, by known weeks of gestation and type of procedure -- United States, 1995
========================================================================================================================================================================================
                                                                                   Weeks of gestation
                                                     ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            <=8              9-10               11-12             13-15             16-20                 >=21                Total
                                                     ----------------   -----------------  ----------------   ---------------   ----------------    ------------------- ----------------
Type of procedure                                        No.       %       No.        %        No.       %       No.       %       No.        %         No.       %        No.       %
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Curettage (suction or sharp)*                        338,825    99.6   142,724     99.9     67,223    99.7    38,238    99.0    24,778     90.4       7,230    81.6    619,018    99.0
Intrauterine saline instillation                          35    0.0+        14     0.0+         13    0.0+       114     0.3       836      3.0         172     1.9      1,184     0.2
Intrauterine prostaglandin instillation                   74    0.0+        14     0.0+         17    0.0+        86     0.2       639      2.3         443     5.0      1,273     0.2
Hysterotomy/ Hysterectomy                                  8    0.0+        13     0.0+          4    0.0+         7    0.0+         9     0.0+           3    0.0+         44    0.0+
Other&                                                 1,167     0.3       128      0.1        135     0.2       189     0.5     1,149      4.2       1,014    11.4      3,782     0.6
Total@                                               340,109   100.0   142,893    100.0     67,392   100.0    38,634   100.0    27,411    100.0       8,862   100.0    625,301   100.0
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Includes dilatation and evacuation.
+ <0. 05%.
& Includes instillation procedures not reported as a specific category and procedures reported as "other."
@ Data from 35 states and New York City; excludes two states where unknown gestational age or type of procedure was 15%. Percentages may not add to
  100.0 because of rounding.
========================================================================================================================================================================================

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Figure_5

Figure_5
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