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Abortion Surveillance -- United States, 1993 and 1994

Lisa M. Koonin, M.N., M.P.H., Jack C. Smith, M.S., Merrell Ramick, Lilo T. Strauss, M.A., Frederick W. Hopkins, M.D., M.P.H.

Division of Reproductive Health National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion

Abstract Condition: From 1991 through 1994, the number of legal induced abortions reported to CDC declined each year by less than or equal to 5% from the number reported for the preceding year. Reporting Period Covered: This report summarizes and reviews information reported to CDC regarding legal induced abortions obtained in the United States during 1993 and 1994. This analysis also includes recently reported abortion-related deaths that occurred during 1991. Description of System: For each year since 1969, CDC has compiled abortion data received from 52 reporting areas: 50 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City. Results: In 1993, 1,330,414 legal abortions were reported to CDC, representing a 2.1% decrease from the number reported for 1992; in 1994, 1,267,415 abortions were reported, representing a 4.7% decrease from the number for 1993. In 1993 and 1994, the abortion ratio was 334 and 321 legal induced abortions per 1,000 live births, respectively. In 1993, the abortion rate was 22 per 1,000 women aged 15-44 years; in 1994, this rate declined to 21 per 1,000 women. Women who were undergoing an abortion were more likely to be young, white, and unmarried; most were obtaining an abortion for the first time. More than half of all abortions (52%-54%) were performed at less than or equal to 8 weeks of gestation, and approximately 88% were before 13 weeks. Approximately 15%-16% of abortions were performed at less than or equal to 6 weeks of gestation, 16% were performed at 7 weeks, and 22% at 8 weeks. Younger women (i.e., women aged less than or equal to 19 years) were more likely to obtain abortions later in pregnancy than were older women. In 1991, 12 women died as a result of induced abortion: 11 of these deaths were related to legal abortion and one to illegal abortion. During 1991, the case-fatality rate of legal induced abortion was 0.8 abortion-related deaths per 100,000 legal induced abortions. Interpretation: Since 1990, the number of abortions has declined each year. Since 1987, the abortion-to-live-birth ratio also has declined; in 1994, it was the lowest recorded since 1977. This decrease in the abortion ratio reflected the lower proportion of pregnant women who obtained an induced abortion. As in previous years, deaths related to legal induced abortions occurred rarely (i.e., approximately one death per 100,000 legal induced abortions). Actions Taken: The number and characteristics of women who obtain abortions in the United States should continue to be monitored so that trends in induced abortion can be assessed, efforts to prevent unintended pregnancy can be evaluated, and the preventable causes of morbidity and mortality associated with abortions can be identified and reduced.

INTRODUCTION

In 1969, CDC began abortion surveillance to document the number and characteristics of women obtaining legal induced abortions, monitor unintended pregnancy, and assist efforts to identify and reduce preventable causes of morbidity and mortality associated with abortions. This report is based primarily on abortion data for 1993 and 1994 provided to CDC's National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Reproductive Health.

METHODS

For 1993 and 1994, CDC compiled data from 52 reporting areas: 50 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City. The total number of legal induced abortions was available from all reporting areas; however, not all these areas collected information regarding the characteristics of women who obtained abortions, and the number of states reporting each characteristic differed. States were excluded from the analysis if data regarding a given characteristic were unknown for greater than 15% of women.

For 47 reporting areas, data concerning the number and characteristics of legal induced abortions were provided from the central health agency *; for the other five areas, data concerning the number of abortions were provided from hospitals and other medical facilities. Because information concerning the residence of women who obtained abortions was not available from some states, the procedures were reported by the state in which they were performed. However, two reporting areas (the District of Columbia and Wisconsin) reported abortions by state of residence; occurrence data were unavailable for those areas.

For the analysis of age, women who obtained legal induced abortions were grouped by 5-year age groups. Both ratios (i.e., the number of abortions per 1,000 live births per year) and rates (the number of abortions per 1,000 women per year) are presented by age group in this report. Ratios were calculated by using the number of live births provided by each state's central health agency (except where noted), and rates were calculated by using the number of women reported in special unpublished tabulations provided by the U.S. Bureau of the Census. Because almost all (94%) abortions among women less than 15 years of age are obtained by those aged 13-14 years (1), the population of women aged 13-14 years was used as the denominator for calculating abortion rates for women aged less than 15 years. Rates for women aged greater than or equal to 40 years were based on the number of women aged 40-44 years, whereas rates for all women who obtained abortions were based on the population of women aged 15-44 years.

Race was categorized by either three groups (i.e., a} white, b} black, and c} all other races) or two groups (i.e., a} white and b} black and all other races). "Other" races included Asian/Pacific Islander, Native American/Alaskan Native, and women classified as "other" race.

In 1990, data regarding Hispanic ethnicity were first available on abortion reports submitted by central health agencies to CDC. For the purposes of this surveillance system, Hispanic ethnicity and race were evaluated separately. For the analysis of abortions by race, women of Hispanic ethnicity were categorized as white.

Marital status was reported as either married (which included women who were married or separated) or unmarried (which usually included those who were unmarried, divorced, or widowed). Reporting of marital status differed somewhat by state, particularly for the data used as denominators to calculate abortion ratios by marital status; therefore, abortion ratios by marital status should be interpreted cautiously.

Most areas that reported week of gestation at the time of abortion also reported procedures obtained at less than or equal to 8 weeks of gestation (38 of 41 in 1993 and 38 of 40 in 1994). Gestational age (in weeks) at the time of abortion was reported by most areas from estimates derived from the time elapsed since the woman's last menstrual period. In 10 states in 1993 and 17 states in 1994, gestational age was reported on the basis of the physician's estimate, which could have included information from the clinical examination as well as the time elapsed since the last menstrual period.

CDC periodically has reported information concerning abortion-related deaths; the first year for which such data were available was 1972 (2). Sources for obtaining such information included national and state vital records, maternal mortality review committees, surveys, private citizens, the media, health-care providers, and medical examiner reports. For each reported case, clinical records and autopsy reports were requested and reviewed by a medical epidemiologist to determine the cause of death and verify that the death was abortion-related.

An abortion-related death was defined as a death resulting from a) a direct complication of an abortion, b) an indirect complication caused by the chain of events initiated by the abortion, or c) aggravation of a preexisting condition by the physiologic or psychologic effects of the abortion. Each abortion-related death was then categorized as legal induced, illegal induced, spontaneous, or unknown. Deaths that did not satisfy the criteria of the case definition were classified as not abortion-related. * Legal induced abortion was defined as a procedure, performed by a licensed physician or someone acting under the supervision of a licensed physician, that was intended to terminate a suspected or known intrauterine pregnancy and to produce a nonviable fetus at any gestational age (3,4).

Before 1978, no gestational age criteria were specified for classifying spontaneous abortion-related deaths. For the reporting year 1978, CDC defined spontaneous abortion as occurring before the completion of the twentieth menstrual week (4). A detailed review of all spontaneous abortion-related deaths during 1978-1989 resulted in the identification of seven deaths that had occurred at greater than or equal to 20 weeks of gestation; these deaths were reclassified as not abortion-related.

Included in this report are a) abortion-related deaths that occurred during 1991 and b) updated totals for spontaneous abortion-related deaths for 1979, 1980, 1982, 1984, 1988, and 1989 (2,5). Case-fatality rates were calculated for legal induced abortion-related deaths per 100,000 legal induced abortions. Trends in case-fatality rates for legal induced abortion for 1972-1991 are reported.

RESULTS

For 1993, 1,330,414 legal induced abortions were reported to CDC, representing a 2.1% decrease from the number reported for 1992 (5); for 1994, 1,267,415 abortions were reported, representing a 4.7% decrease from the number for 1993 (Table_1). In contrast, from 1970 through 1982, the reported number of legal abortions in the United States had increased every year (Table_2), (Figure_1); the largest percentage increase occurred from 1970 to 1971. From 1976 through 1982, the annual increase declined continuously and reached a low of 0.2% for both 1981 and 1982. From 1983 through 1990, the number of abortions increased again, although year-to-year fluctuations were less than or equal to 5%. From 1991 through 1994, the annual number of abortions decreased each year.

The legal induced abortion ratio increased from 1970 to 1980, peaked at 364 abortions per 1,000 live births in 1984, and began to decline steadily after 1987 (to 334 per 1,000 in 1993 and to 321 per 1,000 in 1994) (Figure_1), (Table_2). The legal induced abortion rate increased from five abortions per 1,000 women aged 15-44 years in 1970 to 25 per 1,000 in 1980. From 1981 through 1992, the rate remained stable at 23-24 abortions per 1,000 women, then declined to 22 in 1993 and to 21 in 1994.

In 1993 and 1994, as in previous years, most legal induced abortions were performed in California, Florida, New York City, and Texas; the fewest were performed in Idaho, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wyoming (Table_3) and (Table_4)) (2,6,7). For women whose state of residence was known, approximately 91% had obtained the abortion within the state in which they resided. In 1994, the percentage of abortions obtained by out-of-state residents ranged from approximately 52%-54% in the District of Columbia to less than 1% in Hawaii. For both 1993 and 1994, nine reporting areas did not provide data concerning abortions obtained by out-of-state residents.

Women aged 20-24 years obtained approximately one third (34% in 1993 and 33% in 1994) of all abortions; women aged less than 15 years obtained less than 1% of all abortions (Table_5) and (Table_6). Abortion ratios were highest for women in the youngest (i.e., less than 15 years and 15-19 years) and the oldest (greater than or equal to 40 years) age groups (Figure_2). The abortion ratio for women aged less than 15 years was 744 abortions per 1,000 live births in 1993 and 704 per 1,000 in 1994. The ratio for women aged 15-19 years (440 and 415 abortions per 1,000 live births in 1993 and 1994, respectively) was similar to that for women aged greater than or equal to 40 years (430 and 412 abortions per 1,000 live births in 1993 and 1994, respectively). The ratio was lowest for women aged 30-34 years (180 and 172 abortions per 1,000 live births in 1993 and 1994, respectively). Among adolescents, the abortion ratio was highest for those aged less than 15 years and lowest for those aged 19 years (Table_7) and (Table_8). Abortion rates were highest for women aged 20-24 years (42 abortions per 1,000 women in 1993 and 39 per 1,000 in 1994) and lowest for women at the reproductive-age extremes (i.e., for women aged less than 15 years, three abortions per 1,000 women in 1993 and two per 1,000 in 1994; for women aged greater than or equal to 40 years, two abortions per 1,000 women in 1993 and 1994) (Table_5) and (Table_6).

For women in most age groups, the abortion ratio increased from 1974 through the early to mid-1980s and declined thereafter, particularly for the youngest and oldest reproductive-aged women (Figure_3). The abortion ratios for women aged less than 15 years have been higher than for the other age groups. In 1994, the abortion ratio decreased for women aged 15-19 years and was the lowest ever recorded for that age group. The abortion ratio for women aged 20-34 years (i.e., the group with the highest fertility rate) has remained stable since the mid-1980s (8).

During 1993 and 1994, approximately 51%-53% of reported legal induced abortions were obtained at less than or equal to 8 weeks of gestation, and about 86% were obtained at less than 13 weeks (Table_9) and (Table_10). In 1993 and 1994, approximately 14%-15% of abortions were performed at less than or equal to 6 weeks of gestation, approximately 16% at 7 weeks, and approximately 21% at 8 weeks (Table_11) and (Table_12). Few abortions were provided after 15 weeks of gestation -- approximately 4% of abortions were obtained at 16-20 weeks, and 1.2%-1.3% were obtained at greater than or equal to 21 weeks (Figure_4).

During both 1993 and 1994, approximately 98% of legal induced abortions were performed by curettage, and less than 1% by intrauterine saline or prostaglandin instillation (Table_13 and Table_14). Hysterectomy and hysterotomy seldom were used; less than 0.01% of abortions were performed by using these methods.

As in previous years, approximately 60% of women who obtained legal induced abortions were white (Table_15) and (Table_16) (2,6). Abortion ratios for black women were 552 abortions per 1,000 live births in 1993 and 538 per 1,000 in 1994; these ratios were almost 2.5 times the ratios for white women (231 abortions per 1,000 live births in 1993 and 217 per 1,000 in 1994). Abortion ratios for women of other races (310 abortions per 1,000 live births in 1993 and 325 per 1,000 in 1994) were approximately 1.3-1.5 times the ratios for white women. In addition, abortion rates for black women (43 and 40 abortions per 1,000 black women in 1993 and 1994, respectively) were approximately three times the rates for white women (15 and 13 abortions per 1,000 white women in 1993 and 1994, respectively).

Twenty-one states in 1993 and 22 states in 1994, the District of Columbia, and New York City * reported information concerning the Hispanic ethnicity of women who obtained legal induced abortions (Table_17) and (Table_18). The percentage of abortions obtained by Hispanic women in these reporting areas ranged from less than 1% in several states to approximately 39%-40% in New Mexico. For Hispanic women in these reporting areas, the abortion ratio was 289 abortions per 1,000 live births in 1993 and 278 per 1,000 in 1994 -- slightly lower than the ratio for non-Hispanics in the same areas (309 and 290 abortions per 1,000 live births in 1993 and 1994, respectively). However, the abortion rate per 1,000 Hispanic women (30 abortions per 1,000 women in 1993 and 29 per 1,000 in 1994) was greater than the rate per 1,000 non-Hispanic women (20 per 1,000 women in 1993 and 18 per 1,000 in 1994).

Seventy-seven to 78 percent of women who obtained abortions were unmarried (Table_19) and (Table_20)). Abortion ratios for unmarried women were approximately nine times the ratios for married women (789 vs. 84 abortions per 1,000 live births in 1993, and 689 vs. 79 in 1994).

Approximately 45%-46% of women who obtained legal induced abortions had had no previous live births, and about 88%-89% had had two or fewer previous live births (Table_21) and (Table_22). The abortion ratio in 1994 was highest for women who had had no previous live births and women who had had two previous live births. The ratio was lowest for women who had had one previous live birth.

In 1993 and 1994, approximately 54% of women who obtained a legal abortion were doing so for the first time. Approximately 17%-18% of women who obtained a legal abortion had had at least two previous legal abortions (Table_23) and (Table_24).

The age distribution of women who obtained a legal abortion differed only slightly by race (Table_25) and (Table_26). However, for women of black or other races, the percentage who were less than 15 years of age, although small (1.2%), was twice the percentage for white women (0.6%). The percentage of women of black or other races who were unmarried (82% in 1993 and 83% in 1994) also was slightly higher than the percentage of white women (77% in 1993 and 78% in 1994). Few differences were found by age and Hispanic ethnicity (Table_27) and (Table_28). Of those women who obtained an abortion, a slightly higher percentage of non-Hispanic women were unmarried in comparison with Hispanic women.

Most women (88%) obtained an abortion during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy; however, adolescents (i.e., women aged less than or equal to 19 years) were more likely than older women to obtain abortions later in pregnancy (Table_29) and (Table_30). The percentage of women who obtained an abortion early in pregnancy (i.e., at less than or equal to 8 weeks of gestation) increased with age. The percentage who obtained an abortion late in pregnancy (at greater than or equal to 16 weeks of gestation) decreased with age for women up to 25-29 years of age, and then remained stable for women in older age groups (Figure_5). Black women were more likely to obtain an abortion later in pregnancy than were white women or women of other races (Table_29) and (Table_30). Although Hispanic women were slightly more likely than non-Hispanic women to have had an abortion at less than or equal to 8 weeks of gestation, the overall differences between Hispanic and non-Hispanic women in the timing of abortions were minimal (Table_29) (Table_30) (Table_31) and (Table_32).

More than 99% of abortions at less than or equal to 12 weeks of gestation were performed by using curettage (primarily suction procedures) (Table_33) and (Table_34). After 12 weeks of gestation, the most frequently used procedure also was curettage, although it usually was reported as dilatation and evacuation (D&E). About the same proportion of intrauterine instillations involved the use of saline or prostaglandin; these procedures were used primarily at greater than or equal to 16 weeks of gestation.

CDC received reports of 32 possible abortion-related deaths for 1991 (i.e., the most recent year for which such data were available). A review of these cases indicated that 18 of the 32 women died from abortion-related causes (Table_35). Eleven of the deaths were associated with legal induced abortion; one death, illegal induced abortion; and six deaths, spontaneous abortion. Possible abortion-related deaths that occurred during 1992-1994 are being investigated.

All deaths reported to CDC for 1972-1990 that had been classified as "spontaneous abortion-related" were reviewed. Seven of these deaths had occurred during 1979-1989 among women at greater than or equal to 20 weeks of gestation. Because these deaths did not meet the criteria for spontaneous abortion-related deaths, they were reclassified as not abortion-related (i.e., pregnancy-related).

The case-fatality rate for legal induced abortion in 1991 was 0.8 deaths per 100,000 legal abortions. During 1980-1991, annual case-fatality rates for legal induced abortion-related deaths were less than or equal to 1.2 deaths per 100,000 legal induced abortions (Table_35) , (Figure_6).

DISCUSSION

In the United States, the annual number of abortions has decreased each year since 1990 (i.e., the year in which the number of abortions was highest) (Table_2)) (2,6,7). In 1994, the national abortion-to-live-birth ratio was the lowest recorded since 1976. The abortion ratio had increased steadily from 1970 through 1980, decreased slightly during 1981-1983, increased to its highest level in 1984, then remained fairly stable until 1987, before beginning to decline (Table_2 , (Figure_1). This decline in the abortion-to-live-birth ratio probably resulted from several complex factors, such as reduced access to abortion services, changes in contraceptive practices, attitudinal changes concerning abortion and/or carrying unplanned pregnancies to term, and the decreased number of unintended pregnancies (9-12).

Induced abortion rates in the United States for 1993-1994 were a) higher than rates reported previously by Australia and Western European countries and b) lower than rates reported by China, Cuba, Eastern European countries, and the New Independent States of the former Soviet Union (13). In addition, for 1994, the legal induced abortion rate in Canada was exactly half the rate in the United States (10.5 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15-44 years vs. 21 per 1,000, respectively), and the abortion-to-live-birth ratio in Canada also was approximately half the ratio in the United States (186 abortions per 1,000 live births vs. 321 per 1,000, respectively) (14). Both abortion rates and birth rates among teenagers have been higher in the United States than in most Western European countries and some Eastern European countries (15).

As in previous years, the abortion ratio in 1993 and 1994 differed substantially by age (2,6). Although the abortion ratio was highest for adolescents, the percentage of legal induced abortions obtained by women aged less than or equal to 19 years decreased steadily from the mid-1980s through 1994 (i.e., from 26% in 1984 to 22% in 1990 and to 20% in 1994) (7,16). Since 1980, the abortion ratio has declined for most age groups -- particularly for women aged less than or equal to 19 years and greater than or equal to 35 years. In 1994, the abortion ratio for women aged 15-19 years was the lowest ratio CDC had ever recorded for that age group. Other studies indicated a decrease in pregnancies among women aged 15-19 years during 1991-1992 (17). Factors such as an overall decrease in the number of abortions, changing access to abortion services (10), and ongoing changes in abortion laws (e.g., parental consent or notification laws and mandatory waiting periods) -- all of which are likely to disproportionately affect adolescents -- could have affected this decline in the abortion ratio (18,19).

In 1993 and 1994, the abortion ratio for black women was more than twice the ratio for white women, and this differential has increased since 1986. In addition, the abortion rate for black women was approximately three times the rate for white women. Race-specific differences in legal induced abortion ratios and rates may reflect differences in factors such as socioeconomic status, contraceptive use, incidence of unintended pregnancies, and access to family planning and contraceptive services.

The abortion-to-live-birth ratio for Hispanic women during 1993 and 1994 was slightly lower than that for non-Hispanic women. Other published reports indicate that pregnant Hispanic women are less likely than pregnant non-Hispanic women to obtain an abortion (20). However, the abortion rate per 1,000 Hispanic women was higher than the rate for non-Hispanic women, a finding that is consistent with several previously published reports (20,21). For women in all age groups, fertility was higher for Hispanic than for non-Hispanic women (8).

For 1994, a total of 34 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City reported Hispanic ethnicity of women who obtained abortions. Because of concerns regarding the completeness of such information in some states, data from only 22 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City were evaluated to determine the number and percentage of abortions obtained by women of Hispanic ethnicity. These geographical areas represented approximately 44% of all reproductive-aged Hispanic women in the United States during 1994 (CDC, unpublished data). One published report of a study that used abortion data obtained from CDC also suggests that the number of Hispanic women who obtain abortions may be underestimated (21). Thus, the number, ratio, and rate of abortions for Hispanic women in this surveillance summary might not be representative of the overall Hispanic population in the United States (i.e., these data might reflect utilization of abortion services only in the states used for this analysis).

The percentage distribution of abortions by gestational age was stable from 1980 through 1994, with slight increases toward the earliest and latest gestational ages (Table_1). Since 1992, most reporting areas have reported gestational age, in weeks of gestation, for abortions performed at less than or equal to 8 weeks (2). These data will assist in monitoring trends in legal abortions as new medical and surgical methods of terminating pregnancy are implemented, because these new methods are primarily for termination of pregnancies at less than or equal to 8 weeks of gestation (22-25).

In this and previous reports, age was inversely associated with timing of abortion (2,26,27). Younger women were more likely to obtain an abortion later in gestation than were older women.

From 1972 to 1994, the percentage of abortions performed by curettage (which includes D&E) increased from 89% to 99% ((Table_1|)), and the percentage of abortions performed by intrauterine instillation and by hysterectomy and hysterotomy declined sharply (from 10% to 0.5% and from 0.6% to less than 0.01%, respectively). From 1974 through 1994, the percentage of second-trimester abortions performed by D&E increased from 31% to 94%; the percentage of second-trimester abortions performed by intrauterine instillation decreased from 57% to 4% (28). The increasing reliance on D&E probably has resulted from the lower risk for complications associated with the procedure (29,30).

Since CDC's surveillance of abortion mortality began in 1972, the annual number of deaths associated with legal induced abortion has decreased by 54% (as of 1991) (31). In 1972, 63 women died as a result of induced abortion. Of those deaths, 24 were associated with legal abortion and 39 with illegal abortion. In 1991, 12 women died as a result of induced abortion: 11 of these deaths were associated with legal abortion and one with illegal abortion. The case-fatality rate decreased approximately 80% between 1972 (4.1 deaths per 100,000 legal induced abortions) and 1991 (0.8 deaths per 100,000 legal induced abortions). These rates, consistent with previously published data for the 1970s and mid-1980s (32-34) indicated that the risk for death from legal induced abortion continues to be extremely low.

The numbers, ratios, and rates of abortion from this analysis are conservative estimates because the numbers of legal abortions reported to CDC for 1993 and 1994 were probably lower than the numbers actually performed. Totals provided by central health agencies are often lower than those obtained by direct surveys of abortion providers (2). For example, the total number of abortions reported to CDC for 1992 * was approximately 11% lower than that reported by The Alan Guttmacher Institute (AGI), a private organization that directly contacts abortion providers to obtain information concerning the number of abortions performed (11). However, since 1987, there has been a decrease in the percentage difference in the number of abortions reported to AGI compared with the number reported to CDC. In addition, not all states collected and/or reported information (e.g., age, race, and gestational age) concerning women who obtained a legal induced abortion during 1993 and 1994; therefore, the numbers, percentages, rates, and ratios derived from this analysis may not be representative of all women who obtained abortions in those years.

Despite these limitations, findings from ongoing national surveillance of legal induced abortion are used for several purposes. First, data from abortion surveillance are used to identify characteristics of women at high risk for unintended pregnancy. Second, ongoing annual surveillance is essential to monitor trends in the number, ratio, and rate of abortions in the United States. Third, statistics on the number of pregnancies ending in abortion are used in conjunction with birth statistics to estimate pregnancy rates (e.g., pregnancy rates among teenagers) (1) and other outcome rates (e.g., the rate of ectopic pregnancies per 1,000 pregnancies). Fourth, abortion and pregnancy rates can be used to evaluate the effectiveness of family planning programs and programs for preventing unintended pregnancy. Fifth, ongoing surveillance provides data for assessing changes in clinical practice patterns related to abortion (e.g., longitudinal changes in the types of procedures and trends in gestational age at the time of abortion). Finally, these data are used as the denominator in calculating abortion morbidity and mortality rates.

Induced abortions are linked usually to unintended pregnancies, which often occur despite use of contraception (19,35,36). In 1995, approximately 31% of live births to women aged 15-44 years were associated with unintended pregnancy (i.e., either mistimed or unwanted at conception) (12). In one study during 1994 and 1995, 58% of women who underwent an abortion reported that they "currently used" contraception during the month of their last menstrual period; however, the use of contraception might have been inconsistent or incorrect (21). Therefore, education regarding improved contraceptive practices, as well as access to and education regarding safe, effective, and low-cost contraception and family planning services, can help reduce the incidence of unintended pregnancy and, therefore, reduce the use of legal induced abortion in the United States (37).

Recently passed welfare-reform legislation -- the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 *

  • may increase the interest in accurate state-based surveillance of induced abortion. In addition, some states have recently instituted programs that emphasize the prevention of unintended pregnancy, particularly among adolescents. To help guide these efforts, an ongoing, accurate assessment of induced abortion is needed in all states to determine the number and characteristics of women who obtain these procedures.

Additional statistical and epidemiologic information about legal induced abortions is available from CDC's automated Reproductive Health Information System. This system provides information by fax, voice recordings, or mail; telephone (404) 330-1230.

References

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  32. Cates W Jr, Rochat RW, Smith JS, Tyler CW. Trends in national abortion mortality, United States, 1940-1974: implications for prevention of future abortion deaths. Adv Plan Parent 1976;11:106-13.

  33. Atrash HK, MacKay T, Binkin NJ, Hogue CJR. Legal abortion mortality in the United States: 1972 to 1982. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1987;156:605-12.

  34. Lawson HW, Frye A, Atrash HK, Smith JC, Shulman HB, Ramick M. Abortion mortality, United States, 1972 through 1987. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1994;171:1365-72.

  35. Jones EF, Forrest JD. Contraceptive failure rates based on the 1988 NSFG. Fam Plann Perspect 1992;24:12-9.

  36. Torres A, Forrest JD. Why do women have abortions? Fam Plann Perspect 1988;20:169-76.

  37. Westoff CF. Contraceptive paths towards the reduction of unintended pregnancy and abortion. Fam Plann Perspect 1988;20:4-13.

    • Includes state health departments and the health departments of New York City and the District of Columbia.

    • These terms were defined in detail in CDC's abortion surveillance reports for 1977 and 1978 (3,4).

    • After excluding states for which ethnicity was unknown for greater than 15% of women who obtained an abortion.

    • The most recent year for which The Alan Guttmacher Institute reported data concerning abortion.




Figure_1

Figure_1
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Table_1
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TABLE 1. Characteristics of women who obtained legal abortions -- United States, selected years, 1972-1994
================================================================================================================================================================
Characteristic                        1972      1973              1976        1980        1985        1990         1991        1992        1993        1994
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Reported no. of  legal abortions   586,760   615,831           988,267   1,297,606   1,328,570   1,429,577    1,388,937   1,359,145   1,330,414   1,267,415

                                                                                             Percent distribution *
Residence                          -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
In-state                              56.2      74.8              90.0        92.6        92.4        91.8         91.6        92.0        91.4        91.5
Out-of-state                          43.8      25.2              10.0         7.4         7.6         8.2          8.4         8.0         8.6         8.5
Age (yrs)
    <=19                              32.6      32.7              32.1        29.2        26.3        22.4         21.0        20.1        20.0        20.2
   20-24                              32.5      32.0              33.3        35.5        34.7        33.2         34.4        34.5        34.4        33.5
    >=25                              34.9      35.3              34.6        35.3        39.0        44.4         44.6        45.4        45.6        46.3
Race
White                                 77.0      72.5              66.6        69.9        66.6        64.8         63.8        61.5        60.9        60.5
Black                                 23.0 +    27.5 +            33.4 +      30.1 +      29.8        31.8         32.5        33.9        34.9        34.7
Other &                                 --        --                --          --         3.5         3.4          3.7         4.6         4.2         4.8
Hispanic origin
Hispanic                                --        --                --          --          --         9.8         13.5        15.2        14.7        14.5
Non-Hispanic                            --        --                --          --          --        90.2         86.5        84.8        85.3        85.5
Marital status
Married                               29.7      27.4              24.6        23.1        19.3        21.7         21.4        20.8        20.4        19.9
Unmarried                             70.3      72.6              75.4        76.9        80.7        78.3         78.6        79.2        79.6        80.1
No. of live births @
  0                                   49.4      48.6              47.7        58.4        56.3        49.2         47.8        45.9        46.3        46.2
  1                                   18.2      18.8              20.7        19.4        21.6        24.4         25.3        25.9        26.0        25.9
  2                                   13.3      14.2              15.4        13.7        14.5        16.9         17.5        18.0        17.8        17.8
  3                                    8.7       8.7               8.3         5.3         5.1         6.1          6.4         6.7         6.6         6.7
>=4                                   10.4       9.7               7.9         3.2         2.5         3.4          3.0         3.5         3.3         3.4
Type of procedure
Curettage                             88.6      88.4              92.8        95.5        97.5        98.8         98.9        98.9        99.0        99.1
  Suction curettage                   65.2      74.9              82.6        89.8        94.6        96.0         97.3        97.0        96.4        96.5
  Sharp curettage                     23.4      13.5              10.2         5.7         2.9         2.8          1.6         1.9         2.6         2.6
Intrauterine instillation             10.4      10.4               6.0         3.1         1.7         0.8          0.7         0.7         0.6         0.5
Other **                               1.0       1.2               1.2         1.4         0.8         0.4          0.4         0.4         0.4         0.4
Wks of gestation
    <=8                               34.0      36.1              47.0        51.7        50.3        51.6         52.3        52.1        52.3        53.7
    <=6                                 --        --                --          --          --          --           --        14.3 ++     14.7 &&     15.7 @@
      7                                 --        --                --          --          --          --           --        15.6 ++     16.2 &&     16.5 @@
      8                                 --        --                --          --          --          --           --        22.2 ++     21.6 &&     21.6 @@
   9-10                               30.7      29.4              28.1        26.2        26.6        25.3         25.1        24.2        24.4        23.5
  11-12                               17.5      17.9              14.4        12.2        12.5        11.7         11.5        12.0        11.6        10.9
  13-15                                8.4       6.9               4.5         5.1         5.9         6.4          6.1         6.0         6.3         6.3
  16-20                                8.2       8.0               5.1         3.9         3.9         4.0          3.9         4.2         4.1         4.3
   >=21                                1.2       1.7               0.9         0.9         0.8         1.0          1.1         1.5         1.3         1.3
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*  Based on known values in data from all areas reporting a given characteristic with no more than 15% unknowns. The number of areas reporting a given
   characteristic varied. For 1993, the number of areas included for residence
   was 43; age, 44; race, 36; ethnicity, 23; marital status, 37; number of live births, 39; type of procedure, 41; and weeks of gestation, 41. For
   1994, the number of areas included for residence was 43; age, 44; race, 37; ethnicity,
   24; marital status, 36; number of live births, 39; type of procedure, 41; and weeks of gestation, 40.
+  Reported as black and other races.
&  Includes all other races.
@  For 1972-1976, data indicate number of living children.
** Includes hysterotomy and hysterectomy.
++ Data are for 36 of 39 areas reporting weeks of gestation.
&& Data are for 38 of 41 areas reporting weeks of gestation.
@@ Data are for 38 of 40 areas reporting weeks of gestation.
-- Not available.
================================================================================================================================================================

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Table_2
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TABLE 2. Number, ratio, * and rate + of legal abortions and source of reporting -- United States, 1970-1994
===========================================================================================================
                                                                No. of areas reporting
                                                   --------------------------------------------------------
Year   Total no. of legal abortions  Ratio    Rate   Central health agency &    Hospitals/ Facilities @
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1970              193,491              52       5              18                         7
1971              485,816             137      11              19                         7
1972              586,760             180      13              21                         8
1973              615,831             196      14              26                        26
1974              763,476             242      17              37                        15

1975              854,853             272      18              39                        13
1976              988,267             312      21              41                        11
1977            1,079,430             325      22              46                         6
1978            1,157,776             347      23              48                         4
1979            1,251,921             358      24              47                         5

1980            1,297,606             359      25              47                         5
1981            1,300,760             358      24              46                         6
1982            1,303,980             354      24              46                         6
1983            1,268,987             349      23              46                         6
1984            1,333,521             364      24              44                         8

1985            1,328,570             354      24              44                         8
1986            1,328,112             354      23              43                         9
1987            1,353,671             356      24              45                         7
1988            1,371,285             352      24              45                         7
1989            1,396,658             346      24              45                         7

1990            1,429,577             345      24              46                         6
1991            1,388,937             339      24              47                         5
1992            1,359,145             335      23              47                         5
1993            1,330,414             334      22              47                         5
1994            1,267,415             321      21              47                         5
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Number of abortions per 1,000 live births.
+ Number of abortions per 1,000 women 15-44 years of age.
& Abortion data reported by central health agencies, which include state health departments and the health
  departments of New York City and the District of Columbia.
@ Abortion data reporte by hospitals and/or other medical facilities in state.
===========================================================================================================

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Table_3
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TABLE 3. Reported number,* ratio,+ and rate& of legal abortions and percentage of abortions obtained by out-of-state residents,@ by
state of occurrence -- United States, 1993
======================================================================================================================================
                                                                                     Percentage of legal abortions
                                                                                       obtained by out-of-state
State               Total no. of legal abortions       Ratio             Rate                  residents
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama                        14,494                   235               15                      9.1
Alaska                          1,644 **                148               12                      --
Arizona                        13,648                   198               16                      2.6
Arkansas                        5,582                   163               11                      3.5
California                    323,944 ++                554               45                      --
Colorado                       10,115                   187               12                      9.2
Connecticut                    16,690                   358               22                      3.9
Delaware                        5,037                   477               31                      --
Dist. of Columbia              17,485                    -- &&            -- @@                  54.2
Florida                        70,069                   364               24                      --
Georgia                        37,819                   342               22                      9.1
Hawaii                          5,835                   298               22                      0.4
Idaho                           1,346                    77                6                      8.1
Illinois                       56,552                   297               21                      --
Indiana                        11,330                   135                9                      3.0
Iowa                            6,324 **                167               10                      --
Kansas                         10,977                   294               20                     44.2
Kentucky                        8,453                   159 ***           10                     24.1
Louisiana                      12,373                   178               12                      --
Maine                           3,301                   219               12                      5.3
Maryland                       19,318                   258               16                      7.1
Massachusetts                  35,312                   417               25                      4.4
Michigan                       35,737                   258               16                      3.9
Minnesota                      14,350                   222               14                      9.5
Mississippi                     6,002                   142               10                     19.6
Missouri                       12,540                   167               11                      9.0
Montana                         2,645                   233               15                     14.1
Nebraska                        5,486                   237               15                     19.0
Nevada                          6,955                   306               23                     11.4
New Hampshire                   3,057 **                198               11                      --
New Jersey                     36,508                   310               20                      2.0
New Mexico                      5,381                   193               15                      4.7
New York                      157,891                   570               38                      --
  City+++                     110,435 &&&               890               --                      6.8
  State+++                     47,456                   311               --                      6.5
North Carolina                 34,906                   344               22                      9.8
North Dakota                    1,406                   162               10                     35.3
Ohio                           41,673                   262               16                      8.7
Oklahoma                       10,071 **                218               14                      --
Oregon                         12,961                   312               19                     11.3
Pennsylvania                   47,926                   300               18                      5.7
Rhode Island                    6,644                   475 ***           29                     20.6
South Carolina                 11,611                   216               14                      6.9
South Dakota                    1,075                   100                7                     22.2
Tennessee                      17,250                   237               15                     15.7
Texas                          90,780                   282               21                      5.0
Utah                            3,945                   106                9                     10.6
Vermont                         2,580                   346               19                     29.2
Virginia                       28,285                   301               18                      5.9
Washington                     27,558                   350               23                      4.6
West Virginia                   2,619                   123                6                     11.8
Wisconsin                      14,671                   210               13                      4.5
Wyoming                           253                    39                2                     10.7

Total                        1,330,414                  334               22                      8.6
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*   Abortion data reported by central health agencies unless otherwise specified.
+   Abortions per 1,000 live births (live-birth data reported by central health agencies unless otherwise specified).
&   Abortions per 1,000 women 15-44 years of age. The number of women in this age group was obtained from the U.S.
    Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census (special unpublished tabulations).
@   Based on number of abortions for which residence of women was known.
**  Reported by hospitals and/or other medical facilities in state.
++  CDC estimate.
&&  >1,000 abortions per 1,000 live births.
@@  >100 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15-44 years.
*** Number of live births obtained from CDC's National Center for Health Statistics, Advance Report of Final Natality
    Statistics, 1993, vol. 44, no. 3, supplement, September 21, 1995.
+++ Percentage based on number reported as "Out-of-Reporting Area."
&&& Reported by the New York City Department of Health.
--  Not available.
======================================================================================================================================

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Table_4
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TABLE 4. Reported number, * ratio, + and rate& of legal abortions and percentage of abortions obtained by
out-of-state residents, @ by state of occurrence -- United States, 1994
=================================================================================================================
                                                                             Percentage of legal abortions
                                                                               obtained by out-of-state
State               Total no. of legal abortions       Ratio         Rate              residents
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama                        14,825                   244           15                  10.4
Alaska                          1,585 **                148           11                    --
Arizona                        13,930                   196           16                   3.5
Arkansas                        5,885                   169           11                   6.6
California                   308,564 ++                 544           43                    --
Colorado                        9,584                   177           11                   7.7
Connecticut                    14,757                   323           20                   3.9
Delaware                        5,637                   543           34                    --
Dist. of Columbia              16,437                    -- &&       -- @@                51.9
Florida                        73,394                   385           25                    --
Georgia                        36,374                   328           21                   9.5
Hawaii                          5,783                   298           22                   0.5
Idaho                           1,047                    60            4                   7.2
Illinois                       55,050                   291           21                    --
Indiana                        12,499                   151            9                   4.4
Iowa                            5,914 **                160           10                    --
Kansas                         10,468                   281           19                  40.6
Kentucky                        8,145                   154            9                  23.1
Louisiana                      12,154                   179           12                    --
Maine                           3,089                   215           11                   5.0
Maryland                       17,627                   238 ***       15                   6.6
Massachusetts                  32,195                   384           23                   4.3
Michigan                       33,061                   240           15                   3.8
Minnesota                      14,027                   218           13                   9.2
Mississippi                     3,979                    95            6                   4.1
Missouri                       11,879                   162           10                  10.6
Montana                         2,761                   250           15                  17.1
Nebraska                        5,324                   230           15                  20.2
Nevada                          6,736                   282           21                  11.3
New Hampshire                   3,008 **                199 ***       11                    --
New Jersey                     33,286                   283           19                   2.1
New Mexico                      4,929                   179           13                   4.9
New York                       49,598                   549           36                    --
  City+++                    103,900 &&&                839           --                   5.9
  State+++                     45,698                   307           --                   7.3
North Carolina                 35,088                   346           21                  10.8
North Dakota                    1,301                   152            9                  28.1
Ohio                           37,742                   242           15                   7.9
Oklahoma                        6,774 **                149           10                    --
Oregon                         13,392                   320           20                  11.6
Pennsylvania                   41,645                   266           16                   4.8
Rhode Island                    6,092                   452 ***       27                  20.5
South Carolina                 10,922                   210           13                   7.6
South Dakota                      987                    94            6                  20.3
Tennessee                      16,837                   230           14                  17.5
Texas                          89,185                   278           21                   5.0
Utah                            3,609                    94            8                  29.9
Vermont                         2,321                   314           17                  25.3
Virginia                       26,369                   279           17                   6.3
Washington                     25,965                   336           21                   5.0
West Virginia                   2,085                    98            5                  12.9
Wisconsin                      13,396                   196           12                   4.5
Wyoming                           174                    27            2                   6.3
Total                       1,267,415                   321           21                   8.5
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*   Abortion data reported by central health agencies unless otherwise specified.
+   Abortions per 1,000 live births (live-birth data reported by central health agencies unless otherwise
    specified).
&   Abortions per 1,000 women 15-44 years of age. The number of women in this age group was obtained from the
    U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census (special unpublished tabulations).
@   Based on number of abortions for which residence of women was known.
**  Reported by hospitals and/or other medical facilities in state.
++  CDC estimate.
&&  >1,000 abortions per 1,000 live births.
@@  >100 abortions per 1,000 women ages 15-44 years.
*** Number of live births obtained from CDC's National Center for Health Statistics, Advance Report of Final
    Natality Statistics, 1994, vol. 44, no. 11, supplement, June 24, 1996.
+++ Percentage based on the number reported as "Out-of-Reporting Area."
&&& Reported by the New York City Department of Health.
--  Not available.
=================================================================================================================

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Table_5
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TABLE 5. Reported legal abortions, by age of women who obtained an abortion and state of occurrence -- selected states,* United States, 1993
=======================================================================================================================================================================================================

                                                                                              Age group (yrs)
                                      -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           <15             15-19             20-24            25-29             30-34              35-39              >=40            Unknown           Total +
                                       -----------     ------------     -------------   --------------    ----------------    ------------       -------------     --------------   -------------------
State                                   No.     %        No.      %        No.      %       No.      %        No.       %        No.     %         No.     %          No.     %        No.       %
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama                                 212   1.5      3,183   22.0      5,279   36.4     2,771   19.1      1,749    12.1      1,003   6.9         275   1.9           22   0.2     14,494   100.0
Arizona                                  82   0.6      2,594   19.0      4,576   33.5     2,883   21.1      1,910    14.0      1,026   7.5         249   1.8          328   2.4     13,648   100.0
Arkansas                                 53   0.9      1,225   21.9      2,140   38.3     1,082   19.4        633    11.3        333   6.0          91   1.6           25   0.4      5,582   100.0
Colorado                                 84   0.8      2,225   22.0      3,223   31.9     2,016   19.9      1,424    14.1        863   8.5         266   2.6           14   0.1     10,115   100.0
Connecticut                             146   0.9      3,454   20.7      5,829   34.9     3,650   21.9      2,118    12.7      1,093   6.5         320   1.9           80   0.5     16,690   100.0
Dist. of Columbia &                      51   0.6      1,464   18.6      2,645   33.6     1,826   23.2      1,070    13.6        623   7.9         174   2.2           12   0.2      7,865   100.0
Georgia                                 452   1.2      7,164   18.9     13,132   34.7     8,447   22.3      5,112    13.5      2,629   7.0         692   1.8          191   0.5     37,819   100.0
Hawaii                                   44   0.8      1,238   21.2      1,835   31.4     1,259   21.6        862    14.8        451   7.7         142   2.4            4   0.1      5,835   100.0
Idaho                                    12   0.9        289   21.5        461   34.2       243   18.1        190    14.1        122   9.1          29   2.2            0   0.0      1,346   100.0
Indiana                                 103   0.9      2,280   20.1      4,158   36.7     2,350   20.7      1,432    12.6        763   6.7         218   1.9           26   0.2     11,330   100.0
Kansas                                  133   1.2      2,665   24.3      3,724   33.9     2,093   19.1      1,320    12.0        782   7.1         205   1.9           55   0.5     10,977   100.0
Kentucky                                 93   1.1      2,157   25.5      2,967   35.1     1,565   18.5      1,001    11.8        490   5.8         131   1.5           49   0.6      8,453   100.0
Louisiana                               157   1.3      2,487   20.1      4,300   34.8     2,543   20.6      1,667    13.5        917   7.4         274   2.2           28   0.2     12,373   100.0
Maine                                    23   0.7        669   20.3      1,109   33.6       665   20.1        469    14.2        251   7.6          76   2.3           39   1.2      3,301   100.0
Maryland                                221   1.1      3,608   18.7      6,592   34.1     4,520   23.4      2,763    14.3      1,311   6.8         303   1.6            0   0.0     19,318   100.0
Massachusetts                           215   0.6      5,872   16.6     11,225   31.8     8,096   22.9      5,389    15.3      2,798   7.9         949   2.7          768   2.2     35,312   100.0
Michigan                                292   0.8      7,264   20.3     12,799   35.8     7,373   20.6      4,703    13.2      2,552   7.1         694   1.9           60   0.2     35,737   100.0
Minnesota                               101   0.7      2,592   18.1      4,915   34.3     3,021   21.1      2,088    14.6      1,119   7.8         327   2.3          187   1.3     14,350   100.0
Mississippi                             103   1.7      1,414   23.6      2,195   36.6     1,120   18.7        723    12.0        338   5.6          84   1.4           25   0.4      6,002   100.0
Missouri                                149   1.2      2,335   18.6      4,304   34.3     2,732   21.8      1,725    13.8        998   8.0         294   2.3            3   0.0     12,540   100.0
Montana                                  21   0.8        653   24.7        838   31.7       476   18.0        360    13.6        211   8.0          85   3.2            1   0.0      2,645   100.0
Nebraska                                 36   0.7      1,191   21.7      1,969   35.9     1,081   19.7        706    12.9        384   7.0         115   2.1            4   0.1      5,486   100.0
Nevada                                   49   0.7      1,080   15.5      2,130   30.6     1,736   25.0      1,106    15.9        630   9.1         177   2.5           47   0.7      6,955   100.0
New Jersey                              294   0.8      6,632   18.2     12,676   34.7     8,325   22.8      5,023    13.8      2,703   7.4         807   2.2           48   0.1     36,508   100.0
New Mexico                               37   0.7      1,112   20.7      1,749   32.5     1,086   20.2        791    14.7        415   7.7         166   3.1           25   0.5      5,381   100.0
New York                              1,140   0.7     28,169   17.8     49,926   31.6    37,858   24.0     24,043    15.2     12,228   7.7       3,463   2.2        1,064   0.7    157,891   100.0
  City                                  866   0.8     18,597   16.8     33,883   30.7    27,627   25.0     17,763    16.1      8,850   8.0       2,477   2.2          372   0.3    110,435   100.0
  State                                 274   0.6      9,572   20.2     16,043   33.8    10,231   21.6      6,280    13.2      3,378   7.1         986   2.1          692   1.5     47,456   100.0
North Carolina                          301   0.9      7,729   22.1     12,561   36.0     7,043   20.2      4,054    11.6      2,107   6.0         596   1.7          515   1.5     34,906   100.0
North Dakota                              5   0.4        359   25.5        503   35.8       252   17.9        163    11.6         95   6.8          29   2.1            0   0.0      1,406   100.0
Ohio                                    254   0.6      6,540   15.7     14,938   35.8     8,481   20.4      5,137    12.3      2,925   7.0         871   2.1        2,527   6.1     41,673   100.0
Oregon                                   94   0.7      2,800   21.6      4,230   32.6     2,677   20.7      1,608    12.4        965   7.4         304   2.3          283   2.2     12,961   100.0
Pennsylvania                            499   1.0      9,645   20.1     16,554   34.5    10,156   21.2      6,493    13.5      3,605   7.5         973   2.0            1   0.0     47,926   100.0
Rhode Island                             38   0.6      1,196   18.0      2,362   35.6     1,423   21.4        936    14.1        539   8.1         150   2.3            0   0.0      6,644   100.0
South Carolina                          137   1.2      2,288   19.7      4,196   36.1     2,458   21.2      1,510    13.0        830   7.1         192   1.7            0   0.0     11,611   100.0
South Dakota                              9   0.8        271   25.2        345   32.1       185   17.2        148    13.8         86   8.0          31   2.9            0   0.0      1,075   100.0
Tennessee                               190   1.1      3,567   20.7      6,148   35.6     3,546   20.6      2,258    13.1      1,186   6.9         316   1.8           39   0.2     17,250   100.0
Texas                                   449   0.5     15,655   17.2     32,264   35.5    20,452   22.5     12,846    14.2      6,811   7.5       2,093   2.3          210   0.2     90,780   100.0
Utah                                     34   0.9        781   19.8      1,344   34.1       856   21.7        525    13.3        296   7.5          82   2.1           27   0.7      3,945   100.0
Vermont                                  12   0.5        534   20.7        944   36.6       493   19.1        358    13.9        170   6.6          66   2.6            3   0.1      2,580   100.0
Virginia                                222   0.8      5,296   18.7      9,489   33.5     6,492   23.0      4,028    14.2      2,154   7.6         560   2.0           44   0.2     28,285   100.0
Washington                              164   0.6      5,555   20.2      9,045   32.8     5,824   21.1      3,901    14.2      2,244   8.1         722   2.6          103   0.4     27,558   100.0
West Virginia                            22   0.8        636   24.3        951   36.3       477   18.2        314    12.0        171   6.5          47   1.8            1   0.0      2,619   100.0
Wisconsin &                             123   0.9      2,724   19.5      5,055   36.1     2,976   21.3      1,829    13.1      1,006   7.2         291   2.1            0   0.0     14,004   100.0
Wyoming                                   2   0.8         73   28.9         66   26.1        47   18.6         39    15.4         21   8.3           4   1.6            1   0.4        253   100.0

Total                                 6,858   0.8    160,665   19.0    287,691   34.1   184,655   21.9    116,524    13.8     62,244   7.4      17,933   2.1        6,859   0.8    843,429   100.0

Abortion ratio @                        744              440               384              227               180                248               430                                 291
Abortion rate **                          3               25                42               26                14                  8                 2                                  18
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*  Data from 42 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City.
+  Percentages may not add to 100.0  due to rounding.
&  Includes residents only.
@  Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women in a given age group per 1,000 live births to women in the same age group for these
   states. For each state, data for women of unknown age were distributed according
   to the known age distribution for that state.
** Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women in a  given age group per 1,000 women of the same age group for these states. For
   each state, data for women of unknown age were distributed according to the
   known age distribution for that state.
=======================================================================================================================================================================================================

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Table_6
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TABLE 6. Reported legal abortions, by age of women who obtained an abortion and state of occurrence -- selected states, * United States, 1994
=====================================================================================================================================================================================================================================================
                   Age group (yrs)
                                       ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           <15            15-19                   20-24                           25-29                      30-34                       35-39                     >=40                Unknown            Total +
                                       ----------      -------------          --------------                  ------------              -------------                ------------              ---------------         -------------   ---------------
State                                   No.     %        No.      %              No.      %                     No.      %                 No.      %                  No.     %                 No.      %             No.     %        No.       %
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama                                 210   1.4      3,213   21.7            5,454   36.8                   2,873   19.4               1,770   11.9                  984   6.6                 284    1.9              37   0.2     14,825   100.0
Arizona                                  91   0.7      2,671   19.2            4,410   31.7                   2,928   21.0               1,971   14.1                1,082   7.8                 279    2.0             498   3.6     13,930   100.0
Arkansas                                 74   1.3      1,374   23.3            2,188   37.2                   1,096   18.6                 666   11.3                  367   6.2                  94    1.6              26   0.4      5,885   100.0
Colorado                                 91   0.9      2,131   22.2            3,049   31.8                   1,819   19.0               1,406   14.7                  811   8.5                 249    2.6              28   0.3      9,584   100.0
Connecticut                              92   0.6      3,004   20.4            4,909   33.3                   3,304   22.4               1,974   13.4                1,054   7.1                 291    2.0             129   0.9     14,757   100.0
Dist. of Columbia &                     105   1.4      1,507   19.4            2,734   35.2                   1,805   23.3               1,050   13.5                  446   5.7                 108    1.4               6   0.1      7,761   100.0
Georgia                                 479   1.3      6,728   18.5           12,464   34.3                   8,086   22.2               5,119   14.1                2,564   7.0                 735    2.0             199   0.5     36,374   100.0
Hawaii                                   43   0.7      1,301   22.5            1,763   30.5                   1,220   21.1                 784   13.6                  502   8.7                 166    2.9               4   0.1      5,783   100.0
Idaho                                     4   0.4        256   24.5              327   31.2                     208   19.9                 138   13.2                   82   7.8                  31    3.0               1   0.1      1,047   100.0
Indiana                                 130   1.0      2,584   20.7            4,520   36.2                   2,505   20.0               1,585   12.7                  895   7.2                 247    2.0              33   0.3     12,499   100.0
Kansas                                  110   1.1      2,534   24.2            3,498   33.4                   1,916   18.3               1,353   12.9                  790   7.5                 223    2.1              44   0.4     10,468   100.0
Kentucky                                108   1.3      2,031   24.9            2,820   34.6                   1,542   18.9                 952   11.7                  511   6.3                 137    1.7              44   0.5      8,145   100.0
Louisiana                               169   1.4      2,500   20.6            4,215   34.7                   2,505   20.6               1,517   12.5                  929   7.6                 274    2.3              45   0.4     12,154   100.0
Maine                                    21   0.7        623   20.2              995   32.2                     634   20.5                 439   14.2                  258   8.4                  84    2.7              35   1.1      3,089   100.0
Maryland                                194   1.1      3,395   19.3            5,846   33.2                   4,058   23.0               2,544   14.4                1,238   7.0                 352    2.0               0   0.0     17,627   100.0
Massachusetts                           177   0.5      5,181   16.1            9,984   31.0                   7,465   23.2               4,949   15.4                2,789   8.7                 900    2.8             750   2.3     32,195   100.0
Michigan                                271   0.8      6,839   20.7           11,626   35.2                   6,892   20.8               4,314   13.0                2,376   7.2                 659    2.0              84   0.3     33,061   100.0
Minnesota                               103   0.7      2,510   17.9            4,645   33.1                   3,059   21.8               2,029   14.5                1,187   8.5                 353    2.5             141   1.0     14,027   100.0
Mississippi                              60   1.5        807   20.3            1,514   38.0                     757   19.0                 477   12.0                  269   6.8                  93    2.3               2   0.1      3,979   100.0
Missouri                                142   1.2      2,341   19.7            3,909   32.9                   2,511   21.1               1,713   14.4                  964   8.1                 289    2.4              10   0.1     11,879   100.0
Montana                                  24   0.9        681   24.7              841   30.5                     479   17.3                 395   14.3                  255   9.2                  86    3.1               0   0.0      2,761   100.0
Nebraska                                 34   0.6      1,144   21.5            1,877   35.3                   1,051   19.7                 701   13.2                  396   7.4                 117    2.2               4   0.1      5,324   100.0
Nevada                                   55   0.8      1,068   15.9            1,971   29.3                   1,561   23.2               1,213   18.0                  653   9.7                 183    2.7              32   0.5      6,736   100.0
New Jersey                              249   0.7      5,958   17.9           11,297   33.9                   7,708   23.2               4,714   14.2                2,528   7.6                 783    2.4              49   0.1     33,286   100.0
New Mexico                               34   0.7        992   20.1            1,507   30.6                   1,030   20.9                 735   14.9                  429   8.7                 172    3.5              30   0.6      4,929   100.0
New York                              1,096   0.7     27,436   18.3           46,052   30.8                  35,655   23.8              23,283   15.6               12,074   8.1               3,590    2.4             412   0.3    149,598   100.0
  City                                  821   0.8     17,804   17.1           31,090   29.9                  25,850   24.9              16,938   16.3                8,624   8.3               2,485    2.4             288   0.3    103,900   100.0
  State                                 275   0.6      9,632   21.1           14,962   32.7                   9,805   21.5               6,345   13.9                3,450   7.5               1,105    2.4             124   0.3     45,698   100.0
North Carolina                          359   1.0      7,694   21.9           12,376   35.3                   6,849   19.5               4,298   12.2                2,221   6.3                 613    1.7             678   1.9     35,088   100.0
North Dakota                              5   0.4        318   24.4              479   36.8                     244   18.8                 139   10.7                   79   6.1                  34    2.6               3   0.2      1,301   100.0
Ohio                                    254   0.7      6,713   17.8           13,628   36.1                   8,172   21.7               4,834   12.8                2,936   7.8                 874    2.3             331   0.9     37,742   100.0
Oregon                                   71   0.5      2,865   21.4            4,256   31.8                   2,806   21.0               1,855   13.9                1,016   7.6                 333    2.5             190   1.4     13,392   100.0
Pennsylvania                            432   1.0      7,906   19.0           13,985   33.6                   9,028   21.7               5,791   13.9                3,514   8.4                 989    2.4               0   0.0     41,645   100.0
Rhode Island                             42   0.7      1,106   18.2            2,085   34.2                   1,326   21.8                 895   14.7                  491   8.1                 146    2.4               1   0.0      6,092   100.0
South Carolina                          106   1.0      2,251   20.6            3,870   35.4                   2,262   20.7               1,454   13.3                  770   7.0                 209    1.9               0   0.0     10,922   100.0
South Dakota                              5   0.5        255   25.8              300   30.4                     178   18.0                 143   14.5                   81   8.2                  25    2.5               0   0.0        987   100.0
Tennessee                               189   1.1      3,480   20.7            5,948   35.3                   3,385   20.1               2,259   13.4                1,206   7.2                 364    2.2               6   0.0     16,837   100.0
Texas                                   434   0.5     15,471   17.3           30,890   34.6                  20,389   22.9              12,570   14.1                6,957   7.8               2,255    2.5             219   0.2     89,185   100.0
Utah                                     24   0.7        695   19.3            1,170   32.4                     794   22.0                 533   14.8                  291   8.1                  88    2.4              14   0.4      3,609   100.0
Vermont                                  11   0.5        517   22.3              751   32.4                     462   19.9                 294   12.7                  219   9.4                  65    2.8               2   0.1      2,321   100.0
Virginia                                234   0.9      5,122   19.4            8,488   32.2                   5,878   22.3               3,876   14.7                2,118   8.0                 610    2.3              43   0.2     26,369   100.0
Washington                              192   0.7      5,172   19.9            8,054   31.0                   5,574   21.5               3,794   14.6                2,231   8.6                 724    2.8             224   0.9     25,965   100.0
West Virginia                            29   1.4        545   26.1              704   33.8                     378   18.1                 242   11.6                  135   6.5                  50    2.4               2   0.1      2,085   100.0
Wisconsin &                             103   0.8      2,485   19.4            4,418   34.5                   2,731   21.4               1,806   14.1                  957   7.5                 290    2.3               0   0.0     12,790   100.0
Wyoming                                   5   2.9         37   21.3               52   29.9                      26   14.9                  29   16.7                   16   9.2                   9    5.2               0   0.0        174   100.0
Total                                 6,661   0.8    153,441   19.2          265,869   33.3                 175,149   21.9             112,603   14.1               61,671   7.7              18,457    2.3           4,356   0.5    798,207   100.0
Abortion ratio @                        704              415                     364                            222                        172                         234                       412                                     277
Abortion rate  **                         2               24                      39                             25                         14                           7                         2                                      17
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*  Data from 42 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City.
+  Percentages may not add to 100.0 due to rounding.
&  Includes residents only.
@  Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women in a given age group per 1,000 live births to women in the same  age group for these
   states. For each state, data for women of unknown age were distributed according to the known age distribution for that state.
** Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by  women in a given age group per 1,000 women in the same age group for these states. For
   each state, data for women of unknown age were distributed according to the known age distribution for  that state.
=====================================================================================================================================================================================================================================================

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Table_7
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TABLE 7.  Reported legal abortions obtained by adolescents, by known age and state of occurrence -- selected states,* United States, 1993
==============================================================================================================================================
                                                                         Age (yrs)
                       ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             <15                15             16               17              18               19            Total +
                       ----------------     -----------   --------------    -----------    -------------    -------------    -----------------
State                   No.           %      No.     %      No.       %      No.      %      No.       %      No.      %        No.       %
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama                 212         6.2      259   7.6      436    12.8      502   14.8      913    26.9    1,073   31.6      3,395   100.0
Arizona                  82         3.1      166   6.2      356    13.3      475   17.8      795    29.7      802   30.0      2,676   100.0
Arkansas                 53         4.1       76   5.9      147    11.5      211   16.5      393    30.8      398   31.1      1,278   100.0
Colorado                 84         3.6      183   7.9      328    14.2      488   21.1      595    25.8      631   27.3      2,309   100.0
Connecticut             146         4.1      251   7.0      504    14.0      770   21.4      912    25.3    1,017   28.3      3,600   100.0
Georgia                 452         5.9      623   8.2    1,021    13.4    1,232   16.2    2,010    26.4    2,278   29.9      7,616   100.0
Hawaii                   44         3.4       82   6.4      178    13.9      274   21.4      331    25.8      373   29.1      1,282   100.0
Idaho                    12         4.0       26   8.6       47    15.6       33   11.0       93    30.9       90   29.9        301   100.0
Indiana                 103         4.3      175   7.3      273    11.5      330   13.8      699    29.3      803   33.7      2,383   100.0
Kansas                  133         4.8      233   8.3      389    13.9      545   19.5      738    26.4      760   27.2      2,798   100.0
Kentucky                 93         4.1      183   8.1      362    16.1      483   21.5      553    24.6      576   25.6      2,250   100.0
Louisiana               157         5.9      238   9.0      333    12.6      361   13.7      789    29.8      766   29.0      2,644   100.0
Maine                    23         3.3       54   7.8       76    11.0      143   20.7      180    26.0      216   31.2        692   100.0
Maryland                221         5.8      319   8.3      530    13.8      731   19.1      915    23.9    1,113   29.1      3,829   100.0
Massachusetts           215         3.5      337   5.5      576     9.5      857   14.1    1,863    30.6    2,239   36.8      6,087   100.0
Michigan                292         3.9      588   7.8      955    12.6    1,267   16.8    2,117    28.0    2,337   30.9      7,556   100.0
Minnesota               101         3.8      169   6.3      320    11.9      413   15.3      777    28.9      913   33.9      2,693   100.0
Mississippi             103         6.8      105   6.9      177    11.7      234   15.4      429    28.3      469   30.9      1,517   100.0
Missouri                149         6.0      200   8.1      325    13.1      328   13.2      717    28.9      765   30.8      2,484   100.0
Montana                  21         3.1       50   7.4       87    12.9      140   20.8      191    28.3      185   27.4        674   100.0
Nebraska                 36         2.9       65   5.3      139    11.3      187   15.2      384    31.3      416   33.9      1,227   100.0
Nevada                   49         4.3       73   6.5      153    13.6      237   21.0      302    26.7      315   27.9      1,129   100.0
New Jersey              294         4.2      483   7.0      913    13.2    1,309   18.9    1,793    25.9    2,134   30.8      6,926   100.0
New Mexico               37         3.2       70   6.1      171    14.9      202   17.6      348    30.3      321   27.9      1,149   100.0
New York              1,140         3.9    2,081   7.1    4,032    13.8    5,739   19.6    7,671    26.2    8,646   29.5     29,309   100.0
  City                  866         4.4    1,485   7.6    2,772    14.2    3,706   19.0    4,961    25.5    5,673   29.1     19,463   100.0
  State                 274         2.8      596   6.1    1,260    12.8    2,033   20.6    2,710    27.5    2,973   30.2      9,846   100.0
North Carolina          301         3.7      607   7.6    1,124    14.0    1,454   18.1    2,140    26.7    2,404   29.9      8,030   100.0
North Dakota              5         1.4       18   4.9       39    10.7       59   16.2      122    33.5      121   33.2        364   100.0
Ohio                    254         3.7      422   6.2      832    12.2    1,085   16.0    1,732    25.5    2,469   36.3      6,794   100.0
Oregon                   94         3.2      178   6.2      402    13.9      576   19.9      778    26.9      866   29.9      2,894   100.0
Pennsylvania            499         4.9      738   7.3    1,258    12.4    1,990   19.6    2,674    26.4    2,985   29.4     10,144   100.0
Rhode Island             38         3.1       63   5.1      130    10.5      155   12.6      385    31.2      463   37.5      1,234   100.0
South Carolina          137         5.6      174   7.2      254    10.5      437   18.0      671    27.7      752   31.0      2,425   100.0
South Dakota              9         3.2       20   7.1       49    17.5       53   18.9       68    24.3       81   28.9        280   100.0
Tennessee               190         5.1      271   7.2      455    12.1      600   16.0    1,072    28.5    1,169   31.1      3,757   100.0
Texas                   449         2.8      887   5.5    1,788    11.1    2,772   17.2    4,414    27.4    5,794   36.0     16,104   100.0
Utah                     34         4.2       50   6.1       97    11.9      138   16.9      222    27.2      274   33.6        815   100.0
Vermont                  12         2.2       42   7.7       78    14.3      102   18.7      140    25.6      172   31.5        546   100.0
Virginia                222         4.0      356   6.5      699    12.7      988   17.9    1,668    30.2    1,585   28.7      5,518   100.0
Washington              164         2.9      413   7.2      823    14.4    1,142   20.0    1,535    26.8    1,642   28.7      5,719   100.0
West Virginia            22         3.3       46   7.0       92    14.0      100   15.2      180    27.4      218   33.1        658   100.0
Wisconsin&              123         4.3      183   6.4      341    12.0      490   17.2      799    28.1      911   32.0      2,847   100.0
Wyoming                   2         2.7        4   5.3       11    14.7       13   17.3       22    29.3       23   30.7         75   100.0
Total                 6,807         4.1   11,561   7.0   21,300    12.8   29,645   17.9   45,130    27.2   51,565   31.1    166,008   100.0
Abortion ratio @        745                  536            478              415             449              413               446
Abortion rate **          3                    9             17               24              36               40                18
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*  Data from 42 states and New York City.
+  Percentages may not add to 100.0 due to rounding.
&  Includes residents only.
@  Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women of a given age per 1,000 live births to women of the same age for these
   states. For each state, data for women of unknown age were distributed according to the known age distribution for that state.
** Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women of a given age per 1,000 women of the same age for these states. For each
   state, data for women of unknown age were distributed according to the known age distribution for that state.
==============================================================================================================================================

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Table_8
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TABLE 8.  Reported legal abortions obtained by adolescents, by known age and state of occurrence -- selected states,* United States, 1994
===================================================================================================================================================
                                                                           Age (yrs)
                            --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                <15                15               16               17              18               19             Total +
                            -------------     ------------    --------------   ------------    --------------   ------------     ------------------
State                        No.        %      No.       %      No.       %      No.      %      No.       %      No.      %        No.       %
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama                      210      6.1      267     7.8      401    11.7      522   15.2      933    27.3    1,090   31.8      3,423   100.0
Arizona                       91      3.3      178     6.4      354    12.8      512   18.5      782    28.3      845   30.6      2,762   100.0
Arkansas                      74      5.1      102     7.0      166    11.5      238   16.4      425    29.4      443   30.6      1,448   100.0
Colorado                      91      4.1      176     7.9      345    15.5      455   20.5      553    24.9      602   27.1      2,222   100.0
Connecticut                   92      3.0      237     7.7      423    13.7      701   22.6      773    25.0      870   28.1      3,096   100.0
Georgia                      479      6.6      620     8.6      951    13.2    1,247   17.3    1,824    25.3    2,086   28.9      7,207   100.0
Hawaii                        43      3.2      109     8.1      187    13.9      279   20.8      349    26.0      377   28.1      1,344   100.0
Idaho                          4      1.5       23     8.8       32    12.3       42   16.2       83    31.9       76   29.2        260   100.0
Indiana                      130      4.8      232     8.5      290    10.7      369   13.6      781    28.8      912   33.6      2,714   100.0
Kansas                       110      4.2      221     8.4      400    15.1      516   19.5      691    26.1      706   26.7      2,644   100.0
Kentucky                     108      5.0      184     8.6      303    14.2      413   19.3      548    25.6      583   27.3      2,139   100.0
Louisiana                    169      6.3      207     7.8      326    12.2      394   14.8      779    29.2      794   29.7      2,669   100.0
Maine                         21      3.3       29     4.5       97    15.1      118   18.3      180    28.0      199   30.9        644   100.0
Maryland                     194      5.4      333     9.3      460    12.8      668   18.6      905    25.2    1,029   28.7      3,589   100.0
Massachusetts                177      3.3      313     5.8      556    10.4      835   15.6    1,572    29.3    1,904   35.5      5,357   100.0
Michigan                     271      3.8      511     7.2      881    12.4    1,257   17.7    2,013    28.3    2,177   30.6      7,110   100.0
Minnesota                    103      3.9      158     6.0      317    12.1      416   15.9      757    29.0      862   33.0      2,613   100.0
Mississippi                   60      6.9       63     7.3      106    12.2      120   13.8      236    27.2      282   32.5        867   100.0
Missouri                     142      5.7      180     7.2      320    12.9      361   14.5      663    26.7      817   32.9      2,483   100.0
Montana                       24      3.4       42     6.0       91    12.9      153   21.7      209    29.6      186   26.4        705   100.0
Nebraska                      34      2.9       74     6.3      118    10.0      216   18.3      389    33.0      347   29.5      1,178   100.0
Nevada                        55      4.9       91     8.1      156    13.9      217   19.3      295    26.3      309   27.5      1,123   100.0
New Jersey                   249      4.0      444     7.2      749    12.1    1,190   19.2    1,665    26.8    1,910   30.8      6,207   100.0
New Mexico                    34      3.3       80     7.8      152    14.8      197   19.2      292    28.5      271   26.4      1,026   100.0
New York                   1,096      3.8    1,999     7.0    3,887    13.6    5,804   20.3    7,388    25.9    8,358   29.3     28,532   100.0
  City                       821      4.4    1,356     7.3    2,575    13.8    3,784   20.3    4,694    25.2    5,395   29.0     18,625   100.0
  State                      275      2.8      643     6.5    1,312    13.2    2,020   20.4    2,694    27.2    2,963   29.9      9,907   100.0
North Carolina               359      4.5      617     7.7    1,109    13.8    1,607   20.0    2,083    25.9    2,278   28.3      8,053   100.0
North Dakota                   5      1.5       19     5.9       36    11.1       57   17.6      109    33.7       97   30.0        323   100.0
Ohio                         254      3.6      489     7.0      853    12.2    1,212   17.4    1,775    25.5    2,384   34.2      6,967   100.0
Oregon                        71      2.4      236     8.0      409    13.9      609   20.7      777    26.5      834   28.4      2,936   100.0
Pennsylvania                 432      5.2      731     8.8    1,058    12.7    1,259   15.1    2,336    28.0    2,522   30.2      8,338   100.0
Rhode Island                  42      3.7       80     7.0      123    10.7      146   12.7      358    31.2      399   34.8      1,148   100.0
South Carolina               106      4.5      198     8.4      278    11.8      494   21.0      589    25.0      692   29.4      2,357   100.0
South Dakota                   5      1.9       29    11.2       33    12.7       54   20.8       70    26.9       69   26.5        260   100.0
Tennessee                    189      5.2      293     8.0      446    12.2      605   16.5    1,016    27.7    1,120   30.5      3,669   100.0
Texas                        434      2.7      977     6.1    1,849    11.6    2,891   18.2    4,294    27.0    5,460   34.3     15,905   100.0
Utah                          24      3.3       47     6.5      107    14.9      118   16.4      208    28.9      215   29.9        719   100.0
Vermont                       11      2.1       41     7.8       64    12.1      104   19.7      153    29.0      155   29.4        528   100.0
Virginia                     234      4.4      375     7.0      670    12.5      933   17.4    1,527    28.5    1,617   30.2      5,356   100.0
Washington                   192      3.6      424     7.9      785    14.6    1,105   20.6    1,410    26.3    1,448   27.0      5,364   100.0
West Virginia                 29      5.1       46     8.0       87    15.2      123   21.4      139    24.2      150   26.1        574   100.0
Wisconsin &                  103      4.0      166     6.4      341    13.2      431   16.7      707    27.3      840   32.5      2,588   100.0
Wyoming                        5     11.9        6    14.3        4     9.5        6   14.3       10    23.8       11   26.2         42   100.0

Total                      6,556      4.1   11,647     7.3   20,320    12.8   28,994   18.3   42,646    26.9   48,326   30.5    158,489   100.0

Abortion ratio @             700               523              446              392             426              383               420
Abortion rate **               2                 9               16               22              34               36                17
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*  Data from 42 states and New York City.
+  Percentages may not add to 100.0 due to rounding.
&  Includes residents only.
@  Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women of a given age per 1,000 live births to women of the same age for these states.
   or each state, data for women of unknown age were distributed according to the known age distribution for that state.
** Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women of a given age per 1,000 women of the same age for these states. For each state,
   data for women of unknown age were distributed according to the known age distribution for that state.
===================================================================================================================================================


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Table_9
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TABLE 9. Reported legal abortions, by weeks of gestation* and state of occurrence -- selected states,+ United States, 1993
==============================================================================================================================================================================================================
  Weeks of gestation
                                      ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                  <=8                     9-10             11-12              13-15             16-20                >=21                Unknown               Total &
                                      ---------------------------    -------------    --------------      --------------    ------------        -------------        --------------      ---------------------
State                                    No.                   %       No.      %       No.       %        No.       %       No.      %           No.     %            No.       %           No.        %
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama                                 7,609                52.5     3,359    23.2     1,660    11.5      1,022     7.1       527    3.6           182   1.3            135     0.9        14,494    100.0
Arizona @                               6,878                50.4     3,051    22.4     1,096     8.0        598     4.4       211    1.5            12   0.1          1,802    13.2        13,648    100.0
Arkansas                                3,179                57.0     1,294    23.2       533     9.5        292     5.2       165    3.0            13   0.2            106     1.9         5,582    100.0
Colorado                                2,701                26.7     3,650    36.1     1,741    17.2        912     9.0       464    4.6           189   1.9            458     4.5        10,115    100.0
Connecticut@                            8,928 **             53.5     4,156 ** 24.9     1,976 ** 11.8      1,194     7.2       281    1.7            13   0.1            142     0.9        16,690    100.0
Dist. of Columbia ++                    3,345                42.5     2,139    27.2     1,319    16.8        822    10.5       202 && 2.6            26@@ 0.3             12     0.2         7,865    100.0
Georgia                                13,807                36.5    10,314    27.3     6,287    16.6      2,866     7.6     1,635    4.3           773   2.0          2,137     5.7        37,819    100.0
Hawaii @                                2,777                47.6     1,530    26.2       687    11.8        351     6.0       344    5.9            63   1.1             83     1.4         5,835    100.0
Idaho                                     673                50.0       404    30.0       203    15.1         52     3.9         8    0.6             2   0.1              4     0.3         1,346    100.0
Indiana                                 8,147                71.9     2,007    17.7       778     6.9        201     1.8       122    1.1             1   0.0             74     0.7        11,330    100.0
Kansas@                                 5,205                47.4     1,924    17.5     1,019     9.3        722     6.6       759    6.9           950   8.7            398     3.6        10,977    100.0
Kentucky                                4,146                49.0     1,803    21.3     1,036    12.3        586     6.9       487    5.8           194   2.3            201     2.4         8,453    100.0
Louisiana                               5,447                44.0     3,582    29.0     1,541    12.5        909     7.3       574    4.6           206   1.7            114     0.9        12,373    100.0
Maine                                   1,580                47.9     1,051    31.8       499    15.1        102     3.1        27    0.8             5   0.2             37     1.1         3,301    100.0
Maryland @                              9,784                50.6     5,171    26.8     2,451    12.7      1,196     6.2       613    3.2             5   0.0             98     0.5        19,318    100.0
Michigan                               21,092                59.0     7,028    19.7     3,430     9.6      2,650     7.4     1,363    3.8           166   0.5              8     0.0        35,737    100.0
Minnesota                               8,598                59.9     2,442    17.0     1,452    10.1        896     6.2       599    4.2           106   0.7            257     1.8        14,350    100.0
Mississippi                             2,705                45.1     1,454    24.2       763    12.7        573     9.5       386    6.4            70   1.2             51     0.8         6,002    100.0
Missouri                                4,534                36.2     4,130    32.9     2,409    19.2        986     7.9       408    3.3            68   0.5              5     0.0        12,540    100.0
Montana@                                1,522                57.5       570    21.6       318    12.0        125     4.7        90    3.4            17   0.6              3     0.1         2,645    100.0
Nevada                                  4,144                59.6     1,350    19.4       752    10.8        364     5.2       261    3.8             2   0.0             82     1.2         6,955    100.0
New Jersey                             18,549                50.8     6,904    18.9     2,586     7.1      3,209     8.8     2,723    7.5           436   1.2          2,101     5.8        36,508    100.0
New Mexico                              2,690                50.0       949    17.6       485     9.0        336     6.2       305    5.7            39   0.7            577    10.7         5,381    100.0
New York                               82,307                52.1    34,362    21.8    15,868    10.0      8,522     5.4     8,213    5.2         3,341   2.1          5,278     3.3       157,891    100.0
  City                                 58,836                53.3    23,149    21.0    10,722     9.7      6,170     5.6     7,226    6.5         3,073   2.8          1,259     1.1       110,435    100.0
  State                                23,471                49.5    11,213    23.6     5,146    10.8      2,352     5.0       987    2.1           268   0.6          4,019     8.5        47,456    100.0
North Carolina                         17,608                50.4     8,332    23.9     4,285    12.3      2,547     7.3       784    2.2            75   0.2          1,275     3.7        34,906    100.0
North Dakota @                            780                55.5       357    25.4       153    10.9         95     6.8        14    1.0             0   0.0              7     0.5         1,406    100.0
Oregon                                  6,359                49.1     3,295    25.4     1,249     9.6        606     4.7       494    3.8           213   1.6            745     5.7        12,961    100.0
Pennsylvania                           23,111                48.2    13,569    28.3     5,957    12.4      2,956     6.2     2,005    4.2           318   0.7             10     0.0        47,926    100.0
Rhode Island                            3,679                55.4     1,676    25.2       672    10.1        393     5.9       209    3.1             4   0.1             11     0.2         6,644    100.0
South Carolina                          6,719                57.9     3,192    27.5     1,482    12.8        149     1.3        41    0.4            13   0.1             15     0.1        11,611    100.0
South Dakota                              642                59.7       286    26.6       144    13.4          3     0.3         0    0.0             0   0.0              0     0.0         1,075    100.0
Tennessee @                             9,278                53.8     4,479    26.0     2,427    14.1        884     5.1       122    0.7            23   0.1             37     0.2        17,250    100.0
Texas                                  48,783                53.7    20,331    22.4    10,396    11.5      6,156     6.8     3,917    4.3         1,089   1.2            108     0.1        90,780    100.0
Utah                                    2,612                66.2       747    18.9       281     7.1        149     3.8       151    3.8             0   0.0              5     0.1         3,945    100.0
Vermont                                 1,530                59.3       672    26.0       267    10.3         98     3.8        11    0.4             2   0.1              0     0.0         2,580    100.0
Virginia @                             15,538                54.9     8,234    29.1     3,096    10.9        759     2.7       400    1.4           131   0.5            127     0.4        28,285    100.0
Washington @                           14,691                53.3     6,759    24.5     2,756    10.0      1,617     5.9     1,171    4.2           446   1.6            118     0.4        27,558    100.0
West Virginia                             966                36.9       907    34.6       473    18.1        136     5.2        44    1.7             1   0.0             92     3.5         2,619    100.0
Wisconsin ++                            6,821                48.7     3,754    26.8     1,701    12.1        966     6.9       647    4.6           115   0.8              0     0.0        14,004    100.0
Wyoming                                   105                41.5       124    49.0        24     9.5          0     0.0         0    0.0             0   0.0              0     0.0           253    100.0
Total                                 389,569                51.2   181,338    23.8    86,252    11.3     47,000     6.2    30,777    4.0         9,309   1.2         16,713     2.2       760,958    100.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*  Data for legal abortions obtained at <= 8 weeks of gestation are presented in Table 11 by single weeks of gestation.
+  Data from 39 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City; excludes one state where unknown gestational age was >15%.
&  Percentages may not add to 100. 0 due to rounding.
@  Weeks of gestation were based on physicians' estimates.
** Number obtained at ¶ 12 weeks of gestation was redistributed based on the national average.
++ Includes residents only.
&& Includes 16-19 weeks only.
@@ Includes gestation of >= 20 weeks.
==============================================================================================================================================================================================================

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Table_10
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TABLE 10. Reported legal abortions, by weeks of gestation* and state of occurrence -- selected states,+ United States, 1994
=====================================================================================================================================================================================================
                                                                                               Weeks of gestation
                             ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         <=8                       9-10            11-12              13-15                16-20                >=21                 Unknown            Total &
                             --------------------------     --------------   ---------------    -----------------      -------------      -------------         -----------------   -----------------
State                           No.                   %         No.      %       No.      %         No.        %         No.     %           No.     %             No.       %        No.       %
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama                       7,970                53.8       3,474   23.4     1,483   10.0       1,175      7.9         529   3.6           124   0.8              70     0.5     14,825   100.0
Arizona @                     7,339                52.7       3,384   24.3     1,315    9.4         840      6.0         354   2.5            21   0.2             677     4.9     13,930   100.0
Arkansas                      3,186                54.1       1,314   22.3       547    9.3         375      6.4         269   4.6            18   0.3             176     3.0      5,885   100.0
Colorado                      3,128                32.6       3,548   37.0     1,490   15.5         786      8.2         484   5.1           124   1.3              24     0.3      9,584   100.0
Connecticut @                 7,963 **             54.0       3,485** 23.6     1,623*  11.0       1,128      7.6         244   1.7             6   0.0             308     2.1     14,757   100.0
Georgia @                    17,078                47.0       8,871   24.4     4,572   12.6       2,452      6.7       2,024   5.6         1,217   3.3             160     0.4     36,374   100.0
Hawaii @                      2,835                49.0       1,441   24.9       681   11.8         290      5.0         287   5.0            58   1.0             191     3.3      5,783   100.0
Idaho                           480                45.8         345   33.0       162   15.5          41      3.9          13   1.2             6   0.6               0     0.0      1,047   100.0
Indiana                       8,647                69.2       2,383   19.1       919    7.4         246      2.0         102   0.8             0   0.0             202     1.6     12,499   100.0
Kansas @                      5,523                52.8       1,619   15.5     1,013    9.7         611      5.8         532   5.1           854   8.2             316     3.0     10,468   100.0
Kentucky                      3,999                49.1       1,597   19.6       923   11.3         572      7.0         543   6.7           179   2.2             332     4.1      8,145   100.0
Louisiana                     4,954                40.8       3,646   30.0     1,494   12.3       1,068      8.8         660   5.4           233   1.9              99     0.8     12,154   100.0
Maine @                       1,653                53.5         929   30.1       374   12.1          33      1.1          26   0.8             3   0.1              71     2.3      3,089   100.0
Maryland @                    9,727                55.2       4,229   24.0     2,143   12.2       1,024      5.8         485   2.8             1   0.0              18     0.1     17,627   100.0
Michigan                     19,824                60.0       6,052   18.3     3,024    9.1       2,412      7.3       1,497   4.5           225   0.7              27     0.1     33,061   100.0
Minnesota                     8,518                60.7       2,367   16.9     1,411   10.1         792      5.6         587   4.2           111   0.8             241     1.7     14,027   100.0
Mississippi                   1,845                46.4       1,067   26.8       546   13.7         305      7.7         134   3.4            27   0.7              55     1.4      3,979   100.0
Missouri ++                   4,332                36.5       4,058   34.2     2,152   18.1         834      7.0         445   3.7            56   0.5               2     0.0     11,879   100.0
Montana @                     1,639                59.4         536   19.4       299   10.8         159      5.8          87   3.2            29   1.1              12     0.4      2,761   100.0
Nevada                        4,183                62.1       1,267   18.8       610    9.1         356      5.3         261   3.9             0   0.0              59     0.9      6,736   100.0
New Jersey                   17,215                51.7       6,473   19.4     2,143    6.4       3,426     10.3       3,147   9.5           467   1.4             415     1.2     33,286   100.0
New Mexico                    2,614                53.0         820   16.6       424    8.6         276      5.6         276   5.6            39   0.8             480     9.7      4,929   100.0
New York                     78,461                52.4      31,884   21.3    14,636    9.8       8,078      5.4       7,337   4.9         2,830   1.9           6,372     4.3    149,598   100.0
  City                       56,576                54.5      21,182   20.4     9,950    9.6       5,934      5.7       6,408   6.2         2,565   2.5           1,285     1.2    103,900   100.0
  State                      21,885                47.9      10,702   23.4     4,686   10.3       2,144      4.7         929   2.0           265   0.6           5,087    11.1     45,698   100.0
North Carolina               17,871                50.9       7,497   21.4     4,076   11.6       2,503      7.1         949   2.7            88   0.3           2,104     6.0     35,088   100.0
North Dakota @                  677                52.0         351   27.0       148   11.4         113      8.7           9   0.7             1   0.1               2     0.2      1,301   100.0
Oregon @                      6,832                51.0       2,794   20.9     1,213    9.1         636      4.7         503   3.8           186   1.4           1,228     9.2     13,392   100.0
Pennsylvania                 19,855                47.7      11,665   28.0     5,063   12.2       2,834      6.8       1,894   4.5           328   0.8               6     0.0     41,645   100.0
Rhode Island                  3,404                55.9       1,513   24.8       634   10.4         314      5.2         202   3.3            10   0.2              15     0.2      6,092   100.0
South Carolina                6,307                57.7       2,988   27.4     1,415   13.0         126      1.2          44   0.4            24   0.2              18     0.2     10,922   100.0
South Dakota                    602                61.0         237   24.0       141   14.3           2      0.2           5   0.5             0   0.0               0     0.0        987   100.0
Tennessee @                   9,317                55.3       4,163   24.7     2,525   15.0         657      3.9         109   0.6            29   0.2              37     0.2     16,837   100.0
Texas @                      49,342                55.3      18,890   21.2     9,659   10.8       5,962      6.7       3,958   4.4         1,297   1.5              77     0.1     89,185   100.0
Utah                          2,362                65.4         712   19.7       264    7.3         124      3.4         134   3.7             1   0.0              12     0.3      3,609   100.0
Vermont                       1,440                62.0         553   23.8       217    9.3         104      4.5           5   0.2             2   0.1               0     0.0      2,321   100.0
Virginia@                    14,769                56.0       7,703   29.2     2,722   10.3         560      2.1         391   1.5           108   0.4             116     0.4     26,369   100.0
Washington @                 13,483                51.9       6,446   24.8     2,640   10.2       1,567      6.0       1,169   4.5           449   1.7             211     0.8     25,965   100.0
West Virginia &&                536                25.7         953   45.7       343   16.5         208     10.0          41   2.0             1   0.0               3     0.1      2,085   100.0
Wisconsin @@                  6,293                49.2       3,348   26.2     1,641   12.8         857      6.7         543   4.2           108   0.8               0     0.0     12,790   100.0
Wyoming @                        87                50.0          78   44.8         8    4.6           1      0.6           0   0.0             0   0.0               0     0.0        174   100.0

Total                       376,290                52.6     164,680   23.0    76,693   10.7      43,847      6.1      30,279   4.2         9,260   1.3          14,136     2.0    715,185   100.0
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*  Data for legal abortions obtained at <=8 weeks of gestation are presented in Table 12 by single weeks of gestation.
+  Data from 39 states and New York City; excludes two states where unknown gestational age was >15%.
&  Percentages may not add to 100.0 due to rounding.
@  Weeks of gestation were based on physicians' estimates.
** Number obtained at <=12 weeks of gestation was redistributed based on the national average.
++ Weeks of gestation were based on physicians' estimates only if date of last menstrual period was unknown or unreliable.
&& Weeks of gestation were based on physicians' estimates only if date of last menstrual period was unknown.
@@ Includes residents only.
=====================================================================================================================================================================================================

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Table_11
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TABLE 11. Reported legal abortions obtained at 15% and
  three states that were included in Table 9 but did not provide single weeks of gestation for
  abortions obtained at <=8 weeks.
+ Percentages may not add to total percentage obtained at <=8 weeks due to rounding.
& Weeks of gestation were based on physicians' estimates.
=========================================================================================================

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Figure_2

Figure_2
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Table_12
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TABLE 12. Reported legal abortions obtained at <=8 weeks of gestation, by known weeks of
gestation and state of occurrence --  selected states, * United States, 1994 --
========================================================================================================

                                   Weeks of gestation
                    --------------------------------------------------          Total obtained
                          <=6                 7                8            <=8 weeks of gestation +
                      --------------   --------------   --------------     -----------------------------                                         -------------------------
State                   No.       %       No.      %       No.       %             No.       %
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama               3,071    20.7     2,352   15.9     2,547    17.2           7,970    53.8
Arizona &             1,035     7.4     2,924   21.0     3,380    24.3           7,339    52.7
Arkansas                974    16.6     1,207   20.5     1,005    17.1           3,186    54.1
Colorado                503     5.2       665    6.9     1,960    20.5           3,128    32.6
Georgia &             3,240     8.9     5,964   16.4     7,874    21.6          17,078    47.0
Hawaii &                460     8.0       967   16.7     1,408    24.3           2,835    49.0
Idaho                    86     8.2       119   11.4       275    26.3             480    45.8
Indiana               2,985    23.9     3,013   24.1     2,649    21.2           8,647    69.2
Kansas &              2,189    20.9     1,887   18.0     1,447    13.8           5,523    52.8
Kentucky              1,522    18.7     1,226   15.1     1,251    15.4           3,999    49.1
Louisiana               679     5.6     1,167    9.6     3,108    25.6           4,954    40.8
Maine &                 273     8.8       617   20.0       763    24.7           1,653    53.5
Maryland &            3,790    21.5     1,933   11.0     4,004    22.7           9,727    55.2
Michigan              7,642    23.1     6,289   19.0     5,893    17.8          19,824    60.0
Minnesota             1,887    13.5     3,082   22.0     3,549    25.3           8,518    60.7
Mississippi             424    10.7       692   17.4       729    18.3           1,845    46.4
Missouri @              586     4.9     1,148    9.7     2,598    21.9           4,332    36.5
Montana &               815    29.5       393   14.2       431    15.6           1,639    59.4
Nevada                  627     9.3     1,843   27.4     1,713    25.4           4,183    62.1
New Jersey            5,694    17.1     3,549   10.7     7,972    24.0          17,215    51.7
New Mexico              854    17.3     1,025   20.8       735    14.9           2,614    53.0
New York             25,739    17.2    25,243   16.9    27,479    18.4          78,461    52.4
  City               20,092    19.3    16,835   16.2    19,649    18.9          56,576    54.5
  State               5,647    12.4     8,408   18.4     7,830    17.1          21,885    47.9
North Carolina        6,395    18.2     5,695   16.2     5,781    16.5          17,871    50.9
North Dakota &           89     6.8       340   26.1       248    19.1             677    52.0
Oregon &              1,363    10.2     2,356   17.6     3,113    23.2           6,832    51.0
Pennsylvania          4,239    10.2     5,164   12.4    10,452    25.1          19,855    47.7
Rhode Island            638    10.5     1,414   23.2     1,352    22.2           3,404    55.9
South Carolina        2,193    20.1     1,934   17.7     2,180    20.0           6,307    57.7
South Dakota             97     9.8       297   30.1       208    21.1             602    61.0
Tennessee &           2,656    15.8     2,822   16.8     3,839    22.8           9,317    55.3
Texas &              15,676    17.6    14,480   16.2    19,186    21.5          49,342    55.3
Utah                  1,226    34.0       598   16.6       538    14.9           2,362    65.4
Vermont                 327    14.1       622   26.8       491    21.2           1,440    62.0
Virginia &            2,729    10.3     3,132   11.9     8,908    33.8          14,769    56.0
Washington &          2,752    10.6     4,715   18.2     6,016    23.2          13,483    51.9
West Virginia            10     0.5        37    1.8       489    23.5             536    25.7
**
Wyoming &                10     5.7        20   11.5        57    32.8              87    50.0

Total               105,475    15.3   110,931   16.1   145,628    21.2         362,034    52.6
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*  Data from 37 states and New York City; excludes one state where unknown gestational age was >15% and
   two states that were included in Table 10 but did not provide single  weeks of gestation for
   abortions obtained at <= 8 weeks.
+  Percentages might not add  to total percentage obtained at <=8 weeks due to rounding.
&  Weeks of gestation were based on physicians' estimates.
@  Weeks of gestation were based on physicians' estimates only if date of last menstrual period was
   unknown or unreliable.
** Weeks of gestation were based on physicians' estimates only if date of last menstrual period was
   unknown.
=========================================================================================================

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Table_13
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TABLE 13. Reported legal abortions, by type of procedure and state of occurrence -- selected states,* United States, 1993
==================================================================================================================================================================================================================
                                                                                                       Procedure
                            ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                     Intrauterine
                                  Suction                                                               saline                Prostaglandin     Hysterotomy/
                                 curettage                  Sharp curettage          All curettage   instillation             instillation      Hysterectomy        Other +         Unknown           Total &
                            ------------------             -----------------      -----------------  -------------         ---------------    --------------      ----------    ------------    ----------------
State                           No.         %                 No.       %             No.        %     No.      %              No.     %         No.      %       No.     %        No.     %        No.       %
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama                      14,287 @    98.6                  12     0.1          14,299     98.7       3    0.0               17   0.1           0    0.0        26   0.2        149   1.0     14,494   100.0
Arizona                      13,549      99.3                   0     0.0          13,549     99.3       0    0.0                0   0.0           0    0.0         0   0.0         99   0.7     13,648   100.0
Arkansas                     5,288@      94.7                 269     4.8           5,557     99.6       0    0.0                4   0.1           0    0.0        21   0.4          0   0.0      5,582   100.0
Colorado                     9,713@      96.0                  14     0.1           9,727     96.2       2    0.0               39   0.4           1    0.0       344   3.4          2   0.0     10,115   100.0
Connecticut                  16,295      97.6                  11     0.1          16,306     97.7       0    0.0                1   0.0           0    0.0         2   0.0        381   2.3     16,690   100.0
Dist. of                      7,844      99.7                   1     0.0           7,845     99.7       2    0.0                0   0.0           0    0.0        18   0.2          0   0.0      7,865   100.0
Columbia **
Georgia                      33,205 @    87.8               4,142    11.0          37,347     98.8       2    0.0              448   1.2           6    0.0         0   0.0         16   0.0     37,819   100.0
Hawaii                        5,798      99.4                   4     0.1           5,802     99.4       0    0.0               21   0.4           0    0.0        11   0.2          1   0.0      5,835   100.0
Idaho                         1,341 @    99.6                   1     0.1           1,342     99.7       1    0.1                2   0.1           0    0.0         1   0.1          0   0.0      1,346   100.0
Indiana                      10,897 @    96.2                   1     0.0          10,898     96.2      91    0.8                0   0.0           0    0.0        65   0.6        276   2.4     11,330   100.0
Kansas                       10,222 @    93.1                   0     0.0          10,222     93.1       1    0.0                0   0.0           0    0.0         9   0.1        745   6.8     10,977   100.0
Kentucky                      8,299 @    98.2                  70     0.8           8,369     99.0       3    0.0                6   0.1           0    0.0         1   0.0         74   0.9      8,453   100.0
Maine                         3,243 @    98.2                   3     0.1           3,246     98.3       0    0.0                0   0.0           0    0.0        21   0.6         34   1.0      3,301   100.0
Maryland                     18,915      97.9                  72     0.4          18,987     98.3      87    0.5               89   0.5           3    0.0       152   0.8          0   0.0     19,318   100.0
Massachusetts                34,201      96.9                 163     0.5          34,364     97.3     274    0.8              674   1.9           0    0.0         0   0.0          0   0.0     35,312   100.0
Michigan                     35,679      99.8                  --      --          35,679     99.8       0    0.0               58   0.2           0    0.0         0   0.0          0   0.0     35,737   100.0
Minnesota                    14,257 @    99.4                  10     0.1          14,267     99.4       0    0.0                3   0.0           0    0.0         0   0.0         80   0.6     14,350   100.0
Mississippi                   5,949 @    99.1                  10     0.2           5,959     99.3       1    0.0               36   0.6           1    0.0         1   0.0          4   0.1      6,002   100.0
Missouri                     12,486 @    99.6                   4     0.0          12,490     99.6       0    0.0                6   0.0           0    0.0        38   0.3          6   0.0     12,540   100.0
Montana                       2,642 @    99.9                   3     0.1           2,645    100.0       0    0.0                0   0.0           0    0.0         0   0.0          0   0.0      2,645   100.0
Nebraska                      5,480      99.9                   2     0.0           5,482     99.9       0    0.0                0   0.0           0    0.0         3   0.1          2   0.0    5,487++   100.0
Nevada                        6,334      91.1                 312     4.5           6,646     95.6     254    3.7                0   0.0           1    0.0         0   0.0         54   0.8      6,955   100.0
New Jersey                   22,091 @    60.5              13,791    37.8          35,882     98.3     414    1.1               71   0.2           5    0.0        13   0.0        123   0.3     36,508   100.0
New Mexico                    5,370 @    99.8                  10     0.2           5,380    100.0       0    0.0                0   0.0           0    0.0         0   0.0          1   0.0      5,381   100.0
New York                    153,820 @    97.4               1,033     0.7         154,853     98.1     809    0.5              355   0.2           1    0.0       533   0.3      1,340   0.8    157,891   100.0
  City                      107,595 @    97.4                 783     0.7         108,378     98.1     760    0.7              154   0.1           1    0.0       343   0.3        799   0.7    110,435   100.0
  State                      46,225 @    97.4                 250     0.5          46,475     97.9      49    0.1              201   0.4          --     --     190&&   0.4        541   1.1     47,456   100.0
North Carolina               33,092      94.8                  98     0.3          33,190     95.1     160    0.5               48   0.1           0    0.0        81   0.2      1,427   4.1     34,906   100.0
North Dakota                  1,403      99.8                   0     0.0           1,403     99.8       0    0.0                2   0.1           0    0.0         1   0.1          0   0.0      1,406   100.0
Oregon                       12,753 @    98.4                   3     0.0          12,756     98.4       1    0.0                5   0.0           3    0.0        21   0.2        175   1.4     12,961   100.0
Pennsylvania                 47,735 @    99.6                  19     0.0          47,754     99.6      22    0.0               27   0.1           2    0.0       121   0.3          0   0.0     47,926   100.0
Rhode Island                  6,608 @    99.5                  16     0.2           6,624     99.7       0    0.0                8   0.1           0    0.0         7   0.1          5   0.1      6,644   100.0
South Carolina               11,573 @    99.7                   0     0.0          11,573     99.7       5    0.0               14   0.1           1    0.0        18   0.2          0   0.0     11,611   100.0
South Dakota                  1,075     100.0                   0     0.0           1,075    100.0       0    0.0                0   0.0           0    0.0         0   0.0          0   0.0      1,075   100.0
Tennessee                    17,213 @    99.8                   1     0.0          17,214     99.8       4    0.0               30   0.2           1    0.0         0   0.0          1   0.0     17,250   100.0
Texas                        89,190 @@   98.2                  --      --          89,190     98.2      --    0.0   337***       0   0.4          --     --   1,028&&   1.1        225   0.2     90,780   100.0
Utah                          3,938 @    99.8                   5     0.1           3,943     99.9       0    0.0                0   0.0           0    0.0         0   0.0          2   0.1      3,945   100.0
Vermont                       2,569 @    99.6                   2     0.1           2,571     99.7       0    0.0                0   0.0           0    0.0         7   0.3          2   0.1      2,580   100.0
Virginia                     27,881 @    98.6                  18     0.1          27,899     98.6      20    0.1               76   0.3           6    0.0       115   0.4        169   0.6     28,285   100.0
Washington                   27,462 @    99.7                   6     0.0          27,468     99.7       5    0.0               52   0.2           3    0.0         8   0.0         22   0.1     27,558   100.0
West Virginia                 2,619     100.0                   0     0.0           2,619    100.0       0    0.0                0   0.0           0    0.0         0   0.0          0   0.0      2,619   100.0
Wyoming                         250      98.8                   0     0.0             250     98.8       0    0.0                0   0.0           0    0.0         0   0.0          3   1.2        253   100.0

Total                       742,566      95.8              20,106     2.6         762,672     98.4   2,161    0.3            2,429   0.3          34    0.0     2,666   0.3      5,418   0.7    775,380   100.0
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*   Data from 39 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City; excludes two states where unknown type of procedure used was >15%.
+   Includes instillation procedures not reported as a specific category and procedures reported as "other."
&   Percentages may not add to 100.0 due to rounding.
@   Includes dilatation and evacuation procedures.
**  Includes residents only.
++  Does not add to total abortions reported because of some reported combination procedures.
&&  Hysterotomy/ hysterectomy included with "other."
@@  Includes all vacuum aspirations.
*** Includes all chemical inductions.
--  Not reported.
==================================================================================================================================================================================================================

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Table_14
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TABLE 14. Reported legal abortions, by type of procedure and state of occurrence -- selected states,* United States, 1994
================================================================================================================================================================================================================================
                                                                                                          Procedure
                                                         ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                             Intrauterine
                            Suction                            Sharp                                            saline               Prostaglandin           Hysterotomy/
                            curettage                        curettage             All curettage             instillation            instillation           Hysterectomy         Other +        Unknown            Total &
                      --------------------             ------------------       -------------------        ---------------          ---------------       ---------------    -------------   --------------  -------------------
State                       No.       %                    No.        %              No.        %             No.      %              No.     %              No.       %       No.      %       No.     %        No.        %
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama                  14,557 @  98.2                     20      0.1           14,577     98.3               1    0.0                9   0.1                1     0.0        29    0.2       208   1.4     14,825    100.0
Arizona                  13,849    99.4                      0      0.0           13,849     99.4              --    0.0               --   0.0               --     0.0        --    0.0        81   0.6     13,930    100.0
Arkansas                  5,519 @  93.8                    323      5.5            5,842     99.3               2    0.0               15   0.3                1     0.0        17    0.3         8   0.1      5,885    100.0
Colorado                  9,229 @  96.3                      3      0.0            9,232     96.3               1    0.0               15   0.2                1     0.0       323    3.4        12   0.1      9,584    100.0
Connecticut              14,661    99.3                      3      0.0           14,664     99.4              --    0.0                1   0.0                0     0.0         1    0.0        91   0.6     14,757    100.0
Dist. of                  7,751    99.9                      3      0.0            7,754     99.9               2    0.0                0   0.0                0     0.0         5    0.1         0   0.0      7,761    100.0
Columbia **
Georgia                  32,071 @  88.2                  3,926     10.8           35,997     99.0              13    0.0              354   1.0                2     0.0         0    0.0         8   0.0     36,374    100.0
Hawaii                    5,764    99.7                     12      0.2            5,776     99.9               0    0.0                7   0.1                0     0.0         0    0.0         0   0.0      5,783    100.0
Idaho                     1,036 @  98.9                      1      0.1            1,037     99.0               3    0.3                6   0.6                0     0.0         1    0.1         0   0.0      1,047    100.0
Indiana                  12,278 @  98.2                      0      0.0           12,278     98.2               0    0.0                2   0.0                0     0.0       170    1.4        49   0.4     12,499    100.0
Kansas                    9,713 @  92.8                      4      0.0            9,717     92.8               0    0.0                0   0.0                0     0.0        64    0.6       687   6.6     10,468    100.0
Kentucky                  8,022 @  98.5                      7      0.1            8,029     98.6               1    0.0               11   0.1                0     0.0         2    0.0       102   1.3      8,145    100.0
Maine                     2,903 @  94.0                      3      0.1            2,906     94.1               0    0.0                0   0.0                0     0.0         1    0.0       182   5.9      3,089    100.0
Maryland                 17,339    98.4                     61      0.3           17,400     98.7              69    0.4               27   0.2                2     0.0       129    0.7         0   0.0     17,627    100.0
Massachusetts            31,160    96.8                    220      0.7           31,380     97.5             177    0.5              401   1.2                0     0.0         0    0.0       237   0.7     32,195    100.0
Michigan                 33,016    99.8                     --       --           33,016     99.9               1    0.0               43   0.1                0     0.0         1    0.0         0   0.0     33,061    100.0
Minnesota                13,883 @  99.0                      3      0.0           13,886     99.0               0    0.0                2   0.0                0     0.0         2    0.0       137   1.0     14,027    100.0
Mississippi               3,909 @  98.2                      2      0.1            3,911     98.3               2    0.1               51   1.3                4     0.1         7    0.2         4   0.1      3,979    100.0
Missouri                 11,842 @  99.7                      3      0.0           11,845     99.7               0    0.0                4   0.0                0     0.0        20    0.2        10   0.1     11,879    100.0
Montana                   2,758 @  99.9                      2      0.1            2,760    100.0               0    0.0                0   0.0                0     0.0         1    0.0         0   0.0      2,761    100.0
Nebraska                  5,306    94.3                    304      5.4            5,610     99.7               0    0.0                0   0.0                0     0.0         8    0.1        11   0.2    5,629++    100.0
Nevada                    6,119    90.8                    226      3.4            6,345     94.2             330    4.9                2   0.0                0     0.0         0    0.0        59   0.9      6,736    100.0
New Jersey               20,325 @  61.1                 12,362     37.1           32,687     98.2             359    1.1               76   0.2                7     0.0         9    0.0       148   0.4     33,286    100.0
New Mexico                4,923 @  99.9                      6      0.1            4,929    100.0               0    0.0                0   0.0                0     0.0         0    0.0         0   0.0      4,929    100.0
New York                146,104 @  97.7                  1,143      0.8          147,247     98.4             505    0.3              239   0.2                5     0.0       603    0.4       999   0.7    149,598    100.0
  City                  101,747 @  97.9                    873      0.8          102,620     98.8             475    0.5               99   0.1                5     0.0       311    0.3       390   0.4    103,900    100.0
  State                  44,357 @  97.1                    270      0.6           44,627     97.7              30    0.1              140   0.3               --      --     292&&    0.6       609   1.3     45,698    100.0
North Carolina           32,606 @  92.9                    101      0.3           32,707     93.2             280    0.8               26   0.1                2     0.0       188    0.5     1,885   5.4     35,088    100.0
North Dakota              1,297    99.7                      1      0.1            1,298     99.8               0    0.0                3   0.2                0     0.0         0    0.0         0   0.0      1,301    100.0
Oregon                   13,186 @  98.5                      9      0.1           13,195     98.5               0    0.0                2   0.0                6     0.0        62    0.5       127   0.9     13,392    100.0
Pennsylvania             41,308 @  99.2                     14      0.0           41,322     99.2               4    0.0               22   0.1                1     0.0       296    0.7         0   0.0     41,645    100.0
Rhode Island              6,048 @  99.3                     19      0.3            6,067     99.6               4    0.1                3   0.0                1     0.0        10    0.2         7   0.1      6,092    100.0
South Carolina           10,868 @  99.5                      2      0.0           10,870     99.5               1    0.0               28   0.3                1     0.0        21    0.2         1   0.0     10,922    100.0
South Dakota                979    99.2                      0      0.0              979     99.2               0    0.0                0   0.0                0     0.0         8    0.8         0   0.0        987    100.0
Tennessee                16,798 @  99.8                      0      0.0           16,798     99.8               4    0.0               30   0.2                0     0.0         2    0.0         3   0.0     16,837    100.0
Texas                    87,549 @@ 98.2                     --       --           87,549     98.2              --     --           330***   0.4               --      --   1,053++    1.2       253   0.3     89,185    100.0
                                                                                                                                                                                 +
Utah                      3,595 @  99.6                      6      0.2            3,601     99.8               0    0.0                2   0.1                0     0.0         2    0.1         4   0.1      3,609    100.0
Vermont                   2,317    99.8                      1      0.0            2,318     99.9               0    0.0                0   0.0                0     0.0         3    0.1         0   0.0      2,321    100.0
Virginia                25,746@    97.6                     27      0.1           25,773     97.7              13    0.0               95   0.4                1     0.0        91    0.3       396   1.5     26,369    100.0
Washington              25,846@    99.5                     20      0.1           25,866     99.6               3    0.0               52   0.2                2     0.0        13    0.1        29   0.1     25,965    100.0
West Virginia             2,082    99.9                      0      0.0            2,082     99.9               0    0.0                1   0.0                0     0.0         0    0.0         2   0.1      2,085    100.0
Wyoming                     172    98.9                      0      0.0              172     98.9               0    0.0                0   0.0                0     0.0         0    0.0         2   1.1        174    100.0

Total                   704,434    95.7                 18,837      2.6          723,271     98.3           1,775    0.2            1,859   0.3               37     0.0     3,142    0.4     5,742   0.8    735,826    100.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*   Data from 39 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City; excludes one state where unknown type of procedure used was >15%.
+   Includes instillation procedures not reported as a specific category and procedures reported as "other."
&   Percentages may not add to 100.0 due to rounding.
@   Includes dilation and evacuation procedures.
**  Includes residents only.
++  Does not add to total abortions reported because of some reported combination procedures.
&&  Hysterotomy/hysterectomy included with "other."
@@  Includes all vacuum aspirations.
*** Includes all chemical inductions.
+++ Includes hysterectomy with "other."
--  Not reported.
================================================================================================================================================================================================================================

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Table_15
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TABLE 15. Reported legal abortions, by race of women who obtained an abortion and state of occurrence -- selected states, *
United States, 1993
=============================================================================================================================
                                                   Race

                           White +           Black              Other              Unknown                    Total &
                       --------------   ---------------    ---------------     ---------------         ----------------------
State                     No.      %       No.       %        No.       %        No.       %               No.       %
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama                 7,845   54.1     6,166    42.5        223     1.5        260     1.8            14,494   100.0
Arizona                10,835   79.4       735     5.4        808     5.9      1,270     9.3            13,648   100.0
Arkansas                3,707   66.4     1,691    30.3         80     1.4        104     1.9             5,582   100.0
Dist. of Columbia @     1,369   17.4     6,236    79.3        219     2.8         41     0.5             7,865   100.0
Georgia                17,866   47.2    18,336    48.5        757     2.0        860     2.3            37,819   100.0
Hawaii                  1,784   30.6       207     3.5      3,268    56.0        576     9.9             5,835   100.0
Idaho                   1,302   96.7         5     0.4         35     2.6          4     0.3             1,346   100.0
Indiana                 7,507   66.3     2,350    20.7        132     1.2      1,341    11.8            11,330   100.0
Kansas                  8,525   77.7     1,821    16.6        347     3.2        284     2.6            10,977   100.0
Kentucky                6,573   77.8     1,561    18.5        235     2.8         84     1.0             8,453   100.0
Louisiana               5,932   47.9     5,633 ** 45.5         --      --        808     6.5            12,373   100.0
Maine                   3,115   94.4        39     1.2         81     2.5         66     2.0             3,301   100.0
Maryland                8,608   44.6     9,357    48.4      1,197     6.2        156     0.8            19,318   100.0
Minnesota              11,926   83.1     1,208     8.4        997     6.9        219     1.5            14,350   100.0
Mississippi             2,425   40.4     3,494    58.2         57     0.9         26     0.4             6,002   100.0
Missouri                7,958   63.5     4,208    33.6        317     2.5         57     0.5            12,540   100.0
Montana                 2,235   84.5        10     0.4        165     6.2        235     8.9             2,645   100.0
Nevada                  5,724   82.3       655     9.4        317     4.6        259     3.7             6,955   100.0
New Jersey             14,458   39.6    17,072    46.8      3,530     9.7      1,448     4.0            36,508   100.0
New Mexico              4,660   86.6       115     2.1        606    11.3          0     0.0             5,381   100.0
New York               75,086   47.6    70,558    44.7      4,261     2.7      7,986     5.1           157,891   100.0
  City                 43,264   39.2    61,301    55.5      3,627     3.3      2,243     2.0           110,435   100.0
  State                31,822   67.1     9,257    19.5        634     1.3      5,743    12.1            47,456   100.0
North Carolina         19,154   54.9    13,712    39.3      1,371     3.9        669     1.9            34,906   100.0
North Dakota            1,279   91.0        22     1.6        105     7.5          0     0.0             1,406   100.0
Oregon                 11,208   86.5       607     4.7        629     4.9        517     4.0            12,961   100.0
Pennsylvania           29,433   61.4    17,136    35.8      1,322     2.8         35     0.1            47,926   100.0
Rhode Island            5,419   81.6       798    12.0        342     5.1         85     1.3             6,644   100.0
South Carolina          6,399   55.1     5,004    43.1        204     1.8          4     0.0            11,611   100.0
South Dakota              958   89.1         0     0.0        117    10.9          0     0.0             1,075   100.0
Tennessee              10,909   63.2     6,021    34.9        282     1.6         38     0.2            17,250   100.0
Texas                  65,770   72.4    18,532    20.4      3,575     3.9      2,903     3.2            90,780   100.0
Utah                    3,410   86.4        64     1.6        336     8.5        135     3.4             3,945   100.0
Vermont                 2,512   97.4        21     0.8         44     1.7          3     0.1             2,580   100.0
Virginia               16,920   59.8    10,206    36.1      1,024     3.6        135     0.5            28,285   100.0
West Virginia           2,256   86.1       331    12.6         32     1.2          0     0.0             2,619   100.0
Wisconsin @            10,419   74.4     2,918    20.8        552 ++  3.9        115 ++  0.8            14,004   100.0

Total                 395,486   59.0   226,829    33.8     27,567     4.1     20,723     3.1           670,605   100.0

Abortion ratio &&         231              552 @@             310 @@                                       290
Abortion rate ***          15               43+++              22 +++                                       19
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*   Data from 34 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City; excludes four states where unknown race was >15%.
+   Includes women of Hispanic ethnicity.
&   Percentages may not add to 100.0 due to rounding.
@   Includes residents only.
**  Reported as black and "other" races.
++  Women of some "other" races are included with "unknown."
&&  Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women of a given race per 1,000 live births to women of the same
    race for these states. For each state, data for women of unknown race were distributed according to the known racial
    distribution for that state.
@@  Ratios for black and "other" races exclude Louisiana because abortions for blacks and others were grouped together.
*** Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women of a given race per 1,000 women aged 15-44 years of the
    same race for these states. For each state, data for women of unknown race were distributed according to the known
    racial distribution for that state.
+++ Rates for black and "other" races exclude Louisiana because abortions for blacks and others were grouped together.
--  Not reported.
=============================================================================================================================

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Table_16
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TABLE 16. Reported legal abortions, by race of women who obtained an abortion and state of occurrence -- selected
states, * United States, 1994
=========================================================================================================================
                                                   Race
                       ---------------------------------------------------------------------
                           White +            Black             Other            Unknown                  Total &
                       -------------    --------------     -------------      --------------        ---------------------
State                     No.      %       No.       %       No.       %        No.       %             No.       %
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama                 7,826   52.8     6,523    44.0       253     1.7        223     1.5          14,825   100.0
Arizona                11,012   79.1       727     5.2       844     6.1      1,347     9.7          13,930   100.0
Arkansas                3,763   63.9     1,927    32.7       114     1.9         81     1.4           5,885   100.0
Dist. of Columbia @     1,483   19.1     6,039    77.8       221     2.8         18     0.2           7,761   100.0
Georgia                16,732   46.0    18,285    50.3       720     2.0        637     1.8          36,374   100.0
Hawaii                  1,732   29.9       189     3.3     3,477    60.1        385     6.7           5,783   100.0
Idaho                   1,004   95.9         7     0.7        34     3.2          2     0.2           1,047   100.0
Indiana                 8,234   65.9     2,576    20.6       165     1.3      1,524    12.2          12,499   100.0
Kansas                  8,222   78.5     1,700    16.2       224     2.1        322     3.1          10,468   100.0
Kentucky                6,273   77.0     1,556    19.1       274     3.4         42     0.5           8,145   100.0
Louisiana               5,508   45.3     4,895 ** 40.3        --      --      1,751    14.4          12,154   100.0
Maine                   2,912   94.3        34     1.1        97     3.1         46     1.5           3,089   100.0
Maryland                7,480   42.4     8,858    50.3     1,121     6.4        168     1.0          17,627   100.0
Minnesota              11,499   82.0     1,318     9.4     1,036     7.4        174     1.2          14,027   100.0
Mississippi             1,414   35.5     2,517    63.3        41     1.0          7     0.2           3,979   100.0
Missouri                7,521   63.3     3,985    33.5       336     2.8         37     0.3          11,879   100.0
Montana                 2,330   84.4        12     0.4       153     5.5        266     9.6           2,761   100.0
Nevada                  5,506   81.7       604     9.0       297     4.4        329     4.9           6,736   100.0
New Jersey             11,860   35.6    15,091    45.3     4,608    13.8      1,727     5.2          33,286   100.0
New Mexico              4,272   86.7       141     2.9       516    10.5          0     0.0           4,929   100.0
New York               71,510   50.5    65,458    46.2     4,693     3.3          0     0.0         141,661   100.0
  City                 41,172   39.6    56,721    54.6     4,017     3.9      1,990     1.9         103,900   100.0
  State                30,338   66.4     8,737    19.1       676     1.5      5,947    13.0          45,698   100.0
North Carolina         18,906   53.9    14,162    40.4     1,512     4.3        508     1.4          35,088   100.0
North Dakota            1,175   90.3        16     1.2       108     8.3          2     0.2           1,301   100.0
Ohio                   22,871   60.6    11,271    29.9     1,213     3.2      2,387     6.3          37,742   100.0
Oregon                 11,470   85.6       638     4.8       864     6.5        420     3.1          13,392   100.0
Pennsylvania           24,852   59.7    15,498    37.2     1,266     3.0         29     0.1          41,645   100.0
Rhode Island            4,864   79.8       833    13.7       331     5.4         64     1.1           6,092   100.0
South Carolina          5,933   54.3     4,757    43.6       228     2.1          4     0.0          10,922   100.0
South Dakota              877   88.9        14     1.4        49     5.0         47     4.8             987   100.0
Tennessee              10,631   63.1     5,854    34.8       307     1.8         45     0.3          16,837   100.0
Texas                  63,735   71.5    18,134    20.3     3,952     4.4      3,364     3.8          89,185   100.0
Utah                    3,083   85.4        65     1.8       350     9.7        111     3.1           3,609   100.0
Vermont                 2,237   96.4        23     1.0        53     2.3          8     0.3           2,321   100.0
Virginia               15,462   58.6     9,676    36.7     1,107     4.2        124     0.5          26,369   100.0
West Virginia           1,718   82.4       338    16.2        27     1.3          2     0.1           2,085   100.0
Wisconsin @             9,534   74.5     2,602    20.3     535++     4.2      119++     0.9          12,790   100.0

Total                 395,441   58.4   226,323    33.4    31,126     4.6     24,257     3.6         677,147   100.0

Abortion ratio &&         217              538 @@            325 @@                                     276
Abortion rate ***          13               40 +++            24 +++                                     18
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*   Data from 35 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City; excludes three states where unknown race was >15%.
+   Includes women of Hispanic ethnicity.
&   Percentages may not add to 100.0 due to rounding.
@   Includes residents only.
**  Reported as black and "other" races.
++  Women of some "other" races included with "unknown."
&&  Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women of a given race per 1,000 live births to women
    of the same race for these states. For each state, data for women of unknown race were distributed according to
    the known racial distribution for that state.
@@  Ratios for black and "other" races exclude Louisiana because abortions for blacks and others were grouped together.
*** Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women of a given race per 1,000 women 15-44 years of age
    of the same race for these states. For each state, data for women of unknown race were distributed according
    to the known racial distribution for that state.
+++ Rates for black and "other" races exclude Louisiana because abortions for blacks and others were grouped together.
--  Not reported.
=========================================================================================================================

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Table_17
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TABLE 17. Reported legal abortions, by Hispanic ethnicity of women who obtained an abortion and state
of occurrence -- selected states, * United States, 1993
============================================================================================================
                                                   Ethnicity
                         ------------------------------------------------------------
                             Hispanic             Non-Hispanic             Unknown            Total +
                         --------------         ----------------      --------------     -------------------
State                      No.       %              No.       %         No.       %         No.       %
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama                    186     1.3           12,596    86.9       1,712    11.8      14,494   100.0
Arizona                  2,882    21.1            9,496    69.6       1,270     9.3      13,648   100.0
Arkansas                    27     0.5            5,294    94.8         261     4.7       5,582   100.0
Dist. of Columbia &        582     7.4            7,242    92.1          41     0.5       7,865   100.0
Georgia                    452     1.2           35,897    94.9       1,470     3.9      37,819   100.0
Idaho                       75     5.6            1,268    94.2           3     0.2       1,346   100.0
Kansas                     308     2.8           10,252    93.4         417     3.8      10,977   100.0
Minnesota                  195     1.4           13,936    97.1         219     1.5      14,350   100.0
Mississippi                 25     0.4            5,921    98.7          56     0.9       6,002   100.0
Missouri                   164     1.3           11,047    88.1       1,329    10.6      12,540   100.0
New Jersey               5,759    15.8           30,187    82.7         562     1.5      36,508   100.0
New Mexico               2,116    39.3            3,265    60.7           0     0.0       5,381   100.0
New York                32,746    20.7          111,872    70.9      13,273     8.4     157,891   100.0
  City                  30,617    27.7           72,688    65.8       7,130     6.5     110,435   100.0
  State                  2,129     4.5           39,184    82.6       6,143    12.9      47,456   100.0
North Dakota                27     1.9            1,295    92.1          84     6.0       1,406   100.0
Oregon                     744     5.7           11,720    90.4         497     3.8      12,961   100.0
Pennsylvania             1,264     2.6           46,609    97.3          53     0.1      47,926   100.0
South Carolina             154     1.3           11,455    98.7           2     0.0      11,611   100.0
Tennessee                  118     0.7           16,918    98.1         214     1.2      17,250   100.0
Texas                   25,307    27.9           62,570    68.9       2,903     3.2      90,780   100.0
Utah                       317     8.0            3,609    91.5          19     0.5       3,945   100.0
Vermont                     17     0.7            2,553    99.0          10     0.4       2,580   100.0
Wisconsin &                483     3.4           13,521    96.6           0     0.0      14,004   100.0

Total                   73,948    14.0          428,523    81.3      24,395     4.6     526,866   100.0

Abortion ratio @           289                      309                                     306
Abortion rate **            30                       20                                      21
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*  Data from 21 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City; excludes 12 states where unknown
   ethnicity was >15%.
+  Percentages may not add to 100.0 due to rounding.
&  Includes residents only.
@  Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women of Hispanic origin per 1,000 live
   births to women of Hispanic origin for these states. For each state, data for women of unknown Hispanic
   origin were distributed according to the known Hispanic origin distribution for that state.
** Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women of Hispanic origin per 1,000 women of
   Hispanic origin for these states. For each state, data for women of unknown Hispanic origin were
   distributed according to the known Hispanic origin distribution for that state.
============================================================================================================

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Table_18
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TABLE 18. Reported legal abortions, by Hispanic ethnicity of women who obtained an abortion and state
of occurrence -- selected states, * United States, 1994
==========================================================================================================
                                                   Ethnicity
                          ------------------------------------------------------------
                             Hispanic             Non-Hispanic             Unknown          Total +
                          -------------         -----------------    -----------------  ---------------
State                      No.       %              No.       %         No.       %        No.       %
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama                    200     1.3           12,618    85.1       2,007    13.5     14,825   100.0
Arizona                  2,885    20.7            9,698    69.6       1,347     9.7     13,930   100.0
Arkansas                    66     1.1            5,672    96.4         147     2.5      5,885   100.0
Dist. of Columbia &        658     8.5            7,085    91.3          18     0.2      7,761   100.0
Georgia                    534     1.5           34,543    95.0       1,297     3.6     36,374   100.0
Idaho                       75     7.2              967    92.4           5     0.5      1,047   100.0
Kansas                     384     3.7            9,910    94.7         174     1.7     10,468   100.0
Minnesota                  221     1.6           13,632    97.2         174     1.2     14,027   100.0
Mississippi                 11     0.3            3,959    99.5           9     0.2      3,979   100.0
Missouri                   168     1.4           10,719    90.2         992     8.4     11,879   100.0
New Jersey               5,407    16.2           27,446    82.5         433     1.3     33,286   100.0
New Mexico               1,962    39.8            2,967    60.2           0     0.0      4,929   100.0
New York                31,608    21.1          105,638    70.6      12,352     8.2    149,598   100.0
  City                  29,462    28.4           68,677    66.1       5,761     5.5    103,900   100.0
  State                  2,146     4.7           36,961    81.0       6,591    14.3     45,698   100.0
North Dakota                13     1.0            1,196    91.9          92     7.1      1,301   100.0
Ohio                       430     1.1           34,925    92.5       2,387     6.3     37,742   100.0
Oregon                     882     6.6           12,218    91.2         292     2.2     13,392   100.0
Pennsylvania             1,123     2.7           40,494    97.2          28     0.1     41,645   100.0
South Carolina             152     1.4           10,768    98.6           2     0.0     10,922   100.0
Tennessee                  101     0.6           16,687    99.1          49     0.3     16,837   100.0
Texas                   26,383    29.6           59,438    66.6       3,364     3.8     89,185   100.0
Utah                       315     8.7            3,246    89.9          48     1.3      3,609   100.0
Vermont                      6     0.3            2,309    99.5           6     0.3      2,321   100.0
Wisconsin &                492     3.8           12,298    96.2           0     0.0     12,790   100.0

Total                   74,076    13.8          438,433    81.5      25,223     4.7    537,732   100.0

Abortion ratio @           278                      290                                    288
Abortion rate **            29                       18                                     19
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*  Data from 22 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City; excludes 12 states where unknown
   ethnicity was >15%.
+  Percentages may not add to 100.0 due to rounding.
&  Includes residents only.
@  Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women of Hispanic origin per 1,000 live
   births to women of Hispanic origin for these states. For each state, data for women of unknown Hispanic
   origin were distributed according to the known Hispanic origin distribution for that state.
** Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women of Hispanic origin per 1,000 women of
   Hispanic origin for these states. For each state, data for women of unknown Hispanic origin were
   distributed according to the known Hispanic origin distribution for that state.
==========================================================================================================

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Table_19
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TABLE 19. Reported legal abortions, by marital status of women who obtained an abortion and
state of occurrence -- selected states, * United States, 1993
=========================================================================================================
                                              Marital status
                           --------------------------------------------------------
                              Married +           Unmarried &             Unknown         Total @
                           --------------       -------------         -------------   -------------------
State                         No.      %           No.      %          No.       %       No.       %
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama                     2,475   17.1        11,906   82.1          113     0.8    14,494   100.0
Arkansas                    1,043   18.7         4,147   74.3          392     7.0     5,582   100.0
Colorado                    2,071   20.5         7,973   78.8           71     0.7    10,115   100.0
Georgia                     7,046   18.6        30,282   80.1          491     1.3    37,819   100.0
Hawaii                      1,426   24.4         4,398   75.4           11     0.2     5,835   100.0
Idaho                         339   25.2         1,003   74.5            4     0.3     1,346   100.0
Indiana                     1,919   16.9         9,248   81.6          163     1.4    11,330   100.0
Kansas                      2,206   20.1         8,672   79.0           99     0.9    10,977   100.0
Kentucky                    1,376   16.3         6,942   82.1          135     1.6     8,453   100.0
Maine                         679   20.6         2,463   74.6          159     4.8     3,301   100.0
Maryland                    4,083   21.1        14,808   76.7          427     2.2    19,318   100.0
Massachusetts               7,821   22.1        23,298   66.0        4,193    11.9    35,312   100.0
Michigan                    5,676   15.9        29,819   83.4          242     0.7    35,737   100.0
Minnesota                   2,166   15.1        11,938   83.2          246     1.7    14,350   100.0
Mississippi                   856   14.3         5,118   85.3           28     0.5     6,002   100.0
Missouri                    2,679   21.4         9,705   77.4          156     1.2    12,540   100.0
Montana                       516   19.5         2,045   77.3           84     3.2     2,645   100.0
Nevada                      1,640   23.6         5,209   74.9          106     1.5     6,955   100.0
New Jersey                  6,514   17.8        29,705   81.4          289     0.8    36,508   100.0
New Mexico                    922   17.1         4,424   82.2           35     0.7     5,381   100.0
New York City              24,354   22.1        82,900   75.1        3,181     2.9   110,435   100.0
North Carolina              7,071   20.3        24,314   69.7        3,521    10.1    34,906   100.0
North Dakota                  257   18.3         1,149   81.7            0     0.0     1,406   100.0
Ohio                        7,064   17.0        31,657   76.0        2,952     7.1    41,673   100.0
Oregon                      2,814   21.7         9,109   70.3        1,038     8.0    12,961   100.0
Pennsylvania                8,499   17.7        39,399   82.2           28     0.1    47,926   100.0
Rhode Island                1,512   22.8         5,061   76.2           71     1.1     6,644   100.0
South Carolina              2,312   19.9         9,299   80.1            0     0.0    11,611   100.0
South Dakota                  203   18.9           872   81.1            0     0.0     1,075   100.0
Tennessee                   3,508   20.3        13,646   79.1           96     0.6    17,250   100.0
Texas                      19,530   21.5        63,289   69.7        7,961     8.8    90,780   100.0
Utah                        1,609   40.8         2,336   59.2            0     0.0     3,945   100.0
Vermont                       526   20.4         1,865   72.3          189     7.3     2,580   100.0
Virginia                    4,622   16.3        22,994   81.3          669     2.4    28,285   100.0
West Virginia                 504   19.2         2,115   80.8            0     0.0     2,619   100.0
Wisconsin **                 2,064++14.7        11,804++ 84.3          136     1.0    14,004   100.0
Wyoming                        54   21.3           199   78.7            0     0.0       253   100.0

Total                     139,956   19.6       545,111   76.5       27,286     3.8   712,353   100.0

Abortion ratio &&              84                  789                                   291
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*  Data from 36 states and New York City; excludes three states where unknown marital status was >15%.
+  Includes married and separated.
&  Includes never married, divorced, and widowed women.
@  Percentages may not add to 100.0 due to rounding.
** Includes residents only.
++ Includes women who were reported as being separated.
&& Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women of a given marital status per 1,000
   live births to women of the same marital status for these states. For each state, data regarding
   women of unknown marital status were distributed according to the known marital status distribution
   for that state.
=========================================================================================================

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Table_20
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TABLE 20. Reported legal abortions, by marital status of women who obtained an abortion and state of
occurrence -- selected states, * United States, 1994
==========================================================================================================
                                               Marital status
                           --------------------------------------------------------
                               Married +          Unmarried &             Unknown          Total @
                           --------------      ---------------       --------------  -----------------
State                         No.      %           No.      %          No.       %       No.       %
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama                     2,379   16.0        12,274   82.8          172     1.2    14,825   100.0
Arkansas                    1,111   18.9         4,661   79.2          113     1.9     5,885   100.0
Colorado                    1,917   20.0         7,635   79.7           32     0.3     9,584   100.0
Georgia                     6,495   17.9        29,529   81.2          350     1.0    36,374   100.0
Hawaii                      1,234   21.3         4,524   78.2           25     0.4     5,783   100.0
Idaho                         259   24.7           785   75.0            3     0.3     1,047   100.0
Indiana                     1,940   15.5         9,327   74.6        1,232     9.9    12,499   100.0
Kansas                      2,113   20.2         8,322   79.5           33     0.3    10,468   100.0
Kentucky                    1,327   16.3         6,667   81.9          151     1.9     8,145   100.0
Maine                         598   19.4         2,302   74.5          189     6.1     3,089   100.0
Maryland                    3,413   19.4        13,770   78.1          444     2.5    17,627   100.0
Michigan                    4,867   14.7        27,947   84.5          247     0.7    33,061   100.0
Minnesota                   2,130   15.2        11,705   83.4          192     1.4    14,027   100.0
Mississippi                   630   15.8         3,342   84.0            7     0.2     3,979   100.0
Missouri                    2,450   20.6         9,267   78.0          162     1.4    11,879   100.0
Montana                       500   18.1         2,202   79.8           59     2.1     2,761   100.0
Nevada                      1,551   23.0         5,091   75.6           94     1.4     6,736   100.0
New Jersey                  6,152   18.5        26,843   80.6          291     0.9    33,286   100.0
New Mexico                    891   18.1         3,972   80.6           66     1.3     4,929   100.0
New York City              22,814   22.0        79,548   76.6        1,538     1.5   103,900   100.0
North Carolina              6,577   18.7        23,443   66.8        5,068    14.4    35,088   100.0
North Dakota                  244   18.8         1,056   81.2            1     0.1     1,301   100.0
Ohio                        6,596   17.5        29,993   79.5        1,153     3.1    37,742   100.0
Oregon                      2,816   21.0         9,358   69.9        1,218     9.1    13,392   100.0
Pennsylvania                7,553   18.1        34,082   81.8           10     0.0    41,645   100.0
Rhode Island                1,299   21.3         4,697   77.1           96     1.6     6,092   100.0
South Carolina              2,098   19.2         8,821   80.8            3     0.0    10,922   100.0
South Dakota                  174   17.6           806   81.7            7     0.7       987   100.0
Tennessee                   3,277   19.5        13,509   80.2           51     0.3    16,837   100.0
Texas                      19,155   21.5        64,353   72.2        5,677     6.4    89,185   100.0
Utah                        1,486   41.2         2,123   58.8            0     0.0     3,609   100.0
Vermont                       525   22.6         1,654   71.3          142     6.1     2,321   100.0
Virginia                    4,400   16.7        21,023   79.7          946     3.6    26,369   100.0
West Virginia                 406   19.5         1,677   80.4            2     0.1     2,085   100.0
Wisconsin **                1,925++ 15.1        10,760++ 84.1          105     0.8    12,790   100.0
Wyoming                        34   19.5           140   80.5            0     0.0       174   100.0

Total                     123,336   19.3       497,208   77.6       19,879     3.1   640,423   100.0

Abortion ratio&&               79                  689                                   272
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*  Data from 35 states and New York City; excludes five states where unknown marital status was >15%.
+  Includes married and separated.
&  Includes never married, divorced, and widowed women.
@  Percentages may not add to 100.0 due to rounding.
** Includes residents only.
++ Includes women who were reported as being separated.
&& Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women of a given marital status per 1,000 live
   births to women of the same marital status for these states. For each state, data regarding women of
   unknown marital status were distributed according to the known marital status distribution for that
   state.
==========================================================================================================

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Table_21
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TABLE 21. Reported legal abortions, by number of previous live births and state of occurrence -- selected states,* United States, 1993
==========================================================================================================================================================
                                                                       No. of live births
                                     0                1                 2               3                 >=4             Unknown             Total +
                              -------------    ---------------   --------------   ------------         -----------      ------------     -----------------
State                            No.      %       No.       %       No.      %      No.      %          No.     %        No.      %         No.       %
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama                        7,268   50.1     3,944    27.2     2,207   15.2      771    5.3          272   1.9         32    0.2      14,494   100.0
Arizona                        6,432   47.1     3,252    23.8     2,417   17.7    1,004    7.4          378   2.8        165    1.2      13,648   100.0
Arkansas                       2,619   46.9     1,558    27.9       946   16.9      336    6.0          116   2.1          7    0.1       5,582   100.0
Colorado                       5,793   57.3     2,022    20.0     1,484   14.7      498    4.9          248   2.5         70    0.7      10,115   100.0
Georgia                       18,474   48.8    10,187    26.9     6,137   16.2    2,025    5.4          883   2.3        113    0.3      37,819   100.0
Hawaii                         2,987   51.2     1,304    22.3       960   16.5      346    5.9          177   3.0         61    1.0       5,835   100.0
Idaho                            624   46.4       305    22.7       243   18.1      116    8.6           56   4.2          2    0.1       1,346   100.0
Indiana                        5,143   45.4     3,064    27.0     2,077   18.3      724    6.4          287   2.5         35    0.3      11,330   100.0
Kansas &                       5,794   52.8     2,427    22.1     1,764   16.1      623    5.7          222   2.0        147    1.3      10,977   100.0
Kentucky                       4,000   47.3     2,153    25.5     1,260   14.9      366    4.3          181   2.1        493    5.8       8,453   100.0
Maine                          1,691   51.2       797    24.1       542   16.4      160    4.8           60   1.8         51    1.5       3,301   100.0
Maryland                       8,653   44.8     5,589    28.9     3,366   17.4    1,158    6.0          552   2.9          0    0.0      19,318   100.0
Michigan                      15,610   43.7     9,550    26.7     6,813   19.1    2,491    7.0        1,190   3.3         83    0.2      35,737   100.0
Minnesota                      7,228   50.4     2,946    20.5     2,208   15.4      837    5.8          502   3.5        629    4.4      14,350   100.0
Mississippi                    2,738   45.6     1,697    28.3       981   16.3      366    6.1          207   3.4         13    0.2       6,002   100.0
Missouri                       5,559   44.3     3,322    26.5     2,309   18.4      889    7.1          461   3.7          0    0.0      12,540   100.0
Montana                        1,479   55.9       498    18.8       430   16.3      162    6.1           76   2.9          0    0.0       2,645   100.0
Nebraska                       2,843   51.8     1,173    21.4       890   16.2      409    7.5          171   3.1          0    0.0       5,486   100.0
Nevada                         3,116   44.8     1,871    26.9     1,275   18.3      468    6.7          199   2.9         26    0.4       6,955   100.0
New Jersey                    13,253   36.3    10,042    27.5     8,008   21.9    3,210    8.8        1,647   4.5        348    1.0      36,508   100.0
New Mexico                     2,613   48.6     1,352    25.1       883   16.4      348    6.5          165   3.1         20    0.4       5,381   100.0
New York                      57,435   36.4    41,837    26.5    31,442   19.9   12,856    8.1        7,470   4.7      6,851    4.3     157,891   100.0
  City                        36,509   33.1    32,594    29.5    24,145   21.9   10,049    9.1        6,138   5.6      1,000    0.9     110,435   100.0
  State                       20,926   44.1     9,243    19.5     7,297   15.4    2,807    5.9        1,332   2.8      5,851   12.3      47,456   100.0
North Carolina                17,538   50.2     8,621    24.7     4,825   13.8    1,455    4.2          637   1.8      1,830    5.2      34,906   100.0
North Dakota                     805   57.3       271    19.3       204   14.5       82    5.8           44   3.1          0    0.0       1,406   100.0
Ohio                          20,526   49.3    10,656    25.6     6,954   16.7    2,460    5.9        1,072   2.6          5    0.0      41,673   100.0
Oregon                         6,212   47.9     2,889    22.3     2,083   16.1      730    5.6          341   2.6        706    5.4      12,961   100.0
Pennsylvania                  22,635   47.2    12,335    25.7     8,313   17.3    3,186    6.6        1,417   3.0         40    0.1      47,926   100.0
Rhode Island&                  3,380   50.9     1,522    22.9     1,166   17.5      401    6.0          169   2.5          6    0.1       6,644   100.0
South Carolina                 5,672   48.9     3,188    27.5     1,893   16.3      615    5.3          243   2.1          0    0.0      11,611   100.0
South Dakota&                    555   51.6       219    20.4       191   17.8       67    6.2           43   4.0          0    0.0       1,075   100.0
Tennessee                      8,196   47.5     4,857    28.2     2,855   16.6      875    5.1          387   2.2         80    0.5      17,250   100.0
Texas                         45,353   50.0    22,157    24.4    14,874   16.4    5,652    6.2        2,684   3.0         60    0.1      90,780   100.0
Utah                           1,868   47.4       899    22.8       709   18.0      277    7.0          164   4.2         28    0.7       3,945   100.0
Vermont                        1,512   58.6       509    19.7       383   14.8      129    5.0           44   1.7          3    0.1       2,580   100.0
Virginia                      14,346   50.7     7,008    24.8     4,542   16.1    1,463    5.2          625   2.2        301    1.1      28,285   100.0
Washington                    13,406   48.6     6,608    24.0     4,783   17.4    1,818    6.6          845   3.1         98    0.4      27,558   100.0
West Virginia                  1,266   48.3       699    26.7       464   17.7      131    5.0           57   2.2          2    0.1       2,619   100.0
Wyoming                          126   49.8        57    22.5        46   18.2       21    8.3            3   1.2          0    0.0         253   100.0

Total                        344,748   45.5   193,385    25.5   132,927   17.6   49,525    6.5       24,295   3.2     12,305    1.6     757,185   100.0

Abortion ratio @                 324              231               322             315                 234                                 289
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Data from 38 states and New York City; excludes one state where number of unknown previous live births was >15%.
+ Percentages may not add to 100.0 due to rounding.
& Indicates number of living children.
@ Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women with a given number of previous live births per 1,000 live births to women with the
  same number of previous live births for these states. For each state, women whose number of previous live births was unknown were distributed according
  to the known number of previous live births for that state.
==========================================================================================================================================================

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Table_22
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TABLE 22. Reported legal abortions, by number of previous live births and state of occurrence -- selected states,* United States, 1994
===================================================================================================================================================================
                                                                           No. of previous live births
                                                        --------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             0                 1                 2               3                 >=4          Unknown                Total +
                                      ---------------   -------------     --------------   ------------      ---------------                     ------------------
State                                     No.      %       No.      %        No.      %      No.     %           No.     %        No.      %         No.       %
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama                                 7,317   49.4     4,079   27.5      2,320   15.6      727   4.9           255   1.7        127    0.9      14,825   100.0
Arizona                                 6,669   47.9     3,310   23.8      2,422   17.4      996   7.2           344   2.5        189    1.4      13,930   100.0
Colorado                                5,519   57.6     1,892   19.7      1,330   13.9      481   5.0           250   2.6        112    1.2       9,584   100.0
Georgia                                17,592   48.4     9,845   27.1      6,013   16.5    1,982   5.4           853   2.3         89    0.2      36,374   100.0
Hawaii                                  3,046   52.7     1,242   21.5        924   16.0      364   6.3           184   3.2         23    0.4       5,783   100.0
Idaho                                     505   48.2       219   20.9        211   20.2       72   6.9            38   3.6          2    0.2       1,047   100.0
Indiana                                 5,801   46.4     3,330   26.6      2,188   17.5      799   6.4           305   2.4         76    0.6      12,499   100.0
Kansas&                                 5,362   51.2     2,425   23.2      1,686   16.1      658   6.3           242   2.3         96    0.9      10,469   100.0
Kentucky                                4,212   51.7     2,079   25.5      1,278   15.7      375   4.6           169   2.1         32    0.4       8,145   100.0
Maryland                                8,016   45.5     4,904   27.8      3,104   17.6    1,096   6.2           507   2.9          0    0.0      17,627   100.0
Michigan                               14,621   44.2     8,662   26.2      6,040   18.3    2,373   7.2         1,244   3.8        121    0.4      33,061   100.0
Minnesota                               7,010   50.0     2,838   20.2      2,168   15.5      868   6.2           525   3.7        618    4.4      14,027   100.0
Mississippi                             1,727   43.4     1,200   30.2        691   17.4      257   6.5           100   2.5          4    0.1       3,979   100.0
Missouri                                5,386   45.3     2,961   24.9      2,236   18.8      854   7.2           442   3.7          0    0.0      11,879   100.0
Montana                                 1,546   56.0       536   19.4        441   16.0      181   6.6            56   2.0          1    0.0       2,761   100.0
Nebraska                                2,725   51.2     1,165   21.9        855   16.1      418   7.9           161   3.0          0    0.0       5,324   100.0
Nevada                                  2,795   41.5     1,741   25.8      1,217   18.1      456   6.8           222   3.3        305    4.5       6,736   100.0
New Jersey                             11,480   34.5     9,705   29.2      7,127   21.4    2,757   8.3         1,376   4.1        841    2.5      33,286   100.0
New Mexico                              2,396   48.6     1,221   24.8        836   17.0      310   6.3           155   3.1         11    0.2       4,929   100.0
New York                               53,922   36.0    37,954   25.4     28,284   18.9   12,097   8.1         7,377   4.9      9,964    6.7     149,598   100.0
  City                                 34,019   32.7    29,156   28.1     21,652   20.8    9,470   9.1         6,085   5.9      3,518    3.4     103,900   100.0
  State                                19,903   43.6     8,798   19.3      6,632   14.5    2,627   5.7         1,292   2.8      6,446   14.1      45,698   100.0
North Carolina                         17,283   49.3     8,656   24.7      4,914   14.0    1,566   4.5           678   1.9      1,991    5.7      35,088   100.0
North Dakota                              720   55.3       263   20.2        192   14.8       77   5.9            49   3.8          0    0.0       1,301   100.0
Ohio                                   17,728   47.0     9,985   26.5      6,576   17.4    2,415   6.4          1025   2.7         13    0.0      37,742   100.0
Oregon                                  6,408   47.8     2,813   21.0      2,074   15.5      790   5.9           396   3.0        931    6.9      13,412   100.0
Pennsylvania                           19,032   45.7    10,902   26.2      7,488   18.0    2,779   6.7         1,427   3.4         17    0.0      41,645   100.0
Rhode Island                            2,977   48.9     1,465   24.0      1,081   17.7      360   5.9           159   2.6         50    0.8       6,092   100.0
South Carolina                          5,398   49.4     2,911   26.7      1,827   16.7      563   5.2           221   2.0          2    0.0      10,922   100.0
South Dakota &                            532   53.9       201   20.4        146   14.8       75   7.6            33   3.3          0    0.0         987   100.0
Tennessee                               8,108   48.2     4,699   27.9      2,774   16.5      873   5.2           366   2.2         17    0.1      16,837   100.0
Texas                                  44,217   49.6    21,816   24.5     14,796   16.6    5,479   6.1         2,737   3.1        140    0.2      89,185   100.0
Utah                                    1,665   46.1       852   23.6        664   18.4      274   7.6           138   3.8         16    0.4       3,609   100.0
Vermont                                 1,371   59.1       405   17.4        368   15.9      134   5.8            43   1.9          0    0.0       2,321   100.0
Virginia                               13,622   51.7     6,507   24.7      4,059   15.4    1,362   5.2           543   2.1        276    1.0      26,369   100.0
Washington                             12,736   49.1     6,096   23.5      4,539   17.5    1,702   6.6           794   3.1         98    0.4      25,965   100.0
West Virginia                           1,110   53.2       525   25.2        323   15.5       87   4.2            36   1.7          4    0.2       2,085   100.0
Wyoming                                    78   44.8        41   23.6         36   20.7       12   6.9             6   3.4          1    0.6         174   100.0

Total                                 320,632   45.2   179,445   25.3    123,228   17.4   46,669   6.6        23,456   3.3     16,167    2.3     709,597   100.0

Abortion ratio @                          309              223               309             308                 233                                 278
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Data from 36 states and New York City; excludes three states where number of unknown previous live births was >15%.
+ Percentages may not add to 100.0 due to rounding.
& Indicates number of living children.
@ Calculated as the number of legal abortions obtained by women with a given number of previous live births per 1,000 live births to women with the same number
  of previous live births for these states. For each state, women whose number of previous live births was unknown were distributed according to the known number
  of previous live births for that state.
===================================================================================================================================================================

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Table_23
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TABLE 23. Reported legal abortions, by number of previous legal induced abortions and state of occurrence -- selected states,* United States, 1993
=================================================================================================================================================================
                                                                  No. of previous induced abortions
                                   -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          0                 1               2                   >=3                               Unknown            Total +
                                   --------------    --------------   -------------         ---------------                      -------------  -----------------
State                                 No.      %        No.      %      No.       %           No.        %                       No.       %       No.       %
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama                             9,947   68.6      3,194   22.0      961     6.6           355      2.4                        37     0.3    14,494   100.0
Arizona                             8,475   62.1      3,571   26.2    1,085     7.9           321      2.4                       196     1.4    13,648   100.0
Arkansas                            3,590   64.3      1,445   25.9      390     7.0           150      2.7                         7     0.1     5,582   100.0
Colorado                            6,335   62.6      2,529   25.0      775     7.7           374      3.7                       102     1.0    10,115   100.0
Georgia                            21,620   57.2     10,594   28.0    3,626     9.6         1,773      4.7                       206     0.5    37,819   100.0
Hawaii                              1,893   32.4      2,069   35.5    1,081    18.5           712     12.2                        80     1.4     5,835   100.0
Idaho                                 971   72.1        259   19.2       77     5.7            36      2.7                         3     0.2     1,346   100.0
Indiana                             7,369   65.0      2,701   23.8      774     6.8           380      3.4                       106     0.9    11,330   100.0
Kansas                              8,018   73.0      1,810   16.5      470     4.3           209      1.9                       470     4.3    10,977   100.0
Kentucky                            4,964   58.7      1,939   22.9      573     6.8           226      2.7                       751     8.9     8,453   100.0
Maine                               2,115   64.1        747   22.6      246     7.5            91      2.8                       102     3.1     3,301   100.0
Maryland                            8,387   43.4      6,175   32.0    3,111    16.1         1,645      8.5                         0     0.0    19,318   100.0
Michigan                           18,562   51.9      9,997   28.0    4,352    12.2         2,508      7.0                       318     0.9    35,737   100.0
Minnesota                           8,221   57.3      3,659   25.5    1,159     8.1           666      4.6                       645     4.5    14,350   100.0
Mississippi                         3,860   64.3      1,478   24.6      456     7.6           199      3.3                         9     0.1     6,002   100.0
Missouri                            7,324   58.4      3,514   28.0    1,160     9.3           542      4.3                         0     0.0    12,540   100.0
Montana                             1,857   70.2        580   21.9      131     5.0            77      2.9                         0     0.0     2,645   100.0
Nebraska                            2,476   45.1      1,943   35.4      695    12.7           364      6.6                         8     0.1     5,486   100.0
Nevada                              3,283   47.2      1,993   28.7      907    13.0           711     10.2                        61     0.9     6,955   100.0
New Jersey                         15,759   43.2     10,749   29.4    5,375    14.7         4,004     11.0                       621     1.7    36,508   100.0
New Mexico                          3,464   64.4      1,176   21.9      447     8.3           247      4.6                        47     0.9     5,381   100.0
New York                           64,754   41.0     42,991   27.2   23,586    14.9        18,626     11.8                     7,934     5.0   157,891   100.0
  City                             40,633   36.8     32,380   29.3   19,456    17.6        16,302     14.8                     1,664     1.5   110,435   100.0
  State                            24,121   50.8     10,611   22.4    4,130     8.7         2,324      4.9                     6,270    13.2    47,456   100.0
North Carolina                     21,139   60.6      9,056   25.9    2,805     8.0           954      2.7                       952     2.7    34,906   100.0
North Dakota                        1,014   72.1        283   20.1       72     5.1            37      2.6                         0     0.0     1,406   100.0
Oregon                              7,000   54.0      3,487   26.9    1,300    10.0           779      6.0                       395     3.0    12,961   100.0
Pennsylvania                       27,730   57.9     13,054   27.2    4,635     9.7         2,464      5.1                        43     0.1    47,926   100.0
Rhode Island                        3,861   58.1      1,772   26.7      637     9.6           350      5.3                        24     0.4     6,644   100.0
South Carolina                      7,238   62.3      3,044   26.2      977     8.4           351      3.0                         1     0.0    11,611   100.0
South Dakota                          856   79.6        181   16.8       32     3.0             6      0.6                         0     0.0     1,075   100.0
Tennessee                          11,041   64.0      4,303   24.9    1,303     7.6           553      3.2                        50     0.3    17,250   100.0
Texas                              56,196   61.9     23,496   25.9    7,480     8.2         3,470      3.8                       138     0.2    90,780   100.0
Utah                                2,538   64.3        874   22.2      320     8.1           188      4.8                        25     0.6     3,945   100.0
Vermont                             1,542   59.8        699   27.1      217     8.4           118      4.6                         4     0.2     2,580   100.0
Virginia                           16,144   57.1      7,957   28.1    2,661     9.4         1,234      4.4                       289     1.0    28,285   100.0
Washington                         14,121   51.2      7,768   28.2    3,307    12.0         2,237      8.1                       125     0.5    27,558   100.0
West Virginia                       1,722   65.8        631   24.1      193     7.4            68      2.6                         5     0.2     2,619   100.0
Wyoming                               168   66.4         56   22.1       21     8.3             8      3.2                         0     0.0       253   100.0

Total                             385,554   53.9    191,774   26.8   77,397    10.8        47,033      6.6                    13,754     1.9   715,512   100.0
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Data from 37 states and New York City; excludes two states where number of unknown previous live births was >15%.
+ Percentages may not add to 100.0 due to rounding.
=================================================================================================================================================================

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Table_24
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TABLE 24. Reported legal abortions, by number of previous legal induced abortions and state of occurrence -- selected states, * United States, 1994
=======================================================================================================================================================
                                                              No. of previous induced abortions
                                   -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          0                 1               2                     >=3              Unknown           Total +
                                   -------------     -------------    --------------         ---------------   ---------------  -----------------------
State                                 No.      %        No.      %      No.       %           No.        %        No.      %       No.        %
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama                             9,712   65.5      3,551   24.0    1,007     6.8           385      2.6        170    1.1    14,825    100.0
Arizona                             8,722   62.6      3,616   26.0    1,108     8.0           317      2.3        167    1.2    13,930    100.0
Colorado                            5,981   62.4      2,477   25.8      708     7.4           321      3.3         97    1.0     9,584    100.0
Georgia                            20,830   57.3     10,062   27.7    3,565     9.8         1,718      4.7        199    0.5    36,374    100.0
Hawaii                              1,625   28.1      2,327   40.2    1,093    18.9           711     12.3         27    0.5     5,783    100.0
Idaho                                 763   72.9        200   19.1       53     5.1            28      2.7          3    0.3     1,047    100.0
Indiana                             7,780   62.2      3,191   25.5      955     7.6           428      3.4        145    1.2    12,499    100.0
Kansas                              7,683   73.4      1,805   17.2      472     4.5           184      1.8        324    3.1    10,468    100.0
Kentucky                            5,278   64.8      1,905   23.4      609     7.5           233      2.9        120    1.5     8,145    100.0
Maryland                            6,669   37.8      5,976   33.9    3,168    18.0         1,814     10.3          0    0.0    17,627    100.0
Michigan                           17,520   53.0      8,738   26.4    3,974    12.0         2,640      8.0        189    0.6    33,061    100.0
Minnesota                           8,064   57.5      3,458   24.7    1,193     8.5           707      5.0        605    4.3    14,027    100.0
Mississippi                         2,433   61.1      1,077   27.1      345     8.7           121      3.0          3    0.1     3,979    100.0
Missouri                            6,991   58.9      3,274   27.6    1,087     9.2           527      4.4          0    0.0    11,879    100.0
Montana                             1,869   67.7        659   23.9      179     6.5            53      1.9          1    0.0     2,761    100.0
Nebraska                            2,373   44.6      1,915   36.0      682    12.8           325      6.1         29    0.5     5,324    100.0
Nevada                              3,167   47.0      1,909   28.3      898    13.3           720     10.7         42    0.6     6,736    100.0
New Jersey                         14,438   43.4      9,574   28.8    4,645    14.0         3,409     10.2      1,220    3.7    33,286    100.0
New Mexico                          3,178   64.5      1,095   22.2      395     8.0           238      4.8         23    0.5     4,929    100.0
New York                           61,986   41.4     39,786   26.6   22,305    14.9        17,969     12.0      7,552    5.0   149,598    100.0
  City                             38,784   37.3     29,977   28.9   18,402    17.7        15,764     15.2        973    0.9   103,900    100.0
  State                            23,202   50.8      9,809   21.5    3,903     8.5         2,205      4.8      6,579   14.4    45,698    100.0
North Carolina                     20,762   59.2      9,098   25.9    2,752     7.8         1,158      3.3      1,318    3.8    35,088    100.0
North Dakota                          949   72.9        250   19.2       69     5.3            33      2.5          0    0.0     1,301    100.0
Oregon                              7,185   53.7      3,465   25.9    1,391    10.4           889      6.6        462    3.4    13,392    100.0
Pennsylvania                       23,790   57.1     11,248   27.0    4,253    10.2         2,335      5.6         19    0.0    41,645    100.0
Rhode Island                        3,439   56.5      1,598   26.2      631    10.4           358      5.9         66    1.1     6,092    100.0
South Carolina                      6,958   63.7      2,791   25.6      818     7.5           355      3.3          0    0.0    10,922    100.0
South Dakota                          774   78.4        171   17.3       28     2.8            12      1.2          2    0.2       987    100.0
Tennessee                           9,880   58.7      4,520   26.8    1,565     9.3           853      5.1         19    0.1    16,837    100.0
Texas                              55,676   62.4     22,652   25.4    7,202     8.1         3,385      3.8        270    0.3    89,185    100.0
Utah                                2,267   62.8        862   23.9      296     8.2           171      4.7         13    0.4     3,609    100.0
Vermont                             1,429   61.6        565   24.3      201     8.7           124      5.3          2    0.1     2,321    100.0
Virginia                           15,106   57.3      7,394   28.0    2,434     9.2         1,198      4.5        237    0.9    26,369    100.0
Washington                         13,720   52.8      7,089   27.3    2,994    11.5         2,053      7.9        109    0.4    25,965    100.0
West Virginia                       1,397   67.0        483   23.2      151     7.2            49      2.4          5    0.2     2,085    100.0
Wyoming                               130   74.7         21   12.1       16     9.2             6      3.4          1    0.6       174    100.0

Total                             360,524   53.7    178,802   26.6   73,242    10.9        45,827      6.8     13,439    2.0   671,834    100.0
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Data from 35 states and New York City; excludes four states where unknown number of previous induced abortions was >15%.
+ Percentages may not add to 100.0 due to rounding.
=======================================================================================================================================================

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Table_25
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TABLE 25. Reported legal abortions, by known race, age group, and marital status of women who
obtained abortions -- United States, 1993
====================================================================================================
                                                     Race
                                  ------------------------------------------
                                        White *               Black/Other           Total
                                  -----------------        -----------------  -----------------
Age group (yrs)/ Marital status       No.        %             No.        %       No.        %
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Age group
  <15                               2,421      0.6           3,040      1.2     5,461      0.9
15-19                              77,684     19.8          45,741     18.5   123,425     19.3
20-24                             133,456     34.0          85,580     34.7   219,036     34.3
25-29                              83,610     21.3          57,832     23.4   141,442     22.1
30-34                              54,996     14.0          34,148     13.8    89,144     13.9
35-39                              30,832      7.9          16,401      6.6    47,233      7.4
 >=40                               9,195      2.3           4,200      1.7    13,395      2.1

Total +                           392,194    100.0         246,942    100.0   639,136    100.0

Marital status
Married                            75,650     22.5          39,358     17.6   115,008     20.6
Unmarried                         260,071     77.5         184,552     82.4   444,623     79.4
  Total &                         335,721    100.0         223,910    100.0   559,631    100.0
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Includes Hispanic.
+ Data from 34 states and New York City; excludes three states where unknown race was >15%.
  Percentages may not add to 100.0 due to rounding.
& Data from 31 states and New York City; excludes four states where unknown race or marital status
  was >15%.
====================================================================================================

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Table_26
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TABLE 26. Reported legal abortions, by known race, age group, and marital status of women who
obtained abortions -- United States, 1994
====================================================================================================
                                                      Race
                                    -----------------------------------------
                                           White *              Black/Other            Total
                                    -----------------        ----------------   --------------------
Age group (yrs)/ Marital status         No.        %            No.         %       No.        %
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Age group
  <15                                 2,435      0.6          3,067       1.2     5,502      0.9
15-19                                77,911     19.9         46,232      18.5   124,143     19.3
20-24                               130,031     33.1         85,602      34.2   215,633     33.6
25-29                                83,374     21.3         58,389      23.3   141,763     22.1
30-34                                55,995     14.3         34,941      14.0    90,936     14.2
35-39                                32,333      8.2         17,386       6.9    49,719      7.7
 >=40                                10,262      2.6          4,574       1.8    14,836      2.3

Total +                             392,341    100.0        250,191     100.0   642,532    100.0

Marital status
Married                              75,248     22.2         38,617      16.9   113,865     20.1
Unmarried                           263,250     77.8        190,290      83.1   453,450     79.9

  Total &                           338,498    100.0        228,907     100.0   567,405    100.0
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Includes Hispanics.
+ Data from 35 states and New York City; excludes two states where unknown race was >15%.
  Percentages may not add to 100.0 due to rounding.
& Data from 32 states and New York City; excludes three states where unknown race or marital status
  was >15%.
====================================================================================================

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Table_27
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TABLE 27. Reported legal abortions, by known Hispanic ethnicity, age group, and marital status of women who
obtained abortions -- United States, 1993
===============================================================================================================
                                                      Hispanic ethnicity
                                             ------------------------------------------
                                                   Hispanic              Non-Hispanic           Total
                                             -----------------        -----------------   -----------------
Age group (yrs)/ Marital status                  No.        %             No.        %        No.        %
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Age group
  <15                                            514      0.7           3,592      0.9      4,106      0.8
15-19                                         13,500     18.5          80,148     19.1     93,648     19.0
20-24                                         25,379     34.8         143,253     34.2    168,632     34.2
25-29                                         17,360     23.8          92,586     22.1    109,946     22.3
30-34                                         10,173     13.9          58,964     14.1     69,137     14.0
35-39                                          4,748      6.5          31,857      7.6     36,605      7.4
 >=40                                          1,356      1.9           9,052      2.2     10,408      2.1

Total *                                       73,030    100.0         419,452    100.0    492,482    100.0

Marital status
Married                                       16,622     25.1          71,897     19.8     88,519     20.6
Unmarried                                     49,533     74.9         291,216     80.2    340,749     79.4

  Total +                                     66,155    100.0         363,113    100.0    429,268    100.0
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Data from 21 states and New York City; excludes seven states where unknown ethnicity was >15%. Percentages
  may not add to 100.0 due to rounding.
+ Data from 19 states and New York City; excludes eight states where unknown ethnicity or marital status was
  >15%.
===============================================================================================================

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Table_28
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TABLE 28. Reported legal abortions, by known Hispanic ethnicity, age group, and marital status of women who
obtained abortions -- United States, 1994
===============================================================================================================
                                                        Hispanic ethnicity
                                              ------------------------------------------
                                                  Hispanic              Non-Hispanic             Total
                                              ------------------     -------------------  ------------------
Age group (yrs)/ Marital status                  No.        %             No.        %        No.        %
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Age group
  <15                                            488      0.7           3,615      0.8      4,103      0.8
15-19                                         13,596     18.6          81,651     19.0     95,247     18.9
20-24                                         25,096     34.3         143,708     33.4    168,804     33.6
25-29                                         17,266     23.6          95,066     22.1    112,332     22.3
30-34                                         10,180     13.9          61,508     14.3     71,688     14.3
35-39                                          4,999      6.8          34,087      7.9     39,086      7.8
 >=40                                          1,502      2.1          10,232      2.4     11,734      2.3

Total *                                       73,127    100.0         429,867    100.0    502,994    100.0

Marital status
Married                                       16,954     25.3          72,767     19.2     89,721     20.2
Unmarried                                     49,985     74.7         305,283     80.8    355,268     79.8

  Total +                                     66,939    100.0         378,050    100.0    444,989    100.0
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Data from 22 states and New York City; excludes eight states where unknown ethnicity was >15%. Percentages
  may not add to 100.0 due to rounding.
+ Data from 20 states and New York City; excludes eight states where unknown ethnicity or marital status was
  >15%.
===============================================================================================================

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Table_29
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TABLE 29. Reported legal abortions, by known weeks of gestation, age group, race, and Hispanic ethnicity of women who obtained abortions -- United
States, 1993
============================================================================================================================================================================
                                                                                      Weeks of gestation
                                           -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                  <=8             9-10              11-12             13-15              16-20                 >=21            Total *
Age group (yrs)/Race/Hispanic              ---------------  ---------------     -------------     --------------      ------------         -----------    ------------------
ethnicity                                      No.      %       No.       %        No.      %        No.       %        No.     %            No.     %       No.        %
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Age group
  <15                                        2,102   35.0     1,448    24.1        929   15.5        713    11.9        540   9.0            266   4.4     5,998    100.0
15-19                                       60,035   43.2    35,783    25.7     19,554   14.1     12,134     8.7      8,562   6.2          2,973   2.1   139,041    100.0
20-24                                      124,949   50.9    61,399    25.0     30,138   12.3     16,050     6.5     10,195   4.2          2,876   1.2   245,607    100.0
25-29                                       88,468   56.0    37,589    23.8     16,596   10.5      8,347     5.3      5,312   3.4          1,541   1.0   157,853    100.0
30-34                                       58,534   58.6    22,977    23.0      9,452    9.5      4,686     4.7      3,219   3.2            961   1.0    99,829    100.0
35-39                                       32,089   60.2    11,940    22.4      4,748    8.9      2,215     4.2      1,828   3.4            481   0.9    53,301    100.0
 >=40                                        9,470   62.4     3,191    21.0      1,209    8.0        623     4.1        536   3.5            140   0.9    15,169    100.0
  Total +                                  375,647   52.4   174,327    24.3     82,626   11.5     44,768     6.2     30,192   4.2          9,238   1.3   716,798    100.0
Race
White                                      214,511   55.5    92,252    23.9     41,118   10.6     20,574     5.3     13,680   3.5          4,354   1.1   386,489    100.0
Black                                       99,339   45.8    55,686    25.7     29,667   13.7     16,854     7.8     11,765   5.4          3,485   1.6   216,796    100.0
Other                                       15,759   59.4     5,875    22.2      2,428    9.2      1,287     4.9        935   3.5            234   0.9    26,518    100.0
  Total &                                  329,609   52.3   153,813    24.4     73,213   11.6     38,715     6.1     26,380   4.2          8,073   1.3   629,803    100.0
Hispanic ethnicity
Hispanic                                    38,035   52.8    17,010    23.6      7,899   11.0      4,823     6.7      3,350   4.7            873   1.2    71,990    100.0
Non-Hispanic                               214,167   51.9    99,263    24.1     48,098   11.7     25,953     6.3     18,738   4.5          6,349   1.5   412,568    100.0

  Total @                                  252,202   52.0   116,273    24.0     55,997   11.6     30,776     6.4     22,088   4.6          7,222   1.5   484,558    100.0
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Percentages may not add to 100.0 due to rounding.
+ Data from 38 states and New York City; excludes one state where unknown gestational age was >15%.
& Data from 34 states and New York City; excludes three states where unknown gestational age or race was >15%.
@ Data from 21 states and New York City; excludes seven states where unknown ethnicity was >15%.
============================================================================================================================================================================

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Table_30
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TABLE 30. Reported legal abortions, by known weeks of gestation, age group, race, and Hispanic ethnicity of women who obtained abortions
-- United States, 1994
=================================================================================================================================================================================
                                                                                    Weeks of gestation
                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    <=8              9-10             11-12             13-15              16-20                   >=21           Total *
                                              -------------    --------------    -------------     ---------------     --------------          -----------   --------------------
Age group (yrs)/ Race/Hispanic ethnicity         No.      %       No.       %       No.      %        No.       %        No.       %            No.     %        No.       %
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Age group
  <15                                          2,022   34.5     1,394    23.8       905   15.4        645    11.0        597    10.2            302   5.1      5,865   100.0
15-19                                         59,169   44.4    33,409    25.1    18,183   13.6     11,365     8.5      8,300     6.2          2,905   2.2    133,331   100.0
20-24                                        119,659   52.4    54,954    24.1    26,117   11.4     14,984     6.6      9,764     4.3          2,858   1.3    228,336   100.0
25-29                                         86,208   57.4    34,337    22.8    14,717    9.8      8,076     5.4      5,415     3.6          1,549   1.0    150,302   100.0
30-34                                         57,729   59.4    21,717    22.4     8,982    9.2      4,509     4.6      3,264     3.4            965   1.0     97,166   100.0
35-39                                         32,116   60.6    11,516    21.7     4,617    8.7      2,337     4.4      1,940     3.7            482   0.9     53,008   100.0
 >=40                                          9,938   62.7     3,235    20.4     1,237    7.8        634     4.0        642     4.1            160   1.0     15,846   100.0
  Total +                                    366,841   53.6   160,562    23.5    74,758   10.9     42,550     6.2     29,922     4.4          9,221   1.3    683,854   100.0
Race
White                                        207,221   56.7    83,455    22.9    37,150   10.2     19,562     5.4     13,400     3.7          4,419   1.2    365,207   100.0
Black                                         97,887   47.4    51,839    25.1    26,582   12.9     15,664     7.6     11,259     5.5          3,339   1.6    206,570   100.0
Other                                         17,391   59.9     6,065    20.9     2,459    8.5      1,571     5.4      1,261     4.3            281   1.0     29,028   100.0
  Total &                                    322,499   53.7   141,359    23.5    66,191   11.0     36,797     6.1     25,920     4.3          8,039   1.3    600,805   100.0
Hispanic ethnicity
Hispanic                                      39,215   54.4    16,244    22.5     7,445   10.3      4,911     6.8      3,432     4.8            871   1.2     72,118   100.0
Non-Hispanic                                 208,049   53.2    90,836    23.2    43,148   11.0     24,525     6.3     18,418     4.7          6,410   1.6    391,386   100.0
  Total @                                    247,264   53.3   107,080    23.1    50,593   10.9     29,436     6.4     21,850     4.7          7,281   1.6    463,504   100.0
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Percentages may not add to 100.0 due to rounding.
+ Data from 38 states and New York City; excludes one state where unknown gestational age was >15%.
& Data from 34 states and New York City; excludes three states where unknown gestational age or race was >15%.
@ Data from 21 states and New York City; excludes eight states where unknown gestational age or ethnicity was >15%.
=================================================================================================================================================================================

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Table_31
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TABLE 31. Reported legal abortions obtained at <=8 weeks of gestation,* by known weeks of gestation, age group, race, and Hispanic
ethnicity of women who obtained abortions -- United States, 1993
=====================================================================================================================================
                                                      Weeks of gestation
                                      ---------------------------------------------------
                                            <=6                 7                8          Total obtained at <=8ks of gestation
                                      --------------    --------------    ---------------   -------------------------------------
Age group (yrs)/Race/Hispanic
ethnicity                                No.     % +       No.     % +      No.     % +                             No.     % +
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Age group
  <15                                    489    8.3        596   10.1       973   16.6                            2,058   35.0
15-19                                 14,593   10.7     17,733   13.0    26,570   19.5                           58,896   43.2
20-24                                 33,238   13.8     37,493   15.6    51,879   21.6                          122,610   51.0
25-29                                 25,209   16.3     26,879   17.4    34,809   22.5                           86,897   56.1
30-34                                 16,999   17.3     18,188   18.6    22,382   22.8                           57,569   58.7
35-39                                  9,680   18.5      9,782   18.7    12,035   23.0                           31,497   60.2
 >=40                                  3,074   20.7      2,835   19.1     3,390   22.8                            9,299   62.5
  Total &                            103,282   14.7    113,506   16.2   152,038   21.6                          368,826   52.5
Race
White                                 59,184   15.7     66,786   17.8    83,197   22.1                          209,167   55.6
Black                                 25,831   12.1     27,932   13.1    44,439   20.8                           98,202   45.9
Other                                  4,658   17.9      4,669   18.0     6,150   23.7                           15,477   59.6
  Total @                             89,673   14.6     99,387   16.1   133,786   21.7                          322,846   52.4
Hispanic ethnicity
Hispanic                              10,667   14.9     11,496   16.1    15,654   21.9                           37,817   52.9
Non-Hispanic                          58,367   14.6     64,875   16.3    84,322   21.1                          207,564   52.0
  Total **                            69,034   14.7     76,371   16.2    99,976   21.2                          245,381   52.1
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*  Data for one state were available only for abortions obtained at <=8weeks of gestation and are included in Table 29.
+  Percentages were calculated using total number of abortions obtained at all known weeks of gestation. Percentages may not add to
   the total percentage obtained at <=8 weeks  due to rounding.
&  Data from 37 states and New York City; excludes one state where unknown gestational age was >15%.
@  Data from 33 states and New York City; excludes three states where unknown  gestational age or race was >15%.
** Data from 20 states and New York City; excludes seven states where unknown gestational age or ethnicity was >15%.
=====================================================================================================================================

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Table_32
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TABLE 32. Reported legal abortions obtained at <=8 weeks of gestation, by known weeks of gestation, age group, race, and Hispanic
ethnicity of women who obtained abortions -- United States, 1994
===========================================================================================================================================
                                                Weeks of gestation
                                   --------------------------------------------------
                                        <=6                 7                8                Total obtained at <=8 wks of gestation
                                   --------------    --------------   ---------------         ---------------------------------------------
Age group (yrs)/Race/Hispanic        No.    % *        No.    % *       No.    % *                    No.                      % *
ethnicity
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Age group
  <15                                 530    9.0        580    9.9       912   15.5                    2,022                   34.5
15-19                              15,402   11.6     17,672   13.3    26,095   19.6                   59,169                   44.4
20-24                              33,996   14.9     36,669   16.1    48,994   21.5                  119,659                   52.4
25-29                              25,862   17.2     26,627   17.7    33,719   22.4                   86,208                   57.4
30-34                              17,695   18.2     17,901   18.4    22,133   22.8                   57,729                   59.4
35-39                              10,030   18.9      9,906   18.7    12,180   23.0                   32,116                   60.6
 >=40                               3,404   21.5      2,977   18.8     3,557   22.4                    9,938                   62.7

  Total +                         106,919   15.6    112,332   16.4   147,590   21.6                  366,841                   53.6
Race
White                              60,863   16.7     65,473   17.9    80,885   22.1                  207,221                   56.7
Black                              26,784   13.0     27,992   13.6    43,111   20.9                   97,887                   47.4
Other                               5,811   20.0      5,176   17.8     6,404   22.1                   17,391                   59.9

  Total &                          93,458   15.6     98,641   16.4   130,400   21.7                  322,499                   53.7
Hispanic ethnicity
Hispanic                           11,874   16.5     12,095   16.8    15,246   21.1                   39,215                   54.4
Non-Hispanic                       60,198   15.4     64,590   16.5    83,261   21.3                  208,049                   53.2

  Total @                          72,072   15.5     76,685   16.5    98,507   21.3                  247,264                   53.3
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Percentages were calculated using total number of abortions obtained at all known weeks of gestation. Percentages may not add to the
  total percentage obtained at <=8 weeks due to rounding.
+ Data from 38 states and New York City; excludes one state where unknown gestational age was >15%.
& Data from 34 states and New York City; excludes three states where unknown gestational age or race was >15%.
@ Data from 21 states and New York City; excludes eight states where unknown gestational age or ethnicity was >15%.
===========================================================================================================================================

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Table_33
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TABLE 33. Reported legal abortions, by known weeks of gestation and type of procedure -- United States, 1993
=====================================================================================================================================================================================
                                                                                            Weeks of gestation
                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            <=8                9-10              11-12             13-15             16-20             >=21             Total
                                                     ---------------   ----------------   -----------------  ---------------   ---------------   ---------------  -------------------
Type of procedure                                        No.       %       No.       %        No.        %      No.       %       No.        %     No.       %       No.        %
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Curettage (suction or sharp) *                       362,504    99.9   166,602    99.9     79,127     99.7   42,306    98.5    25,750     89.0   6,926    83.6   683,215     99.1
Intrauterine saline instillation                          24    0.0+        20     0.0 +       48      0.1      215     0.5     1,205      4.2     304     3.7     1,816      0.3
Intrauterine prostaglandin instillation                   35    0.0+        21     0.0 +       29      0.0 +    104     0.2       924      3.2     470     5.7     1,583      0.2
Hysterotomy/ Hysterectomy                                 12    0.0+        10     0.0 +        3      0.0 +      3     0.0 +       8      0.0 +     8     0.1        44      0.0 +
Other &                                                  293     0.1        74     0.0 +      145      0.2      319     0.7     1,058      3.7     576     7.0     2,465      0.4

Total @                                              362,868   100.0   166,727   100.0     79,352    100.0   42,947   100.0    28,945    100.0   8,284   100.0   689,123    100.0
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Includes dilatation and evacuation.
+ <0. 05%.
& Includes instillation procedures not reported as a specific category and procedures reported as "other."
@ Data from 36 states and New York City; excludes two states where unknown gestational age or type of procedure was >15%. Percentages may not add to 100.0 due to rounding.
=====================================================================================================================================================================================

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Table_34
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TABLE 34. Reported legal abortions, by known weeks of gestation and type of procedure -- United States, 1994
=======================================================================================================================================================================================
                                                                                            Weeks of gestation
                                                    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            <=8              9-10              11-12             13-15             16-20                 >=21               Total
                                                    ----------------  ---------------     ----------------  ---------------    ---------------       --------------- ------------------
Type of procedure                                        No.       %       No.       %        No.        %      No.       %       No.        %         No.       %       No.       %
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Curettage (suction  or sharp) *                      354,030    99.8   152,977    99.9     71,252     99.7   40,063    98.7    25,879     90.1       6,868    82.7   651,069    99.1
Intrauterine saline instillation                          70     0.0 +      29     0.0 +       58      0.1      191     0.5     1,022      3.6         175     2.1     1,545     0.2
Intrauterine prostaglandin instillation                   13     0.0 +      12     0.0 +       13      0.0 +     77     0.2       689      2.4         575     6.9     1,379     0.2
Hysterotomy/ Hysterectomy                                 13     0.0 +       5     0.0 +        7      0.0 +      1     0.0 +      18      0.1           4     0.0 +      48     0.0 +
Other &                                                  663     0.2       111     0.1        171      0.2      258     0.6     1,100      3.8         687     8.3     2,990     0.5

Total @                                              354,789   100.0   153,134   100.0     71,501    100.0   40,590   100.0    28,708    100.0       8,309   100.0   657,031   100.0
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Includes dilatation and evacuation.
+ <0. 05%.
& Includes instillation procedures not reported as a specific category and procedures reported as "other."
@ Data from 36 states and New York City; excludes two states where unknown gestational age or type of procedure was >15%. Percentages may not add to 100.0 due to rounding.
=======================================================================================================================================================================================

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Table_35
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TABLE 35. Number and case-fatality rates of abortion-related deaths reported to CDC, by type of abortion
-- United States, 1972-1991
===========================================================================================================
                            Type of abortion
             -----------------------------------------------
                   Induced
             ----------------------
Year          Legal        Illegal   Spontaneous *  Unknown   Total no. of deaths   Case-fatality rate +
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1972           24             39          25           2               90                   4.1
1973           25             19          10           3               57                   4.1
1974           26             6           21           1               54                   3.4
1975           29             4           14           1               48                   3.4
1976           11             2           13           1               27                   1.1

1977           17             4           16           0               37                   1.6
1978            9             7            9           0               25                   0.8
1979           22             0            8           0               30                   1.8
1980            9             1            6           2               18                   0.7
1981            8             1            3           0               12                   0.6

1982           11             1            5           0               17                   0.8
1983           11             1            7           0               19                   0.9
1984           12             0            5           0               17                   0.9
1985           11             1            8           1               21                   0.8
1986           11             0            5           2               18                   0.8

1987            7             2            8           0               17                   0.5
1988           16             0            7           0               23                   1.2
1989           12             1            3           0               16                   0.9
1990            5             0            5           0               10                   0.3
1991           11             1            6           0               18                   0.8

Total          287            90          184          13             574                   1.2
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* In 1978, CDC defined "spontaneous abortion-related deaths" as those deaths that occurred at <20 completed
  weeks of estimated gestational age. Deaths that occurred at estimated gesta-tional ages 320 weeks were
  classified as stillbirths. Before 1978, criteria for gestational age were unspecified.
+ Legal induced abortion-related deaths per 100,000 legal induced abortions.
===========================================================================================================

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Figure_3

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Figure_4

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Figure_6

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