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Monthly Immunization Table

To track progress toward achieving the goals of the Childhood Immunization Initiative (CII), CDC publishes monthly a tabular summary (Table_1) of the number of cases of all diseases preventable by routine childhood vaccination reported during the previous month and year-to-date (provisional data). In addition, the table compares provisional data with final data for the previous year and highlights the number of reported cases among children aged <5 years, who are the primary focus of CII. Data in the table are reported through the National Electronic Telecommunications System for Surveillance (NETSS).
Table_1
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Number of reported cases of diseases preventable by routine childhood vaccination
-- United States, January-March 1996 and 1995-1996 *
=====================================================================================================
                                                                 No. cases among
                                             Total cases     children aged <5 years +
                                            January-March        January - March
                            No. cases,    ----------------   -------------------------
Disease                January-March 1996    1995     1996         1995    1996
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Congenital rubella
  syndrome (CRS)                  0             3        0            3       0
Diphtheria                        1             0        1            0       0
Haemophilus influenzae &        340           356      340           86      77
Hepatitis B @                  1665          2176     1665           14      11
Measles                          45           167       45           64       3
Mumps                           145           201      145           38      24
Pertussis                       557           669      557          363     268
Poliomyelitis, paralytic ++       0             0        0            0       0
Rubella                          37            16       37            3       3
Tetanus                           3             4        3            0       0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Data for 1995 and 1996 are provisional.
 + For 1995 and 1996, age data were available for >=91% of cases.
 & Invasive disease; H. influenzae serotype is not routinely reported to the National Notifiable
   Diseases Surveillance System. Of 77 cases among children aged <5 years, serotype was
   reported for 20 cases, and of those, 4 were type b, the only serotype of H. influenzae
   preventable by vaccination.
 @ Because most hepatitis B virus infections among infants and children aged <5 years are
   asymptomatic (although likely to become chronic), acute disease surveillance does not
   reflect the incidence of this problem in this age group or the effectiveness of hepatitis B vac-
   cination in infants.
++ One case with onset in July 1994 has been confirmed; this case was vaccine-associated. An
   additional six suspected cases are under investigation. In 1993, three of 10 suspected cases
   were confirmed; two of the confirmed cases of 1993 were vaccine-associated and one was imported.
   The imported case occurred in a 2-year-old Nigerian child brought to the United States for care
   of his paralytic illness; no poliovirus was isolated from the child.
=====================================================================================================


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