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Alcohol Involvement in Fatal Motor-Vehicle Crashes -- United States, 1993-1994

The following figure Figure_1 compares alcohol involvement in fatal motor-vehicle crashes for 1993 and 1994. A fatal crash is considered alcohol-related by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) if either a driver or nonoccupant (e.g., pedestrian) had a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of greater than or equal to 0.01 g/dL in a police-reported traffic crash. Because BACs are not available for all persons in fatal crashes, NHTSA estimates the number of alcohol-related traffic fatalities based on a discriminant analysis (1) of information from all cases for which driver or nonoccupant BAC data are available.

Overall, the number of alcohol-related traffic fatalities decreased 4.9% from 1993 to 1994. Moreover, for BACs of greater than or equal to 0.10 g/dL, the legal limit of intoxication in most states, the number decreased by 6.1%.

Reference

  1. Klein TM. A method of estimating posterior BAC distributions for persons involved in fatal traffic accidents: final report. Washington, DC: US Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 1986; report no. DOT-HS-807-094.


Figure_1

Figure_1
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