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Monthly Immunization Table

To track progress toward achieving the goals of the Childhood Immunization Initiative (CII), CDC publishes monthly a tabular summary Table_1 of the number of cases of all diseases preventable by routine childhood vaccination reported during the previous month and year-to-date (provisional data). In addition, the table compares provisional data with final data for the previous year and highlights the number of reported cases among children aged less than 5 years, who are the primary focus of CII. Data in the table are reported through the National Electronic Telecommunications System for Surveillance (NETSS).
Table_1
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Number of reported cases of diseases preventable by routine childhood vaccination
-- United States, August 1994 and 1994-1995 *
=====================================================================================================
                                                           No cases among
                                       Total cases     children aged <5 years +
                        No. cases,   January-August        January-August
                          August     --------------    ------------------------
Disease                    1995       1994     1995        1994      1995
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Congenital rubella
 syndrome (CRS)               0          2        4           2         4
Diphtheria                    0          2        0           1         0
Haemophilus influenzae &     71        763      798         215       185
Hepatitis B @               746       7486     6491          78        54
Measles                      16        833      255         197        92
Mumps                        33        992      554         157       108
Pertussis                   506       2454     2241        1454      1301
Poliomyelitis,
 paralytic **                 0          1        0           0         0
Rubella                      15        202      113          22        16
Tetanus                       5         22       18           0         1
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Data for 1994 and 1995 are provisional.
 + For 1994 and 1995, age data were available for >=92% cases.
 & Invasive disease; H. influenzae serotype is not routinely reported through the National
   Electronic Telecommunications System for Surveillance. Of 185 cases among children aged
   <5 years, serotype was reported for 49 cases, and of those, 28 were type b, the only serotype
   of H. influenzae preventable by vaccination.
 @ Because most hepatitis B virus infections among infants and children aged <5 years are
   asymptomatic (although likely to become chronic), acute disease surveillance does not
   reflect the incidence of this problem in this age group or the effectiveness of hepatitis B vac-
   cination in infants.
** One case with onset in July 1994 has been confirmed; this case was vaccine-associated.
   An additional six suspected cases are under investigation. In 1993, three of 10 suspected
   cases were confirmed; two of the confirmed cases were vaccine-associated, and one was
   imported. The imported case occurred in a 2-year-old Nigerian child brought to the United
   States for care of his paralytic illness; no poliovirus was isolated from the child.
=====================================================================================================

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