Skip Navigation LinksSkip Navigation Links
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Safer Healthier People
Blue White
Blue White
bottom curve
CDC Home Search Health Topics A-Z spacer spacer
spacer
Blue curve MMWR spacer
spacer
spacer

The content on this page is being archived for historic and reference purposes only. The content, links, and pdfs are no longer maintained and might be outdated.

Alcohol Involvement in Fatal Motor-Vehicle Crashes -- United States, 1992-1993

The following figure Figure_1 compares alcohol involvement in fatal motor-vehicle crashes for 1992 and 1993 in the United States. A fatal crash is considered alcohol-related by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) if either a driver or nonoccupant (e.g., pedestrian) had a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of greater than or equal to 0.01 g/dL in a police-reported traffic crash. Because BACs are not available for all persons in fatal crashes, NHTSA estimates the number of alcohol-related traffic fatalities based on a discriminant analysis (1) of information from all crashes for which driver or nonoccupant BAC data are available.

The number of alcohol-involved fatalities decreased from 1992 to 1993 for most age groups. For BACs of 0.01 g/dL-0.09 g/dL, the overall decrease in alcohol-involved fatalities was 4%; at greater than or equal to 0.10 g/dL, the legal limit of intoxication in most states, the number of crash fatalities decreased 2%. The increase in fatalities for the nonalcohol-involved crashes probably resulted from a variety of factors, including an increase in the number and changes in the type of vehicle miles traveled (2).

References

  1. Klein TM. A method of estimating posterior BAC distributions for persons involved in fatal traffic accidents: final report. Washington, DC: US Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 1986; report no. DOT-HS-807-094.

  2. Wagenaar AC, Streff FM. Macroeconomic conditions and alcohol-impaired driving. J Stud Alcohol 1989;50:217-25.




    Figure_1

    Figure_1
    Return to top.



Figure_1

Figure_1
Return to top.

Disclaimer   All MMWR HTML versions of articles are electronic conversions from ASCII text into HTML. This conversion may have resulted in character translation or format errors in the HTML version. Users should not rely on this HTML document, but are referred to the electronic PDF version and/or the original MMWR paper copy for the official text, figures, and tables. An original paper copy of this issue can be obtained from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO), Washington, DC 20402-9371; telephone: (202) 512-1800. Contact GPO for current prices.

**Questions or messages regarding errors in formatting should be addressed to mmwrq@cdc.gov.

Page converted: 09/19/98

HOME  |  ABOUT MMWR  |  MMWR SEARCH  |  DOWNLOADS  |  RSSCONTACT
POLICY  |  DISCLAIMER  |  ACCESSIBILITY

Safer, Healthier People

Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
1600 Clifton Rd, MailStop E-90, Atlanta, GA 30333, U.S.A

USA.GovDHHS

Department of Health
and Human Services

This page last reviewed 5/2/01