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Publication of Special NIOSH Hazard Review of the Rubber Products Manufacturing Industry

CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) recently published Special NIOSH Hazard Review: Rubber Products Manufacturing Industry (1) *, which summarizes adverse health effects associated with worker exposures in the rubber products industry and examines research needed to assess and prevent these effects. **

Excess deaths from bladder, stomach, lung, hematopoietic, and other cancers have occurred among workers involved in the manufacture of rubber products. These workers may also risk adverse respiratory effects, dermatologic effects, reproductive effects, injuries, and repetitive trauma disorders. The adverse health effects cannot be attributed to a single chemical or group of chemicals because workplace exposures vary greatly and chemical formulations change frequently. Most of the chemicals found in the rubber products industry have not been tested for carcinogenicity or toxicity nor do they have Occupational Safety and Health Administration permissible exposure limits or NIOSH recommended exposure limits. This hazard review concludes that epidemiologic, toxicologic, and industrial hygiene studies are needed to assess the risk for cancer and other adverse health effects for rubber products workers.


  1. NIOSH. Special NIOSH hazard review: rubber products manufacturing industry. Cincinnati: US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, CDC, 1993; DHHS publication no. (NIOSH)93-106.

* Single copies of this document are available without charge from the Publications Office, Division of Standards Development and Technology Transfer, NIOSH, CDC, Mailstop C-13, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-1998; telephone (800) 356-4674; fax (513) 533-8573. 

** NIOSH special hazard reviews address hazards for which there are not sufficient data to permit comprehensive review in a NIOSH criteria document or a Current Intelligence Bulletin.

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