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Quarterly Table Reporting Alcohol Involvement in Fatal Motor-Vehicle Crashes

The following table reports alcohol involvement in fatal motor-vehicle crashes in the United States for July-September 1992. This table, published quarterly in MMWR, focuses attention on the impact of alcohol use on highway safety. Table_1

A fatal crash is considered alcohol-related by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) if either a driver or nonoccupant (e.g., pedestrian) had a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of greater than or equal to 0.01% (greater than or equal to 0.01g/dL) in a police-reported traffic crash. Those with a BAC greater than or equal to 0.10% (greater than or equal to 0.10 g/dL; the legal level of intoxication in most states) are considered intoxicated. Because BACs are not available for all persons in fatal crashes, NHTSA estimates the number of alcohol-related traffic fatalities based on a discriminant analysis of information from all cases for which driver or nonoccupant BAC data are available. There may be seasonal trends associated with these data.
Table_1
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Estimated number and percentage of total traffic fatalities * and drivers involved in
fatal crashes, by age and blood alcohol concentration (BAC) level -- United States,
July-September 1992
=============================================================================================
                                                   Fatalities, by BAC +
                               -----------------------------------------------------------
                                   BAC=0.00         0.01%<=bac<=0.09% BAC>=0.10%
Age               No.          ----------------     -----------------     ----------------
 group (yrs)   fatalities &      No.       (%)        No.       (%)         No.        (%)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 0-14              840           650     (77.4)        62     ( 7.3)        128     (15.2)
15-20            1,658           964     (58.1)       196     (11.8)        498     (30.1)
21-24            1,219           464     (38.1)       147     (12.0)        608     (49.9)
25-34            2,242           827     (36.9)       238     (10.6)      1,178     (52.5)
35-64            3,088         1,654     (53.6)       265     ( 8.6)      1,169     (37.9)
 >=65            1,575         1,316     (83.6)        90     ( 5.7)        169     (10.7)

Total           10,622         5,875     (55.3)       997     ( 9.4)      3,750     (35.3)

                                                   Drivers, @ by BAC **
                               ------------------------------------------------------------
                                   BAC=0.00         0.01%<=bac<=0.09% BAC>=0.10%
Age               No.          ----------------     -----------------     -----------------
 group (yrs)    drivers &        No.       (%)        No.       (%)         No.        (%)
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 0-14 ++            45            42     (93.9)         2     ( 4.9)          1     ( 1.2)
15-20            2,069         1,521     (73.5)       179     ( 8.7)        369     (17.8)
21-24            1,716           998     (58.2)       186     (10.9)        532     (31.0)
25-34            3,563         2,205     (61.9)       275     ( 7.7)      1,083     (30.4)
35-64            4,781         3,615     (75.6)       264     ( 5.5)        902     (18.9)
 >=65            1,403         1,294     (92.2)        40     ( 2.8)         70     ( 5.0)

Total           13,577         9,675     (71.3)       946     ( 7.0)      2,956     (21.8)
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Fatalities include all occupants and nonoccupants who died within 30 days of a
   motor-vehicle crash on a public roadway.
 + BAC distributions are estimates for drivers and nonoccupants involved in fatal crashes.
   Numbers of fatalities are rounded to the nearest whole number.
 & Includes only those for whom age is known.
 @ Driver may or may not have been killed.
** BAC distributions are estimates for drivers involved in fatal crashes. Numbers of drivers
   are rounded to the nearest whole number.
++ Although usually too young to drive legally, persons in this age group are included for
   completeness of the data set.
=============================================================================================
Source: Fatal Accident Reporting System, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.



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