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Health Benefits of Smoking Cessation

This issue of MMWR focuses on the adverse effects of tobacco use on the public's health and on efforts to reduce and prevent those effects.

On September 25, 1990, The Health Benefits of Smoking Cessation: A Report of the Surgeon General, 1990, was released. The major conclusions of the report are: 1) smoking cessation has major and immediate health benefits for persons of all ages and provides benefits for persons with and without smoking-related disease; 2) former smokers live longer than continuing smokers; 3) smoking cessation decreases the risk for lung and other cancers, heart attack, stroke, and chronic lung disease; 4) women who stop smoking before pregnancy or during the first 3 to 4 months of pregnancy reduce their risk for having a low-birth-weight infant to that of women who never smoked; and 5) the health benefits of smoking cessation substantially exceed any risks from the average 5-lb (2.3-kg) weight gain or any adverse psychologic effects that may follow quitting.

An executive summary of the report will be published as an MMWR Recommendations and Reports on October 5, 1990. Additional information is available from the Public Information Branch, Office on Smoking and Health, Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC, at (301) 443-5287.

Disclaimer   All MMWR HTML documents published before January 1993 are electronic conversions from ASCII text into HTML. This conversion may have resulted in character translation or format errors in the HTML version. Users should not rely on this HTML document, but are referred to the original MMWR paper copy for the official text, figures, and tables. An original paper copy of this issue can be obtained from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO), Washington, DC 20402-9371; telephone: (202) 512-1800. Contact GPO for current prices.

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